|Publication number||US733723 A|
|Publication date||Jul 14, 1903|
|Filing date||Feb 16, 1903|
|Priority date||Feb 16, 1903|
|Publication number||US 733723 A, US 733723A, US-A-733723, US733723 A, US733723A|
|Inventors||Clarence D Lukens|
|Original Assignee||Clarence D Lukens|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (80), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 733,723. PATENTED JULY,14, 1903.
' C. D. LUKBNS.
APPLICATION FILED PEB. 16. 1903.
A es I?? Weiz for: f/MQXEMZW/ 3 Q 2. /@q/ 3 /f @im y OM QM tys. y
vm; News ninas cc #Heron-mo.. WASHINGTON, n. c.
Patented July 14, 19037.
CLARENCE D. LUKENS, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 733,723, dated July 14, 1903. Application filed February 16. 1903. Serial No. 143,608. (No model.)
T0 all whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, CLARENCE D. LUKENs, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of St. Louis and State of Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Serrciin, of which the following` is a specification.
The principal objects of this invention are to avoid the necessity for surgical sutures and to produce a device for holding together the edges of a wound that is simple of application and capable of use by unskilled persons.
The invention consists in the device hereinafter described and claimed.
lu the accompanying drawings, which form part of this specification, and in which like symbols refer to like parts wherever they occur, Figure l is an edge View of a serreiin or surgical splint made in accordance with my invention. Fig. 2 is a bottom view thereof. Fig. 3 is a view of the serreiin or splint as it appears when applied. Fig. 4 is a cross-section on lined a of Fig. l; and Fig. shows a front and edge view of a modiiication, hereinafter referred to.
Referring to Figs. l to 4, the serrefin or splint consists of a main body portion '7 and wide curled or rolled ends S. The centers of these rolled portions are located to one side of the plane of the body portion to determine the direction of bending. Projecting from the curled or rolled ends are widely-separated tangs 9, which are preferably struck up from the strip of material used. Between the ends ofthe serreiin or splint and preferably on opposite sides of a central transverse line the body portion is weakened by reducing the width of the strip, as indicated at lO, by which means small neck portions are formed. The material used for the strip may be metal (preferably a German-silver composition) or any other material having the proper qualities. The material used should be preferably such as will be capable of bending at the desired points, so as to bring the tangs into effective position; but it should be stiff enough to prevent its being displaced by the strain to which it is subjected in use and it should be of such a character as will prevent any deleterious result to the patient.
lVhen the serren or splint is to be applied, it is taken in its flat condition, as shown in Figs. l and 2, and properly inserted in any suitable gripping device, (such as illustrated, for example, in dotted lines in Fig; 3,) and the same is placed across the incision to be closed. Upon pressing the handles together, so that the jaws approach each other, the tangs are pressed into the skin to bring the edges of the wound or incision together. Vhen the jaws are so brought together, the serren or splint will bend at the weakest point or points. lf the splint is provided with reduced portions between the ends, as shown in Figs. 1 to 4, then the serreiins or splints will bend at these points. lf such reduced portions are properly located, the serren or splint, when applied as shown in Fig. 3, will present a comparatively broad flat surface at its highest point. lt is generally intended that the serren or splint shall remain in place until union of the parts has taken place.
It is obvious that the strip may be reduced at but one point between its ends, in which case, when the serreiin or splint is applied, it will be bent into a V shape instead of into a substantial U shape; also that it may be weakened intermediate its ends by other means-as,for example,by scoring the stripas indicated at l0 in Fig. 5, or by decreasing the thickness of the strip by any means. Furthermore, the points at which pressure is eX- erted to apply the strip are outside of the plane of the body of the strip. ln other words, they are oifset from the body portion. For this reason the strip may be easily bent even though it is not weakened at all.
lVhile the tangs are described as being struck up from the strip, it is obvious that they may be formed in other ways.
lVhile l have herein illustrated and described certain means embodying my invention, I desire it to be understood that the invention is not limited to the details shown and described, but that they may be considerably varied without departing from my invention.
l. A scrrefin comprising a body-strip having wide ends and widely-separated tangs at each end.
2. A serrefin comprising a strip having a body portion and wide ends offset therefrom, and widely-separated tangs on the offset ends.
3; A serren Comprising a strip having a body portion and wide eurled ends offset therefrom, and widely-separated tangs projecting from the oset ends.
4. A serrein comprising a body-strip having clamping-surfaces at the ends theref, tangs projecting from said clamping-surfaces, and means weakening the strip between the ends.
5. A serreiin Comprising a body-strip having,` clamping-surfaces at its ends, tangs projeoting from each of said Clamping-surfaces, and means weakening the strip between the ends.
6. A serren comprising a body-strip having' its ends curled. or rolled into clampingsurfaees, and provisions weakening' the strip on opposite sides of a central transverse line.
7. A serrefin Comprising a body-strip havin g clamping-surfaces at the ends thereof, tangs projecting' from saide1an1pingsurfaces,
and provisions weakening the strip on opp# site sides of a central transverse line.
