US 730494 A
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No. 730,494. ZPATBNTBD JUNE 9, 1903,
J. H. VENNBRS.
DISINFECTANT GRADUATOR. ABPLIGATION rum) mm: 1, 19oz H0 MQDEL dimes/Z5277 awn e71;
THE unnms PETERS Ca. FHOTO LITHO.. wAsmum'on'. a, c.
UNITED STATES c Patented June 9, 190 5 7' PATENT OFFICE.
JAMES VENNERS, QFEBROQKLYN, NEW YORK.
olsm FECTANT-G RADUATO R.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 730,494, dated June 9, 1903.
Application filed June 7,1902. $erial Noll0,695. (lilo model.)
' To all whont it may concern:
Be it known that I, JAMES H, VENNERS, a; citizen of the United States, residing at Brooklyn, in the county of Kings and State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Disinfectant-Graduators, of which the following is a specification.
My invention has relation to improvements in disinfecting apparatus of that kind or style adapted to be utilized in the disinfection of the water in tanks, basins, cisterns, closetbowls, in waste-pipes, and, in fact, wherever a quantity of water'may assimilate with or mix with the disinfectant. I l
The general construction of the vessel embodies a suitable containing vessel having inlet and outlet ports or apertures, an inclosed slotted cylinder having a reticulated or foraminous cylindrical skirt, and a slidable interior cylinder or slide to graduate the height and capacity of the slot in the outer stationary cylinder; and the object is to providea disinfecting device of r the kind indicated and generally stated which is simple and durable in construction and eflicient in operation and certain in results. it
Withthese objects in.view the invention consists in the novel construction of partsand their arrangement and aggroupment in de-: pendent and operative combination.
I have fully and clearly illustrated the im-' provements in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and whereinsel, showing the inlet and outlet ports and the projecting portion of the pull-rod. Fig. 2 is a vertical central section showing the central slotted cylinder, the reticulated cylin-. drical inclosure or cage, and Tithe means for holding them in vertical position withinthe' vessel or casing. Fig. 3 is a vertical central section taken through the casing of the vessel and through the interior cylinder and reticulated cylinder and showing the float and agitator.
Referring to the drawings, wherein like parts shown in the several figures are designated by like references, A designates the containing vessel or casing made of some noncorrodible metal, as brass, and of such caplied to the vessel.
Figure 1 is a side view of the complete've sapparent that it caubewith like utility placed a in any locality where water is to be occasionally drawn from a vessel. A suitable cover 1, having a central perforation 2 in the top, is provided and the cover being detachably apthe vessel is made a suitable number of openings 3, constituting inlets for the Water and outlets for the disinfecting material. A baile is'suitably hung to the vessel, whereby it may be carried as vusual. ably disposed a cylinder 5., open at both ends and extending well through the length thereof and formed with a vertical slot 6, extending approximately from the middle line of the cylinder to adjacent its upper end, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings The object or purpose of the slot 6 is in connection with a slide or telescoping internal cylinder movable lengthwise of the slot to regulate and graduate the In the casing is detach- In the upper portion of y discharge of the, disinfecting fluid. To effect c the lower end of a pull-rod 10, which slidingly projects through the aperture 2in the 4 cover.
To the cross-bar 9' is hung a rod 11, having on its lower end a disk 12, of Wire-netting, to act as a depending weight tending to keep the rod, witha float 13 mounted thereon, in straight depending position. The disk 12 also serves as a mixer or agitator when reciprocated in the cylinder and when the rising fluids encounter it. r
The cylinder 5 is provided with a Wire-net ting 14- in its upper end, through which the water may descend or through which .the water may rise when the vessel is immersed in the water of the tank. Aboutthe middle of the cylinder is secured an annular flange 15, curved outward and downward, so as to be of larger diameter at its lower end and stand the desired distance from and around ities of lasting and e'fliciency essential to effect the object of a thorough disinfection. To maintain the cylinder with the wire cage in proper central vertical relation to the vessel, I secure radially-extending arms 17 adjacent to the top of the cylinder and to the lower end of the flange 15, as shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings.
To utilize the device, the parts or elements 3 are assembled, as shown in the drawings, and the disinfectant deposited in the annular space between the wire cage and the interior face of the vessel, and the vessel then closed and placed in the tank or vessel containing the water to be remedied by the disinfecting process. Vhen the charged vessel is placed in the tank, the water will enter through the ports and fall to the bottom and submerge the disinfecting material and percolate through the wire cage and, rising up through the cylinder, find outlet through the graduated slot in the cylinder with such force or as freely as may have been provided for by the graduated position of the slide or cylinder in relation to the slot. \Vhen the water is drawn off from the tank a circulation will be created and the fluid escape through the parts of the casing, carrying with it the charged solution, which may have become diffused in the water within the casmg. ter-level reaches the lower limit or end of the slot as graduated, which point being reached the fluid in the cylinder will pass down and out through the wire cage into the disinfectant and rising therethrough will diffuse with the water and be carried off through the ports until a level is reached on a line with the lowermost port.
The slot 6 is closed at any point or height desired by the movable graduating-cylinder, which is operated and adjusted by the rod 10, so that the discharge of the medicated water is increased or diminished and regulated to suit the purpose.
It will be observed that by the graduating system above described the water drawn off from the tank does not disturb the solution in the cylinder after the level in the tank This result will continue until the wareaches a point on and below the line with the opening in the graduated slot.
I desire it to be understood that I do not limit myself to the particular constructions and precise arrangement of the parts, since changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is 1. A disinfecting vessel comprising a vessel provided with suitable ports, a cylinder hav ing a vertical discharge-slot, a sliding element to graduate the opening of the slot, and a wire-cage inclosing the lower portion of the cylinder. 7
2. A disinfecting vessel, comprising a vessel provided with suitable ports placed in vertical succession, a cylinder in the vessel having a vertical slot, and supported with its lower end above the bottom of the vessel, a downwardly and outwardly arranged flange around the cylinder, a wire cage secured to the lower end of the said flange, and a slidable element to regulate the opening in said slot.
3. A disinfecting vessel, comprising a vessel provided with ports in vertical succession, a cylinder in the vessel having a vertical slot, and supported with its lower end above the bottom of the vessel, a wire cage of larger diameter than the cylinder and secured to and extending below the same, and a sliding element to regulate the opening of the slot.
i. A disinfecting vessel, comprising a vessel provided with inlet-ports, a cylinder in the vessel having a vertical slot and supported with its lower end above the bottom of the vessel, a wire cage of larger diameter than the cylinder and secured to and extending below the same, a sliding element to regulate the opening of the slot, and an agitating-disk suspended from the said element.
5. A disinfecting vessel, comprising a vessel provided with suitable ports, a cylinder in the vessel formed with a discharge-port, a slide to adjust the capacity of the port, an annular flange about the middle portion of the cylinder, a wire cage secured to the edge of the flange and adapted to set on the bottom of the vessel to support the cylinder, radial arms to hold the cylinder and cage in vertical position in the vessel, and an agitating-disk suspended within the cylinder.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
JAMES H. VENNERS.