|Publication number||US7431341 B2|
|Application number||US 10/522,500|
|Publication date||Oct 7, 2008|
|Filing date||Jul 25, 2003|
|Priority date||Jul 25, 2002|
|Also published as||EP1540225A1, EP1540225B1, US20060145479, WO2004011840A1|
|Publication number||10522500, 522500, PCT/2003/3272, PCT/GB/2003/003272, PCT/GB/2003/03272, PCT/GB/3/003272, PCT/GB/3/03272, PCT/GB2003/003272, PCT/GB2003/03272, PCT/GB2003003272, PCT/GB200303272, PCT/GB3/003272, PCT/GB3/03272, PCT/GB3003272, PCT/GB303272, US 7431341 B2, US 7431341B2, US-B2-7431341, US7431341 B2, US7431341B2|
|Original Assignee||Boreas Consultants Limited|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (13), Referenced by (13), Classifications (10), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is the U.S. national phase, pursuant to 35 U.S.C. § 371, of international application No. PCT/GB2003/003272, published in English on Feb. 5, 2004 as international publication No. WO 2004/011840 A1, which claims the benefit of British application Ser. No. GB 0217274.0, filed Jul. 25, 2002, the disclosure of which applications are incorporated herein in their entireties by this reference.
The present invention relates to apparatus for the connection of pipe liners. In particular, the apparatus provides a connector suitable for use with a liner employed in a vented oil, gas or other service pipeline.
It is known to those skilled in the art that pipelines and other fluid transport systems (such as tubing used down-hole in oil wells and process pipework in refineries and the like) can have their lifetimes significantly increased by employing a liner. The liner is incorporated within the pipeline so as to reduce the detrimental effects of corrosion or erosion by isolating the bulk fluid from the pipe wall, however they are not intended to be completely impermeable to gases.
The primary restriction on the use of such liners is liner collapse due to pressure build up of gases in the micro-annulus between the liner and the parent pipe. If the differential pressure between the micro-annulus and the pipe bore become sufficient, the liner may collapse and suffer damage.
In PCT Application WO 02/33298 the authors themselves teach of a vented liner that permits controlled communication between the micro-annulus and the bore of the pipe so as to permit pressure balancing and consequent limitation on the pressure differential and the tendency for collapse. However, with any such lined pipe, specific consideration must be given to the physical engineering and construction processes employed to form complete lined fluid transport or pipework system, and this gives rise to a number of ways in which a liner may be inserted.
In some cases it is desirable to pass a length of liner through a significant number of joined pipe sections, whilst in other cases it is desirable to join individual sections of lined pipe. Whichever method is employed, the liner must be terminated at some point, and some means of maintaining the continuity of the corrosion barrier across the joint must be found. This is a particular challenge where the method of jointing is to employ heat (such as welding) as the liner may be degraded during the process. As a result, the liner is often terminated short of the joint so that it will be unaffected by the heat generated during joining. It can also be desirable to terminate the liner short of the joint so as to permit the entry of tools and handling aids into the ends of the pipes without causing damage to the liner in the vicinity of the joint, or affecting the operational effectiveness of the tools employed.
As with any such pipeline specific consideration must be given to the physical engineering and installation of the pipeline with actual operational conditions. It is often problematic to pass a length of liner through a significant number of pipe sections. Therefore it makes practical sense to have a liner section associated with each pipe section, the liner being connected together when the pipe sections are welded.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,992,897 (British Gas/Tom Hill et Al., known as ‘Weldlink’) teaches of one method of terminating a liner that relies on a layer of corrosion resistant metal to continue the corrosion resistance of the lined system across the joint. However, this method has been found to be very expensive because it relies on high-cost corrosion resistant metallic components and time-consuming work methods.
