|Publication number||US7386698 B2|
|Application number||US 11/128,062|
|Publication date||Jun 10, 2008|
|Filing date||May 12, 2005|
|Priority date||May 12, 2005|
|Also published as||US8055875, US20060259730, US20080163196|
|Publication number||11128062, 128062, US 7386698 B2, US 7386698B2, US-B2-7386698, US7386698 B2, US7386698B2|
|Inventors||David Joseph Gimpl, Kyle Lane Henderson, Kent LeDel Hofer, Cale T. Rath, George James Romano, Tammy Lynn Van Hove|
|Original Assignee||International Business Machines Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (16), Classifications (11), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Technical Field
This invention generally relates to data processing, and more specifically relates to the process of defining, deploying and managing resources in a logically partitioned computer system.
2. Background Art
Computer systems typically include a combination of hardware and software. The combination of hardware and software on a particular computer system defines a computing environment. Different hardware platforms and different operating systems thus provide different computing environments. In recent years, engineers have recognized that it is possible to provide different computing environments on the same physical computer system by logically partitioning the computer system resources into different computing environments. The eServer iSeries computer system developed by IBM is an example of a computer system that supports logical partitioning. If logical partitioning on an eServer iSeries computer system is desired, partition manager code (referred to as a “hypervisor” in IBM terminology) is installed that allows defining different computing environments on the same platform. Once the partition manager is installed, logical partitions may be created that define different computing environments. The partition manager manages the logical partitions to assure that they can share needed resources in the computer system while maintaining the separate computing environments defined by the logical partitions.
A computer system that includes multiple logical partitions typically shares resources between the logical partitions. For example, a computer system with a single CPU could have two logical partitions defined, with 50% of the CPU allocated to each logical partition, with 33% of the memory allocated to the first logical partition and 67% of the memory allocated to the second logical partition, and with two different I/O slots allocated to the two logical partitions, one per partition. Once logical partitions are defined and shared resources are allocated to the logical partitions, each logical partition acts as a separate computer system. Thus, in the example above that has a single computer system with two logical partitions, the two logical partitions will appear for all practical purposes to be two separate and distinct computer systems.
Known methods for defining, deploying and managing logically-partitioned computer systems are manual in nature, time-consuming, and error-prone. Without a way to automate the definition, deployment and management of logically-partitioned computer systems, the computer industry will continue to suffer from inefficient manual methods for defining, deploying and managing logically-partitioned computer systems.
A partition wizard allows automatically defining a solution profile from a set of system requirements. The performance objectives may be generated by a workload estimator tool. The solution profile defines a combination of hardware and software in multiple logical partitions to satisfy the performance objectives. The solution profile may be used by an order processing system to automatically generate an order for a target computer system that includes the desired hardware and software specified in the solution profile. The solution profile may also be used by a hardware management console to automatically create logical partitions on the target computer system. The solution profile may next be used by an operating system install engine to automatically install a desired operating system in each of the logical partitions on the target computer system, and to automatically install desired software into each of the logical partitions in the target computer system. At this point, the solution profile may be used by one or more management tools to manage the target computer system.
The foregoing and other features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following more particular description of preferred embodiments of the invention, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will hereinafter be described in conjunction with the appended drawings, where like designations denote like elements, and:
The present invention relates to the defining, deployment and management of logically-partitioned computer systems. For those not familiar with the concepts of logical partitions, this Overview section will provide background information that will help to understand the present invention.
As stated in the Background Art section above, a computer system may be logically partitioned to create multiple virtual machines on a single computer platform. Referring to
Now that hardware resources have been allocated to the logical partitions, software may be installed, as shown in
The known methods for defining, deploying and managing a logically-partitioned computer system are very inefficient, time-consuming, and error-prone.
The steps in deploying the logically-partitioned computer system are shown above the Deploy box in
The process of moving the target computer system from the Deploy stage to the Manage stage is a manual step 520 shown in
There are many problems with the prior art system shown in
When the target computer system is ordered from the manufacturer, there is no integration between the Define stage and the production of the computer system. As a result, all the hardware for the computer system will be in the computer system, but not necessarily in the right place. As a result, the first step the customer must perform after receiving the target computer system is to relocate hardware to its proper location according to the desired configuration. The customer must then manually create the logical partitions, which requires navigating between a number of different screens to define each logical partition, one at a time. The customer must then install each operating system in each logical partition, which is a very time-consuming process. Next, the customer must install the program products (e.g., utilities, applications and solutions) into their respective operating systems. Each of these steps requires manual action by the customer, which introduces the possibility of human error in configuring the target computer system. In addition, these tasks are very time-consuming, and require substantial technological expertise on the customer's part to be able to configure the target computer system.
