|Publication number||US7411631 B1|
|Application number||US 09/583,432|
|Publication date||Aug 12, 2008|
|Filing date||May 31, 2000|
|Priority date||May 31, 2000|
|Publication number||09583432, 583432, US 7411631 B1, US 7411631B1, US-B1-7411631, US7411631 B1, US7411631B1|
|Inventors||Aniruddha P. Joshi, Chad W. Mercer, Jenny M. Wohletz|
|Original Assignee||Intel Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (12), Referenced by (34), Classifications (8), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates generally to processor-based appliances such as set-top boxes and particularly to power management for such devices.
Some processor-based systems are intended to operate as appliances. Consumers may believe that appliances should operate with certain characteristics. For one, when an appliance is turned on, it should immediately operate. To some degree this is inconsistent with the way many processor-based systems operate. In those systems, when the device is turned on, a boot process must be undertaken before the device is ready to operate. This delay in “active on” operation may create, for many consumers, the conception that such processor-based systems are not as easy to use as an appliance. The consumer may prefer electronic devices that operate in the fashion the consumer is accustomed to with other appliances.
A set-top box is a processor-based appliance that operates with a conventional television receiver. For example, the set-top box may sit atop a conventional television receiver. The set-top box may provide computer functionality, such as Internet access, as well as control over the television. For example, the set-top box may provide an electronic programming guide (EPG) to facilitate the operation of the television receiver. Conventionally, the television receiver acts as the monitor for computer operations as well.
The set-top box bridges television and computer functionalities. It is desirable that the set-top box act like other appliances such as a television receiver.
Thus, there is a need for ways to make processor-based appliances operate in a fashion similar to other appliances.
A processor-based system 10, shown in
The set-top box 14 also includes an interface 22 that operates with an interface 24 on the remote control unit 16. The interface 24 on the remote control unit 16 also operates an interface 20 on the television receiver 12. Thus, in one embodiment of the present invention, the interface 24 may be an infrared interface that operates infrared interfaces 20 and 22 on the television receiver 12 and the set-top box 14 respectively.
The remote control unit 16 also includes cursor control buttons 26 that enable the remote control unit 16 to provide mouse-like functions. Control buttons 28 on the remote control unit 16 enable the selection of television channels and other operations.
The set-top box 14 may also include a pair of sensors 15 and 17. The light sensor 15 may be a light detector that detects the amount of light in the surrounding area. For example, if the television receiver 12 is on, it may produce sufficient light to actuate the light sensor 15 in one embodiment. Similarly, a motion sensor 17 provided on the set-top box 14 detects motion in the surrounding area.
In one embodiment of the present invention, the set-top box 14 is normally maintained in a powered up state. That is, after the initial powering on of the set-top box 14, it is intended that the set-top box 14 may never be powered off again. Thus, electrical power may be supplied to the set-top box 14 at all times so that the set-top box 14 may never truly turn completely off after being plugged into an electrical outlet.
In an embodiment in which the sleep state 32 is implemented in accordance with the ACPI G2 or soft off state, the set-top box 14 consumes a minimal amount of power. No user mode or system mode code is run. The G2 state generally requires a large latency in order to return to the G0 or working state. The set-top box's context may not be preserved by the hardware.
In an embodiment in which the standby state 34 is implemented in accordance with the ACPI G1 or sleeping state, the set-top box 14 consumes a smaller amount of power than in the G0 or working state, user mode threads are not executed, and the set-top box 14 appears to be off from the user's perspective because the display is off. Latency for returning to the G0 or working state varies according to the wake up environment selected prior to entry into this state. Work can be resumed without rebooting the operating system because large elements of system context are saved by the hardware and the system software.
In an embodiment in which the on state 36 is implemented in accordance with the ACPI G0 or working state, the set-top box 14 dispatches user mode application threads and may execute instructions. Peripheral devices may have their power states dynamically changed. The user may select various performance/power characteristics and may optimize software for performance or battery life. The set-top box 14 responds to external events in real time.
As soon as the user presses the power button 19 on the remote control or the power button 13 on the set-top box 14, the system 10 immediately transitions to the on state 36 as indicated by the arrow 40. This is different than conventional processor-based systems in that operation of a power button 13 or 19 does not apply power to the set-top box 14, but instead transitions the set-top box 14 from the standby state 34 to the on state 36. Thus, as described above, absent unplugging the set-top box 14 from the wall plug, power is always applied.
When the user operates a power button 13 or 19 again, either through the remote control unit 16 or on the set-top box 14, the set-top box 14 resumes the standby state 34 as indicated by the arrow 42. If at any time, power is removed from the set-top box 14 by unplugging it from the wall plug, the set-top box 14 immediately returns to the off state 30, as indicated by the arrow 48.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the sleep state 32 is not used. However, in an embodiment with the sleep state 32, if the set-top box 14 remains in the standby state 34 for a sufficiently long period of time, it may transition to the sleep state 32 as indicated by the arrow 44. However, if activity is detected, as indicated by the arrow 46, the set-top box 14 immediately returns to the standby state 34.
