|Publication number||US7332244 B2|
|Application number||US 10/259,122|
|Publication date||Feb 19, 2008|
|Filing date||Sep 27, 2002|
|Priority date||Sep 28, 2001|
|Also published as||US20030064283|
|Publication number||10259122, 259122, US 7332244 B2, US 7332244B2, US-B2-7332244, US7332244 B2, US7332244B2|
|Inventors||Seiichi Uemoto, Kenji Kimura|
|Original Assignee||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (23), Referenced by (21), Classifications (61), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present disclosure relates to subject matter contained in priority Japanese Patent Application No. 2001-301527, filed on Sep. 28, 2001, the contents of which is herein expressly incorporated by reference in its entirety.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a battery module, and more particularly to a battery module that is constructed by incorporating a plurality of cells in a single battery case.
2. Description of Related Art
Moreover, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Publication Nos. Hei. 9-266016 and Hei. 11-176487 each disclose a battery module constructed by placing a plurality of cells in a battery case, wherein a cooling medium passage or a Peltier element is disposed in the battery case to control the temperature of the battery.
However, any of the above-described conventional battery modules has proved to pose problems as follows. Each of the incorporated cells is separately housed, together with an electrolyte and an electrode plate group acting as a power-generating element, in a cell case. That is, the cells are designed to be usable singly. Such cells are juxtaposed with a spacing secured in between for a cooling purpose, and the array of the cells is sandwiched between the fixing plates or housed in a battery case. The battery module constructed in this way inevitably has an unduly large volume. What is worse, to hold a plurality of independent cells securely, an extra component such as a fixing plate or a battery case is required, and thus the number of assembly man-hours is increased. This results in an undesirable increase in the cost.
The present invention has been devised in light of the above-described problems with the conventional art, and accordingly an object of the present invention is to provide a battery module that is made compact by arranging a plurality of cells at considerably small intervals, and succeeds in cost cutting by achieving a remarkable reduction in the numbers of constituent components and assembly steps.
To achieve the above object, according to the present invention, there is provided a battery module including: a battery case formed by juxtaposing a plurality of electrode plate group housing chambers; an electrolyte-impregnated electrode plate group housed in each of the electrode plate group housing chambers, for constituting a cell; and a side plate arranged in abutment with each of side faces of the battery case with which openings of the electrode plate group housing chambers are faced, for closing the openings of the housing chambers. Specifically, the electrode plate group is housed in each of the electrode plate group housing chambers of the battery case, and subsequently an electrolyte is poured therein. Then, the opening of the electrode plate group housing chamber is closed by the side plate. Thus, the cells and the battery module are fabricated concurrently. Since the battery case for accommodating the cells serves also as a holding member for holding the cells, a remarkable reduction in the numbers of constituent components and assembly steps is achieved. This makes cost cutting possible. Moreover, since the battery case can be fabricated by a drawing process or the like, further cost reduction can be achieved.
While novel features of the invention are set forth in the preceding, the invention, both as to organization and content, can be further understood and appreciated, along with other objects and features thereof, from the following detailed description and examples when taken in conjunction with the attached drawings.
Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the battery module of the present invention will be described with reference to
The side plates 3 and 4 are each formed of an insulative synthetic resin plate. The side plate 3 includes a connecting plate 11 a for providing connection between the middle two cells 10, whereas the side plate 4 includes connecting plates 11 b and 11 c for providing connection between the outer two cells 10. These connecting plates 11 a to 11 c are formed integrally with the side plates 3 and 4 by insert molding, or fixed thereto with fixing means such as an adhesive. Each of the connecting plates 11 a to 11 c has, in its position facing the center of the cell 10, an electrode column through hole 12 that allows insertion and connection of an electrode column of the cell. Moreover, the side plates 3 and 4 each have a connection opening 13 formed so as to face the center of the cell 10. The connection opening 13 of the side plate 3 has its one side elongated to form an inlet opening 13 a. Of the connection openings 13, the one located in a region where the connecting plates 11 a to 11 c are disposed makes the connecting plates 11 a to 11 c exposed, whereas the one located on each of the end portions of the side plate 3 is formed as a through hole.
