|Publication number||US7409987 B2|
|Application number||US 10/551,338|
|Publication date||Aug 12, 2008|
|Filing date||Mar 26, 2004|
|Priority date||Apr 1, 2003|
|Also published as||US20070026704, WO2004093097A2, WO2004093097A3|
|Publication number||10551338, 551338, PCT/2004/88, PCT/NO/2004/000088, PCT/NO/2004/00088, PCT/NO/4/000088, PCT/NO/4/00088, PCT/NO2004/000088, PCT/NO2004/00088, PCT/NO2004000088, PCT/NO200400088, PCT/NO4/000088, PCT/NO4/00088, PCT/NO4000088, PCT/NO400088, US 7409987 B2, US 7409987B2, US-B2-7409987, US7409987 B2, US7409987B2|
|Inventors||Ole Gunnar Fjelde|
|Original Assignee||Smedvig Offshore As|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Classifications (10), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
This invention concerns a device for disconnecting a wireline. More specifically, it concerns a device that is particularly suitable for disconnecting a wireline from a wireline tool, for example after having stuck the wireline tool and possibly having damaged the wireline.
2. Discussion of the Prior Art
The wireline tool may become stuck during wireline operations in a borehole. Subsequently, when the wireline tool is to be released or otherwise during unfavourable conditions and when maneuvering erroneously, the wireline may be torn off, and a portion of the damaged wireline may be left in the borehole.
In order to access the wireline tool with a fishing tool, the wireline portion located in the borehole must first be removed. The operation of removing a wireline portion of this type may be time-consuming and costly.
According to prior art, a wireline, which is to be used in wireline operations, is provided with a weakened portion near its point of connection in the wireline tool. Normally, the weakening is provided by means of removing a portion of the wireline strands. The purpose of the weakening is to attribute a potential wireline breakage to the weakened portion, thereby allowing substantially all of the wireline to be retrieved to surface after breakage. Then, the wireline tool may be retrieved by means of a so-called fishing tool.
Obviously, said method considerably reduces the carrying capacity of the wireline and therefore may cause unnecessary wireline breakages.
The object of the invention is to remedy the disadvantages of prior art.
The object is achieved in accordance with the invention and by means of the features disclosed in the following description and in the subsequent claims.
Prior art wireline tools are frequently provided with electric equipment arranged to communicate with instruments on surface during the wireline operations. Thus, it is common to provide the wireline with a central wire consisting of electric conductors, hereinafter denoted a conductor, that is arranged to transmit electric signals and possibly also electric power for operation of equipment in the wireline tool.
According to the invention, the wireline is provided with a disconnection device arranged to controllably disconnect the wireline from a connected wireline tool.
It is necessary to connect the wireline to the disconnection device by means of a wireline connector intended to withstand the full fracture load of the wireline without damaging the conductor. Advantageously, the wireline connector may also be formed having a relatively small, external sectional diameter relative to, for example, the sectional dimension of the wireline tool.
According to the invention, the wireline connector is formed in a manner allowing each strand layer of the wireline to be clamped between an inner sleeve and an outer sleeve while the conductor extends mechanically unloaded through the wireline connection.
A typical wireline of the type described herein, comprises two strand layers wound, one layer onto the other, in opposite directions about a conductor.
While connecting the wireline connector for the outer strand layer, the outer strand layer is cut at a distance from the end portion of the wireline. The outer strands are sufficiently disengaged from the inner strand layer to enable a first inner sleeve to be inserted between the outer and inner strand layers. Then, a first outer sleeve is displaced along and around the first inner sleeve and the outer strand layer. The first outer sleeve is then biased for it to clamp around the first inner sleeve and the outer strand layer placed between the first inner sleeve and the first outer sleeve, and without inflicting a significant mechanical load onto the inner strand layer. The first inner sleeve and the first outer sleeve comprise a first set of sleeves.
