|Publication number||US7417625 B2|
|Application number||US 10/834,406|
|Publication date||Aug 26, 2008|
|Filing date||Apr 29, 2004|
|Priority date||Apr 29, 2004|
|Also published as||CN101164095A, EP1745346A2, US20050246652, US20080284728, WO2005111769A2, WO2005111769A3|
|Publication number||10834406, 834406, US 7417625 B2, US 7417625B2, US-B2-7417625, US7417625 B2, US7417625B2|
|Inventors||Robert P. Morris|
|Original Assignee||Scenera Technologies, Llc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (10), Referenced by (13), Classifications (20), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to handheld electronic devices, and more particularly to input mechanisms on a handheld electronic device.
Technological improvements in processing speed and power and in memory capacity have opened the door to handheld electronic devices that provide a variety of functions that were heretofore found only in larger and bulkier devices. For instance, manufacturers have been able to shrink the size of a mobile phone to fit in the palm of a user's hand.
While smaller devices are generally perceived to be desirable, a problem arises when the space for physical features of the device diminishes. For example, in most cases, a mobile phone has a minimum number of alphanumeric keys, and additional input keys, e.g., navigation and select keys. These keys are typically located on one face of the device, which also typically includes a display, e.g., an LCD, so that the user can see what he or she has entered, or so that the user can access other functions of the device.
To make room for the input keys and display on the device face, the size of the keys and/or display, and the spacing between keys is usually decreased. Nevertheless, because the keys are so small and the number so many, it becomes difficult to distinguish between the keys. Moreover, even if the user can make such a distinction, it is difficult to press the desired key because the space between keys is so small. For individuals with large fingers, this can be particularly frustrating.
To address this problem, some devices place direction related keys, i.e., navigation keys, on a side surface perpendicular to the device face. Nevertheless, because these handheld electronic devices are slim devices, the side surface is thin and the keys must be positioned in a row along the side surface. Accordingly, navigation keys assigned to allow the user to navigate in a direction perpendicular to the row, i.e., right or left if the keys are on the left or right side of the device, are not intuitive for the user. Other devices offer a touchpad on a backside of the device, i.e., on the surface opposing the device face. (See, e.g., U. S. Pat. No. 5,543,588, entitled “Touch Pad Driven Handheld Computing Device” issued Aug. 6, 1996 to Bisset et al.). Here, the user navigates by tracing his or her finger on the surface of the touchpad to control the movement of a cursor on the display. Nevertheless, compared to input keys, a touchpad is more expensive, consumes more power, and requires more complex programming.
Each of the above described devices presents an additional disadvantage as well. For each device, the location of the navigation mechanism is fixed. Thus, if the user is not comfortable having the navigation mechanism facing away from him or her as the user is viewing the display, the user cannot change the position of the navigation mechanism.
Accordingly, a need exists for a system and method that provides navigation mechanisms, such as input keys, on a handheld electronic device. The system and method should be highly intuitive for the user, while being cost effective and efficient. The present invention addresses such a need.
The present invention is related to a system and method for providing input mechanisms in a handheld electronic device. In a first aspect, the handheld electronic device according to the present invention includes a casing having a first surface and an opposing second surface, where the first surface includes a display on which a user interface is displayed to a user of the device, a plurality of input keys on the second surface, a layout of the plurality of input keys displayed on the display, and means for allowing the user to enter commands into the device by pressing at least one of the plurality of input keys, whereby the layout allows the user to select an appropriate input key of the plurality of input keys associated with a particular command without viewing the input key.
In a second aspect, the handheld electronic device includes a casing having a first surface and an opposing second surface, where the first surface includes a display on which a user interface is displayed to a user of the device, a hinge mechanism between the first and second surfaces such that the second surface rotates back and forth between a first position and a second position, where the first position is when the second surface is opposing the first surface and facing away from the user, and the second position is when the second surface is substantially co-planar with the first surface and facing the use, at least one input mechanism on the second surface, and means for allowing the user to enter commands into the device by activating the at least one input mechanism.