As shown in
According to the battery module 1 thus constructed, after the battery elements 9 are housed in their corresponding electrode plate group housing chambers 5 constituting the battery case 2, the side plates 3 and 4 are arranged in abutment with both side faces 2 a of the battery case 2. Then, by screw-fixing the battery case 2 and the side plates 3 and 4 to each other using the mounting holes 6 and 7, the opening of each of the electrode plate group housing chambers 5 is closed. In this state, the electrode column 18 of the battery element 9 passes through the electrode column through hole 12 formed in the connecting plate 11 a to 11 c of the side plate 3, 4, and, as shown in
As described heretofore, according to the embodiment, the cells 10 and the battery module 1 are fabricated concurrently. Moreover, since the battery case 2 for accommodating the cells 10 serves also as a holding member for holding the cells 10, a remarkable reduction in the numbers of constituent components and assembly man-hours is achieved. This makes cost cutting possible. Particularly, at each end of the electrode plate group 8, the sealing member 16 having the O ring 17 formed at its outer periphery is disposed, to secure a seal with respect to the inner periphery of the cylindrical electrode plate group housing chamber 5. In addition, the sealing member 16 is provided with the explosion-proof valve 23 formed of a thin-walled portion. This arrangement makes it possible to fabricate the battery module 1 of cylindrical battery having an explosion-proof function, in a productive and efficient manner.
Further, since the side plate 3, 4 is provided with the connecting plate 11 a to 11 c for providing connection between the cells 10, the cells 10 are connected together simply by arranging the side plates 3 and 4. This eliminates the addition of connecting operations for the cells, thereby making it possible to achieve further miniaturization and cost reduction.
Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to
In this embodiment, in a dead space between the cylindrical wall surface constituting the electrode plate group housing chamber 5 within the battery case 2 and the peripheral wall of the battery case 2, a fluid flow passage 26 is piercingly formed in between the side faces 2 a and 2 b. Moreover, the side plate 3, 4 has an opening window 27, acting as an inlet-outlet port for a fluid, formed so as to face the opening end of the flow passage 26.
In order to feed temperature-controlled air, as a heating medium, into the flow passage 26, as shown in
According to the second embodiment, by allowing the air having undergone temperature adjustment by the Peltier element 30 to flow through the flow passage 26 of the battery case 2, the temperature of the cell 10 is maintained at a predetermined level. This helps prolong the working life of the battery module 1 and also improve its output characteristics. For example, in the case of a lithium ion battery, by adjusting its temperature within the range of 25° C.±10° C., optimal output characteristics are achieved.
Next, a third embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to
In this embodiment, as shown in
As shown in
Moreover, as shown in
Next, a fourth embodiment of the invention will be described with reference to
In this embodiment, a battery unit 33 is constructed by connecting a plurality (five pieces, in the illustrated example) of battery modules 1 in series with one another. A temperature detecting sensor 34 and a voltage detecting sensor 35 are provided for each of the battery modules 1. Moreover, a current detecting sensor 36 is provided for the battery unit 33. Signals detected by these detecting sensors 34, 35, and 36 are inputted to a temperature/voltage/current detecting circuit 37, and the detection results are inputted to a control circuit 38. Under the control of the control circuit 38, a switching circuit 39 is so operated that a power is extracted preferentially from, of the battery modules 1, the one in its high-voltage or fully-charged state. The extracted power is used to drive the fan 28 and the Peltier element 30, so that the temperature is adjusted in accordance with the temperature status of each of the battery modules 1 that has been detected by the temperature detecting sensor 34.
According to the fourth embodiment, the temperature of the battery module 1 is detected, and, based on the detected battery temperature, the current direction and current value with respect to the Peltier element 30 are controlled. In this way, temperature adjustment is achieved properly in accordance with the temperature status of the battery. Moreover, extracting a power required for actuating the Peltier element 30 from the battery unit 33 does away with the need to secure an extra power source designed for temperature adjustment. This helps simplify the entire configuration. Further, since the power for actuating the Peltier element 30 is extracted preferentially from the battery module 1 in its high-voltage or fully-charged state, the charge statuses of the individual battery modules 1 are leveled out. This makes it possible to prolong the working life of the battery unit 33, as well as that of the battery module 1 constituting the battery unit 33.
