US 731138 A
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PATENTED JUNE 16, 1903 W. B..STEARN,S.- SKYLIGHT FOR VESSELS. APPLICATION FILED FEB 24 1903 IT 0 MODEL.
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uomus PETERS m. Pnomuma. WASH UNITED STATES Patented June 16, 1903.
\VILLIAM B. STEARNS, OF MARBLEHEAD, MASSACHUSETTS.
SKYLIGHT FOR VESSELS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent N 0. 731,138, dated June 16, 1903.
Application filed February 24, 1903- Serial No. 144,571. (No model.)
To aZZ whmn it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM B. swarms, of Marblehead, county of Essex, and State of Massachusetts, have invented an Improvement in Skylights for Vessels, of which the following description, in connection with-the accompanying drawings, is a specification, like characters on the drawings representing like parts.
This invention relates to skylights especiallyadapted for yachts and vessels,although not limited to this particular use, and has for its object to construct a skylight with a water-tight hinge connection devoid of packing, the parts of which preferably interlock in such manner as to prevent the skylight being removed unlessitis opened wide, or nearly so.
Figure 1 shows in perspective a skylight embodying this invention. transverse section of the hinge connection of the skylight with the ridge, taken on an .enlarged scale, on line 2 2 of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a detail of the plate at the end of the ridge,
having holes through it which serve as exits for the gutters on the ridge.
For the purpose of illustrating a practical embodiment of my invention as applied to yachts and vessels I have herein shown two skylights hinged to a single ridge; but it is obvious that a single skylight hinged to a ridge in a similar manner comes within the scope of my invention.
The skylight a comprises a sash or frame of any suitable size and shape, having one or more lights of glass a set into it in any usual or suitable manner. Along the upper edge of the sash or frame the leaf or plate I) of the hinge is secured, which extends the entire length of the skylight, or nearly so, and, as herein shown, said leaf has projecting downwardly from it at right angles an integrallyformed lip 12, which is adapted to be secured to the upper edge of the sash or frame. For small sashes or frames either the leaf b or the projecting lip b may be omitted, the part remaining serving as the leaf. The leaf of the hinge has an extension 6 preferably formed integral therewith, which is formed with a semicircular portion b hollowed on its under side and having at its outer edge a projecting lip or shoulder b. I prefer to make the portion b semicircular, although I do not desire Fig. 2 shows a,
to limit my invention to'this particular shape; yet to operate effectively it should have a semicircular recess at its under side to receive a circularly-formed pivot on the ridge or stationary member of the hinge, to be described.
The ridge comprises, essentially, a base or body portion 0, adaptedto be placed upon and secured to a pole, strip, or bar d, and at one or both sides thereof a curved'extension c, which is of suitable size and shape to serve as and constitute a gutter.
The circularly-formed pivot 0 which enters the recess or hollow in the semicircular portion 19 is located at the outer edge of the gutter and is preferably formed integral with the ridge. The highest point of the pivot c is preferably higher than the base or body portion 0, so that in case the gutter should fill withwater or snow by any chance no water would flow. into the boat. If desired, a row of rolls or balls 1 may be placed in a groove formed in the top of the circular bearing 0 A' lip or shoulder 0 projects from the base 0 toward the circularly-formed pivot c and partially closes the opening or space which 7 serves as the entrance to the gutter. One or both ends of the gutter are provided with plates n, having holes it through them. The hollow semicircular portion 19 on the movable member of the hinge connection is made of a der (7 either abuts against the lip or shoulder c or is brought close up to it. The hinge thus constructed in some respects resembles and works like a ball-and-socket joint, the semicircular portion 6 resting upon and working on the circularly-formed pivot c as the skylight is operated. The hollow or recessed semicircular portion which projects through the opening or entrance and down into the gutter works in said opening or entrance as the skylight is operated, and the entrance to said gutter is practicall y closed at all times; yet any water which passes into the gutter will make its escape through the exits at the ends thereof. Furthermore, by providing the semicircular portion 11 with the lip or shoulder b and providing the ridge with the lip or shoulder c the parts will interlock in such manner that the skylight cannot be removed except when opened wide, or nearly so. It is obvious that the extent of thisinterlocking may be varied, for example, by varying the size of the opening between 0 and c with reference to the size of the lip 19 Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge havingagutter, askylight hinged to the outer edge of said gutter having means for substantially closing the entrance to said gutter,-
substantially as described.
2. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge havinga gutter provided with a pivot on which the skylight works, and a skylight having a hinged member which interiorly engages said pivot, and means connected with said hinged member which projectsinto and substantially closes the entrance to said gutter and works in said entrance as the skylight is operated, substantially as described.
3. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge having a gutter provided with a circularlyformed pivot at its outeredge and a skylight having a leaf secured to it provided'with an extension having a hollow semicircular portion which interiorly'engages the pivot on the gutter, substantially as described. I
4:. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge having a gutter provided with a circularlyformed pivot and a skylight having a leaf secured to it provided with an extension havin g a semicircular portion which engages said pivot and which projects into the gutter and substantially closes the entrance thereto, substantially as described.
5. In a skylight, the'combination of a ridge having a gutter and also having an interlocking member, and a skylight hinged to said ridge having an interlocking member which crosses the entrance to the gutter and cooperates with the interlocking member on the ridge, substantially as described.
6. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge having a gutter and a projecting lip or shoulder, and a skylight hinged thereto having a lip or shoulder which works insaid gutter and which projects beneath the lip or shoulder on the ridge to thereby interlock the parts, substantially as described.
7. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge havinga gutter, a circularly-formed pivot and a projecting lip or shoulder and a skylight having a leaf with an extension thereon having a hollow semicircular portion which interiorly engages said pivot and having a projecting lip or shoulder which works in said gutter and engages the lip or shoulder on the ridge, substantially as described.
8. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge having a gutter and a lip or shoulder which partially closes the entrance thereto, a sky-.
light, a hinge member thereon which engages the edge of said gutter, having an extension which projects through the entrance to said gutter and also having a lip or shoulder which cooperateswith the lip or shoulder on the ridge, substantially as described.
9. In a skylight, the combination of a ridge comprising a base and a gutter at one side thereof a circularly-formed pivot at the outer edge of the gutter which projects above the level of the base of the ridge, and a skylight having a hinged member which interiorly engages said pivot, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
WILLIAM B. STEARNS.
HENRY L. BURNHAM, LENA K. SHAW.