|Publication number||US7377393 B2|
|Application number||US 11/469,547|
|Publication date||May 27, 2008|
|Filing date||Sep 1, 2006|
|Priority date||Sep 1, 2006|
|Also published as||CN101134520A, US7758291, US20080056839, US20080138166|
|Publication number||11469547, 469547, US 7377393 B2, US 7377393B2, US-B2-7377393, US7377393 B2, US7377393B2|
|Inventors||Mark Edmund Maresh, Eric Allen Stegner, Robert William Stegner|
|Original Assignee||International Business Machines Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (14), Referenced by (4), Classifications (10), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to apparatus and methods useful in shipping products, and particularly to protecting against damage to packages shipped in shipping enclosures such as sea or air freight containers, truck bodies including trailers, rail cars and the like.
The use of conventional load stabilization practices for shipment of goods in containers and truck bodies exposes loads to shifting, tipping and tumbling. Such unrestrained movement during handling causes damage to packaging and to goods packaged within, result in shipping losses.
Prior practices seeking to overcome this problem have included load bars, portable air bags, strapping and bracing against the interior wall surfaces of the enclosure using site built frames of wood or the like. Difficulties encountered include non-use of load bars due to theft and load bars that come loose during shipment causing freight damage. Air bags as previously proposed are expensive, difficult to use and are subject to over inflation. Air bags are often discarded after a single use and are deficient in holding a uniform pressure overtime, temperature variation and altitude changes. Site built bracing is a labor intensive manual process which increases loading and unloading time and are inconsistent across shipping locations and companies.
With the foregoing in mind, it is one purpose of this invention to improve the stabilization of freight within a shipping enclosure such as as sea or air freight containers, truck bodies including trailers, rail cars and the like. In realizing this purpose, an arrangement of securing frame assemblies is provided within a shipping enclosure and engage packages being handled. As described more fully hereinafter, provision is made for ready reuse of the securing frame assemblies and for ease of use in securing freight.
In accordance with this invention, the frame assemblies have rigid frame members and distensible bags mounted on the frames. The distensible bags are, in use, distended as by being inflated or otherwise filled with a pressurized fluid to engage and secure freight.
Some of the purposes of the invention having been stated, others will appear as the description proceeds, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
While the present invention will be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which a preferred embodiment of the present invention is shown, it is to be understood at the outset of the description which follows that persons of skill in the appropriate arts may modify the invention here described while still achieving the favorable results of the invention. Accordingly, the description which follows is to be understood as being a broad, teaching disclosure directed to persons of skill in the appropriate arts, and not as limiting upon the present invention.
Referring now more particularly to the accompanying drawings,
In accordance with this invention, a securing frame 12 (or frames—a plurality will commonly be employed as will become more clear hereinafter) is provided which engages packages disposed within the enclosure for shipment and secures the packages against damage otherwise possibly occurring. The frames and frames 12 are shown in all of the accompanying Figures. However,
In accordance with the present invention, and as shown in
In some implementations, the provision of floor and ceiling rails in the shipping enclosure enable the use of intermediate vertical spacer rails 16 (
Turning now to the manner of restraint imposed on goods in practicing this invention, packages are loaded into the enclosure with the frames stowed out of engagement with the goods. The frames are then moved into position engaging the goods and locked into the relevant rails provided within the enclosure. The distensible bag is then distended with an appropriate pressurized fluid, which may be compressed air. This inflation, if air is chosen, may be provided by any convenient source, including any air compressor included in the transport vehicle, as may be the case with a truck. Where such an air source is available, the inflation may be monitored by a pressure regulator or the like and adjusted as necessary for climatic changes or bag leakage. Preferably, pressure sensing values are used to permit controlling the force exerted against packages during shipment.
As will be understood, the distensible bags fil voids otherwise possible present due to variance in package size and loading arrangements. This occurs while a more uniform securing force is applied to the distributed goods within the enclosure 10.
In the drawings and specifications there has been setforth a preferred embodiment of the invention and, although specific terms are used, the description thus given uses terminology in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3145853||Dec 7, 1961||Aug 25, 1964||Langenberg Frederick G||Air brace|
|US3199689||Dec 23, 1960||Aug 10, 1965||Interlake Steel Corp||Dunnage device|
|US3462027||Aug 14, 1967||Aug 19, 1969||Edmund C Puckhaber||Dunnage device|
|US3762580||Nov 9, 1971||Oct 2, 1973||Signode Corp||Dunnage tie-down arrangement for freight loads|
|US3847091 *||Nov 13, 1972||Nov 12, 1974||Acf Ind Inc||Inflatable dunnage|
|US3987736||Mar 17, 1975||Oct 26, 1976||Gordon M. Newby||Reusable pneumatic dunnage device|
|US4013018 *||Jan 20, 1975||Mar 22, 1977||Libbey-Owens-Ford Company||Pneumatic shipping enclosures|
|US5678969||Sep 1, 1995||Oct 21, 1997||Illinois Tool Works Inc.||Air bag having inflation indicator and method of determining proper spacing between loads supported thereby|
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|US6457921||Nov 13, 2000||Oct 1, 2002||Davis D. Freeman||Trailer pneumatic inflation system and inflatable air bags for use therewith|
|US6537003||Aug 21, 2000||Mar 25, 2003||Michael David Rostoker||Load restraint system and method|
|US6746190||Aug 26, 2002||Jun 8, 2004||In-Touch Shipping Technology, Ltd.||Trailer pneumatic inflation system and inflatable air bags for use therewith|
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7798754 *||Aug 22, 2008||Sep 21, 2010||Sunrise Mfg, Inc.||Unitary void filling apparatus for use with various pallet sizes and loads, and method of using the same|
|US9010075 *||Mar 31, 2011||Apr 21, 2015||Dell Products Lp||Systems and methods for gas packaging|
|US20100047032 *||Feb 25, 2010||Funk Lori H||Unitary void filling apparatus for use with various pallet sizes and loads, and method of using the same|
|US20120247071 *||Mar 31, 2011||Oct 4, 2012||John Bridges||Systems And Methods For Gas Packaging|
|U.S. Classification||206/522, 410/119, 410/125|
|Cooperative Classification||B61D45/008, B60P7/065, B65D90/0073|
|European Classification||B65D90/00E12, B61D45/00F, B60P7/06F|
|Oct 6, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, NEW Y
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:MARESH, MARK EDMUND;STEGNER, ERIC ALLEN;STEGNER, ROBERT WILLIAM;REEL/FRAME:018358/0491;SIGNING DATES FROM 20060824 TO 20060831
|Jan 9, 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 9, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FACEBOOK, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:028015/0882
Effective date: 20120327
|May 4, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 4, 2012||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Nov 11, 2015||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8