In this embodiment, a plurality of battery modules 1 are connected in series to constitute a unit, and detection of temperature and voltage is separately performed for each of the battery modules 1 to control the operations of the fan 28 and the Peltier element 30 acting as a temperature adjusting member. It is needless to say, however, that the control operations may be performed on a cell-to-cell basis, instead of the module-to-module basis.
The battery modules according to the present invention, as exemplified by the above-described embodiments, are applicable to various batteries such as a lithium ion battery, a nickel-metal hydride battery, and a nickel cadmium battery. Moreover, the invention is applicable to battery modules other then cylindrical batteries.
According to the battery module of the invention, the cells and the battery module are fabricated concurrently, and the battery case for accommodating the cells serves also as a holding member for holding the cells. Thus, a remarkable reduction in the numbers of constituent components and assembly man-hours is achieved, leading to cost cutting.
Although the present invention has been fully described in connection with the preferred embodiment thereof, it is to be noted that various changes and modifications apparent to those skilled in the art are to be understood as included within the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims unless they depart therefrom.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US1152247||May 8, 1915||Aug 31, 1915||William L Walker||Battery-jar.|
|US3352721 *||May 14, 1965||Nov 14, 1967||Accumulateurs Fixes||Method of making a battery|
|US3844841||Dec 29, 1972||Oct 29, 1974||Energy Res Corp||Modular battery construction|
|US4107402||Sep 22, 1977||Aug 15, 1978||Globe-Union Inc.||Battery and battery container having air-flow passages therethrough|
|US4339049||Apr 17, 1980||Jul 13, 1982||The United States Of America As Represented By The United States Department Of Energy||Containers for use in a self supporting assembly|
|US4693535||Oct 9, 1985||Sep 15, 1987||Sab Nife Ab||Terminal connector for an electrochemical accumulator battery|
|US5346786 *||Mar 21, 1994||Sep 13, 1994||Hodgetts Philip J||Modular rack mounted battery system|
|US5370711 *||Aug 11, 1993||Dec 6, 1994||Ev Energy Systems, Inc.||Method for making an electrical energy storage device|
|US5456994||Jun 7, 1993||Oct 10, 1995||Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha||Battery module and temperature-controlling apparatus for battery|
|US5585207 *||Oct 12, 1995||Dec 17, 1996||Japan Storage Battery Co., Ltd.||Battery and safety device therefor|
|US5639571||Jun 24, 1996||Jun 17, 1997||General Motors Corporation||Battery pack|
|US5641589||Oct 30, 1995||Jun 24, 1997||Saft||Storage cell battery unit equipped with a cooling device|
|US5795664 *||Dec 5, 1996||Aug 18, 1998||Norand Corporation||Rechargeable battery system having intelligent temperature control|
|US5981108||Sep 18, 1997||Nov 9, 1999||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co, Ltd.||Electrodes for battery and method of fabricating the same|
|US5985483||Feb 4, 1998||Nov 16, 1999||Alcatel||Sealed battery block provided with a cooling system|
|US6455190||Sep 20, 2000||Sep 24, 2002||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. Ltd.||Battery module, and connecting structure of cells in the battery module|
|US6818343||Nov 29, 1999||Nov 16, 2004||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Battery pack with reduced temperature differential between cells|
|US20030049526||Sep 7, 2001||Mar 13, 2003||Sueng-Nien Kao||Power generating device for an electrical appliance that consumes little electricity|
|US20030118898||Feb 7, 2003||Jun 26, 2003||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Battery pack|
