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Publication numberUS731594 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 23, 1903
Filing dateSep 25, 1902
Priority dateSep 25, 1902
Publication numberUS 731594 A, US 731594A, US-A-731594, US731594 A, US731594A
InventorsWilliam Harold Mosley
Original AssigneeWilliam Harold Mosley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Porcelain crown for teeth.
US 731594 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

y PATENTED JUNE 23, 1903.

I W. H. MOSLEY.

PORCELAIN GROWN FOR TEETH.

APPLIOATION FILED snr'r. 25, 1902. N0 110mm iatented June 23, 1903.

PORCELAIN CROWN FOR TEETH.

{SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 731,594, dated June 23, 1903.

Application filed September 25. 1902. Serial No. 124,816. (No model.)

. My invention relates to improvements in porcelain crowns for teeth; and the object of the invention is to devise a post and means for fixing it in the cavityin the crown made to receive the same which will insure the crown being properly set upon the base-tooth by the dentist and which will avoid any dan ger of wabbling or twisting of the post in the crown and cementin the cavity therein when such post is placed in position and in which there will be no liability of the post being so set as to leave the cement exposed to the action of the saliva in the mouth; and it consists, essentially, of a crown having, preferably, a-polygonal opening in the base of the crown, an undercut cavity extending in- 3 is a detail of the post.

wardly therefrom and having a reduced inner portion, and a post having the portion thereof fitting within the cavity tapered to accurately fitthe flat-sided opening at the outside,

and an end button designed to fitinto the reduced recess of the undercut cavity of the inner end, such undercut cavity being filled with cement and the parts being otherwise arranged and constructed in detail, as herein-" after more particularly explained. Figure l is a perspective view of a crown of a tooth, showing it partially broken away and in section to exhibit the post and the mode of fixing the same within the cavityin the crown. Fig. 2 is a sectional plan. Fig. Fig. 4 is a sectional perspective view of the crown, showing the formation of the cavity In the drawings like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts parts in each figure.

In the formation of pins or posts to fit the crown heretofore there has been used, among other modes of fastening, a pin with a central flange or collar and a reduced lower portion with annular enlargements. In such construction-and in other constructions the inner portion of the post fitted loosely in the cement, which of course has been previously axially.

poured into the receiving-cavityin the crown.

"Careless dentists in boring holes in the tooth to receive the crown would frequently bore such holes obliquely insteadofvertically or Consequently when the outer end of the post was fitted into the tooth in order to bring the base of the crown down fiat upon the base-tooth the post as it entered up in the cement would on account of the flexibility of the cement before being set allow of the inner end of the post or that portion of the post in the cavity of the crown to move or wabble .to such an extent that the crown although fitted to the top of the tooth would have the post thereof not on a line or axial to the base or base-tooth. From experience it will be readily comprehended that a crown so placed and connected by apost improperly set would necessarily be uncomfortable. It is quite a common practice in posts as at present made to extend the post deep into the porcelain crown, which has the efiect of materi'ally weakening it at the thin tapering edge of the crown.

Another defect which it has been found necessary to overcome was that the crown would have a tendency when connected to the base-tooth by posts as formerly constructed to twist, and thereby change the contour of the crown, so that it would not conform properly with the form of the base-tooth. It is with the object of avoiding these defects and producing a tooth which will insure good work by the dentist,

as well as a solid and rigid connection of the crown to the base-tooth, that my invention is particularly designed.

It has of course been a common practice to make a post in the porcelain, and with this my invention has nothing to do, but is adapted foruse where the post is cemented in'the crown.

' polygonal. In practice I preferably make the scribed.

tapered portion of two tapersviz., the portion 0 and portion 0; The polygonal orifice is also preferably tapered to fit the taper c. c is a button or disk-shaped head, preferably fiat, which forms an enlargement at the inner end of the tapered portion 0.

In placing my post in position a sufficient quantity of cement is poured into the cavity and the post then forced down, so that the button end 0 fits within the recess b and the tapered portion 0 fits within the tapered orifice b, which is polygonal, as has been de- It will now be seen that the post'is held within the tapered orifice b from twisting by thefiat-sided taper c and is prevented from wabbling or canting, tilting or getting out of plumb by means of the head or button 0 which fits within the reduced end b of the cavity 1). As the post is forced in, of course the cement D is necessarily forced around the tapered inner portion of the post, thereby securely looking it by means of the head 0 and the cement D extending between such head and the undercut of the cavity and around the tapered portion C. It will thus be seen i that the utility of the cement is merely to prevent the post from being drawn out; but the rigidity of the post Within the crown is entirely independent of the cement and that all strain of the post is taken by the sides of the orifice B and the wall of the reduced extension 1) of the cavity.

An important desideratum in my construction also resides in the fact that by my con-' 1. In porcelain crowns, the combination with the crown having a tapered orifice to receive the post provided with an undercut cavity extending inwardly therefrom and a reduced portion at the bottom of the cavity, of a post having a tapered portion of polygonal cross-section designed to extend into the orifice and an enlarged head or button on the end thereof designed to fit the reduced end of the cavity and a cement filling extending around the tapered portion of the post to the outside of the inner head of the post as and for the purpose specified.

2. In porcelain crowns, the combination with the crown having a tapered polygonal orifice to receive the post provided with an undercut cavity extending inwardly therefrom and a reduced portion at the bottom of the cavity, of a posthaving a tapered polygonal portion designed to extend into the orifice and an enlarged head or button designed to fit the reduced end of the cavity, and a cement filling extending around the tapered portion of the post to the outside of the inner head of the post as and for the purpose specified.

3. In porcelain crowns, the combination with the crown having a tapered fiat-sided orifice to receive the post provided with an undercut cavity extending inwardly therefrom and a reduced portion at the bottom of the cavity, of a post having a fiat-sided tapered portion, the outer end of which is of a less taper than the inner end and is designed to fit into the correspondingly-tapered orifice and an enlarged head or button designed to fit the reduced end of the cavity, and a cement filling extending around the tapered portion of the post to the outside of the inner head of the post as and for the purpose specified.

o WM. HAROLD MOSLEY.

Witnesses:

B. BOYD, R. SHIELDS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4355978 *Oct 16, 1980Oct 26, 1982Ericson Dan WPatrix for the production of a gold core for a prepared root-filled tooth
US4622012 *Mar 27, 1985Nov 11, 1986Smoler Lewis SDental post system
US5266032 *Feb 20, 1992Nov 30, 1993Adam ObersatDental crown and rigid connector
US5297964 *May 27, 1993Mar 29, 1994Adam ObersatDental crown and rigid connector
USRE32824 *Feb 4, 1986Jan 10, 1989Advanced Dental Technology, Inc.Pre-made reinforcement device
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA61C13/30