US 734557 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTBD JULY 28, 1903. a
G. F. HOLYBEE.
PRUNING SHBARS. APPLICATION .PILED MAY 27. 1901. RENEWED use. 27, 1902. no MODEL. zsnnn'rs-snnm 1.
WWI b03000 XWMV W.
I No. 734,557. I PATBNTBD JULY 28, 1903..
0. P. HOLYBEB.
. PRUNING SHBARSF APPLICATION FILED MAY 27. 1901. RENEWED DBO. 2'1, 19 02.
NO MODEL. 2 QHEETS SHEET 2.
' UNITED ST TE Patented July as, 1903. PATENT OFFICE.
oHARLEsF. HoLY EE, or PAONIA, COLORADO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent'No. 734,557, dated July 28, 1903.
Application filed May 27, 1901. Renewed December 2'1 1902. Serial No. 136,868. (No model.) i
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, CHARLES F. HOLYBEVE, a citizen of the United States, residing at Paonia, in the county of Delta and State of Colorado, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Pruning Shears, of which the following is a specification.
My invention is a pair of pruning-shears, a handle, and means for operating the shears.
This device may also be used for clipping fruit from trees, and by adding a sack just below the shears it may bealso used for gathering fruit, the fruit to be caught in the sack when clipped off, thus preventing it from falling to the ground and becoming bruised. The sack may be secured to the device by any suitable and proper means.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a face view of my device. Fig.2 is a face view of the shears. Fig. 3 is a rear viewof the shears, the lower part of its arms being broken away. Fig. 4 is a face View of one blade of the shears. Fig. 5 is a face view of the front lever-arm. Fig. 6 is a rear face view of the hawk-bill blade, its handle, and arm.
My invention is described as follows: One side of the shears consists of a plate provided with a hawk-bill shear-blade 1 atits upper end, said hawk-bill shear-blade widening toward its fulcrum part 2, said fulcrum part having in its enlarged part a perforation 3, said plate extending downwardly and having on its rear edge a perforated fulcrum enlargement 4, having through it a perforation 5 and below this lower fulcrum part a hook 6 and perforated handle 7.
To the fulcrum part 2 of the blade just described is pivoted the lower end of a movable shear-blade 8. Hinged to the fulcrum part 4 of the first-mentioned plate is a fulcrum-lever 9, having near its lower enda hook 10. Said fulcrum-lever 9 has near its upper end afulcrumenlargement 12, through which it'is hinged to the enlargement; of
the firstmentioned plate- Extending above:
thisenlargement 12 is a short arm 13. To the upper end of this short arm 13 is hinged the ends of two lever-arms 14 and 15, the lever arm 14 being hinged to the front side of the de vice, While the lever-arm 15 is hinged to the rear side of the device, while the other ends blade-plate is a bolt 22. vided with a head on each end, so that when of these arms are hinged to the front and rear faces and near the upper end of the movable shear-blade 8. Secured to the front face of the plate is another and shorter plate 16, its lower fulcrum part 17 hinged to the fulcrum part 4 of the first-mentioned plate, its upper fulcrum part 18 being pivoted to the lower end and front face of the hawk-bill shearblade 1. Thus the blade 8 is hinged between the fulcrum part 2 of the hawk-bill shearblade and the fulcrum part 18 of the plate 16, which keeps it from sagging to the rear or to the front. The lever-arms 14 and 15, one being on the front side of the device and the other on the rear side, also keep the said blade 8 from sagging to the rear or to the front.
Secured between the fulcrum-lever 9and the handle 7 is a spring 19, which holds the handles and blades of the shears apart. Therefore the normal position of the shears is open.
The lower end of the fulcrum-lever 9 is secured to a handle 11. This handle is provided with a number of eyes 20, a cord passing up through these eyes, its upper end be ing secured to a perforation in the lower end of the handle 7. Extending from the upper end of the hawk-bill shear-blade 1 is a book 21, which turns downwardly and inclines slightly to the rear. The purpose of this hook 21 is, first, that the blade 8 passes the end of said hook, the end of said hook being turned slightly to the rear, thus keeping the edge of the blade 8 from coming in contact with the edge of said hawk-bill blade and enabling it to just ride against the edge of said blade. The other purpose of the hook is to keep the limbs from slipping out when the two blades are pressed together. The purpose ofthe hooks 6 and 10 is to enable the operator to push or pull the limbs out of his way while operating the shears. The shears, as will be observed, are provided with handles, so that it (the shears).
may be taken off of the main handle 11 and used as hand-shears.
Passing through 'theplate 'ldand hawk-bill This bolt is'protoo the shears are open the lower edges of the two lever-arms 14 and 15 come against these heads and are arrested, and thus the blades cannot open to the dead-center and are never so looked as to be inoperative.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
A pair of shears, consisting of a plate, pro vided with a hawk-bill shear-blade, having its beak turned downwardly and slightly to the rear; a perforated fulcrum enlargement at the base of said blade and near its front edge; another perforated fulcrum enlargement just below said first-mentioned enlargement, and on the rear edge of said blade, and extending downwardly from this last-mentioned enlargement, a perforated handle and extending from the front edge of said handle, a hook; a shorter plate, having two perforated fulcrum enlargements, corresponding to the fulcrum enlargements above mentioned; adouble-headed bolt, passing through the center of said short plate, and the firstmentioned plate, securing said short plate to the first-mentioned plate; a shear-blade adapted to cooperate with the first-mentioned shearblade, pivoted between the upper fulcrum parts described; a lever consisting of a perforated handle, corresponding to the firstmentioned handle; a hook extending from the rear edge of said handle; a perforated fulcrum part pivoted between the lower fulcrum parts described; a short upper extension perforated at its upper end; two leverarms, one end of each of said arms pivoted, one to the front and the other to the rear face of said upper extension; said arms passing, one in front and the other in therear of the above-mentioned plates, and their other ends pivoted, one on each side, and near the upper end of the movable shear-blade; a double-headed bolt through the two plates and adapted to arrest said arms in their downward movement, and a spring between the handles, adapted to keep them open; said device adapted to be secured to a handle and operated by a cord, substantially as shown and described and for the purposes set forth.
In testimony whereof I alfix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
CHARLES F. HOLYBEE.
Witnesses W. T. BAETJEE, RANDOLPH WILLIAMSON.