|FR2723181A1 *||Title not available|
|JPH1186810A *||Title not available|
|JPH09266016A||Title not available|
|JPH11176487A||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8013574||Oct 23, 2008||Sep 6, 2011||Honda Motor Co., Ltd.||Discharge controller|
|US8054040 *||Jun 30, 2008||Nov 8, 2011||Chi Mei Communication Systems, Inc.||Battery cover assembly used in portable electronic device|
|US8216713 *||Jul 1, 2009||Jul 10, 2012||Sb Limotive Co., Ltd.||Battery housing formed with cooling passages and battery pack having the same|
|US8852789||Sep 23, 2011||Oct 7, 2014||Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.||Battery module having battery cell holder|
|US8980457||Sep 23, 2011||Mar 17, 2015||Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.||Battery module|
|US9178188||Jul 31, 2012||Nov 3, 2015||Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.||Rechargeable battery with collector plates having insulators and conductors|
|US9196883 *||Sep 23, 2011||Nov 24, 2015||Samsung Sdi Co., Ltd.||Battery module|
|US9240575||Nov 15, 2010||Jan 19, 2016||Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.||Power supply apparatus|
|US9257684 *||Sep 3, 2013||Feb 9, 2016||Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.||Battery block and manufacturing method therefor|
|US9458756 *||Nov 16, 2011||Oct 4, 2016||Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha||Cooling device for electric equipment|
|US9748537 *||Aug 10, 2007||Aug 29, 2017||Hitachi Automotive Systems, Ltd.||Storage battery apparatus|
|US20080076011 *||Aug 10, 2007||Mar 27, 2008||Akihiko Emori||Storage battery apparatus|
|US20090102422 *||Oct 23, 2008||Apr 23, 2009||Honda Motor Co., Ltd.||Discharge controller|
|US20090170577 *||Jun 30, 2008||Jul 2, 2009||Chi Mei Communication Systems, Inc.||Battery cover assembly|
|US20100216004 *||Jul 1, 2009||Aug 26, 2010||Jihyoung Yoon||Battery housing formed with cooling passages and battery pack having the same|
|US20120114985 *||Sep 23, 2011||May 10, 2012||Myung-Chul Kim||Battery module|
|US20140284043 *||Nov 16, 2011||Sep 25, 2014||Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha||Cooling device for electric equipment|
|US20150155529 *||Sep 3, 2013||Jun 4, 2015||Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Lt||Battery block and manufacturing method therefor|
|EP2317587A3 *||Sep 10, 2010||Apr 9, 2014||Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.||Rechargeable battery|
|EP2521202A1 *||Nov 15, 2010||Nov 7, 2012||Panasonic Corporation||Power source|
|EP2521202A4 *||Nov 15, 2010||Aug 28, 2013||Panasonic Corp||Power source|
|U.S. Classification||429/185, 429/149, 429/53, 429/175, 429/159, 429/177, 429/94|
|International Classification||H01M10/643, H01M10/653, H01M10/658, H01M10/6572, H01M10/6563, H01M10/633, H01M10/6551, H01M10/615, H01M10/613, H01M10/617, H01M10/6557, H01M10/60, H01M10/04, H01M2/22, H01M2/08, H01M6/10, H01M2/36, H01M2/12, H01M2/24, H01M2/02, H01M6/42, H01M2/10|
|Cooperative Classification||H01M10/6572, H01M10/613, H01M10/643, H01M10/6554, H01M10/658, H01M10/6551, H01M2/1223, H01M2/365, H01M6/10, H01M2/0217, H01M2/24, H01M2/0202, H01M2/105, H01M6/42, H01M2/361, H01M2/0285, H01M10/486, H01M2/08|
|European Classification||H01M10/50K10B, H01M10/50H2, H01M10/48D, H01M10/50K16, H01M10/50C2, H01M10/50K10H, H01M10/50K14D, H01M2/10C2C, H01M2/36B, H01M2/36F, H01M2/02E16, H01M2/24, H01M2/08, H01M2/02B|
|Oct 15, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC INDUSTRIAL CO., LTD., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:UEMOTO, SEIICHI;KIMURA, KENJI;REEL/FRAME:013404/0214
Effective date: 20020919
|Jul 21, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 15, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8