By locating input mechanisms such as input keys on another surface, i.e., the back face of the device, more or better features can be included on the surface facing the user, i.e., the front face. For instance, because fewer buttons are located on the front face, there is more space available for a larger display. Also, the button arrangement is less cluttered and the spacing between buttons can be increased so that the likelihood of pressing an incorrect button is decreased. When the input mechanisms are facing away from the user, a layout of the input mechanisms is displayed to the user so that the user can activate a desired mechanism.
The present invention relates to handheld electronic devices, and more particularly to, input mechanisms on a handheld electronic device. The following description is presented to enable one of ordinary skill in the art to make and use the invention and is provided in the context of a patent application and its requirements. Various modifications to the preferred embodiments and the generic principles and features described herein will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. For example, while the preferred embodiments are described with respect to a mobile phone, the principles described can also be applied to any handheld electronic device, such as a PDA, digital camera, MP3 Player, and the like. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiment shown but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and features described herein.
The present invention is described with respect to two embodiments. According to a first aspect of the present invention, the total number of input keys cluttered onto a front face of a handheld electronic device, such as a mobile phone, is reduced by locating a plurality of input keys on another surface, such as the back face of the device. A layout of the plurality of input keys is displayed to the user on the front face of the device so that the user can determine the appropriate key to press. By relocating the plurality of input keys onto the back face, the front face can include a larger display, larger input keys and adequate spacing between the remaining input keys, without sacrificing the functionality provided by the plurality of input keys on the other surface. Also, because the plurality of keys are on the back face of the device, the intuitive nature of directional keys can be maintained.
In a second aspect of the present invention, at least one input mechanism, e.g., a plurality of direction related keys and/or a select key, are located on a panel that is hinged to the device in such a manner that the user can “flip out” the panel. For example, in a closed position, the panel (and keys) faces away from the user, and in a completely open position, it faces the user. Unlike conventional “flip” phones, however, the user has access to the plurality of keys in either position so that the user can choose in what position he or she would like to activate the at least one input mechanism. Moreover, in this aspect of the present invention, the device includes a sensor that senses the position of the panel, i.e., whether it is in the open or closed position. The sensor is coupled to an assigner that controls the directional assignment of direction related keys. The assigner ensures that the intuitive nature of the direction related keys is maintained with respect to the user.
According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, input mechanisms including direction related keys 123-128 and non-direction related keys, e.g., a select button 129, are located on the back face 122 (
According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the directional aspects of the direction related keys 123-128 are correlated to the user's perspective. Thus, the directional aspects are opposite to those viewed from the back face 122. For example, the input key on the left side of the back face 126 corresponds to the user's right when the user is viewing the front face 120, and is assigned to be a right-menu button 126. Similarly, the input key on the right side of the back face 128 corresponds to the user's left when the user is viewing the front face 120, and is accordingly assigned to be a left-menu button 128. When the user presses the direction related key 124 on the left side of the back face 122, this causes a cursor on the display 140 to move to the right from the user's perspective. In this manner, the intuitive nature of the direction related keys 123-128 is maintained from the user's perspective.
In a preferred embodiment, each of the input keys 123-129 includes an embossed pattern 130 a, 130 b on a surface touched by the user to assist the user in identifying the key, e.g., 126. To assist further the user, a layout 142 of the input keys 123-129 is displayed on the display 140 (
In an aspect of the preferred embodiment, the layout 142 is displayed upon request by the user by activating a display layout key 161 located on either the front face 120 or the back face 122 of the device. Alternatively, the input keys 123-129 are responsive to more than one touch pressure, i.e., they are touch-sensitive. A “light” touch at a first pressure indicates a request to display the layout 142, while a “heavy” touch at a second pressure enters a command associated with the input key, e.g., 126. Preferably, to avoid an inadvertent request to display the layout 142, a touch counter (not shown) is used to count the number of times the user applies the light touch to one or more input keys 123-129. Only when the number of light touches exceeds a certain threshold value, e.g., three (3) touches, does the layout 142 display.