Correspondingly, the inner strand layer is cut somewhat closer to the end portion of the wireline, after which the inner strand layer is disengaged from the conductor, thereby allowing a second inner sleeve to be inserted along and around the conductor and underneath the inner strand layer. Then, a second outer sleeve is displaced along and around the second inner sleeve and the inner strand layer. Subsequently, the second outer sleeve is biased for it to clamp around the second inner sleeve and the inner strand layer placed between the second inner sleeve and the second outer sleeve, and without inflicting a significant mechanical load onto the conductor. The second inner sleeve and the second outer sleeve comprise a second set of sleeves.
For example, the clamping of the outer sleeves around the inner sleeves and the intermediate strand layers may be carried out by means of a wedge-like element or by means of plastic deformation if the outer sleeves.
Having carried out the clamping operation, the first and second set of sleeves, respectively, is placed at a mutual distance along the wireline length. Prior to moving the sets of sleeves into a fastening sleeve, a spacer sleeve is arranged between the two sets of sleeves, the force carried by the second set of sleeves during tensile loading thereby being transmitted to the first set of sleeves via the spacer sleeve.
The disconnection device comprises at least one locking body movably connected to the wireline tool, in which the locking body is maintained in its locking position by means of a movable body.
Preferably, disconnecting the wireline connector from the wireline tool is carried out by means of a biased release spring arranged to release by means of, for example, wires that are heated until they lose their load-carrying ability. Upon releasing, the release spring displaces the movable body away from its locking position, whereby the locking body no longer maintains its locking effect in the wireline connection.
The wireline connector and the disconnection device together constitute a significantly improved solution to a problem known for a long time. By means of the invention, it is possible to exploit the full tensile strength, even if the wireline is not provided with a conductor, and, if desirable, to disconnect a tool by means of remote control via the conductor.
The device according to the invention is well suited for all wireline applications in which the wireline is provided with a central conductor.
In the following, a non-limiting example of a preferred embodiment is described and illustrated on the attached drawing, in which:
On the drawings, reference numeral 1 denotes a connection-and disconnection device for connecting a wireline 2 to a wireline tool 4, in which the connection- and disconnection device 1 comprises a wireline connector 6 and a disconnection device 8.
While referring to
The outer strand layer 14 is cut at a distance from the end portion of the wireline 2, cf.
A first outer sleeve 18 is displaced along and around the outer strand layer 14 to a position in which it encloses the first inner sleeve 16. The first outer sleeve 18 is formed with a tapered bore 20 having its largest diameter at the end portion of the outer strand layer. A first wedge sleeve 22, which preferably is split axially into two parts, and which is provided with an externally tapered surface 24 corresponding to the tapered bore 20, is biased and displaced between the first outer sleeve 18 and the outer strand layer 14.
The first outer sleeve 18 thus biases and clamps the outer strand layer 14 against the first inner sleeve 16.
The inner strand layer 12 is cut at a distance somewhat closer to the end portion of the wireline 2, cf.
A second outer sleeve 28 is displaced along and around the inner strand layer 12 to a position in which it encloses the second inner sleeve 26. The second outer sleeve 28 is formed with a tapered bore 30 having its largest diameter at the end portion of the inner strand layer 12. A second wedge sleeve 32, which preferably is split axially into two parts, and which is provided with an externally tapered surface 34 corresponding to the tapered bore 30, is biased and displaced between the second outer sleeve 28 and the inner strand layer 12.
The second outer sleeve 28 thus biases and clamps the inner strand layer 12 against the second inner sleeve 26.
A split, preferably two-piece, longitudinally adjusted spacer sleeve 36 is placed encircling the wireline 2 between the second outer sleeve 28 and the first wedge sleeve 22, cf.
When the wireline 2 is subjected to tension, the force from the outer strand layer 14 is transmitted by way of friction between the outer strand layer 14 and the first wedge sleeve 22, and by way of friction between the first wedge sleeve 22 and the first outer sleeve 18, onto the fastening sleeve 38, cf.
