|Publication number||US7300084 B2|
|Application number||US 10/330,434|
|Publication date||Nov 27, 2007|
|Filing date||Dec 30, 2002|
|Priority date||Mar 23, 2002|
|Also published as||CN1323935C, CN1447175A, US7616289, US20030178866, US20060125260|
|Publication number||10330434, 330434, US 7300084 B2, US 7300084B2, US-B2-7300084, US7300084 B2, US7300084B2|
|Inventors||Kyung-Su Chae, Jong-Go Lim|
|Original Assignee||L.G.Philips Lcd Co., Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (107), Referenced by (12), Classifications (23), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of the Korean Patent Application No. P2002-15871 filed on Mar. 23, 2002, which is hereby incorporated by reference for all purposes as if fully set forth herein.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an apparatus for conveying a liquid crystal display panel. More particularly, the present invention relates to an apparatus for conveying various sizes of unit liquid crystal display panels.
2. Discussion of the Related Art
A liquid crystal display device supplies liquid crystal cells with data signals according to image information, respectively, in order to display the desired image. The liquid crystal cells are arranged in a matrix like configuration and the image is displayed by controlling a light-transmittance of each liquid crystal cells.
A cutting process is performed on the liquid crystal displays, cutting the displays into a unit liquid crystal display panels. Generally, the process includes a scribing process by forming a scribing line on a substrate of a mother substrate with a pen having hardness greater than that of glass. Additionally, the process includes propagating a crack along the scribing line. Such a cutting process of the unit panels is explained in detail by referring to the attached drawings as follows.
The color filter substrates 2 on the second mother substrate 30, are spaced apart from each other with a dummy area 31. The dummy area 31 corresponds to the protruding area of each of the thin film transistor array on the first mother substrate 20.
Moreover, the unit liquid crystal display panels are arranged to make best use of the first and second mother substrates 20 and 30. The unit liquid crystal display panels differ from each other according to the various models. The unit liquid crystal display panels are generally formed to separate from each other at the dummy area 32.
After the first and second mother substrates have been bonded together the liquid crystal display panels are individually cut. Simultaneously, the dummy area 31 of each of the color filter substrates 2 and the other dummy area 32 separating the unit liquid crystal display panels from each other are removed.
Thin film transistors are formed at areas where the data lines and gate lines cross each other on substrate 1. The thin film transistors switch the liquid crystal cells and pixel electrodes are connected to the thin film transistors for supplying electric fields to the corresponding liquid crystal cells. A passivation layer is formed on an entire surface to protect the data lines DL1–DLn, gate lines GL1–GLm, thin film transistors, and electrodes.
Color filters are formed on substrate 2. The color filters are separated from an adjacent cell area through a black matrix and a common electrode. The common electrode is a counter electrode of the pixel electrodes on the thin film transistor array substrate 1.
A cell gap is provided for leaving a predetermined interval between the substrates 1 and 2. Substrates 1 and 2 are bonded to each other by a sealing part (not shown in the drawing) that is formed on a periphery of the image display part 13. A liquid crystal layer (not shown in the drawing) is formed in a separating space between substrates 1 and 2.
Additionally, a short circuit line (not shown in the drawing) is formed on an edge of the thin film transistor array of substrate 1. The short circuit line prevents static electricity generated during the patterning of conductive layers from damaging the thin film transistor array of substrate 1. The short circuit line is typically removed after the liquid crystal display panels are cut into individual unit liquid crystal display panels.
For example, after the liquid crystal display panels have been cut into individual unit liquid crystal display panels the edges of the individual unit liquid crystal display panels are grinded to remove the short circuit line. Additionally, the edges are grinded in order to prevent damage from external impact and prevent injury from any sharp edges of the unit liquid crystal display panels that may be present.
Finally, a final testing analysis is performed to determine normal operation of the individual unit liquid crystal display panels. The panels are judged with varying criteria, for example, a ‘good product.’
As mentioned in the foregoing explanation, the grinding and checking processes are carried out after the process of cutting the liquid crystal display panels into the individual unit liquid crystal display panels. A conveying apparatus precisely controls this process by transporting the corresponding unit liquid crystal display panel to the desired location. Additionally, the movement via the apparatus is utilized to minimize impact on the panel. An apparatus for conveying the liquid crystal display panel is explained in detail by referring to the attached drawings as follows.
As mentioned in the above explanation, once the liquid crystal display panel 10 is lifted together with the robot arms 58 and 59 the vertical driving unit 55 is driven to move along the conveying shaft 54. Accordingly, the liquid crystal display panel 10 is transported to the desired location.
Once the liquid crystal display panel 10 has been conveyed to the desired location, it is put down on another table in a reverse manner as explained in
However, the above-explained apparatus according to the related art requires that the robot arms correspond to the size of the liquid crystal display panel that is to be moved. Accordingly, if the size of the liquid crystal display panel to be conveyed is changed the robots arm must be changed. Therefore, the related art apparatus reduces the efficiency of the operation by delaying the process time and thereby reduces the overall productivity.