In the sleep state 32, the set-top box 14 may be in an even lower power consumption state than in the standby state 34. When in the sleep state 32, the set-top box 14 may be unable to immediately return to the fully operational state. That is, a time delay may be required to transition from the sleep state 32 to the standby state 34 and then on to the on state 36. The transition from the sleep state 32 to the on state 36 may take more time than the transition from the standby state 34 to the on state 36 in one embodiment.
It may be undesirable for the set-top box 14 to place the television receiver 12 in a powered down state. The user may want to watch the television receiver 12 without using any of the set-top box 14 functions. The mere fact that no activity is occurring on the set-top box 14 does not necessarily suggest that the user is not actively using the television receiver 12.
In embodiments using the sleep state 32, to prevent extended operation in the sleep state 32, a pair of sensors 15 and 17 may be provided. If the surroundings are sufficiently bright, as detected by the light sensor 15, the set-top box 14 immediately transitions from the sleep state 32 to the standby state 34. The light sensor 15 may be set so that the light produced by the television receiver 12 is sufficient to cause the transition from the sleep state 32 to the standby state 34. Similarly, if it is not dark in the surrounding room, the set-top box 14 may transition out of the sleep mode 32 in one embodiment. Furthermore, if activity is detected in the surrounding room through the motion sensor 17, the set-top box 14 is promptly returned to the standby state 34 in one embodiment.
Through the use of the sensors 15 and 17, the set-top box 14 may conserve electrical power while at the same time providing the consumer with an appliance-like operation. In some embodiments, the set-top box 14 may return to the standby state 34 before the user gets sufficiently close to either the remote control unit 16 or the set-top box 14 to operate a power button 13 or 19. Therefore, in most cases, the user may not see any delay in assuming the on state 36 in response to a power button 13 or 19 operation, in some embodiments of the present invention.
To maintain the context when transitioning from the standby state 34 to the sleep state 32, the context may be written to a non-volatile memory prior to entering the sleep state 32. The context includes all the settings which enable the system to return to the exact screen display and the same point in any application programs that were operative. If a non-volatile memory is not available, the transition to the sleep state 32 may be avoided.
Turning next to
Power management events may also be generated, for example, by a conventional south bridge (such as the south bridge 76 in
The power management module 50 may be part of the operating system, at the kernel level for example or a part of the boot loader as another example. Therefore, when the set-top box 14 is in any state other then the off state 30 and a power management event occurs, the power management module 50 is notified. The module 50 then passes system control to the boot loader 52. The boot loader 52 may put the set-top box 14 into the standby state 34 by initializing the appropriate PIIX4 power management registers in one embodiment.
If the set-top box 14 is in the standby state 34 and a PME event occurs, the system wakes up to the boot loader 52. The boot loader 52 returns control to the module 50 that in turn passes control back to the operating system. Thus, the set-top box 14 may resume in the on state 36, at the settings where it last left off before entering the standby state 34. In particular, this means maintaining all the settings and states that existed when the standby state 34 was entered. If the user was active in a given software program before a PME event, the set-top box 14 may resume with all the states and conditions that last existed and with the exact same television receiver 12 screen display.
If in diamond 92 it is determined that the power button has not been operated, a check at diamond 98 determines whether a time out 44 has occurred. If a time out 44 has occurred, the software 50 assumes the sleep state 32 as indicated by block 100. At diamond 102 a check determines whether activity has been identified. Activity 46 may include detection of a light source or motion proximate to the system 10. If so, the software 50 resumes the standby state 34 via block 90. Otherwise, the software 50 is maintained in the sleep state 32.
The host bridge 58 is coupled to a bus 70 that may receive a plurality of peripheral devices in slots 72. The bus 70 may also be coupled to a bus-to-bus or south bridge 76 that couples still another bus 78. In one embodiment of the present invention, the bridge 76 is the PIIX4 bridge available from Intel Corporation. The bus 78 may also include peripheral device receiving slots 80.
The bridge 76 may be coupled to the motion sensor 17 and the light sensor 15. In one embodiment of the present invention, the general purpose input/output (GP[I,O]) pins available with the PIIX4 bridge may be utilized to handle the signals received from the sensors 15 and 17.
The bus 78 may be coupled to the system basic input/output system (BIOS) 82 and a serial input/output (SIO) device 84. The device 84 may be in turn coupled to the interface 22 that may be an infrared interface in one embodiment of the present invention.
While the present invention has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, those skilled in the art will appreciate numerous modifications and variations therefrom. It is intended that the appended claims cover all such modifications and variations as fall within the true spirit and scope of this present invention.
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|U.S. Classification||348/734, 348/730|
|International Classification||H04N5/44, H04N5/63|
|Cooperative Classification||H04N5/63, G06F1/3203|
|European Classification||H04N5/63, G06F1/32P|