U.S. Pat. No. 3,508,766 (AMF Tuboscope/Kessler et Al.) teaches of a cylindrical corrosion barrier that contains a heat resistant material that allows welding to be used to join sections of pipe lined with materials that would otherwise be degraded on exposure to high temperatures. To minimise the impact on the bore of the pipe caused by the insertion of the cylindrical barrier, this patent envisages the pipes being formed with belled ends. The cost of providing the belled ends has been found to be prohibitive.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,913,465 (Tuboscope/Abbema et Al., known as ‘Thru-kote’) also teaches of a cylindrical corrosion barrier for connecting lined pipe sections where welding is to be performed, but in this patent, the cylindrical barrier is entirely within the bore of the host pipe. This method is also unsatisfactory to high-pressure applications because the cylindrical corrosion barriers contain voids of air and other compressible material between the face exposed to pressure and the wall of the host pipe. The leak-tight seals at either side of the joint cause a differential pressure between these voids and the bore of the pipe giving rise to considerable expansion forces which cause it to deform uncontrollably, causing damage and distortion. Increasing the thickness of the cylinder may resist this, but for high pressure applications, this imposes an unacceptable restriction on the bore of the pipe.
A further unsuitable aspect of sealed methods of bridging the joint in a liner occurs where gases may permeate or otherwise accumulate into the sealed spaces and voids between the cylindrical insert and the host pipe. In such circumstances when the pipeline pressure is reduced, collapse may result in the same way as described in the authors own PCT Application WO 02/33298 for the liner itself.
It is an object of at least one aspect of the present invention to provide a pipe connector suitable for connecting sections of lined pipe that overcome the problematic features of the sealed pipe connectors described in the prior art.
According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a pipe liner connector suitable for use with pipe sections having an internal liner, the pipe liner connector comprising a substantially cylindrical sleeve having opposed open ends for sealed attachment to the internal liner of a pipe section, and one or more vents for balancing a pressure differential between a micro-annulus, formed between the internal liner and the pipe sections, and a bore defined by the connected pipe sections.
Optionally the pipe liner connector further comprises a shielding ring located between the opposed open ends.
Most preferably the shielding ring is heat resistant so as to protect the pipe liner connector from welding or a similar heat inducing processes.
Optionally an open end comprises a diametrically increased ring section longitudinally displaced from the opening towards the opposed open end, said ring section having one or more venting grooves located on the outer surface thereof and extending longitudinally thereon.
Preferably the open end further comprises one or more seals located between the opening and the ring section and having a diameter intermediate of the cylindrical sleeve and the ring section.
Most preferably the one or more seals provide a liquid tight connection with the internal surface of the liner while the raised ring engages with the internal surface of the pipe section.
Alternatively an open end comprises one or more circumferential grooves suitable for receiving an adhesive and a second vent located between the one or more circumferential grooves and the opening.
According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a pipe liner connector for use with a pipe having an internal liner, the pipe liner connector comprising a substantially cylindrical sleeve having opposed first and second open ends, wherein the first open end comprises a first diametrically increased ring section longitudinally displaced from the opening towards the second open end, said ring section having one or more venting grooves located on the outer surface thereof and extending longitudinally thereon.
Preferably the first open end further comprises one or more seals located between the first opening and the first ring section and having a diameter intermediate of the cylindrical sleeve and the first ring section.
Optionally a second diametrically increased ring section, substantially similar to the first ring section, is provided adjacent to the second open end of the cylindrical sleeve.
Preferably the pipe liner connector further comprises a shielding ring located between the first and second ring sections.
Example embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the following figures:
The locking ring 5 is sized such that when it is inserted it squeezes the liner 3 tightly to the internal surface of the pipe section 2, holding it in place by a spring action and an associated compression in the liner 3. Alternatively, the locking ring comprises fixing screws (not shown) that adjust outwardly to compress the liner 3 to the internal surface of the pipe section 2.
The pipe liner connector 1 comprises a sleeve 6 that is generally in the form of a cylindrical tube having opposed open ends 7 and 8. The outer surface of the sleeve 6 has a diameter that is slightly less than the minimum inner diameter tolerance of the cylindrical recesses 4 therefore allowing adjacent ends 7 and 8 of the pipe liner connector 1 to be inserted into the vented liners 3.
Starting at either end 7 or 8 of the pipe liner connector 1, and working towards the centre, the outer surface of the sleeve 6 can be seen to comprise a number of elements. Initially there is found a groove 9 suitable for locating a sealing ring 10.