If the layout 142 is not already displayed (step 404), the touch counter (not shown) is incremented (step 406), and if the touch counter exceeds a certain threshold value (step 408), then the layout 142 is displayed and the touched key 126 is highlighted on the layout 142 (step 410). If the touch counter does not exceed the threshold (step 408), the process waits for another input event (step 400).
If the input event is not a light touch (step 402), the touch counter is reset (step 414) and the layout 142 is removed from the display 140 (step 416). Then, the device 100 handles the input event (step 418), i.e., performs the command associated with the touched key 126.
According to a second preferred embodiment of the present invention, the device is provided with a panel containing at least one input mechanism. The panel rotates to and from a first (closed) position from and to a second (open) position.
In a preferred embodiment, input mechanisms, such as a touchpad 224 and direction-related keys, e.g., right and left menu buttons 226, 228, are provided on the panel 222. Notably, the input mechanisms 224, 226, 228 are operational in both the closed and open positions. Preferably, the directional assignments for direction-related keys 226, 228 are dependent on the position of the panel 222. The position of the panel 222 is determined preferably by a sensor 232 located on the back face 220′ of the device 200 (
The sensor 232 is coupled to an assigner 234, which controls the directional assignment of the direction-related keys 226, 228 depending on the position of the panel 222, i.e., whether the panel 222 is facing away from the user or toward the user. Note that when the panel 222 is in the closed (first) position (
The assigner 234 applies the same adjustment to the directional signals interpreted by the touchpad 224. For instance, when the panel 222 is facing away from the user (closed position), a finger trace from the left side of the touchpad 224 to the right side of the touchpad 224 correlates to the movement of a cursor on the display 240 from the right side of the display 240 to the left side of the display 240. Whereas, when the panel 222 is facing toward the user, the direction of the finger trace corresponds directly with the movement of the cursor on the display 240.
If the pressed key is a direction related button 226 (step 502), the sensor 232 determines the position of the panel 222 (step 504) and relays that information to the assigner 234. The assigner 234 then checks the directional assignment of the pressed input key 226 (step 506) and, if necessary, reassigns the key 226 to an opposite direction to maintain the directional aspect from the user's perspective (step 508). After the reassignment, the device 200 handles the input event (step 510), and awaits another input event (step 500).
Note that the layout 142 feature of the first embodiment can also be implemented in conjunction with the second embodiment. When the panel 222 is in the closed position and facing away from the user, the layout 142 of the input mechanisms 224, 226, 228 can be displayed automatically or upon request by the user.
Through aspects of the present invention, a plurality of input keys and mechanisms are relocated from the front face of the handheld electronic device to the back face and a layout of the input keys and mechanisms is displayed to a user on the front face. By locating the input keys and mechanisms on the back face, more or better features can be included on the front face facing the user. For instance, because fewer buttons are located on the front face, there is more space available for a larger display. Also, the button arrangement on the front face is less cluttered and the spacing between buttons can be increased so that the likelihood of pressing an incorrect button is decreased. Moreover, when input mechanisms are located on a swinging panel coupled to the device, the user can choose to operate the input mechanisms in more than one position. According to the preferred embodiment of the present invention, the directional aspects of direction related mechanisms are correlated to the user's perspective when the user is viewing the front face. Accordingly, regardless of the panel's position, the direction related keys remain intuitive to the user.
