|Publication number||US7404661 B2|
|Application number||US 11/626,943|
|Publication date||Jul 29, 2008|
|Filing date||Jan 25, 2007|
|Priority date||Jun 27, 1995|
|Also published as||DE60045029D1, EP1163473A1, EP1163473A4, EP1163473B1, US6712481, US6749312, US6755547, US7004611, US7077544, US7160015, US7165873, US7178965, US7195389, US7226196, US7300194, US7322730, US7354184, US7357553, US7374305, US7384177, US7404660, US7434973, US7434974, US7467887, US7537370, US7703967, US7736043, US7963687, US8123393, US20020141174, US20030007344, US20030123245, US20030123246, US20030123247, US20030202338, US20040012946, US20040080927, US20040165372, US20050007759, US20050094418, US20050111238, US20050111241, US20050207154, US20050207178, US20050213322, US20050213323, US20050213349, US20060028817, US20060028840, US20060028841, US20060028843, US20060028844, US20060158906, US20060232965, US20060262567, US20060274554, US20060274555, US20070103933, US20070133224, US20070147087, US20070153549, US20100172151, US20110222310, WO2000050807A1|
|Publication number||11626943, 626943, US 7404661 B2, US 7404661B2, US-B2-7404661, US7404661 B2, US7404661B2|
|Inventors||Jeffrey R. Parker, Gregory A. Coghlan, Robert M. Ezell|
|Original Assignee||Solid State Opto Limited|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (91), Referenced by (5), Classifications (42), Legal Events (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a division of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/324,880, filed Dec. 20, 2002, now U.S. Pat. No. 7,226,196 which is a division of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/256,275, filed Feb. 23, 1999, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,712,481, dated Mar. 30, 2004, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/778,089, filed Jan. 2, 1997, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,079,838, dated Jun. 27, 2000, which is a division of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/495,176, filed Jun. 27, 1995, now U.S. Pat. No. 5,613,751, dated Mar. 25, 1997.
This invention relates generally, as indicated, to light emitting panel assemblies.
Light emitting panel assemblies are generally known. However, the present invention relates to several different light emitting panel assembly configurations which provide for better control of the light output from the panel assemblies and more efficient utilization of light to suit a particular application.
In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the light emitting panel assemblies include a light emitting panel member having a pattern of individual light extracting deformities of well defined shapes on or in one or more surface areas of the light emitting panel member.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, each of the light extracting deformities includes a reflective or refractive surface of a predetermined slope for more precisely controlling the emission of light by each of said deformities.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, each of the light extracting deformities has an end wall that produces a relatively small projected surface area on the panel surface area to allow the number of deformities on or in the panel surface areas to be increased.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the light extracting deformities have straight side walls.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the light extracting deformities have rounded side walls.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the light extracting deformities have planar surfaces in parallel spaced relation to the panel surface areas.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the panel member is transparent and includes one or more panel portions having opposite sides that are free of any reflective material, whereby light is free to pass through such opposite sides.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, deformities on or in one or more of the panel portions are shaped to cause more of the light entering the panel member through an input edge to be emitted from one of the sides of the panel portions than the other side.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the one side of the panel portion through which more of the light is emitted may be placed in close proximity to a front face of a display for front lighting the display.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the light emitting deformities have planar surfaces through which light from the display passes with minimal optical distortion.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the pattern of light extracting deformities may be uniform or variable as desired to obtain a desired light output distribution from the panel surface areas.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, the size and shape as well as the depth or height and angular orientation and location of the light extracting deformities may vary along the length and/or width of any given panel surface area to obtain a desired light output distribution from the panel member.
In accordance with yet another aspect of the invention, a focused light source may be insert molded or cast within a light transition area of the light emitting panel member.
In accordance with still another aspect of the invention, molded supports may be provided on the panel member for supporting other parts or components in spaced relation from the panel member.
In accordance with another aspect of the invention, an array of light sources may be mounted on a printed circuit board for directing light through a diffuser or lens mounted in spaced relation to the light sources for use in phototherapy treatment and the like.
