|Publication number||US741307 A|
|Publication date||Oct 13, 1903|
|Filing date||Aug 5, 1902|
|Priority date||Aug 5, 1902|
|Publication number||US 741307 A, US 741307A, US-A-741307, US741307 A, US741307A|
|Inventors||Earle E Chapman|
|Original Assignee||Standard Bottle Closure Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PATENTED OCT. 13, 19073. B. E. CHAPMAN.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 5. 1902. RENEWED SEPT. 4, 1903.
, m M 7, j
1 uonms wzrz ns cu. Pnomufna. WASHINOTONHDV c.
"llnirrnn STATES Patented October 13, 1903.
EARLE E. CHAPMAN, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR TO THE STANDARD BOTTLE CLOSURE COMPANY, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFOR- NIA, A CORPORATION OF CALIFORNIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 741,307, dated October 13, 1903. Application filed August 5, 1902. Renewed September 4: 1903. Serial No. 171,927. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EARLE E. CHAPMAN, a
- citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented a new and useful Closure, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to means for preventing the fraudulent"refilling of vessels, and particularly to closures for vessels; and some of the objects of this invention are to provide a closure which will be cheap in construction and simple and efiective in operation.
Another object of the invention is to provide a closure which can be removed only by rotation upon the neck of the vessel, by which means portions of the closure are disconnected, but the vessel is uninjured.
It is also an object of this invention to prevent the introduction of a stopper into the vessel after the closure has been removed.
A further object of the invention is to provide a closure having an extension or engaging device a part or all of which is broken off in order to effect the removal of the closure.
With these and other objects in view the invention consists, essentially, in the constrnction, combination, and arrangement of parts, substantially as more fully described in the following specification, and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, forming part of this application, in which- I Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a portion of the neck of a vessel embodying one form of the invention. Fig. 2 is a similar view taken at right angles to that of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a similar view of a modified form of construction. Fig. 4 illustrates still another form of construction. Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view of a portion of a neck of a vessel illustrated in Fig. 4:, showing the closure removed. Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 5, taken at right angles thereto. Fig.
7 is a top plan view of the neck of the vessel illustrated in Fig. 4. Fig. 8 is a bottom plan view of the cap or cover employed. Fig. 9 is a sectional view of the retaining-bar or spider 5o removed from the vessel. Fig. 10 is a top neck shown in Fig. 13.
plan view of the neck of the vessel shown in Figs. 5 and 6. Fig. 11 is a sectional view of a portion of the neck of the vessel and a closure thereon, illustratingv still another modification of construction. Fig. 12 is a top plan view of the vessel-neck shown in Fig. 11. Fig. 13 is a sectional view of an additionalmodific'ation of that before shown. Fig. 14 illustrates a top plan view of the vessel- Fig. 15 illustrates the vessel-neck shown in Fig. 13 before the cap or cover has been put on, and Fig. 16 is a detail sectional view of the retaining-bar or spider.
Similar characters of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views.
Referring to the drawings and particularly to the construction illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 thereof, the reference character 1 designates a portion of the neck of a vessel of any preferred form or construction, as it will be understood that this invention is in no manner limited to employment with any particular character of vessels or receptacles.
Within the neck 1 of the vessel there is preferably formed or secured a bridge or spider 2, desirably provided with an inclined recess or guideway 3, below which is preferably formed a similar recess 4, and shoulders 5 separate two recesses, substantially as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings.
Upon the neck of the vessel are formed or secured guide-lugs 6 to center and direct the descent of the cap or cover 7 upon the neck of the vessel, as hereinafter more fully explained.
The cap or cover '7 is preferably provided with an annular flange 8, desirably cut away internally to form an annular channel 9 for the reception of the guiding-lugsfi and to permit the rotation of the cap or cover 7 upon the neck of the vessel during the operation of removing the same, and the edge or rim 10 of the flange S is cut away at predetermined points to form notches 11 for the entrance or passage of the guiding-lugs 6. 1
A'bar or rod 12 isprovided with a head or extension 13, which is secured within or upon the cap or cover 7, so that said bar or rod depends therefrom and is provided with engaging wings or projections 14, constructed to pass through the recess 3 into the recess 4 and by their resiliency expand laterally beneath and engage the shoulders 5, Fig. 1 of the drawings.
A cork disk or packing 15 may be secured within the cap or cover 7, so as to rest upon the rim or edge of the vessel-neck and form a tight closure or joint between the parts, as will be readily understood.
In Fig. 3 of the drawings there is illustrated a modified form of the construction hereinbefore described and shown, wherein the bridge or spider 16 is dropped down or lowered into the neck of the vessel to permit the introduction of a cork or stopper 17 thereabove, through which the engaging device passes, substantially as shown, and in this construction the bridge or spider 16 is provided with shorter inclined shoulders 5, between which the expansible projections or wings 14 pass and beneath the same engage, as before described, while remaining in the recess 4 below said shoulders.
The exterior of the neck of the vessel may be provided with guiding-lugs 6, which pass.
through notches 11 into an annular channel 9 upon the inner portion of the flange 8 of the top or cover 7, said flange being constructed with a rim 10, as before described.
If found desirable in practice, the plates or bars 12 may be weakened or notched, as at 18, to facilitate the breaking of the same at that point when the cap or cover is rotated upon the neck of the vessel, as will be readily understood.