Although the present invention has been described in accordance with the embodiment shown, one of ordinary skill in the art will readily recognize that there could be variations to the embodiments and those variations would be within the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, many modifications may be made by one of ordinary skill in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4969647 *||Jun 2, 1989||Nov 13, 1990||Atari Corporation||Invertible hand-held electronic game apparatus|
|US5543588||Dec 3, 1993||Aug 6, 1996||Synaptics, Incorporated||Touch pad driven handheld computing device|
|US6369803 *||Jun 12, 1998||Apr 9, 2002||Nortel Networks Limited||Active edge user interface|
|US6480377 *||Jan 4, 2001||Nov 12, 2002||Fellowes Manufacturing Company||Protective case with a keyboard for a handheld computer|
|US6593914 *||Oct 31, 2000||Jul 15, 2003||Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd.||Keypads for electrical devices|
|US20020172017 *||May 21, 2001||Nov 21, 2002||Tarnowski Thomas J.||Functional enclosure for a personal electronic device|
|US20040183833 *||Mar 19, 2003||Sep 23, 2004||Chua Yong Tong||Keyboard error reduction method and apparatus|
|US20040183834 *||Mar 20, 2003||Sep 23, 2004||Chermesino John C.||User-configurable soft input applications|
|US20050091431 *||Jan 23, 2004||Apr 28, 2005||Robert Olodort||Portable communication devices|
|US20050283729 *||Jun 16, 2004||Dec 22, 2005||Morris Robert P||Multipurpose navigation keys for an electronic imaging device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7643008 *||Jan 5, 2010||Nokia Corporation||Changing keys drawn on a display and actuating them using a sensor-screen|
|US7979805 *||May 21, 2007||Jul 12, 2011||Microsoft Corporation||Button discoverability|
|US8344883 *||Apr 23, 2010||Jan 1, 2013||Kyocera Corporation||Input apparatus and input method|
|US8570162 *||Aug 26, 2010||Oct 29, 2013||Kyocera Corporation||Input apparatus|
|US9268364||Aug 31, 2012||Feb 23, 2016||Trewgrip, Llc||Ergonomic data entry device|
|US20060187211 *||Feb 23, 2005||Aug 24, 2006||Nokia Corporation||Changing keys drawn on a display and actuating them using a sensor-screen|
|US20080106518 *||Nov 3, 2006||May 8, 2008||Orlassino Mark P||Tactile input arrangement for a computing device|
|US20080295015 *||May 21, 2007||Nov 27, 2008||Microsoft Corporation||Button discoverability|
|US20100033435 *||Jun 14, 2007||Feb 11, 2010||Polymer Vision Limited||User input on rollable display device|
|US20110157020 *||Jun 30, 2011||Askey Computer Corporation||Touch-controlled cursor operated handheld electronic device|
|US20120032801 *||Apr 23, 2010||Feb 9, 2012||Kyocera Corporation||Input apparatus and input method|
|US20120188066 *||Aug 26, 2010||Jul 26, 2012||Kyocera Corporation||Input apparatus|
|USD748125 *||Dec 20, 2013||Jan 26, 2016||Lg Cns Co., Ltd.||Display screen with graphical user interface|
|U.S. Classification||345/169, 715/773, 345/156, 345/172, 715/779, 345/168, 715/778|
|International Classification||G09G5/00, G06F1/16, G06F3/00, G06F3/02|
|Cooperative Classification||G06F1/1616, G06F1/1662, H01H2223/048, H01H2217/002, G06F3/0221, H01H2009/0257|
|European Classification||G06F1/16P1F, G06F1/16P9K, G06F3/02A6|
|Apr 29, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: IPAC ACQUISITON SUBSIDIARY I, LLC, NEW HAMPSHIRE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MORRIS, ROBERT P.;REEL/FRAME:015282/0556
Effective date: 20040429
|Nov 7, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCENERA TECHNOLOGIES, LLC, NEW HAMPSHIRE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:IPAC ACQUISITION SUBSIDIARY I, LLC;REEL/FRAME:018489/0421
Effective date: 20061102
Owner name: SCENERA TECHNOLOGIES, LLC,NEW HAMPSHIRE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:IPAC ACQUISITION SUBSIDIARY I, LLC;REEL/FRAME:018489/0421
Effective date: 20061102
|Feb 17, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 25, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8