Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS7449874 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 11/247,776
Publication dateNov 11, 2008
Filing dateOct 11, 2005
Priority dateOct 11, 2005
Fee statusPaid
Also published asCN101283324A, EP1934673A1, US20070080673, WO2007044378A1
Publication number11247776, 247776, US 7449874 B2, US 7449874B2, US-B2-7449874, US7449874 B2, US7449874B2
InventorsAnatol Seliverstov
Original AssigneeAnalog Devices, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
System and method for voltage control of adjustable regulators
US 7449874 B2
Abstract
A voltage regulator system is disclosed for providing a regulated voltage supply. The voltage regulator system includes a power supply input node for receiving a power supply input voltage, a regulated voltage output node for providing a regulated output voltage, and a feedback circuit coupled to the regulated output voltage node and to a voltage regulator input node wherein a non-zero voltage is provided by the voltage regulator input node.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(5)
1. A voltage regulator system for providing a regulated voltage supply for a digital signal processor, said voltage regulator system comprising:
a power supply input node for receiving a power supply input voltage;
a regulated voltage output node for providing a switched node pulse width modulated regulated output voltage from a switched mode converter to said digital signal processor, said switched mode pulse width modulated regulated output voltage being provided by a pulse width modulation unit; and
a feedback circuit coupled to said switched mode pulse width modulated regulated output voltage node and to a control node of said digital signal processor wherein an input voltage is provided by said control node of said digital signal processor, wherein said feedback circuit further includes a first resistor coupled to a feedback node and to said switched mode pulse width modulated regulated output voltage; and a second resistor coupled to said feedback node and to said control node of said digital signal processor wherein said voltage regulator input node provides a non-zero input voltage, and wherein the regulated output voltage node provides the output voltage (Vout), a voltage reference node Vref receives a reference voltage, the first and second resistors have resistor values of R1 and R2 respectively, and the output voltage Vout=Vref(1+R1/R2)−VinC(R1/R2) where VinC is the input voltage, and wherein the output voltage Vout which provides the regulated voltage supply for the digital signal processor is adjustable responsive to changes in the input voltage VinC by the digital signal procesor such that the output voltage may be set below the level of the internal voltage reference Vref.
2. A voltage controller circuit for a switched mode voltage controller, said voltage controller circuit comprising:
a switched mode converter including a voltage input node, a switched mode voltage output node coupled to a digital signal processor, a voltage reference node, and a feedback node, wherein said switched mode voltage output node provides a pulse width modulated signal that is subjsequently low pass filter to provide a core voltage to the digital signal processor; and
a feedback circuit coupled to said feedback node, the switched mode voltage output node, and to a control node of the digital signal processor, said feedback circuit comprising:
a first resistor coupled to said feedback node and to said switched mode voltage output node;
a second resistor coupled to said feedback node and to said control node of the digital signal processor wherein said control node of the digital signal processor provides a non-zero input voltage;
a third resistor coupled to said feedback node and to ground, wherein the switched mode output node is coupled to an out put voltage node via a low pass filter, and the out voltage node provides an output voltage (Vout), the voltage reference node of the switched mode converter receives a reference voltage Vref, the first, second and third resistor value of R1, R2 and R3 respectively, and the output voltage Vout=Vref(1+R1/R2+R1/R3)−V inC(R1/R2) where VinC is the non-zero input voltage, and wherein the output voltage Vout which provides a regulated voltage supply for the digital signal processor is adjustable responsive to changes in the input voltage VinC by the digital signal processor such that the output voltage may be set below the level of the internal voltage reference Vref.
3. The voltage controller circuit as claimed in claim 2, wherein said low pass filter is an inductor.
4. A method of providing a switched mode voltage supply at a switched mode output voltage node as a supply voltage to a digital signal processor, said method comprising the steps of:
receiving a power supply input voltage;
providing a pulse width modulated signal to the digital signal processor at the switched mode output voltage node;
coupling said switched mode output voltage node to a feed back node via a first resistor,
coupling the feedback node to a control voltage node of the digital signal processor via a second resistor, wherein the switched mode output voltage node is coupled to a low pass filter that provides a low pass filter pulse width modulated output voltage (Vout), a voltage reference node Vref receives a reference voltage, the first and second resistors have resistor value of R1 and R2 respectively, and the output voltage Vout=V ref(1+R1/R2)−VinC(R1/R2) where VinC is a control voltage provided by the control voltage node; and
changing the control voltage VinC by the digital signal processor to change the output voltage Vout which provides the regulated voltage supply for the digital signal processor such that the output voltage may be set below the level of the internal voltage reference Vref.
5. A method of providing a switched mode voltage supply at a switched mode output voltage node as a supply voltage to a digital signal processor, said method comprising the steps of:
receiving a power supply input voltage;
providing a pulse width modulated signal to the digital signal processor at the switched mode output voltage node;
coupling said switched mode output voltage node to a feedback node via a first resistor,
coupling the feedback node to a control voltage node of the digital signal processor via a second resistor;
coupling the feedback node to ground via a third resistor, wherein the switched mode output voltage node is coupled to a low pass filter that provides a low pass filtered pulse width modulated output voltage (Vout), a voltage reference node Vref receives a reference voltage, the first, second and third resistors have resistor values of R1, R2 and R3 respectively, and the output voltage Vout=Vref(1+R1/R2+R1/R3)−VinC(R1/R2) where VinC is a control voltage provided by the control voltage node; and
changing the control voltage VinC by the digital signal processor to change the output voltage Vout which provides the regulated voltage supply for the digital signal processor and wherein Vout may less than Vref.
Description
BACKGROUND