S. A serreiin comprising` a body-strip hav'- ing broad clamping-surfaces at the ends there; of, tangs projecting from each of said elaniping-surfaces, and provisions weakening the' strip on opposite sides of a central transverse line. 9. A serrefin Comprising' a strip, cylindrical portions on the ends thereof, tangs projecting, from said cylindrical portions, and reduced or neek portions between the said ends.
' In testimony whereof I have signed my naine to this specification in the presence of two subscribing Witnesses.
St. Louis, Missouri, February H, 1903.
CLARENCE D. LUKENS.
T. PERCY CARR, J. B. MEGowN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2758302 *||Oct 13, 1952||Aug 14, 1956||Technical Oil Tool Corp||Wound clip loader package|
|US2910067 *||Aug 9, 1954||Oct 27, 1959||Technical Oil Tool Corp||Wound clip and extractor therefor|
|US3056181 *||Oct 19, 1959||Oct 2, 1962||Herbert Harris||Forms for clinched staples and the like|
|US3120687 *||Jan 18, 1960||Feb 11, 1964||Bomboy James E||Spring clip for diapers and the like|
|US3273562 *||Apr 17, 1963||Sep 20, 1966||Ernest C Wood||Skin and surgical clips|
|US3347239 *||Jul 13, 1964||Oct 17, 1967||Codling John W||Hermostatic clasp|
|US3586002 *||Jan 8, 1968||Jun 22, 1971||Wood Ernest C||Surgical skin clip|
|US3960147 *||Mar 10, 1975||Jun 1, 1976||Murray William M||Compression bone staples and methods of compressing bone segments|
|US4489875 *||May 25, 1982||Dec 25, 1984||United States Surgical Corporation||Self-centering surgical staple and stapler for applying the same|
|US4505274 *||Oct 12, 1982||Mar 19, 1985||Propper Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Suture clip|
|US4796627 *||Aug 26, 1986||Jan 10, 1989||Tucker Wilson H||Clip applicator and spreadable clips for use therein|
|US4844066 *||Apr 6, 1987||Jul 4, 1989||Richard-Allan Medical Industries, Inc.||Surgical clip|
|US5342376 *||May 3, 1993||Aug 30, 1994||Dermagraphics, Inc.||Inserting device for a barbed tissue connector|
|US5478354 *||Jul 14, 1993||Dec 26, 1995||United States Surgical Corporation||Wound closing apparatus and method|
|US6241747||Oct 18, 1994||Jun 5, 2001||Quill Medical, Inc.||Barbed Bodily tissue connector|
|US6599310||Jun 29, 2001||Jul 29, 2003||Quill Medical, Inc.||Suture method|
|US7056331||Sep 30, 2002||Jun 6, 2006||Quill Medical, Inc.||Suture method|
|US7225512||Aug 29, 2002||Jun 5, 2007||Quill Medical, Inc.||Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same|
|US7226468||Apr 21, 2003||Jun 5, 2007||Quill Medical, Inc.||Barbed bodily tissue connector|
|US7624487||Dec 1, 2009||Quill Medical, Inc.||Apparatus and method for forming barbs on a suture|
|US7806908||Jan 2, 2008||Oct 5, 2010||Quill Medical, Inc.||Barbed tissue connector|
|US7857829||May 11, 2007||Dec 28, 2010||Quill Medical, Inc.||Suture method|
|US7913365||Mar 27, 2007||Mar 29, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same|
|US7996967||Aug 4, 2010||Aug 16, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||System for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size|
|US7996968||Aug 16, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||Automated method for cutting tissue retainers on a suture|
|US8011072||Aug 4, 2010||Sep 6, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||Method for variable-angle cutting of a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size|
|US8015678||Sep 13, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||Method for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size|
|US8020263||Sep 20, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||Automated system for cutting tissue retainers on a suture|
|US8028387||Aug 4, 2010||Oct 4, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||System for supporting and cutting suture thread to create tissue retainers thereon|
|US8028388||Aug 4, 2010||Oct 4, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||System for cutting a suture to create tissue retainers of a desired shape and size|
|US8032996||May 13, 2004||Oct 11, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture|
|US8083770||Dec 27, 2011||Quill Medical, Inc.||Suture anchor and method|
|US8118834||Dec 19, 2008||Feb 21, 2012||Angiotech Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||Composite self-retaining sutures and method|
|US8216273||Feb 25, 2009||Jul 10, 2012||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retainers with supporting structures on a suture|
|US8246652||Aug 4, 2010||Aug 21, 2012||Ethicon, Inc.||Suture with a pointed end and an anchor end and with equally spaced yieldable tissue grasping barbs located at successive axial locations|
|US8615856||Jan 30, 2009||Dec 31, 2013||Ethicon, Inc.||Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures|
|US8641732||Feb 25, 2009||Feb 4, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining suture with variable dimension filament and method|
|US8652170||Aug 4, 2010||Feb 18, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Double ended barbed suture with an intermediate body|
