|Publication number||US733881 A|
|Publication date||Jul 14, 1903|
|Filing date||Apr 8, 1903|
|Priority date||Apr 8, 1903|
|Publication number||US 733881 A, US 733881A, US-A-733881, US733881 A, US733881A|
|Inventors||Charles A Smith|
|Original Assignee||Isral Goldstein, Charles A Smith|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PATENTED JULY 14, 1903.
C. A. SMITH. PAUGET ATTACHMENT. APPLICATION FILED APR. a. 1993.
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m: NORRI$ PEHMS (.0, PnOTj -LITHO, sum now a c NITED STATES ratented July 14, 1903.
CHARLES A. SMITH, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO ISRAL GOLDSTEIN, OF BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS,
FAUCE T ATTACH M ENTL SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 733,881, dated July 14, 1903.
Application filed April 8, 1903- Serial No. 151,621. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that 1, CHARLES A. SMITH, of Boston, in the county of Sufiolk and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Faucet Attachments, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to improvements in faucet attachments, and has for its objects to provide an attachment to a faucet which shall contain avalve to be operated so as to be opened by the pressure of a tumbler or other article against an operating handle or lever, which will automatically close when the tumbler or other article is removed from contact with the operating handle or lever, which will be capable of. being attached to faucets of difierent sizes and which will tend to prevent beer or other fermented liquids under pressure from being drawn with an undesirable amount of foam upon the top of the same.
The invention consists of the novel construction, arrangement, and combination of parts, as will be fully described hereinafter and claimed, and it is carried out substantially as illustrated on the accompanying drawings, which form an essential part of this specification, and whereon like characters of reference refer to like parts wherever they occur on the diif'erent parts of the drawings.
On the drawings, Figure 1 represents a side elevation of a faucet and a longitudinal section of myimproved attachment attached to said faucet, showing the valve of the attachmentclosed and a portion of a tumbler in position just prior to engaging the operating handle or lever'or just afterthe tumbler has withdrawn from contact with the operatinglever or handle. Fig. 2 represents a similar view to that shown in Fig. 1, but showing the tumbler in engagement with the operatinghandle or lever and the valve of the at 'tachmentthus opened, so as to discharge beer Figs. 3, 4, 5, and 6 represent horizontal sections of the attachmentrespectively upon the lines A A,
B B, O O, and D D shown on Fig. 1. v
" The faucet 1, its valve-stem 2, handle 3, and valve (not shown on the drawings) may be of any of the common and well-known forms, as their particular construction forms no essential part of my present invention.
It may be adapted to be used for water, beer,
oil, vinegar, or any other liquid; but my attachment'is designed more especially to be used on a faucet from which water, beer, ale or other beverages are to be drawn.
To the delivery end of the faucet 'is detachably attached the collar or sleeve 4, which preferably projects slightly below the delivery end of the faucet and is provided at that place with an internal screw-thread 5. I This collar is preferably attached to the end of the faucet by means of the screws 6 6, as shown, or it may be attached in any other and suitable manner, if so desired. This collar is sufficiently large to receive the delivery end of a faucet, which is considerably larger than the one shown on the drawings; but by means of the screws 6, which ra'diatefrom the center of the collar, it may be attached to faucets which have delivery ends of various sizes,-as
it is not essential that a liquid-tight joint should be made between said collar and the faucet. I
Within thescrew-threaded end of the collar l is screwed the upper end of the tubular.
shell 7 of the attachment. This tubular shell of rubber or other suitable material, which is pressed firmly against the end of the faucet-and makes a liquid-tight joint between the shell 7 and the faucet when the shell is screwed firmly into the collar 4:.
Upon the lower end of the shell 7'is screwed o the cap 11, which cap-hasacentral perforation 12 through the cap itself and through a tubular extension 13, extending downward from said cap. Within the shell 7 is placed a valve 14, which is detached from the parts 5 of the attachment and is guided Within a guide 15 in said shell and in such a manner that the valve can move up and down within'said shell from and toward its seat upon the interior of the cap surrounding the perforation loo 2 in said cap. v It will be seen that as the valve'isdetached from other parts of the device it is free to adjust itself properly to the seat, and therefore is more certain of closing tight. It will also be seen that the valve being within the shell and being moved downward in order to seat itself is held upon the seat by the pressure of the liquid which it controls.
A collar 16 is mounted upon the outside of the tubular extension 13 of the cap and is adjustable up and down as Well as' horizontally upon said extension, it being held in its adjusted position by means of the screw 1.7 or an equivalent device. This collar is provided on one side with a depending car 18, to the lower end of which is fulcrumed a lever 19.
