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Publication numberUS732136 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 30, 1903
Filing dateSep 22, 1902
Priority dateSep 22, 1902
Publication numberUS 732136 A, US 732136A, US-A-732136, US732136 A, US732136A
InventorsFrederick W Taylor
Original AssigneeFrederick W Taylor
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Golf-club.
US 732136 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 732,136. PATBNTED JUNE so, 190s.

P. w. TAYLGR.

G CLUB.

APPLIOATIO ILBD SEPT. 22. 1902.

N0 IODEL.

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UNITED STATES :Patented June 30, 1903'.

FREDERICK WV. TAYLOR, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.

GOLF-CLU B.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 732,136, dated June 30, 1903. Application led September 22,1902. Serial No. 124.291. (No model.)

To a/ZZ whom it may concern:

Beitknown that I, FREDERICK W. TAYLOR, a citizen of the United States of America, residing in the city and county of Philadelphia, in the State of Pennsylvania, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Golf-Clubs, of which the following is a true and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part thereof.

My invention relates to golf-clubs, and is in itsprincipal features applicable to those varieties of clubs which are generally comprehended under the name of baffy, mashie,7 and niblick -that is to say, clubs the faces of which slant backward to -the ground or sole of the club at an angle of fifty-live degrees or less.

The primary object of my invention is to provide a club adapted to strike a golf-ball below its horizontal central section as it lies upon the ground and to impart to it in the act of giving it an upward blow a sharp backward rotation which will counteract its tendency to roll forward when it pitches upon the green, causing the ball to fall dead.

Clubs of the class to which my invention relates have heretofore in some cases been provided with roughened faces, with a View ofimpartinga backward spinor rotation to the ball; but, so far as I am aware, the roughness imparted to the face of such clubs has been in the nature of score-marks, formed with the design of providing recesses in which the provjections usually formed on the surface of the ball could engage, and while this device operates with some efficiency when the club is brought in contact with the ball with very considerable force I have found that it is outwardly-projecting teeth, which by preference I make of the kind usually formed upon the file-cut portion of rasps, having found satisfaction in a construction in which such a section of a rasp is inserted in so as to form a part of the face of the club.

While my said invention is applicable to any club coming within the general classification already noted, I have found that it gives most satisfaction and is most efficient when the club is used so as to cut slightly into the turf behind the ball; but it is of course important that the club should not cut so deeply into the ground as to materially check its motion, and therefore I prefer to construct my club with a broad Hat sole or ground, which will prevent the club from passing down into the ground.

Another object of my invention is to provide a club which will cut into the turf slightly in the rear of the ball with great readiness and freedom and will at the same time be prevented by its construction from passing downward into the ground beyond a short determined distance, and this I accomplish by continuing a portion of the sloping face of the club forward beyond and below the edge formed by the meeting of the sole and face, thus providing a cutting edge which needV not be any broader than that portion of the face of the club with which the ball is struck under normal conditions, which cutting edge will pass into the ground with the utmost freedom until the sole of the club proper comes in contact with the surface of the ground, checking the further downward motion of the club, so that all the force of the blow is exerted in the direction of the ball, and while this specialconstruction is of greatest and most pronounced value when used in connection with the face having the projecting teeth or pins, as already described, it is lalso useful in clubs of ordinary construction having the face-angles whichcharacterize the clubs known as mid-irons, ba`iiies, mashies, and niblics The projecting cutting edge of the club need not be,and for the best results should not be, of greater breadth than that portion of the central face of the club with which the ball is struck, and I have found it advantageous in order to counteract the tendency of the front edge of the club other than the prolonged central portion to cut into the ground to round said lateral portions of the front edge upwardly, so that they will coact with the sole of the club in preventing further penetration than is provided for by the projecting cutting edge.

Reference being now had to the drawings, in which my invention is illustrated in what I believe to be its best form, Figure 1 is a front elevation of the head of a club which might be calleda mashie or baiy Fig. 2 is a cross-section on the line 2 2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3, a cross-section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 1; Fig. 4, a crosssectional view of a similar club having a more inclined face and of a kind which would be generally described as a niblicg and Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional View of a clubof the same general character as that shown in Fig. 4, but illustrating a modification in the construction.

A, Fig. 1, indicates the lower-portion of the shaft; B, the head of the club, having a face C, in which, as shown, is formed a recess (indicated at C2) for the insertion of a toothed plate, forming the striking-face of the club.

D indicates the sole of the club, which by preference is rounded upward, as indicated at F. E, where it meets the face Cof the club.

F is a metal plate, preferably of iron or steel., which in the construction illustrated is inserted in the recessed portion C2 of the face and which is provided with outwardlyprojecting teeth (indicated at F') of such a character 'as will insure their embedding themselves in the face ot' the stricken golfball. By preference and as illustrated in the drawings the toothed plate is continued below the sole of the club, as indicated at F2, forming a cutting edge which will freely enter the ground until the sole D of the club comes in contact with it.

The modified form of club indicated in Fig. 4 is identical with that shown iu Figs. 1, 2, and 3, except that the face of the club indicatedat C is more inclined than that indicated at C, and the moditied construction indicated in Fig. 5 is identical with that shown in Fig. 4, except that the toothed and projecting plate F F2 is continued under the sole ot 'the club, as indicated at F3, forming a downwardly-projecting L"false sole, so to speak, which has some ineritin that while it to some extent checks the farther entry of the cutting edge into the ground it also tends to counteract any tendency to pass too far down below the surface.