The various light emitting panel assemblies of the present invention are relatively efficient panel assemblies that may be used to produce increased uniformity and higher light output from the panel members with lower power requirements, and allow the panel members to be made thinner and/or longer, and/or of various shapes and sizes.
To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, the invention then comprises the features hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims, the following description and the annexed drawings setting forth in detail certain illustrative embodiments of the invention, these being indicative, however, of but several of the various ways in which the principles of the invention may be employed.
In the annexed drawings:
Referring now in detail to the drawings, and initially to
The panel assemblies shown in
The panel assembly 11 of
The light sources 3 may be mechanically held in any suitable manner in slots, cavities or openings 16 machined, molded or otherwise formed in the light transition areas of the panel assemblies. However, preferably the light sources 3 are embedded, potted or bonded in the light transition areas in order to eliminate any air gaps or air interface surfaces between the light sources and surrounding light transition areas, thereby reducing light loss and increasing the light output emitted by the light emitting panels. Such mounting of the light sources may be accomplished, for example, by bonding the light sources 3 in the slots, cavities or openings 16 in the light transition areas using a sufficient quantity of a suitable embedding, potting or bonding material 17. The slots, cavities or openings 16 may be on the top, bottom, sides or back of the light transition areas. Bonding can also be accomplished by a variety of methods that do not incorporate extra material, for example, thermal bonding, heat staking, ultrasonic or plastic welding or the like. Other methods of bonding include insert molding and casting around the light source(s).
A transparent light emitting material of any suitable type, for example acrylic or polycarbonate, may be used for the light emitting panels. Also, the panels may be substantially flat, or curved, may be a single layer or multi-layers, and may have different thicknesses and shapes. Moreover, the panels may be flexible, or rigid, and may be made out of a variety of compounds. Further, the panels may be hollow, filled with liquid, air, or be solid, and may have holes or ridges in the panels.
Each light source 3 may also be of any suitable type including, for example, any of the types disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,897,771 and 5,005,108, assigned to the same assignee as the present application, the entire disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference. In particular, the light sources 3 may be an arc lamp, an incandescent bulb which also may be colored, filtered or painted, a lens end bulb, a line light, a halogen lamp, a light emitting diode (LED), a chip from an LED, a neon bulb, a fluorescent tube, a fiber optic light pipe transmitting from a remote source, a laser or laser diode, or any other suitable light source. Additionally, the light sources 3 may be a multiple colored LED, or a combination of multiple colored radiation sources in order to provide a desired colored or white light output distribution. For example, a plurality of colored lights such as LEDs of different colors (red, blue, green) or a single LED with multiple colored chips may be employed to create white light or any other colored light output distribution by varying the intensities of each individual colored light.
A pattern of light extracting deformities or disruptions may be provided on one or both sides of the panel members or on one or more selected areas on one or both sides of the panel members, as desired.
These deformities or disruptions 21 can be produced in a variety of manners, for example, by providing a painted pattern, an etched pattern, a machined pattern, a printed pattern, a hot stamped pattern, or a molded pattern or the like on selected light output areas of the panel members. An ink or printed pattern may be applied for example by pad printing, silk screening, ink jet, heat transfer film process or the like. The deformities may also be printed on a sheet or film which is used to apply the deformities to the panel member. This sheet or film may become a permanent part of the light panel assembly for example by attaching or otherwise positioning the sheet or film against one or both sides of the panel member similar to the sheet or film 27 shown in
By varying the density, opaqueness or translucence, shape, depth, color, area, index of refraction, or type of deformities 21 on an area or areas of the panels, the light output of the panels can be controlled. The deformities or disruptions may be used to control the percent of light emitted from any area of the panels. For example, less and/or smaller size deformities 21 may be placed on panel areas where less light output is wanted. Conversely, a greater percentage of and/or larger deformities may be placed on areas of the panels where greater light output is desired.