The invention generally relates to power supply control systems, and relates in particular to adjustable control of voltage regulators.

Conventional controllers for voltage regulators, such as switched mode controller systems, include a controller interposed between a power source and a load, such as a digital signal processor. For example, as shown in FIG. 1, a conventional switched mode controller system includes an adjustable voltage regulator such as a switched mode converter 10 that couples a power supply 12 to a digital signal processor 14. The switched mode converter 10 receives a power supply input voltage 16 from the power supply 12 at a Vinps node and provides a pulse width modulated signal at output node sw. The pulse width modulated (pwm) signal is then low pass filtered by an inductor 20 and capacitor 24 to provide an output voltage 18 (Vout) to the digital signal processor 14.

The input voltage Vinps is typically provided to the converter 10 using a filter capacitor 22 that is also coupled to ground, and the output voltage is typically provided to the digital signal processor 14 using the filter capacitor 24 that is also coupled to ground. The controller 10 also includes a reference voltage 26 at a Vref node, and receives a feedback signal 28 at a feedback fb node.

The feedback signal is provided by a voltage divider circuit that includes a first resistor 30 (R1) that is coupled to the output signal 18, and a second resistor 32 (R2) that is coupled to ground. The voltage reference signal may be either provided via an external connection as shown or may be provided internally. The feedback signal 28 and the voltage reference signal are provided to a differential amplifier 13, and the output of the differential amplifier is provided to a pwm generation unit 11.

The pwm signal at the node sw is provided by the pwm generation unit 11 responsive to the output of the differential amplifier is employed to control the output of the supply input voltage Vinps as well as the output of the differential amplifier.

The voltage Vout is provided by the relationship Vout=Vref(1+R1/R2). The voltage Vout is typically adjusted by changing the values of the resistors R1 and R2. The voltage Vout however, may not be made to be less than Vref and such adjustments must be made by physically changing resistors or adjusting potentiometers. Certain further switched mode controllers employ a digital potentiometer that may be adjusted by changing a digital wiper value on the digital potentiometer using a digital control interface. Although the use of such a digital potentiometer may permit the controller to switch a power supply voltage in real time, the control circuit requires additional complex digital circuitry.

There is a need, therefore, for a more efficient and economical adjustable voltage controller system. There is further a need for an adjustable voltge controller that may be adjusted in real time and may be fully adjusted such that Vout may be adjusted to be less than Vref.

