US 731659 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
110.731,659. PATENTED JUNE z3, 1903. E. J. BENNETT.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 21, 1902.
UNITED STATES Patented June 23, 1903.
PATENT OFFICE. y
SPECIFICATION 'forming part of Letters Patent No. 731,659, dated June 23, 1903. Application nea November 21,1902. serrano. 132,189. on model.)
To a/ZZ whom it may concern;
Beit known that I, `Ein/rum) J. BENNETT, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Flint,in the county of Genesee and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-Stoppers, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
- This invention relates to improvements in bottle-Stoppers; and its object is to provide a `closure for the mouth of bottles which requires no special form of Y bottle, which may be easily and quickly removed from the mouth of the bottle to facilitate washing, but will l yet be attached to the bottle to prevent the parts from becoming lost, and which is so constructed as to eiectually close the bottle `against leakage and at the same time will allow the contents to escapeby the simple act of depressing one of its parts.
Itis also an object of the invention to provide a simple construction which is cheap to manufacture, easily assembled, and readily taken apart for cleaning.
To this end the invention consists in providing a bushing member held in the mouth l of the bottle by a bail-fastener and a nozzle 1 member to fit within the bushing and having a packing-washer at its lower end to engage the lower end of the bushing to prevent the escape of the contents of the bottle around the stem of the nozzle member.
It also consists in the novel construction, arrangement, and combination of parts, all as hereinafter more fully described, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in whichv Figure l is aside elevation of a device embodying my invention as attached to a bottle; Fig. 2, a central vertical section of the same; Fig. 3, a view illustrating the manner of operating the ydevice to pour from the bottle; and Fig. 4 a perspective view, on a smaller scale,of a bottle,showing the stopper removed. and hanging by the bail-fastener at the side of the bottle.
p tend into the mouth of the bottle,an upwardlyextending tubular ortion B2 and an outwardly-projecting integral collar-or flange B3, provided with outwardly and downwardly extending integral ears B4 at opposite sides for the attachment of the bail-fastener C. The saidbail-fastener C is of the ordinary and well-known form, made of wire, and con sisting of the bail portions C', having hooked ends to engage the openings in the ears B4, and the lever portion C2, which is attached to the neck of the bottle by the wire C3 and is connected to the bail portions in such. a manner that when the bushing is inserted in the mouth of the bottle and the lever portion turned the packing-ringI) will be compressed between the ange B3 and the bottle, making a tight joint.
E is the nozzle portion of the stopper, consisting of a head E, a shank E2, and a stem E3, the bushing being bored out to within a short distance of its lower end to t the shank and the remainder of the way to fit the stem. The shank and stem of the nozzle portion being of different diameters, a shoulder E is formed thereon, and the bushing being bored to iit these diameters a corresponding shoulder B5 is formed near the lower end of the bore of the bushing. Said nozzle is provided with an axial bore E4, extending to within a Ashort distance of the lower end of the stem, where it is bored transversely to form lateralV openings E5, as shown in Figs. 2 and .5, the stem being shown in Fig. 3 as turned to bring the openings at right angles to the position in which they are shown in Fig. 2 for the purpose of better illustration, the nozzle member being free' to turn in the bushing. A washer F, of
leather or rubber, secured to the lower end of the stem'by a screw, is provided to seat against the lower end of the portion B of the bushing and prevent any leakage around the stem. To hold the washer firmly to its seat and the nozzle projected from the bushing, a coiled spring Gr is sleeved on the stem, with its ends engaging the shoulders EG and B5,1espectively, so that by pressing inward on thehead, as shown iii 3, against the action of said spring the stem is projected inward, moving the Washer from its seat and uncovering the openings E to allow the contents of the bot tle to pass out through said openings into the bore of the nozzle.
By employing the bail-fastener to hold the XAs bushing in place the ordinary form of bottle may be used, and said bushing may be easily and quickly removed to clean the .bottle and yet the parts be held intact and attached to the bottle, so that they will not be lost. The stopper may also be readily taken apart forcleaning or to replace the washer by simply removing` ithe screw which holds the washer to the stem.
Having1 thus fully described my invention, what I claim is-' l. In a bottle-stopper, the combinatiomwith a bushin g member having a tapered lower end to project into the bottle, of means for detachably securing the bushing member to the bottle, a nozzle member having a stem tting within the bushing and provided with an aXial bore and lateral openings, a spring to actuate the nozzle member 'sleeved on its stem within the bushing, a packing-washer to engage and close the lower end ofthe bushing, and a screw to secure the washer to the lower end of the stem, wherebythe nozzle member and spring may be removed from the bushing by removing this screw.
2. In abottle-stopper, the combination of a bushing member having a tapered lower end to project into the bottle, an outwardly-projecting iange on said bushing, ears on said flange, a Wire bail-fastener consisting1 of .the bail portions secured to the ears and the lever portion secured to the bottle and attached to the bail portions, a nozzle member having a stem fitting within the lower end of the bushing', a spring on the stem within the bushing', a packing-washer, and a screw to secure the washer to the lower end of the sleeve in engagement with the lower end of the bushing; to hold the nozzle member within the bushing` against the action of the spring. l
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
EDMUN D J. BENNETT.
CoLoNEL O. S'WAYzE, ROBERT RILEY.