Additionally, a plurality of robot arms should be prepared to cope with the sizes of the different liquid crystal display panels, thereby the investment cost is increased and additional space for keeping a plurality of the robot arms is required.
Accordingly, the present invention is directed to an apparatus for conveying a liquid crystal display panel that substantially obviates one or more problems due to limitations and disadvantages of the related art.
An advantage of the present invention is to provide an apparatus for conveying a liquid crystal display panels with various sizes.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description and claims hereof as well as the appended drawings.
To achieve these objects and other advantages and in accordance with the purpose of the invention, as embodied and broadly described herein, an apparatus for conveying a liquid crystal display panel according to the present invention includes a horizontal driving unit controlling a revolution of a motor, a plurality of screw shafts protruding out of the horizontal driving unit. A pair of robot arms having first and second ends, the first ends are supported by corresponding screw shafts and extend from the screw shafts, and a plurality of clamping units connected to the second ends of the robot arms.
It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description of the present invention are exemplary and explanatory and are intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principle of the invention.
In the drawings:
Reference will now be made in detail to the embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
The vertical driving unit 103 drives the horizontal driving unit 101 upward and downward via a rod 103A.
The screw shafts 106 and 107 externally protrude from the lateral sides of the horizontal driving unit 101. For example, the screw shafts 106 or 107 may include a pair of screw shafts 106A/106B or 107A/107B. These shafts protrude from their respective lateral side of the horizontal driving unit 101 and are spaced apart at a predetermined interval from each other.
Additionally, a support plate 120 connects the screw shafts 106A and 106B to each other and another support plate 120 connects the screw shafts 107A and 107B to each other. The support plates 120 are arranged to drive along the screw shafts 106A/106B and 107A/107B, respectively. Additionally, the support plates 120 provided effective support for the screw shafts and robot arms and enable the screw shafts to be moved.
Optionally, any number of screw shafts can be utilized. For example, a screw shaft can be arranged on the lateral sides of the horizontal driving unit 101, rather than the screw shafts 106A/106B or 107A/107B.
A pair of the screw shafts 106A/106B and a pair of the screw shafts 107A/107B are included. As shown in
Clamping units 110 and 111 are connected to the ends of the robot arms 108 and 109. The clamping units may be installed to increase or decrease protruding areas between the robot arms 108 and 109. Optionally, a clamping unit 110, as shown in
As mentioned in the above description, once the unit liquid crystal display panel 100 is lifted with the robot arms 108 and 109. The vertical driving unit 103 is driven to move along the conveying shaft 102 so that the unit liquid crystal display panel 100 can be transported to the desired location.
After the unit liquid crystal display panel 100 has been conveyed to the desired location. The unit liquid crystal display panel is then arranged on another table in a manner that is reverse to that described with reference to the foregoing
Accordingly, the apparatus for conveying the liquid crystal display panel according to one embodiment of the present invention varies the interval between the robot arms supported by the screw shafts in accordance with the revolution of the motor, whereby the moving distances of the robot arms are elongates than those of the related art as well as the location of the robot arms can be controlled more precisely.
Therefore, in case that the size of the unit liquid crystal display panel is changed, the present invention copes with the changed size of the unit liquid crystal display panel without exchanging the robot arms.
As the apparatus according to the present invention varies the interval distance between the robot arms by using screw shafts in accordance with the revolution of the motor. Various different size unit liquid crystal display panels can be transported without having to change the robot arms. Accordingly, the present invention is reduces the operation time and improve productive efficiencies.
Additionally, the present invention enables precise control of the robot arm locations, thereby preventing malfunction of the equipments as well as reducing other related product failures.
Finally, a plurality of auxiliary robot arms are not needed to cope with various sizes of the unit liquid crystal display panels. Accordingly, reduction in investment and operating costs are present. Additionally, as additional space is not required for keeping the plurality of the auxiliary robot arms the operating space is minimized.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and variations can be made in the device for controlling spreading of liquid crystal, and method for fabricating an LCD of the present invention without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, it is intended that the present invention cover the modifications and variations of this invention provided they come within the scope of the appended claims and their equivalents.
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|U.S. Classification||294/119.1, 901/38, 414/751.1|
|International Classification||G02F1/1333, B25J15/02, B25J15/08, B65G49/06, B25J9/02, G02F1/13, H01L21/687|
|Cooperative Classification||B65G49/064, G02F2001/13415, B25J9/023, H01L21/68707, G02F1/133351, B25J15/026, B65G49/061|
|European Classification||B25J9/02B, B65G49/06B, H01L21/687G, G02F1/1333K, B65G49/06D2, B25J15/02P1|
|Dec 30, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LG.PHILIPS LCD CO., LTD, KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:CHAE, KYUNG-SU;LIM, JONG-GO;REEL/FRAME:013626/0369
Effective date: 20021227
|Oct 27, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., KOREA, REPUBLIC OF
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:LG.PHILIPS LCD CO., LTD.;REEL/FRAME:021763/0212
Effective date: 20080304
|Mar 29, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 19, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8