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Publication numberUS743623 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 10, 1903
Filing dateApr 29, 1903
Priority dateApr 29, 1903
Publication numberUS 743623 A, US 743623A, US-A-743623, US743623 A, US743623A
InventorsDaniel W Dinneen
Original AssigneeCharles L Cook, Daniel W Dinneen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Needle and shower bath apparatus.
US 743623 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

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UNITED STATES atented November l, 1909;.

PATENT OFFICE..

DANIEL W. DINNEEN, OF NEW YORK, l\l.-Y., ASSGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO CHARLESL. COOK, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.

NEEDLE AND SHOWERBATH APPARATUS.

srncIFIcATIoN forming part of Letters :eat-,ent No. 743,623, dated November 1o, 1903.

Application tiled April 29, 1903.

vTo all whom, t may concern:

Be it known that I, DANIEL W. DINNEEN, a citizen of the United States, residing at New York, in thecounty of New York and State of N ew York, have invented certain new'and useful Improvements in Needle and Shower Bat-h Apparatus, of which the following is a speciiication, such as will enable those skilled in the art to which it appertaius to make and use' the same.

The object of this invention is to provide an improved needle and shower bath apparatus which is simple in construction and comparatively inexpensive and the operation of which 'is substantially different from other apparatus of this class whereby improved results are accomplished; and with this and other objects in View the invention consists in a bath apparatus of the class specified constructed as hereinafter described and claimed. y

The invention is fully disclosed in the following specication, ot' which the accompanying drawings'form a part, in which the separate parts of my improvement are designated by suitable reference characters in each of the views, and in which- Figure l is a perspective view of my irnproved bath apparatus complete; Fig. 2, a sectional front view of that part thereof whereby the water is supplied; Fig. 3, a crosssection on the line 3 3 of Fig. l and showing diagrammatically the operation of the needlebath part of the apparatus, and Fig. 4 a section on the line 4 4 of Fig. l.

In the practice of my invention I provide an apparatus of the class specified which in the form of construction shown comprises three vertically-arranged tubes, one of which is designated by the reference character a and the other two by the reference character Serial No. 154,758. (No modell) The back pipe a is provided at the top with a four-way coupling b2, and adjacent thereto each of the tubes b is provided with a valve b3.

At the bottom of the pipe a is al three-way coupling or connection c2, adjacent to which each of the tubes cis provided with a valve c3, and at theV top and bottom of the vertically-arranged front pipes a2 are two-way couplings or connections b4 and c4, respectively, and these couplings b2, c2, b4, and c4 may be made in any desired manner.

The tubes b and c are composed of two members connected by double ended or oppositely-threaded couplings e, and by means of this construction the separate parts of the apparatus may be conveniently put together or taken apart whenever necessary, it being understood that in putting the parts together one part of the tubes?) is screwed into the coupling b2 and the other part into the couplings or connections b4, after which said parts of the tubes b are connected by the couplings e, and this also applied to the tubes c, as will be readily understood.

Connected with the coupling b2 and arranged thereover and over the back pipe o. is a Water-supply device f, which com prises two side tubes f2, a transverse bottom' tube f3,

vvalve casing h, in which is placed a threeway valve h2, and said valve-casing h is also provided with a tube h3, with, which is connected a supplemental tube h4, which extends radially across the needle-bath part of the apparatus and which supports a showerbath attachment h5 directly over the central `portion of the needle-bath part of the apparatus.

Connected with the couplings f 5 at the bottom of the water-supply part f of the apparatus are tubes t' and j, which are connected IOC with any suitable source of water-supply and which are intended to supply hot and cold water, and by means of the valve g2 hot or cold Water, or both, may be supplied to the needle-bath part of the apparatus,'consist ing of the pipes a and d2 and tubes b and c, and by means of the valve h2 hot or cold water, or both, may be supplied to the showerbath device h5, and it will be understood that the supply of hot or cold water, or both, may be regulated as desired by these valves. My invention, however, is not limited to the use of the three-way valves g2 and h2, and any suitable arrangement of valves in the watersupply devicefor the parts thereof may be employed to accomplish the desired result.

The vertically-arranged pipes a and a2, which constitute the operative part of the needle-bath part of the apparatus, are substantially elliptical in cross-section, as shown in Fig. 4, and the inner sides of these pipes are provided with fine perforations k, which are preferably arranged in zigzag lines, as shown in Fig. l, and these perforations 7c are so arranged or formed in said pipes that the water as it escapes therefrom is driven inwardly in a thin stream, as indicated at m in Fig. 3. In this figure of the drawings the circle n represents the position in which a party desiring to take a bath stands, and the perforations k in the pipes a and a2 are so formed that a person standing in this position will be completely covered by the sprays of water from said pipes, and all or substantially all of the Water escaping from said pipes will be discharged upon said person.

By making the pipes ct and a2 elliptical in cross-section, as shown in Fig. 4, I am enabled to use a much smaller pipe than would otherwise be possible, and by drilling all the holes 7c radially ot' the center thereof I am enabled to spread the sprays orjets, as shown in Fig. 3, which would otherwise require a much larger pipe, and the form of these pipes and the method of drilling the holes so as to direct the sprays or jets of water, as shown in Fig. 3, constitute one of the chief features of this invention.

