US 743317 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 743,317. v PATENTED NOV. 8, 1903.
J. F. NAUGLE.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 3, 190a.
NO MODEL. 2 SIiBETS-SHEBT 1; W
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To aZZ whom, it may concern.-
UNITED STATES Patented November 3,1903.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 743,317, dated November 3, 1903.
Application filed June 3, 1903. Serial-No. 159,927. (No model.)
which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to a safety-envelop for use in transmitting valuable articles through the mails in the same inclosure with an invoice or communication referring thereto and having thereon warning signs, or indications, or instructions which will prevent injury to the contents from the use of handstamps and canceling -machines now commonly employed in the postal services.
The improved envelop contains a distinct pocket for the reception of any article of value in one end and at a distance from the end of the envelop on which the stamp is placed, allowing sufficient space for postmarking and canceling of the stamp without injury to the article contained in the auxiliary pocket. This auxiliary pocket is of less length than the main pocket, which extends the full length of the envelop, and has a sealing-fiap separate and distinct from the flap provided to inclose the invoice or communication in the main pocket; but when the seal of the latter is secured the auxiliary pocket is doubly sealed, and the sender is assured of materially-increased security in the transmission of valuable articles through the mails.
The object. of the present invention is the prevention of the destruction of valuable articles transmitted through the mails by handstamps and canceling-machines and 'also to provide a convenient inclosure for sending an article of value in the same package in which an invoice or communication pertaining thereto is. inserted to have both the article and in voice or communication arrive together and by the same mail at their destination.
The improved envelop is so constructed that paper of any thickness may be economically used in forming the blank therefor, and by a particular fold of the parts, as will hereinafter appear, a double thickness of the material of which" the envelop is formed will surround the article inclosed, thereby reducing the liability of mutilationof the envelop by the article contained in the auxiliary side.
pocket, particularly if such article has projecting portions or is of irregular form.
A further advantage in the present form of envelop is that the carrying capacity thereof is not in the least reduced, but, on the contrary, the formation of the auxiliary pocket increases such capacity and at the same time strengthens the general structure of the envelop.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan view of the improved safety-envelop shown sealed. Fig; 2 is a similar view of the envelop, showing the auxiliary pocket sealed and the sealing-flap of the main pocket open. Fig. 3 is a longitudinal vertical section of the envelop completely sealed. Fig. 4 is a plan view of the blank from which the envelop is formed. Fig. 5 is a plan view of the envelop embodying a slight modification in the construction thereof. Fig.6 is a view similar to Fig. 5, showing a part of the one extremity of the envelop broken away. Fig. 7 is a longitudinal vertical section on the line 7 7, Fig. 5. Fig. 8 is a plan view of the separate blanks used in forming the envelop illustrated by Figs. 5, 6, and 7.
Similar numerals of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in the several views.
The numeral 1, Fig. 4, designates the blank from which the preferred form of the envelop is constructed and comprises three members 2, 3, and 4, which are doubled on folding-lines 5 15, defining the opposite terminals of the primarily middle member 2. The member 4 is constructed to form the auxiliary pocket, which will be hereinafter referred to, and has an intermediate foldingline 6 and opposite side sealing-flaps 7, which are gummed or supplied with an adhesive substance on one side. At the free end of the member 4 is a short sealing-flap 8, also provided with an adhesive substance on one The member 3 has elongated side sealing-flaps 9 of a length equal to that of the intermediate or middle member 2, and at the free end of the member 3 is a sealing-flap 10 of greater width than the flap 8; In folding the blank set forth the outer portion of the blank 4 beyond the folding-lines 6 is turned ing the same. The doubled member 4 in this condition is then bent inwardly on the foldingline 5, between the same, and the member 2, inwardly against the latter member, and said member 2, carrying the doubled or folded member 4, is then turned inwardly on the remaining folding-line 5 against the member 3, and the sealing-flaps 9 are moistened and bent inwardly and secured over the folded members 4 and leaving both end sealingfiaps 8 and 10 free. By this means an auxiliary pocket 11 is constructed, as well as a main pocket 12, the said auxiliary pocket 11 extending only partially through the length of the main pocket, as clearly shown by Fig. 3. On both the back and front of the envelop an instruction-space is defined by lines 13 and 14: impressed or printed thereon, the said space being approximately of the same dimensions as the auxiliary pocket, and on the remaining extremity of the envelop the stamp and address are applied. Within the space defined by the lines 13 and 14 printed matter will be inserted instructing the postal authorities to refrain from using a handstamp or canceling-machine within the confines of said space, and thereby avoid injury to the contents or article disposed in the auxiliary pocket 11.
After the envelop is completed and it is desired to use the same the article such as a sample of jewelry, small coin, photographs, seeds, or any other article of value-and the flap Sis then moistened and secured over the mouth of the auxiliary pocket, which is located adjacent to the entrance-opening to the main pocket 12. The invoice or communication is then inserted in the main pocket, and the sealing-flap 10 is bent over the flap 8 and secured, as in the ordinary methods of sealing envelops. It will be seen that the sealing-flap 10 covers the flap 11, and in some instances the invoice or communication may be examined or inspected by releasing the flap 10 without opening the flap 8, and in some forms of the improved envelop the said flap 1.0 may be secured by means capable of being readily unfastened. It will also be seen that the formation of the auxiliary pocket 11 in the manner stated provides a double inclosure or two thicknesses of material on opposite sides of the article or sample within said pocket.
The modification illustrated in Figs. 5, 6,
7 and 8 is practically similar to the structure heretofore described, with the exception that the blank shown by Fig. 8 is made in two parts and the members 2 and 3 are integral and separated by a folding-line 15, and the member 4 is detached and has the inner end thereof supplied with a covering of adhesive material, as indicated by the dotted line 16, which is moistened to secure said member to the adjacent end of the member 2. This form of blank permits the envelop to be made of heavier paper for registry or express purposes or when it is desired to increase the resistance against breakage of the envelop by the article or material which may be inclosed therein. In folding and completing the modified form of the envelop the same course is pursued as in the first-described structure.
The improved envelop will be found exceptionally useful for general purposes and may have advertising matter applied thereto, as well as the indications or cautionary instructions to the postal authorities, and it is also obvious that changes in the proportions and dimensions may be varied at will without in the least departing from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus fully described the invention, what is claimed as new is An envelop, having a main pocket with an end sealing-flap, and an auxiliary pocket within the main pocket and of less length than the latter and also provided with an independent end sealing-flap of less width than the flap of the main pocket, the auxiliary pocket being formed by doubling the material within the main pocket and having its end entrance adjacent to the entrance of the main pocket, the sealing-flap of the auxiliary pocket, when closed, being covered by the end sealing-flap of the main pocket when said latter sealingfiap is secured, and the exterior of the en velop as an entirety having a space defined JOSEPH F. NAUGLE.
CLAY A. DONGES, CHARLES P. LANGE.