US 738863 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED SEPT. 15
D. T. WHITE. DUMPING BOX FOR VEHICLES.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 31, 1903.
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D. T. WHITE. DUMPING BOX FOR VEHICLES.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 31, 1903.
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UNITED STATES Patented September 15, 1903.
DUMPlNG-BOX FOR VEHICLES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 738,863, dated September 15, 1903.
Application filed iul ai, 1903. Serial No. 167,785. on, model.)
T all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, DANIELT. WHITE, a citizen of the United States, residing atRacine,
in the county of Racine and State'of 'Wisconsin, have invented a new and useful Dumping-Box for Vehicles, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to dumping-wagons such as are employed for hauling sand, gravel, and the like, and has for its obj eet to produce a device of this character of simple construction, which will be efficient in operation, and one in which the material will be discharged at the sides of the vehicle-box and directed away from the wheels, whereby the obj ectionable accumulation of the material upon the wheels and running-gear is obviated.
To these ends the invention comprises the novel details of construction and combination of parts more fully hereinafter described.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective View of a vehicle embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the same. Fig. 3 is a transverse section on the line 3 3 of Fig. 2. Fig. 4 is an end elevation. Fig. 5 is a detail view.
Referring to the drawings, 1 indicates ge11- erally a vehicle body or box mounted upon a running-gear 2 of any ordinary or desired construction and sustained by transportingwheels 3. The vehicle-box comprises side walls 4:, end walls 5, a primary bottom 6, and a supplemental bottom 7, which latter is of substantially A form in cross-section throughout the entire length of the body and arranged with its apex at the transverse center and its walls sloping downward and outward at an angle of forty-five degrees to a point of meeting with the outer edges of the primary bottom 6. The bottom 7 may be composed of any suitable material, but preferablyconsists of a wooden foundation sustained by longitudinal girders S, of strap-iron, and an outer covering or sheaving 9, of sheet metal, whereby the material in being discharged will slide freely over said surface and the latter be rendered extremely durable. The vehicle-box is divided into a pair of separate compartments which may in practice receive diiferent classes of material by means of a transverse partition 10, disposed at the 1011- gitudinal center of the box and sustained by and may be withdrawn to throw the two compartments into one when desired.
Each side wall 4. of the vehicle is provided in its lower portion with. a pair of longitudinally-extending doors or gates 12 and 13, situated on opposite sides of the partition 10, whereby the contents of the separate compartment may be discharged independently, the material when discharged being directed outward from the wheels and transversely of the body by means of deflecting members 14, in the form of angle-bars, attached one upon each side of the body. These bars, which extend longitudinally of the box throughout its entire length, are disposed directly beneath the dumping-gates and are of such form in cross-section as to produce beneath the gates outwardly-extending transverse flanges. The gates are pivoted to swing in a vertical plane by horizontal pintles 15,which extend through strap-metal hinges 16, attached to the sides at and gates, respectively. The rear gate 12 is locked in its closed position by means of a vertically-sliding latch member 17, secured to the gate and guided in its movements by metal cross-straps 18, this latch and the similar latches, which will presently be described, being normally engaged with latchsockets formed in the underlying deflectin g members 14. The latch 17 is connected by a chain or its equivalent 10 to the rear end of an operatinglever 20, which is pivoted at 21 and extends to the front of the vehicle-body within easy reach from the drivers seat. This lever, which is limited in its upward movement by a stop 22, is adapted to be manipulated for disengaging the latch to release the gate,when the weight of the material upon the inner face of the latter will swing the same outward upon its pivot and permit discharge of the material, as will be readily understood.
The gate 13 is secured by alatch 23, secured to the gate and guided in its movements by metal cross-straps 24:, the latch being normally engaged with sockets in the angle-plate 14 for maintaining the gate in closed position. This latch is released through the medium of a chain 25, extending around an idle pulley 26 and attached to a pulley 2'7, fast upon the end of a transverse shaft 28, which is rocked by a lever 29 within convenient reach of the driver. At this point it is to be noted that the latch 23 upon one side of the vehicle-box, as well as the similar and correspondinglynumbered latch upon the opposite side of the box, are both connected in the manner just described with the rock-shaft 27 and are simultaneously released thereby.
Each end 5 of the box is provided with a pivoted door 30, maintained normally closed by a suitable latch 31. These doors are designed to permit access to a compartment 32, formed between the primary and secondary bottoms for the reception of tools, 850.
From the foregoing it will be seen that I produce a device of simple construction in which the material will when discharged through the swinging doors be directed outward from and prevented from accumulating upon the vehicle-wheels and running-gear through the medium of the deflectors 14 in the manner above explained.
. In attaining the objects herein set forth it is to be understood that I do not limit myself to the details of construction herein described, inasmuch as minor changes therein may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim isl. The combination with a vehiclebody having sides and a bottom, of a dischargegate pivotally associated with the body at its side, the bottom being transversely inclined downward toward the gate, means for maintaining the gate normally closed, means operable from the drivers seat for releasing said a discharge-gate for each compartment pivj otally associated with the body, the bottom being transversely inclined downward toward the gates, means for maintaining the gates normally closed,means for releasing the gates,
and a deflecting member carried by the-bodyment pivotally associated one with each side of the body, the bottom being transversely inclined from its center downward toward the gates, means for maintaining the gates normally closed, means operable from the drivers seat for releasing all of the gates, and a deflecting member carried by the body beneath each gate.
5. The combination with a vehicle-body having sides and a primary bottom, of a discharge-gate pivotally associated with each side, a secondary bottom transversely inclined from its center downward toward each gate, said bottoms 'forming a, compartment between them, means for maintaining the gates normally closed, means for releasing the gates, a deflecting member carried by the body beneath each gate, and an end gate normally closing the compartment between the bottoms.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
DANIEL T. WHITE.
J. G. KIDDLE, J12, H. I ERIcHsoN.