In the construction illustrated in Fig. 3 of the drawings the bar or rod 12 carries a cap or head 13, secured within or upon the cap or cover 7, and is provided with expansible projections or wings 14, constructed to be forced below the shoulders 5, so as to retain the cap or cover in position upon the neck of the vessel.
Adverting now to the construction illustrated in Figs. 4 to 10 of the drawings, the reference character 1 designates a portion of the neck of the vessel, having guiding-lugs 6 upon the exterior thereof and provided with internal V-shaped brackets or ledges 19, above which are formed recesses 20, substantially as illustrated in Figs. 5 and 6 of the drawings. The cap or cover 22 is provided with an annular depending flange 23, terminating in an inwardly-directed rim 24, cut away at 25 to form notches to admit the passing of the guiding-lugs 6 on the neck of the vessel. Formed on or connected with the central internal portion of the cap or cover 22 is a bar or rod 12, notched or cut away intermediately at 18 to facilitate the breaking thereof at that point when the cap or cover 7 is rotated upon the neck of the vessel, and said bar or rod 12 is preferably provided with expansible wings or projections 14, constructed to engage the shoulders 26 on a removable bridge or bar 30, constructed with expansible wings or extensions 31 to enter the recesses 20 in the neck of the vessel and retain the bridge or bar 30 in the V-shaped brackets 19, substantially in the manner illustrated in Fig. 4 of the drawings.
If found desirable in practice, a cork or packing-disk 28 may be secured above the bridge or bar 30 in order to form a tight con.- nection between the rim of the vessel-neck and the cap or cover 22.
In the construction illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3 the vessel is closed by rotating the cap or cover 7 thereon until the guiding-lugs 6 on the neck of the vessel coincide with the notched or cut-away portion 11 of the cap or cover 7, whereuponthe latter is forced down upon the neck of the vessel and the wings or projections 14 pass below and engage the shoulders 5 of the bridge or spider 2, thereby retaining the cap or cover in position; but when it is desired to remove the cap or cover the sameis rotated until the bar or rod 12'is twisted off or disconnected, as at 18, whereupon the cap or cover can then be readily removed, and the disconnected portion of the bar or rod 12 can be subsequently disengaged in any suitable manner.
The operation of the construction illustrated in Figs. 4 to 10 is substantially as follows: The bridge or bar is forced into the neck of the vessel after the same has been filled, and the wings or extensions 31 engage the recesses 20 in the vessel-neck, whereupon the cap or cover is forced down upon the neck of the vessel, as before explained, until the wings or projections 14 pass beneath and engage the shoulders 26, Fig. 4, thereby securing the cap or cover in position, and the latter can then only be removed by twisting or rotating the same upon the vessel-neck until the bar or rod 12 is disengaged from the cap or cover in the manner before stated.
Referring now to Figs. 11 and 12 of the drawings, there is illustrated a construction somewhat similar to that shown in Fig. 3, with the exception that the bar or rod 12 passes entirely through the cap or cover 34, of which it is constructed independently, and is exposed on the outside thereof, and the operation of this construction is substantially similar to that described in connection with Fig. 4.
In Figs. 13 to 16, inclusive, still another modification is shown, wherein a cap or cover 37 is constructed with a centrally-depressed or concaved portion 38, provided with a slot through which pass the wings or projections 14 upon an extension 39 of a bar or bridge 40, having expansible arms or extensions 41 to engage the recesses 20 in the vessel-neck, substantially as before explained.
The operation of the last-mentioned construction is substantially similar to that described in connection with Figs. 4 to 10 of the drawings, with the exception that the wings 14 of the bar extension 39 engage the recessed cap or cover 37, substantially as illustrated in Fig. 13 of the drawings, the cap or cover being removed by rotation upon the vessel-neck until the bar extension 39 is twisted off or disengaged from the bar or bridge 40 at the point of connection therewith, as will be readily understood.
I claim- 1. The combination with a vessel having a neck constructed with recesses, of a cap or cover, a device connected therewith constructed to engage said recesses and to be severed therefrom by the rotation of said cover.
2. The combination with a vessel having a neck constructed with recesses, of a cap or cover and a device connected therewith constructed to engage said recesses, said connection being cut away intermediate of the length thereof in order to be severed by the rotation of said cover.
8. The combination with a vessel havinga neck provided with a baifor spider, of a cap or cover having a bar or rod constructed to engage said bar or spider and to be severed by the rotation of said cap or cover upon the neck of the vessel. ,7
4. The combination with a vessel having a bar constructed with engaging shoulders, of a cap or cover connected with a device constructed to engage said shoulders and to be broken off by the rotation of said cap or cover.
5. The combination with a vessel having a bar constructed with an upper and lower recess, a cap or cover and a bar or rod connected therewith and having expansible wings to pass through the first and be retained in the second recess and to be broken ofi by the rotation of the cover.
6. The combination with a vessel having guiding-lugs and recesses of a cap or cover, a device connected therewith constructed to enter and be retained in said recesses and to be severed by the rotation of the cap or cover.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence oftwo subscribing witnesses.
EARLE E. CHAPMAN. \Vitnesses:
O. W. HOLLISTER, L. B. ALDERETE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5133470 *||Jun 5, 1990||Jul 28, 1992||Capitol Vial, Inc.||Tamper-proof container and cap assembly|
|US6045004 *||Mar 20, 1998||Apr 4, 2000||Aptargroup, Inc.||Dispensing structure with dispensing valve and barrier penetrator|
|US6641052 *||Jun 7, 2001||Nov 4, 2003||Procap Technologies||System and method for authentication of the contents of containers|