The arrangement of the perforations 7c in zigzag lines also serves to produce an exciting and exhilarating effect; but my invention is not limited to any particular arrangement of these perforations, and it will be apparent that the pipes d and al2 may be given other shapes in cross-section, if desired.

The pipes a and a2 are cylindrical in crosssection at their ends where they connect with the couplings or connections b2, b4, and c4 in order that they may be conveniently screwed into said couplings or connections, and in practice any suitable means or devices may be provided in the bottom portion of the needle-bath part of the apparatus for draining out Water left therein, and said means or devices may consist of valves placed in the tubes c at o or the couplings or connections c2 and c4 may be provided with small perforations or openings at 02.

If so desired, the back pipe a, may be used alone for the purpose of giving a needle-bath, and in order to do this all that is necessaryis to close the valves b5 in the tubes b, and it will be apparent that the bottom tubes c are not absolutely essential in the use of the apparatus, as the water would be supplied to the pipes a and a2 by means of the connecting-tubes b at the top thereof.

In the accompanying drawings I have shown the couplings or connections c2 and c4 at the bottom of the apparatus as provided with feet p, which may be-sunk into a marble slab or other flooring and secured therein; but my improved bath apparatus may be supported in any desired or preferred manner.

Having fully described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A needle-bath apparatus comprising a plurality of vertically-arranged pipes, said pipes being arranged-in a circle and connected by other pipes, said vertically-arranged pipes being also elliptical in cross-section,an`d the inner sides thereof being perforated radially to the center thereof, and means for supplying water to said pipes, substantially as shown and described.

2. A needle and shower bath apparatus comprising a plurality of vertically-arranged pipes, said pipes being arranged in a circle and connected by other pipes, said verticallyarranged pipes being also elliptical in crosssection, and the inner sides thereof being perforated radially to the center thereof, and a water-supply device connected with the top of one of the vertically-arranged pipes and provided with hot and cold water supplyA pipes and a shower-bath attachment, substantially as shown and described.

3. A needle and shower bath apparatus, comprising a back vertically-arranged pipe and two front vertically-arranged pipes, said pipes being arranged in a circle and connected at their upper and lower ends by segmental pipes, the segmental pipes being provided at each side of the back pipe with valves, and a Water-supply device connected with the top of the back pipe and provided with hot and cold water supply pipes, and a showerbath attachment connected with the watersupply device', substantially as shown and described.

4. A needle and shower bath apparatus, comprising a back vertically-arranged pipe and two front vertically-arranged pipes, said pipes being arranged in a circle and connected at their upper and lower ends by segmental pipes, the segmental pipes being provided at each side of the back pipe with valves, a Water-supply device connected with the top of the back pipe and provided with hot and coldwater supply pipes, and a shower-bath attachment connected with the water-supply IIO device, the said vertically-arranged pipes being also elliptical in cross-section and the inner sides thereof being perforated radially of the center thereof, substantially as shown and described.

5. A needle and shower bath apparatus, comprising a back vertically-arranged pipe and two front vertically-arranged pipes, said pipes being arranged in a circle and connected at their upper and lower ends by segmental pipes, the segmental pipes being provided at each side of the back pipe With valves, a water-supply device connected with the top of the back pipe and provided with hot and cold Water supply pipes, and a shower-bath attachment connected with the water-supply device, the said vertically-arranged pipes being also elliptical in crosssection and the inner sides thereof being perforated radially of the center thereof, and the segmental pipes which connect the vertically-arranged pipes at the top and bottom being composed of separate detachably-connected sections, substantially as shown and described.

6. A needle and shower bath apparatus comprising a back vertically-arranged pipe and two front verticallyarranged pipes, said pipes being arranged in a circle and connected by other pipes,said vertically-arranged pipes being also elliptical in cross-section and the inner sides thereof being perforated radially to the-center thereof, and a Water-supply device connected With-the top of the back pipe and provided with hot and cold Water supply pipes and a showeribath attachment, the pipes by which the vertically-arranged pipes are connected, being also provided adjacent to the back pipes with valves, substantially as shown and described.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I have signed my name, in presence of the snbscribing'witnesses, this 28th day of April, 1903.

DANIEL W. DINN EEN.

Witnesses:

F. A'. STEWART, J. C. LARSEN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3458874 *Jan 12, 1966Aug 5, 1969Fritz Martin JThermal surge shower unit
US5416933 *Mar 7, 1994May 23, 1995Bernard; Charles R.Apparatus for spraying water in a child's wading pool to simulate a typhoon
US5446930 *Jun 22, 1993Sep 5, 1995Clark; Gregory M.Portable shower enclosure
US6618870 *Jul 21, 2001Sep 16, 2003Luis FariasFoot washer
US7360723Aug 30, 2004Apr 22, 2008Moty LevShowerhead system with integrated handle
US7665676Dec 27, 2007Feb 23, 2010Mordechai LevShowerhead system with integrated handle
US8082610 *Dec 4, 2007Dec 27, 2011Mang Hoi Kwan HenryShowerhead assembly with water flow diverter
US20050098661 *Aug 30, 2004May 12, 2005Mordechai LevShowerhead system with integrated handle
US20100242166 *Sep 30, 2010Chesta ChanExposed Shower System
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE03C1/0408