Within the perforation in the cap and its tubular extension is placed a tube 20, which is free to rotate and to move vertically within said perforation. The upper end of the tube 20 is notched on its edge for a purpose to be understood by the complete description of the operation of the device as herein contained, and the lower end of the tube 20 projects downward through a perforation in the lever 19. A collar 21 is adjustably mounted upon the tube 20 and is held in its adjusted position by means of the set-screws 22 22 or by equivalent means. This collar rests upon the upper side of the lever 19, so as to cause the tube 20 to move upward when said lever is moved upward and also to prevent the tube from moving too far downward when the lever is moved downward. This collar also forms a stop which engages the lower end of the tubular extension on the cap 11, and thereby limits the upward movement of the tube 20 and the lever 19.
By the above description of the device it will be seen that when a tumbler 23 or other vessel or receptacle which is to be filled with liquid drawn from said faucet is presented to said faucet it will occupy the position shown in Fig. 1; but if the tumbler is then moved upward its upper edge will engage the lever 19 and by moving said lever upward will cause the tube 20 to move upward in the tubular perforation 12. It will also be seen that the collar 21 may be so adjusted upon the tube 20 as to prevent its upper end from engaging the under side of the valve 14:, or it may be adjusted so that the upper notched edge of the tube will engage and raise the valve more or less, according to the adjust trolled by the distance said valve is raisedv and whether the whole or a part of said notches are exposed above the upper surface of the cap or not. When sufficient liquid has been discharged into the tumbler, said tumbler is withdrawn from contact with the lever, and the lever is thereby allowed to move downward by its own weight, the tube following the lever in its downward movement until the lever is stopped by the edge of the perforation in thelever coming into contact with the side of the tube. As the tube moves downward the valve follows it until the valve reaches its seat; but as the tube is disconnected from the valve said tube is free to continue its downward movement even after the valve is seated. This additional movement of the tube beyond the movement of the valve and the fact that the valve is detached from other parts of the device allows the valve free movement to properly adjust itself to the seat, and thus to more easily form a tight joint between it and the seat than if attached to said tube.
By the construction of my device it will be seen that beer or other liquids drawn through my faucet attachment will have a free and unobstructed flow after it enters the tube 20 and that it will therefore be discharged in a solid and unbroken stream, which is a very essential feature when drawing beer or other fermented liquids, asit prevents undue foaming of the same and consequent wasting of the beer or other liquid by the removal of the surplus foam.
This my improved attachment is very simple. There is nothing in it to easily get out of order. It is compact and easily operated and may be attached to faucets of difierent sizes and by the means used to connect it to the faucet will obviate the use of red lead or other material used to make a joint, but will be sure to prevent leakage at the joint between the end of the faucet and the attachment.
My improved attachment obviates the necessity of a person using both hands when drawing liquid into a tumbler or other vessel. This is very desirable of a beer or similar faucet on a dispensing apparatus, as a person may hold one or more tumblers in each hand and fill one after the other from the faucet.
Having thus fully described the nature, construction, and the operation of my invention, I wish to secure by Letters Patent and claim 1. A faucet attachment consisting of 'a collar with a screwthread at one end thereof and means at the opposite end to attachitto the exterior of the delivery end of a faucet, a shell with internally projecting flange screwed to the screw-threaded end of the collar, a yielding washer upon the flange on the shell to form a tight joint between said flange and the delivery end of the faucet on which the attachment is to be used, a valve within said shell, and means to open said valve by the receptacle into which liquid is to be drawn from said faucet.
2. A faucet attachment consisting of a collar with a screw-thread at one end thereof and means at the opposite end to attach it to the exterior of the delivery end of a faucet, a shell with internally projecting flange screwed to the screw-threaded end of the collar, a yielding washer and a filtering-gauze upon the flange on the shell to form a tight joint between said flange and the delivery end of the faucet on which the attachment is to be used, a valve within said shell, and means to open said valve by the receptacle into which liquid is to be drawn from said faucet.
3. A faucet attachment, consisting of a shell, means to attach said shell to the delivery end of a faucet, a perforated cap on said shell, a loosely-guided valve within said shell having its seat on said cap surrounding the perforation therein and closed by the pres sure of the liquid in said shell, a detached tube movable vertically within the perforation in said cap, means to move said tube vertically into contact with said valve and to open said valve by the receptacle into which liquid is to be drawn from said faucet, and
a vertically-movable tube within the perforation in said cap and forming an unobstructed discharge-passage for the liquid from the shell, when the valve is open, a collar adjustably mounted on the tubular extension of said cap, a lever fulcrumed to said collar, and a collar adjustable vertically on said verticallymovable tube engaged by said lever to move the tube vertically.
In testimony whereof I have aifixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.
CHARLES A. SMITH.
HENRY CHADBOURN, OoRA J. CHADBOURN.
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