Varying the percentages and/or size of deformities in different areas of the panel is necessary in order to provide a uniform light output distribution. For example, the amount of light traveling through the panels will ordinarily be greater in areas closer to the light source than in other areas further removed from the light source. A pattern of light extracting deformities 21 may be used to adjust for the light variances within the panel members, for example, by providing a denser concentration of light extracting deformities with increased distance from the light source 3 thereby resulting in a more uniform light output distribution from the light emitting panels.
The deformities 21 may also be used to control the output ray angle distribution of the emitted light to suit a particular application. For example, if the panel assemblies are used to provide a liquid crystal display back light, the light output will be more efficient if the deformities 21 cause the light rays to emit from the panels at predetermined ray angles such that they will pass through the liquid crystal display with low loss.
Additionally, the pattern of light extracting deformities may be used to adjust for light output variances attributed to light extractions of the panel members. The pattern of light extracting deformities 21 may be printed on the light output areas utilizing a wide spectrum of paints, inks, coatings, epoxies, or the like, ranging from glossy to opaque or both, and may employ half-tone separation techniques to vary the deformity 21 coverage. Moreover, the pattern of light extracting deformities 21 may be multiple layers or vary in index of refraction.
Print patterns of light extracting deformities 21 may vary in shapes such as dots, squares, diamonds, ellipses, stars, random shapes, and the like, and are desirably 0.006 square inch per deformity/element or less. Also, print patterns that are 60 lines per inch or finer are desirably employed, thus making the deformities or shapes 21 in the print patterns nearly invisible to the human eye in a particular application thereby eliminating the detection of gradient or banding lines that are common to light extracting patterns utilizing larger elements. Additionally, the deformities may vary in shape and/or size along the length and/or width of the panel members. Also, a random placement pattern of the deformities may be utilized throughout the length and/or width of the panel members. The deformities may have shapes or a pattern with no specific angles to reduce moiré or other interference effects. Examples of methods to create these random patterns are printing a pattern of shapes using stochastic print pattern techniques, frequency modulated half tone patterns, or random dot half tones. Moreover, the deformities may be colored in order to effect color correction in the panel members. The color of the deformities may also vary throughout the panel members, for example to provide different colors for the same or different light output areas.
In addition to or in lieu of the patterns of light extracting deformities 21 shown in
As best seen in the cross sectional view of
The member 27 may be used to further improve the uniformity of the light output distribution. For example, the member 27 may be a colored film, a diffuser, or a label or display, a portion of which may be a transparent overlay that may be colored and/or have text or an image thereon.
If adhesive 28 is used to adhere the back reflector 26 and/or film 27 to the panel, the adhesive is preferably applied only along the side edges of the panel, and if desired the end edge opposite the light transition areas 12, but not over the entire surface area or areas of the panel because of the difficulty in consistently applying a uniform coating of adhesive to the panel. Also, the adhesive changes the internal critical angle of the light in a less controllable manner than the air gaps 30 (see
Referring further to
Providing one or more transition areas at one or both ends of the panel member of any desired dimension to accommodate one or more light sources, with reflective and/or refractive surfaces on the transition areas for redirecting the light rays into the panel member at relatively low angles allows the light emitting panel member to be made much longer and thinner than would otherwise be possible. For example the panel members of the present invention may be made very thin, i.e., 0.125 inch thick or less.
The light extracting deformities may also be of other well defined shapes to obtain a desired light output distribution from a panel surface area.
Regardless of the particular shape of the reflective/refractive surfaces and end and side walls of the individual deformities, such deformities may also include planar surfaces intersecting the reflective/refractive surfaces and end and/or side walls in parallel spaced relation to the panel surface areas 22.
Where the deformities are projections on the panel surface area 22, the reflective/refractive surfaces extend at an angle away from the panel in a direction generally opposite to that in which the light rays from the light source 3 travel through the panel as schematically shown in
Regardless of whether the deformities are projections or depressions on or in the panel surface areas 22, the slopes of the light reflecting/refractive surfaces of the deformities may be varied to cause the light rays impinging thereon to be either refracted out of the light emitting panel or reflected back through the panel and emitted out the opposite side of the panel which may be etched to diffuse the light emitted therefrom or covered by a transparent film, sheet or plate similar to the film 27 shown in
Also, the pattern of light extracting deformities on the panel surface areas may be uniform or variable as desired to obtain a desired light output distribution from the panel surface areas.