SUMMARY

The invention provides a voltage regulator system for providing a regulated voltage supply. The voltage regulator system includes a power supply input node for receiving a power supply input voltage, a regulated voltage output node for providing a regulated output voltage, and a feedback circuit coupled to the regulated output voltage node and to a voltage regulator input node wherein a non-zero voltage is provided by the voltage regulator input node.

In accordance with another embodiment, the invention provides a voltage controller circuit for a switched mode voltage controller. The voltage controller circuit includes a switched mode controller and a feedback circuit. The switched mode controller includes a voltage input node, a switched mode voltage output node, a voltage reference node, and a feedback node. The feedback circuit is coupled to the feedback node and includes a first resistor coupled to the feedback node and to the switched mode voltage output node, and a second resistor coupled to the feedback node and to a voltage controller input node. The voltage controller input node provides a non-zero input voltage.

In accordance with another embodiment, the invention provides a method of providing a switched mode voltage supply at a switched mode output voltage node. The method includes the steps of receiving a power supply input voltage, providing a pulse width modulated signal at the switched mode output voltage node, and coupling the switched mode output voltage node and a voltage controller input node to a feedback node wherein a non-zero voltage is provided by the voltage controller input node.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The following description may be further understood with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

FIG. 1 shows an illustrative diagrammatic view of a switched mode controller of the prior art;

FIG. 2 shows an illustrative diagrammatic view of a switched mode controller in accordance with an embodiment of the invention; and

FIG. 3 shows an illustrative diagrammatic view of a switched mode controller in accordance with another embodiment of the invention.

The drawings are shown for illustrative purposes only.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS

The invention provides the ability to fully change a core voltage of a digital signal processor in real time in accordance with an embodiment. The control may be achieved by an additional serial communication link from a controller. The system provides in an embodiment that a conventional switched mode converter may be used, together with a single control line, to provide the core voltage to the digital signal processor. The system further permits the output voltage to be set below the level of the internal voltage reference Vref.

A system in accordance with an embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 2. The system includes a switched mode converter 40 that couples a power supply 42 to a digital signal processor 44. The switched mode converter 40 receives a power supply input voltage 46 from the power supply 42 at a Vinps node and provides a pulse width modulated signal at output node sw. The pwm signal is then low pass filtered by an inductor 50 and capacitor 54 to provide an output voltage 48 (Vout) to the digital signal processor 44.

The input voltage Vinps is typically provided to the converter 40 using a filter capacitor 52 that is also coupled to ground, and the output voltage is typically provided to the digital signal processor 44 using the filter capacitor 54 that is also coupled to ground. The controller 40 also includes a reference voltage 56 at a Vref node, and receives a feedback signal 58 at a feedback fb node. The feedback signal is provided by a voltage divider circuit that includes a first resistor 60 (R1) that is coupled to the output signal 48, and a second resistor 62 (R2) that is coupled to a controller voltage source VinC. The controller input voltage may be provided by the processor 44 itself (as shown at C), or may be provided by another independent voltage source. The voltage reference signal may be either provided via an external connection as shown or may be provided internally.

The feedback signal 58 and the voltage reference signal are provided to a differential amplifier 43, and the output of the differential amplifier is provided to a pwm generation unit 41. The output voltage at the node sw is provided by the pwm generation unit 41 responsive to the output of the differential amplifier 43 is employed to control the output of the supply input voltage Vinps as well as the output of the differential amplifier.

The voltage Vout is now provided by the relationship
V out =V ref(1+R 1 /R 2)−V inC(R 1 /R 2)

The voltage Vout, therefore, may be changed by changing VinC, and may further be made to be less than Vref.

A system in accordance with another embodiment of the invention is shown in FIG. 3. The system includes a switched mode converter 70 that couples a power supply 72 to a digital signal processor 74. The switched mode converter 70 receives a power supply input voltage 76 from the power supply 72 at a Vinps node and provides a pwm signal at output node sw. The pwm signal is then low pass filtered by an inductor 80 and capacitor 84 to provide an output voltage 78 (Vout) to the digital signal processor 74. The input voltage Vinps is typically provided to the converter 70 using a filter capacitor 82 that is also coupled to ground, and the output voltage is typically provided to the digital signal processor 74 using the filter capacitor 84 that is also coupled to ground.