|US8679158||Aug 4, 2010||Mar 25, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector|
|US8690914||Aug 4, 2010||Apr 8, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Suture with an intermediate barbed body|
|US8721664||Mar 12, 2013||May 13, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Suture methods and devices|
|US8721681||Jun 30, 2009||May 13, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle|
|US8734485||Aug 4, 2010||May 27, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Sutures with barbs that overlap and cover projections|
|US8734486||Aug 4, 2010||May 27, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Multiple suture thread configuration with an intermediate connector|
|US8747437||Aug 4, 2010||Jun 10, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Continuous stitch wound closure utilizing one-way suture|
|US8764776||Aug 4, 2010||Jul 1, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Anastomosis method using self-retaining sutures|
|US8764796||Feb 10, 2006||Jul 1, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Suture method|
|US8771313||Dec 19, 2008||Jul 8, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining sutures with heat-contact mediated retainers|
|US8777987||Sep 26, 2008||Jul 15, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining sutures including tissue retainers having improved strength|
|US8777988||Aug 4, 2010||Jul 15, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Methods for using self-retaining sutures in endoscopic procedures|
|US8777989||Aug 4, 2010||Jul 15, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Subcutaneous sinusoidal wound closure utilizing one-way suture|
|US8793863||Apr 11, 2008||Aug 5, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Method and apparatus for forming retainers on a suture|
|US8795332||Sep 30, 2002||Aug 5, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Barbed sutures|
|US8821540||Aug 4, 2010||Sep 2, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength|
|US8852232||Aug 4, 2010||Oct 7, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining sutures having effective holding strength and tensile strength|
|US8875607||Jan 30, 2009||Nov 4, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Apparatus and method for forming self-retaining sutures|
|US8876865||Apr 14, 2009||Nov 4, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining sutures with bi-directional retainers or uni-directional retainers|
|US8915943||Apr 3, 2008||Dec 23, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining systems for surgical procedures|
|US8916077||Dec 19, 2008||Dec 23, 2014||Ethicon, Inc.||Self-retaining sutures with retainers formed from molten material|
|US8926659||Dec 20, 2010||Jan 6, 2015||Ethicon, Inc.||Barbed suture created having barbs defined by variable-angle cut|
|US8932328||Nov 3, 2009||Jan 13, 2015||Ethicon, Inc.||Length of self-retaining suture and method and device for using the same|
|US8961560||Dec 16, 2010||Feb 24, 2015||Ethicon, Inc.||Bidirectional self-retaining sutures with laser-marked and/or non-laser marked indicia and methods|
|US9044225||Jan 12, 2012||Jun 2, 2015||Ethicon, Inc.||Composite self-retaining sutures and method|
|US9125647||Feb 20, 2009||Sep 8, 2015||Ethicon, Inc.||Method and apparatus for elevating retainers on self-retaining sutures|
|US9248580||Dec 22, 2011||Feb 2, 2016||Ethicon, Inc.||Barb configurations for barbed sutures|
|US20040030354 *||Aug 9, 2002||Feb 12, 2004||Leung Jeffrey C.||Suture anchor and method|
|US20040088003 *||Sep 30, 2002||May 6, 2004||Leung Jeffrey C.||Barbed suture in combination with surgical needle|
|US20040093028 *||Apr 21, 2003||May 13, 2004||Ruff Gregory L.||Barbed bodily tissue connector|
|US20040226427 *||May 13, 2003||Nov 18, 2004||Michael Trull||Apparatus for forming barbs on a suture|
|US20040237736 *||Aug 29, 2002||Dec 2, 2004||Genova Perry A.||Method of forming barbs on a suture and apparatus for performing same|
|US20060111742 *||Feb 10, 2006||May 25, 2006||Andrew Kaplan||Suture method|
|US20070187861 *||Mar 27, 2007||Aug 16, 2007||Quill Medical, Inc.||Method of Forming Barbs on a Suture and Apparatus for Performing Same|
|US20070208355 *||May 10, 2007||Sep 6, 2007||Ruff Gregory L||Barbed tissue connector|
|US20070208377 *||May 11, 2007||Sep 6, 2007||Andrew Kaplan||Suture Method|
|US20080221617 *||Jan 2, 2008||Sep 11, 2008||Quill Medical, Inc.||Barbed tissue connector|
|US20100153335 *||Dec 12, 2008||Jun 17, 2010||Microsoft Corporation||Synchronizing multiple classes with disparate schemas in the same collection|
|US20100298867 *||Aug 4, 2010||Nov 25, 2010||Quill Medical, Inc.||Tissue connector with tissue grasping protrusions equally spaced about the periphery of the connector at successive axial locations|
|US20100298871 *||Aug 4, 2010||Nov 25, 2010||Quill Medical, Inc.||Self-retaining wound closure device including an anchoring loop|
|USRE45426||Jul 31, 2001||Mar 17, 2015||Ethicon, Inc.||Surgical methods using one-way suture|
|WO1988001486A1 *||Aug 19, 1987||Mar 10, 1988||Tucker Wilson H||Clip applicator and spreadable clips for use therein|