Also, the size, including the width, length and depth or height as well as the angular orientation and position or location of the light extracting deformities may vary along the length and/or width of any given panel surface area to obtain a desired light output distribution from the panel surface area.
By selecting the optical index of refraction of the panel member 7 to closely match the substrate of the display/signage 144, the light reflected by the display/signage will pass through the planar surfaces 128 of the deformities with minimal optical discontinuities for ease of viewing the display/signage. Also, providing a random or variable pattern of light extracting deformities on the panel member insures that the spacing of the light extracting deformities does not match the pixel spacing of the display so as not to produce a headlight effect.
Because the light extracting deformities are of well defined shapes, the size, shape, location and orientation of each light extracting deformity can be individually adjusted or randomly varied at any given surface area of the panel member to spread the light output distribution uniformly across each panel surface area or obtain any other desired light output distribution at each panel surface area. Also, such light extracting deformities may be formed in or on any surface area of the panel member in any desired manner, such as by machining using a milling or laser cutter, or by molding or stamping or the like.
The light source 3 for the panel assemblies shown in
On one or more selected panel surface areas on one or both sides of the panel member 151 are a pattern of light extracting deformities or disruptions which are not shown in
The various light emitting panel assemblies disclosed herein may be used for a great many different applications including for example liquid crystal display (LCD) or other signage back lighting or lighting in general, decorative and display lighting, automotive lighting, dental lighting, phototherapy or other medical lighting, membrane switch lighting, and sporting goods and apparel lighting or the like. Also the panel assemblies may be made such that the panel members and deformities are transparent without a back reflector. This allows the panel assemblies to be used for example to front light an LCD or other display such that the display is viewed through the transparent panel members in the manner previously described.
Although the invention has been shown and described with respect to certain preferred embodiments, it is obvious that equivalent alterations and modifications will occur to others skilled in the art upon the reading and understanding of the specification. The present invention includes all such equivalent alterations and modifications, and is limited only by the scope of the claims.
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|U.S. Classification||362/619, 362/617, 362/624, 362/618, 362/623, 362/625|
|International Classification||F21V8/00, A61B19/00, F21V5/00, G02B6/00, F21V7/04|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B2090/309, Y10S362/804, Y10S362/80, F21V5/00, H01H2219/062, G02B6/0021, G02B6/0061, G02B6/0031, G02B6/002, G02B6/0038, A61N2005/0652, G02B6/0018, A61N5/0621, G02B6/0028, A61N2005/063, A61M2021/0044, G02B6/0068, G02B6/0036, G02B6/0043, G02B6/006, A61M21/02, H01H2221/07|
|European Classification||F21V5/00, A61M21/02, G02B6/00L6I4S, G02B6/00L6O16U, G02B6/00L6O4B, G02B6/00L6O4G, G02B6/00L6I4S4, G02B6/00L6I4R, G02B6/00L6S2|
|Feb 18, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: RAMBUS INTERNATIONAL LTD.,CAYMAN ISLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLID STATE OPTO LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:023950/0598
Effective date: 20091211
Owner name: RAMBUS INTERNATIONAL LTD., CAYMAN ISLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SOLID STATE OPTO LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:023950/0598
Effective date: 20091211
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Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 4, 2013||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: RAMBUS INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:RAMBUS INTERNATIONAL LTD.;REEL/FRAME:029918/0725
Effective date: 20101001
Owner name: RAMBUS DELAWARE LLC, OHIO
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Effective date: 20121001
|Jun 26, 2013||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ACACIA RESEARCH GROUP LLC, TEXAS
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Effective date: 20130307
|Jun 27, 2013||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: INNOVATIVE DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES LLC, TEXAS
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Effective date: 20130626
|Mar 11, 2016||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
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Effective date: 20160729