Customers are typically interested in solutions, not technology. Most customers would prefer to not spend the time relocating hardware, configuring logical partitions, installing operating systems, and installing program products. The preferred embodiments automate the process of defining, deploying and managing a logically-partitioned computer system to eliminate many of the customer tasks shown in
A partition wizard within the scope of the preferred embodiments eliminates many of the manual tasks that customers now perform in configuring a logically-partitioned computer system. The partition wizard includes a pre-planning tool that helps the user define a solution profile that will meet a set of system requirements. This solution profile may then be used to place an order for the target computer system, which will result in the hardware being installed at the appropriate locations at the factory. The solution profile may also be used to automatically create the logical partitions on the target computer system, to automatically install the correct operating systems in each logical partition, and to automatically install the program products in the appropriate logical partitions. In addition, the solution profile may be used by one or more management tools to manage the target computer system, such as managing the installation of program temporary fixes (PTFs).
Underlying the present invention is the need to create a way to describe a combination of hardware, logical partitions, and software in a way that may be used to define a target computer system to meet a set of system requirements, to order the target computer system, to automatically deploy the target computer system, and to manage the target computer system. The result is an end-to-end system that automates many of the process steps that are performed manually by customers today.
Main memory 120 in accordance with the preferred embodiments contains data 121, an operating system 122, and a partition wizard 123. Data 121 represents any data that serves as input to or output from any program in computer system 100. Operating system 122 is a multitasking operating system known in the industry as i5/OS; however, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the spirit and scope of the present invention is not limited to any one operating system. Partition wizard 123 is an automated tool that takes a set of system requirements 124 and generates therefrom a solution profile 125. The partition wizard 123 includes a pre-planning tool that helps a customer define the set of system requirements 124, thereby automating the process of defining a target logically-partitioned computer system. The solution profile 125 describes hardware, software, virtualization information, performance metrics and any other needed information in a format that may be used to automate the process of ordering, deploying and managing the target logically-partitioned computer system. The function of the partition wizard 123 is described in detail below with reference to
Computer system 100 utilizes well known virtual addressing mechanisms that allow the programs of computer system 100 to behave as if they only have access to a large, single storage entity instead of access to multiple, smaller storage entities such as main memory 120 and DASD device 155. Therefore, while data 121, operating system 122, and partition wizard 123 are shown to reside in main memory 120, those skilled in the art will recognize that these items are not necessarily all completely contained in main memory 120 at the same time. It should also be noted that the term “memory” is used herein to generically refer to the entire virtual memory of computer system 100, and may include the virtual memory of other computer systems coupled to computer system 100.
Processor 110 may be constructed from one or more microprocessors and/or integrated circuits. Processor 110 executes program instructions stored in main memory 120. Main memory 120 stores programs and data that processor 110 may access. When computer system 100 starts up, processor 110 initially executes the program instructions that make up operating system 122. Operating system 122 is a sophisticated program that manages the resources of computer system 100. Some of these resources are processor 110, main memory 120, mass storage interface 130, display interface 140, network interface 150, and system bus 160.
Although computer system 100 is shown to contain only a single processor and a single system bus, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention may be practiced using a computer system that has multiple processors and/or multiple buses. In addition, the interfaces that are used in the preferred embodiment each include separate, fully programmed microprocessors that are used to off-load compute-intensive processing from processor 110. However, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention applies equally to computer systems that simply use I/O adapters to perform similar functions.
Display interface 140 is used to directly connect one or more displays 165 to computer system 100. These displays 165, which may be non-intelligent (i.e., dumb) terminals or fully programmable workstations, are used to allow system administrators and users to communicate with computer system 100. Note, however, that while display interface 140 is provided to support communication with one or more displays 165, computer system 100 does not necessarily require a display 165, because all needed interaction with users and other processes may occur via network interface 150.
