US 730192 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No,-7s0,192. ":PATENTEDIJU'NEYZ,1903 G. MOBITZ'.
EYE SHIELD FOR Sl EQTAGL-ESQ APPLICATION TILED 13, 19 01.
m: NORRIS Prnzns c0 PHom-umo" WASHINGYDN. u. c.
UNITED STATES l atented J'ufi 2, 1903.
I GUSTAV MORITZ, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
EYE-SHIELD FOR SPECTACLES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 730,192, dated June 2, 1903.
Application filed December 18, 1901. Serial No. 86,430. mamas.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GUSTAV MORITZ, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of the city of St. Louis and State of for use or removed at the pleasure or con-- venience of the user.
Another object I have is to provide a suitable frame, of a strong and lightmaterial, that may be covered with a desirable fabric in texture and color to aid in the treatment of weak or squinting eyes.
I further contemplate by the improvement herein to afiord means for the air to circulatein the chambers formed by the eye-shields when in place and the spectacle-lens, such chamber being in the form of an ellipse or oval cone spreading inwardly from the lens to the eye-cavities.
With. these objects in view my invention consists in certain details of construction, arrangement, and combination of the various parts of the device, as hereinafter set forth, pointed out in the claims, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure I is a perspective view of apair of spectacles carrying the adjustable eye-shield herein mentioned in its place; Fig. II, a similar View of the wire frame or skeleton ready to be covered; Fig. III, a side view of a complete shield detached; Fig. IV, a front view of detached modification in metal or fiber, and Fig. V a side and front view showing the lugs and spring-projection mode of afiixing and removing the shield from the spectacleframe and is the preferred form of frame for my devices.
Referring to the accompanying drawings,
the reference-letter A is used to indicate the spectacle-frame and lens complete, to which my eye-shieldis adapted, and the numerals 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 represent the bridge, bow,
lens,tem pl,e,and side extensions,respectively, of a pair of spectacles; Figs. III and IV, the
complete eye-shield; 8 8, the inner, and 9 9 the outer, lugs or fasteners of the shield wh ereby it is attached to the spectacles.
In the shield-frame, Fig. III, 10 represents the base member, 11 the top member, and 12 12 the respective end pieces by wlfich the same are formed.
6, Fig. I, represents the material or fabricsuch as cloth, silk, &c.--used to cover the frame 7, Figs. II and V.
The curved and forked fastening projections 8 S 9 9 are flexible and are adjusted to or removed from the spectacles by the spring in the wire or sheet metal but of which the spring or fastening projections are formed.
The modification shown by Fig.IV is molded from a suitable fiber, such as paper, pulp, asbestos,orthelike. Thesameisalsostamped by a die or cut in blanks from thin sheet metal rounded together at the ends, where they are joined either by tonguing or soldering. This form is provided with smallholes 12 for the admission'of air.
Fig. V affords a preferred form for my shield-frame. It is stamped from thin sheet metal such as brass, tin, or similar material-then rounded to an oval, and fastened together by its ends either by tonguing or soldering. The inner fastening projections 8 8 are similar, in the same material as the frame, and curved inwardly, so as to clutch the lens-frame or lens, as required. The outer fastener 9 9 may be similarly stamped; but I preferzthe inverted-U-shaped wire having flaring ends to pass easily over the outer ends of the spectacle lens orbow at the hinges joined or may be applied on the straight fiat blank before it is joined together. It is apparent that my adjustable shield herein may be made and used on spectacles of everysize and description, and but one form is required to fit both spectacle-lenses.
Having thus described my invention, that which I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In an eye-shield for spectacles, an open frame and a covering therefor, said frame comprising an upper oval-shaped member, a pair of outwardly-curving parallel side members, and an enlarged, concaved base-forming member, said base member being integral With the side members, substantially as described.
2. In an eye-shield for spectacles, an open frame, a base therefor being inwardly concaved, two parallel side members integral with said base, said side members being curved outwardly and upwardly, an upper open frame secured to said side members above said base, and attaching means for searms and side members, substantially as described.
G. MORITZ. \Vitnesses:
MORRIS E. LYoNs,
BENTLEY I'I. LYONS.