The general operation of my club has already been quite fully described, and itis therefore unnecessary to further specify its merit and Inode of operation.

Having now described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A golf-club, having a flat face slanted backward to an angle of fifty-five degrees or less to its sole, said flat face being provided, over the portion with which the ball is struck, with outwardly-projecting teeth, separated by sections of the iiat face, and adapted to embed themselves in a golf-ball when it is struck by the club, without preventing the dat face from striking the ball, whereby the face of the club in striking, simultaneously determines the angle of lift and the backward rotation imparted to the ball.

2. A golfclub, having abroad sole and a flat face slanted backward to an angle of ft-yfive degrees or less to its sole, said dat face being provided, overthe portion with which the ball is struck, with outwardly-projecting teeth, separated by sections of the flat face, and adapted to embed themselves in a golfball when it is struck by the club without preventing the [iat face from striking the ball, whereby the face of the club in striking, simultaneously determines the angle of lift and the backward rotation imparted to the ball.

3. A golf-club having a broad sole, a face slanted backward to said sole and a projection from the front edge ot' the club continuing the center of the club-face below the plane of the sole.

4. A golf-club having a broad sole, a face slanted backward to said sole, a projection from the front edge of the club continuing the center of the club-face below the plane of the sole and having the front edges of the club on each side of the projecting central part rounded oil?.

5. A golf-club having a broad sole, a face slanted backward to an angle of fifty-tive degrees or less to said sole and provided with outwardly-projecting teeth adapted to embed themselves in the face of a golf-ball when it is struck by the club and a projection from the front edge of the club continuing the center of the club-face below the plane of the sole.

6. A golf-club having a broad sole, a face slanted backward to an angle of fifty-tive degrees or less to said sole and provided with outwardly-projecting teeth adapted to embed themselves in the face of a golf-ball when it is struck by the club, a projection from the front edge of the club continuing the center of the club-face below the plane of the sole and leaving the front edges of the club on each side of the projecting central part rounded od.

FREDERICK WV. TAYLOR.

Witnesses:

CHAs. F. MYERS, D. STEWART.

ICO.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2447967 *Sep 16, 1944Aug 24, 1948Ridgely Stone WilliamGolf club
US5618239 *Feb 15, 1996Apr 8, 1997Rife; Guerin D.Groove configuration for a golf club
US6007434 *Apr 6, 1998Dec 28, 1999Hustler Golf CompanyGolf club
US6089993 *Mar 9, 1998Jul 18, 2000Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc.Golf club head
US6277033Aug 21, 1998Aug 21, 2001Pixl Golf Technologies, Inc.Golf club head or face
US6554721Jun 16, 2000Apr 29, 2003Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc.Golf club head
US6733400Apr 20, 2001May 11, 2004U.I.G., Inc.Gold club iron head, correlated set of individually numbered golf club irons, method of matching a golf club to a golfer, and method of matching a set of golf clubs to a golfer
US7275999Apr 13, 2004Oct 2, 2007U.I.G., Inc.Correlated set of individually numbered golf club irons
US7278928Nov 25, 2003Oct 9, 2007Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc.Golf club striking face
US7364513 *Oct 31, 2005Apr 29, 2008Pixl Golf CompanyGolf club head with inserts for impact face
US7445561 *Aug 2, 2007Nov 4, 2008Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc.Golf club striking face
US7568983 *Feb 27, 2007Aug 4, 2009Acushnet CompanyGolf club head groove configuration
US7585232Mar 27, 2008Sep 8, 2009Pixl Golf CompanyGolf club head
US7758449 *Apr 22, 2008Jul 20, 2010Acushnet CompanyGolf club head having a grooved and textured face
US7862450Jan 8, 2008Jan 4, 2011Acushnet CompanyGolf club head groove configuration
US7918747 *Jun 29, 2009Apr 5, 2011New TextGolf club head having a grooved face
US7955189 *Feb 1, 2010Jun 7, 2011Acushnet CompanySpin milled grooves for a golf club
US7976405Jun 3, 2009Jul 12, 2011Acushnet CompanyGolf club groove configuration
US7976406Jul 19, 2010Jul 12, 2011Acushnet CompanyGolf club head having a grooved and textured face
US8109841 *Nov 10, 2010Feb 7, 2012M-System Co., Ltd.Putter face and golf putter having the same
US8128512Jul 11, 2011Mar 6, 2012Acushnet CompanyGolf club groove configuration
US8128513Jul 11, 2011Mar 6, 2012Acushnet CompanyGolf club head having a grooved and textured face
US8142309Mar 31, 2011Mar 27, 2012Acushnet CompanyGolf club head having a grooved face
US8210966Dec 2, 2009Jul 3, 2012Acushnet CompanyGolf club groove configuration
US8240021Jul 20, 2009Aug 14, 2012Acushnet CompanyGolf club groove configuration
US8342981Mar 26, 2012Jan 1, 2013Acushnet CompanyGolf club head having a grooved face
US8517861Mar 5, 2012Aug 27, 2013Acushnet CompanyGolf club head having a grooved and textured face
US8617002 *Jun 24, 2009Dec 31, 2013Acushnet CompanyWedge type golf club head with improved performance
US8678947Dec 1, 2010Mar 25, 2014Acushnet CompanyGolf club groove configuration
US8752271Jun 29, 2009Jun 17, 2014Acushnet CompanyGolf club groove configuration
US20110275451 *May 19, 2011Nov 10, 2011Taylor Made Golf Company, Inc.Textured golf club face
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA63B2053/0445