The second element is a raised ring section 11. The raised ring section 11 has an outer diameter that is slightly less than the minimum inner diameter tolerance of the pipe section 2 but has a diameter greater than the maximum inner diameter of the cylindrical recess 4. Therefore, when the pipe liner connector 1 is inserted into the pipe section 2 the raised ring section 11 abuts against the end of the vented liner 3 so preventing the pipe liner connector 1 from accidentally passing into the pipe section 2.
In order to equalise the pressure within the micro-annulus between the pipe section 2 and the area of the pipe liner connector 1 between the sealing rings 10 a number of venting grooves 12 are formed longitudinally across the outer surface of the raised ring section 11. In this particular embodiment the venting grooves 12 have a rectangular cross section however a triangular, circular or other suitably shaped cross section may readily be employed.
The third element is a vent 13 located within the body of the sleeve. The vent 13 provides a means for communicating pressure from micro-annulus between the pipe section 2 and the pipe liner connector 1 and the pipe section bore. The vent 13 is made from an engineering grade plastic and contains a “frit” or a porous membrane that controls the flow of gas through the vent 13. Since any by-products in the micro annulus are free to continue across the length of the pipe liner connector 1 and onto the vents 13, the risk of liner collapse around the pipe liner connector 1 is significantly reduced.
The final element of the pipe liner connector 1 is a central shielding portion 14. The central shielding portion 14 comprises a shielding ring 15. When the pipe liner connector 1 is located with two pipe sections 2 the shielding ring 15 locates directly below the interface of the pipe sections 2. With the shielding ring 15 so located the pipe sections 2 may be welded together without the substantial heat generated by the welding process damaging either the pipe liner connector 1 or the vented liner 3.
It will be evident to one skilled in the art that the incorporation of the central shielding portion 14 and the shielding ring 15 can be omitted when there is no welding required to be carried out between two adjacent pipe sections 2. For example this would be the case if the pipe sections 2 were to be joined by screwing the sections together or by flanging.
In an alternative embodiment the pipe liner connector 1 comprises adhesive securing ends 16 as presented in
In a further embodiment (not shown) the adhesive ends further comprises a locking ring. Alternatively, the securing of the liner 3 may take place at some central point so that the cylindrical recess 4 areas are free to expand or contract across the overlapping section with the pipe line connector 1.
A significant advantage of aspects of the present invention is that they provide a means of connecting sections of lined pipe that prevents corrosion by prohibiting any corrosive agents coming into contact with the pipe wall. In addition the inclusion of the venting grooves and the vents helps to preventing the collapse or the uncontrolled distortion of the pipe liner connector during pressure cycles in operating pipelines by allowing a controlled pressure balance between the pipe liner connector and the pipe bore.
A further advantage of the pipe liner connector described in the present invention is that it provides a means for allowing pipe sections comprising associated liners to be welded together without the welding process damaging either the pipe liner connector or the liner. Therefore, by employing the pipe liner connector the construction of pipelines for use in oil and gas production or within the associated refining and transportation industries can be made both more efficient and more cost effective.
The foregoing description of the invention has been presented for purposes of illustration and description and is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise form disclosed. The described embodiments were chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and its practical application to thereby enable others skilled in the art to best utilise the invention in various embodiments and with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. Therefore, further modifications or improvements may be incorporated without departing from the scope of the invention herein intended.
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|US20140252757 *||Mar 11, 2014||Sep 11, 2014||Imperial Pipe, Inc.||Joint lock ring system for lined pipes|
|US20140361528 *||Jan 6, 2014||Dec 11, 2014||National Pingtung University Of Science And Technology||Lined sleeve for tube welding|
|U.S. Classification||285/53, 285/370, 285/55|
|International Classification||F16L55/165, F16L13/02, F16L11/12|
|Cooperative Classification||F16L55/165, F16L13/0263|
|European Classification||F16L55/165, F16L13/02F2|
|Sep 21, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BOREAS CONSULTANTS LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
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Effective date: 20050126
|Mar 5, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Jul 17, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ATKINS BOREAS CONSULTANTS LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:BOREAS CONSULTANTS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:028572/0007
Effective date: 20070209
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Owner name: ATKINS LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
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|Mar 31, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Feb 26, 2017||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PIONEER LINING TECHNOLOGY LIMITED, UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ATKINS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:041378/0147
Effective date: 20090918