|Publication number||US7370697 B1|
|Application number||US 10/913,613|
|Publication date||May 13, 2008|
|Filing date||Aug 6, 2004|
|Priority date||Dec 29, 2003|
|Publication number||10913613, 913613, US 7370697 B1, US 7370697B1, US-B1-7370697, US7370697 B1, US7370697B1|
|Inventors||Stephen M. Sakamoto, Aaron Noakes|
|Original Assignee||Wood Group Esp, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (23), Referenced by (3), Classifications (10), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/532,872, entitled Prevention of Up-Thrust Wear on Center Tandem ESP Motors, filed Dec. 29, 2003, which is herein incorporated by reference.
This invention relates generally to the field of downhole pumping systems, and more particularly to an apparatus for protecting motors from wear caused by up thrust.
Submersible pumping systems are often deployed into wells to recover petroleum fluids from subterranean reservoirs. Typically, a submersible pumping system includes a number of components, including one or more electric motors coupled to one or more pump assemblies. The submersible pumping systems deliver the petroleum fluids from the subterranean reservoir to a storage facility on the surface. Each of the components in a submersible pumping system must be engineered to withstand the inhospitable downhole environment.
Submersible pumping systems can be attached to the end of production tubing or coiled tubing to deliver fluids to the surface. Various configurations of the components in the submersible pumping system may be used based on the type of delivery system and on various well conditions. For example, some submersible pumping systems that use production tubing through which to deliver fluids to the surface employ a pump above the motor (top intake). Conversely, some submersible pumping systems that employ coiled tubing and that utilize well casing to deliver fluids to the surface employ a pump below the motor (bottom intake).
Referring now to
During operation a shaft (not shown) in the motor assembly 204 rotates and drives a shaft (not shown) in the seal section 206, which in turn drives the pump assembly 208 to propel well fluid through the production tubing 212.
It is well known that during startup of a submersible pumping system, the motor shaft tends to rise, an effect known as “up thrust.” In top intake applications this problem is diminished by use of the seal section 206 between the motor assembly 204 and the pump assembly 208, which not only facilitates motor lubricating oil expansion and contraction, but also prevents upward movement of the motor shaft. However, in bottom intake applications the seal section is positioned below the motor and therefore is unable to prevent the motor shaft from moving upward during startup. This problem is more pronounced in horizontal wells since the effect of gravity is virtually eliminated from holding down the motor shaft.
The rising motor shaft causes wear on various components of the motor and causes excessive wear on motor bearings. Motors are typically fitted with a radial bearing at the upper end of the motor, and these upper bearings frequently take the brunt of the up thrust generated during startup. Excessive wear on the upper bearings can cause the bearings to fail and can ultimately result in failure of the motor.
It is therefore desirable to control the effects of up thrust in a motor, especially in configurations of submersible pumping systems that are susceptible to excessive wear such as bottom intake systems in deviated wells. It is to these and other deficiencies in the prior art that the present invention is directed.
In a preferred embodiment, the present invention provides a thrust section for use above a motor, which is positioned above a pump assembly. The thrust section preferably includes a thrust shaft and a thrust protector. The thrust protector is connected to the thrust shaft and prevents upward movement of the thrust shaft.
In a preferred use, the thrust section can be used in a submersible pumping system. In another preferred use, the thrust section is used in conjunction with a coiled tubing assembly. In yet another preferred use, the thrust section is used in a bottom intake submersible pumping system. These and various other features and advantages that characterize the present invention will be apparent from the following description, drawings and claims.
In accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention,
The pumping system 100 preferably includes some combination of a pump assembly 106, a seal section 108, and a motor assembly 110. The pump assembly 106 includes an intake 112 and a discharge 114. The seal section 108 facilitates lubricating oil contraction and expansion in the motor assembly 110. Although only one pump assembly 106 and one motor assembly 110 are shown, it will be understood that additional pumps and motors can be connected within the submersible pumping system 100 to meet the requirements of particular applications.
Still referring to
A packer 120 is positioned in the wellbore 104 as shown in
As noted above, at startup of the submersible pumping system 100 the shaft of the motor assembly 110 tends to rise, causing components of the motor assembly 110 to wear. To protect against the unwanted wear, the submersible pumping system 100 of the present invention includes a thrust section 122 connected between the motor assembly 110 and the motor interface connector 118.
At startup the tendency of the motor shaft to rise is prevented by the thrust bearing 128 and thrust runner 130, which prevent upward axial movement of the thrust shaft 126. Because the motor shaft and the thrust shaft 126 are coupled end-to-end, when the thrust shaft 126 is held in an axial position the motor shaft is also held in position.
In other preferred embodiments, the thrust section 122 also includes one or more motor lead connectors 136 and a motor lead guard 138. The motor lead connectors 136 continue the electrical connection through the thrust section 122 so that power supplied from the surface can reach the motor assembly 110. Three motor lead connectors 136 are preferably included in the thrust section 122, one each for three phase power.
The motor lead guard 138 is preferably made of aluminum or other metal that surrounds the thrust shaft 126 and the thrust runner 130 to protect the motor lead connectors 136. Separating the thrust shaft 126 and the thrust runner 130 from the motor lead connectors 136 prevents the rotating thrust shaft 126 and thrust runner 130 from causing wear on the motor lead connectors 136 that could result in the loss of power. It is to be understood that even though numerous characteristics and advantages of various embodiments of the present invention have been set forth in the foregoing description, together with details of the structure and functions of various embodiments of the invention, this disclosure is illustrative only, and changes may be made in detail, especially in matters of structure and arrangement of parts within the principles of the present invention to the full extent indicated by the broad general meaning of the terms in which the appended claims are expressed. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the teachings of the present invention can be applied to other systems without departing from the scope and spirit of the present invention.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US20080078560 *||Oct 2, 2006||Apr 3, 2008||Kevin Hall||Motor seal|
|US20110171047 *||Jul 14, 2011||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Removable locking coupling for shaft|
|WO2014042624A1 *||Sep 12, 2012||Mar 20, 2014||Cunningham Christopher E||Up-thrusting fluid system|
|U.S. Classification||166/66.4, 166/105, 417/365|
|Cooperative Classification||F04D29/0413, E21B43/128, F04D13/10|
|European Classification||F04D13/10, F04D29/041B, E21B43/12B10|
|Aug 6, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: WOOD GROUP ESP, INC., OKLAHOMA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAKAMOTO, STEPHEN M.;NOAKES, AARON;REEL/FRAME:015673/0768
Effective date: 20040728
|Sep 2, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Nov 25, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GE OIL & GAS ESP, INC., OKLAHOMA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:WOOD GROUP ESP, INC.;REEL/FRAME:034454/0658
Effective date: 20110518
|Nov 13, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8