The disconnection device 8 also comprises a release housing 42 arranged within the bore 41 of the wireline tool 4, the release housing 42 being releasable by means of locking bodies 44 connected to the fastening sleeve 38 of the wireline connector 6. The release housing 42 is provided with a through-going, central bore 48 arranged to be a feed-through for the conductor 10 of the wireline 2. In a diametrically expanded portion 50 of the bore 48, in which the portion 50 extends from the lower end portion 52 of the release housing 42 and inwards to a barrier wall 54, a biased release spring 56 is placed.
The release spring 56 is biased between a spring holder 58 connected to the lower end portion 52 by means of threads 60 and a release piston 62. The release spring 56 is maintained in a biased position by a number of electrically conducive, insulated and load-carrying wires 64 extending between the spring holder 58 and the release piston 62. By means of the threads 61, the spring holder 58 is arranged to force the release housing 42 against a ledge 63 between the bores 40 and 41 in the wireline tool 4.
The wires 64, which preferably are provided with weakened portions, are connected to a voltage source by means of conductor wires 65.
The release piston 62 is provided with a through-going, central bore 66 for feed-through of the conductor 10, and it is movably arranged within the bore 48.
At its end portion facing the release housing 42, the fastening sleeve 38 is provided with an internal bore 67 fitting complementarily and externally about a locking neck 68. The locking neck 68 is provided with at least two through-going, radial and evenly distributed bores 70 corresponding to similar bores 72 in the fastening sleeve 38.
Each corresponding bore 70, 72 is provided with its own locking body 44 in the form of a ball. The diameter of the locking bodies 44 is adapted in a manner allowing the centre of the locking bodies to be on the inside of the diameter of the bore 67. The locking bodies 44 are maintained in their locking positions, in which a collar 73 on a piston-rod-resembling portion 74 of the release piston 62 prevents the fastening sleeve 38 from being displaced out of the locking neck 68. A relatively weak support spring 76 that is biased between the barrier wall 54 and the release piston 62 prevents the release piston 62 from being displaced out of its locking position.
When the wireline 2 is to be released from the wireline tool 4, an electric voltage is supplied to the wires 64 via the conductor wires 65. Due to their electric resistance, the wires 64 are heated up until they lose their strength or melt, thereby allowing the release spring 56 to overcome the force of the support spring 76. The release piston 62 thus may be displaced axially within the release housing 42 to its releasing position, cf.
When the release piston 62 is located in its releasing position, the bores 70 no longer correspond with the collar 73 on the piston-rod-resembling portion 74, whereby the locking bodies 44 due to their geometries are displaced radially inwards and out of their locking engagements with the bores 72. The fastening sleeve 38 thus may be displaced out of the locking neck 68, whereby the wireline 2 is disengaged from the wireline tool 4, cf.
In an alternative embodiment, the wires 64 may be heated by means of chemical energy.
In a further embodiment, the collar 73 may be provided with a tapered contacting surface 78 for the locking bodies 44, cf.
In this embodiment, the biasing force of the support spring 76 is adapted, preferably by being adjustable using an adjusting device (not shown), in a manner allowing the collar 73 and the release piston 62 to be displaced axially at a predetermined pulling force within the fastening sleeve 38, and due to the radial compressive force from the locking bodies 44.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US4464812||Oct 24, 1983||Aug 14, 1984||The Crosby Group, Inc.||Socket for structural strand|
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|U.S. Classification||166/66.7, 439/135|
|International Classification||E21B44/00, E21B17/02, H01R13/44, E21B17/05|
|Cooperative Classification||E21B17/05, E21B17/023|
|European Classification||E21B17/05, E21B17/02C|
|Jan 18, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SMEDVIG OFFSHORE AS, NORWAY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:FJELDE, OLE GUNNAR;REEL/FRAME:017029/0674
Effective date: 20051124
|Jan 11, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jan 18, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8