The controller 70 also includes a reference voltage 86 at a Vref node, and receives a feedback signal 88 at a feedback fb node. The feedback signal is provided by a voltage divider circuit that includes a first resistor 90 (R1) that is coupled to the output signal 78, and a second resistor 92 (R2) that is coupled to a controller voltage source VinC. The system of FIG. 3 further includes a third resistor 94 (R3) that is coupled between the feedback node fb and ground. Again, the controller input voltage may be provided by the processor 74 itself, or may be provided by another independent voltage source. The voltage reference signal may be either provided via an external connection as shown or may be provided internally.

The feedback signal 88 and the voltage reference signal are provided to a differential amplifier 73, and the output of the differential amplifier is provided to pwm generation unit 71. The output voltage at the node sw is provided by the pwm generation unit 71 responsive to the output of the differential amplifier 73 is employed to control the output of the supply input voltage Vinps as well as the output of the differential amplifier.

The voltage Vout t is now provided by the relationship
V out =V ref(1+R 1 /R 2 +R 1 /R 3)−V inC(R 1 /R 2)

Again, the voltage Vout, therefore, may be changed by changing VinC, and may further be made to be less than Vref.

Those skilled in the art will appreciate that numerous modifications and variations may be made to the above disclosed embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4015191 *Feb 9, 1976Mar 29, 1977Hitachi, Ltd.D.C. high voltage power source with precise load current measurement
US6181120 *Jun 9, 2000Jan 30, 2001Intersil CorporationCurrent mode dc/dc converter with controlled output impedance
US6456049 *Mar 15, 2001Sep 24, 2002Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaPower supply device and information processing apparatus providing a stable power supply
US6548991Jan 19, 2002Apr 15, 2003National Semiconductor CorporationAdaptive voltage scaling power supply for use in a digital processing component and method of operating the same
US6717390 *Aug 16, 2002Apr 6, 2004Tdk CorporationSwitching power supply
US6831448 *May 1, 2003Dec 14, 2004Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.DC-to-DC converter
US20010052762Mar 15, 2001Dec 20, 2001Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaPower supply device and information processing apparatus having the power supply device
US20020075710Sep 4, 2001Jun 20, 2002Hsing-Liang LinPower converter with adjustable output voltage
US20040051509Jun 26, 2003Mar 18, 2004Masahiro MatsuoPower supply apparatus varing an output constant voltage in response to a load requirement
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1"High Efficiency 2MHz PWM Buck Converter with DAC Input and 40mOmega Bypass Switch," MICREL, MIC2224, Jan. 2005, San Jose, CA, pp. 1-13.
2"Variable Power Supply Output Voltage by Micro Processor Unit Upgrade Card" IBM Technical Exposure Bulletin, IBM Corp. New York, US, vol. 38, No. 5, May 1, 1995, pp. 439-440, XP000519639.
3J. Dixon, "Adjustable Output Voltage 0.5V to 1.24V at 1.5A," MICREL, Application Hint 40b, Feb. 2002, San Jose, CA, p. 1.
4J. Kmetz, "0V to 25V Adjustable Regulator," MICREL, Application Hint 28, 1997, p. 3-205.
5M. Galinski, "DAC Controlled Output with Bypass," MICREL, Application Hint 52, Sep. 2003, San Jose, CA, pp. 1-2.
6Y. Sharma, "Control a processor's power supply in real time," Analog Device, San Jose, CA, Mar. 31, 2005, pp. 82 & 84.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7779279 *Apr 26, 2007Aug 17, 2010Asustek Computer Inc.Power supply system for CPU where an old generation CPU conforms to a second standard and a new generation CPU conforms to a first standard
Classifications
U.S. Classification323/351, 323/282, 713/300
International ClassificationG05F1/565, G06F1/26
Cooperative ClassificationG06F1/26, H02M3/156
European ClassificationG06F1/26, H02M3/156
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 18, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Oct 11, 2005ASAssignment
Owner name: ANALOG DEVICES INC., MASSACHUSETTS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SELIVERSTOV, ANATOL;REEL/FRAME:017093/0450
Effective date: 20051011