Network interface 150 is used to connect other computer systems and/or workstations (e.g., 175 in
At this point, it is important to note that while the present invention has been and will continue to be described in the context of a fully functional computer system, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the present invention is capable of being distributed as a program product in a variety of forms, and that the present invention applies equally regardless of the particular type of tangible computer-readable signal bearing media used to actually carry out the distribution. Examples of suitable tangible computer-readable signal bearing media include: recordable type media such as floppy disks and CD-RW (e.g., 195 of
Embodiments of the present invention may also be delivered as part of a service engagement with a client corporation, nonprofit organization, government entity, internal organizational structure, or the like. Aspects of these embodiments may include configuring a computer system to perform, and deploying software, hardware, and web services that implement, some or all of the methods described herein. Aspects of these embodiments may also include analyzing the client's operations, creating recommendations responsive to the analysis, building systems that implement portions of the recommendations, integrating the systems into existing processes and infrastructure, metering use of the systems, allocating expenses to users of the systems, and billing for use of the systems.
The solution profile 125 may be input into an order processing system (not shown in
A hosting partition infrastructure 605 includes tools that may be used to automatically deploy the solution on a target computer system. The transition from the Define phase to the Deploy phase in
The solution profile 125 may then be used by one or more tools to manage the target computer system. Note that the transition from the Deploy stage to the Manage stage in
As shown in
One implementation of the hosting partition infrastructure 605 in
As stated above, the solution profile 125 is preferably an XML document. The solution profile 125 is preferably a description of the entire solution on the target computer system, including specified logical partitions that each include specified hardware resources, including Capacity On Demand (CoD capability), a specified operating system, other specified software, and software license information. Because the solution profile 125 includes the details of hardware resource allocation between logical partitions, it may be input into an order processing system 725 to order the hardware for the target computer system in a way that allows the target computer system to be initially assembled at the factory with all of the hardware components in the correct location. This eliminates the need for the customer to relocate hardware once the computer system is received.
Note that the solution profile 125 is shown as a data block in the lower portion of
Note that the HMC 745 may generate a revised solution profile 125A that may be stored to archive the description of the target computer system, that may be reused by the partition wizard to continue planning the target computer system, or that may be used to replicate the configuration of the target computer system to a different computer system.
The operating system install engine 755 uses the operating system install script 765 to install each operating system in each logical partition according to the specifications in the solution profile 125. Once the operating systems are all installed, the software install engine 760 takes information from the IUDD 770 and from configuration data 775 to determine how to install the utility and product software specified in the solution profile 125. IUDD 770 is preferably a schema that describes the installation of a software utility or application. The config data 775 is any provisioning data that may be needed for operating system install or solution install. Note that the config data 775 shown in
Note that HMC 745 is shown executing the automatic logical partition creation mechanism 750. Note, however, that the partition wizard 123, the operating system install engine 755, and the software engine 760 may also be executed by the HMC 745. In the alternative, any or all of these tools 123, 750, 755 and 760 may be executed on platforms separate from the HMC 745.
Note that the system of
The management of the target logically-partitioned computer system becomes much simpler with the solution profile 125. For example, in the prior art the customer must determine what hardware and software is present in the system, and must manually determine whether new device drivers or software updates are available. This can be a very complicated and time-consuming process. In the preferred embodiments, however, all required hardware and software information is encapsulated within the solution profile 125 that describes the target computer system. For this reason, a management tool can determine from the solution profile 125 the hardware and software present in the system, and can automatically determine whether new device drivers or software updates are available, without user intervention.
The preferred embodiments automate the defining, deployment and managing of a logically-partitioned computer system by providing a partition wizard that includes a planning tool to help the customer define a system plan that will meet a set of system requirements. The system plan may be used by other tools to 1) automatically create logical partitions; 2) automatically install operating system software in each logical partition; 3) automatically install product software into each logical partition; 4) automatically manage the logically-partitioned computer system; and 5) plan other computer systems.
One skilled in the art will appreciate that many variations are possible within the scope of the present invention. Thus, while the invention has been particularly shown and described with reference to preferred embodiments thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that these and other changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
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|U.S. Classification||711/173, 711/154, 711/156, 713/2, 717/175, 713/1, 713/100, 711/111|
|Jul 28, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION, NEW Y
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:GIMPL, DAVID JOSEPH;HENDERSON, KYLE LANE;HOFER, KENT LEDEL;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:016578/0935;SIGNING DATES FROM 20050425 TO 20050429
|Oct 26, 2011||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 22, 2016||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 10, 2016||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Aug 2, 2016||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20160610