US 7454858 B2
A weapon grip assembly (16) for attachment to a forward portion of a weapon is provided. The invention includes a base assembly (20) supported for operative engagement by a handle (22). The base assembly includes clamps (24) adapted to be secured to a forward portion of the weapon and further includes a post (38) having a clamp end adapted to retain the clamps (24) for pivot motion with respect thereto. The post (38) of the base assembly (20) is received within a bore of the handle, a mandrel (32) being interposed between the handle (22) and the clamps (24) of the base assembly (20). As the base assembly (20) is drawn into the handle (22), by rotation of the handle (22) about the post (38) of the base assembly (20), the mandrel (32) receives the clamp end of the post (38), with an upper free surface thereof engaging the clamps for pivoted closure about a portion of the weapon in furtherance of securing the weapon grip assembly (16) thereto.
1. A weapon grip assembly for facilitating grasping and support of a forward portion of a weapon, said weapon grip assembly comprising a base assembly supported by a handle, and a collar operatively interposed between said base assembly and said handle, said base assembly comprising a post having a clamp end adapted to mechanically and independently retain opposingly paired clamp portions for selective attachment to a forward portion of the weapon wherein each clamp portion is separately pivotable with respect to said clamp end of said post.
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26. A weapon grip assembly for facilitating grasping and support of a forward portion of a weapon, said weapon grip assembly comprising a base assembly supported by a handle, and a collar operatively interposed between said base assembly and said handle, said base assembly comprising clamp portions adapted to be secured to a forward portion of the weapon, each clamp portion being separately pivotable with respect to said base assembly.
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28. A vertical grip assembly for attachment to a weapon forend, the grip assembly comprising a handle, a clamp base assembly extending from said handle, a collar interposed between a portion of said clamp base assembly and said handle, and clamp segments, each clamp segment of said clamp segments pivotably supported at a clamp end of said clamp base assembly so as to extend therefrom, said collar including upper and lower collar portions, said lower collar portion received upon a top of said handle, said upper collar portion receiving said clamp end of said clamp base assembly and characterized by first and second sets of opposingly paired side walls united by a floor, each side wall of a set of said first and second sets of opposingly paired side walls includes a beveled top edge for engagement with a clamp segment of said clamp segments, each clamp segment of said clamp segments characterized by a weapon receiving surface and a clamp segment free end characterized by a profiled tip, said weapon receiving surface comprising a concave segment, said clamp segments securable about the forward portion of the weapon as said clamp end of said clamp base assembly is advanced within said upper collar portion of said collar.
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41. A grip assembly for attachment to a forward portion of a weapon, the grip assembly comprising a handle, a clamp base assembly extending from said handle, a collar interposed between a portion of said clamp base assembly and said handle, and clamp segments, each clamp segment of said clamp segments pivotably supported at a clamp end of said clamp base assembly so as to extend therefrom, each clamp segment of said clamp segments characterized by a weapon receiving surface and a clamp segment free end characterized by a profiled tip, said weapon receiving surface comprising a concave segment, said clamp segments securable about the forward portion of the weapon as said clamp end of said clamp base assembly is advanced within an upper portion of said collar.
42. A grip assembly for attachment to a forward portion of a weapon, the grip assembly comprising a handle, a clamp base assembly extending from said handle, a collar interposed between a portion of said clamp base assembly and said handle, and clamp segments, each clamp segment of said clamp segments pivotably supported at a clamp end of said clamp base assembly so as to extend therefrom, said collar including upper and lower collar portions, said lower collar portion received upon a top of said handle, said upper collar portion receiving said clamp end of said clamp base assembly and characterized by first and second sets of opposingly paired side walls united by a floor, each side wall of a set of said first and second sets of opposingly paired side walls includes a beveled top edge for engagement with a clamp segment of said clamp segments, said clamp segments securable about the forward portion of the weapon as said clamp end of said clamp base assembly is advanced within said upper collar portion of said collar.
This is a regular application filed under 35 U.S.C. §111(a) claiming priority under 35 U.S.C. §363, of international application Serial No. PCT/US03/35601, having an international filing date of Nov. 6, 2003, and further claiming priority under 35 U.S.C. §119(e) (1), of provisional application Ser. No. 60/492,509, having a filing date of Aug. 5, 2003.
The present invention generally relates to a weapon grip assembly, more particularly, to a weapon grip assembly for forwardly supporting a weapon or weapon system.
Weapons having barrels for discharging munitions are primarily adapted to be griped in the vicinity of the trigger, more particularly via a “pistol grip.” A wide variety of styles and configurations are know for pistol grips, key considerations being functionality, ergonomics, and aesthetics.
For “long” barreled weapons, rifles for instance, forward support of same is accomplished via hand placement upon the forend, e.g., a barrel handguard or the like (i.e., a lower portion of the forward portion of the weapon). With the advent and advancement of weapon systems, for instance tactical weapons, the functionality of the “weapon” has become quite diverse, a challenge being to maintain an ease of use of the variety of features thereof, and avoidance of a cumbersome, inflexible and heavy weapon system.
Many members of the armed services and law enforcement officers, are issued, and carry a tactical weapon system which includes a “host weapon” (e.g., a rifle) which is equipped with, or may be equipped with, a variety of “supplemental devices,” for instance a 40 mm grenade launcher. Such host weapons, sometimes referred to as modular weapon systems, are further configurable or adaptable to receive a variety of rails, interbars, or rail systems, upper/lower receiver and/or handguard components, buttstocks, or other accessories (e.g., sites, illumination devices, sling attachments or anchors, etc.). Traditionally, weapon system accessories have been manufacturer specific, each manufacturer of modular weapon systems providing items for integration with their rail, rail system etc. Although forward pistol grips are known and commercially available for integration with a forend assembly of a weapon, more particularly a rail or rail system, the variety of forend configurations available for a weapon have precluded a more versatile, “one size fits all” solution for forwardly supporting a weapon system in its variety of configurations.
For instance, in a weapon system comprising a host weapon (e.g., rifle) and a supplemental device (e.g., grenade launcher), the launcher mounts to the rifle in a position which places the launcher in the front half of the rifle, and below the rifle barrel. This location has been the standard of armed forces worldwide since the introduction of the rifle mounted grenade launcher about 40 years ago.
While the above described attachment method of the launcher to the host rifle may be the most practical solution for the integration of these separate devices, it does not provide the user with the best solution for carrying or operating the rifle or the launcher when the two devices are combined.
Carrying or operating the rifle/launcher combined weapon system requires that one of the operator's hands be placed on the pistol grip of the rifle, near the rifle trigger, while the other hand is placed near the forward end of the weapon system, beneath the grenade launcher, to support the system in a position chosen by the operator for carrying and/or operation of either device. The right hand, typically used to support the rear end of the rifle at the pistol grip, and to operate the rifle trigger, is partially wrapped around the pistol grip which allows the operator to close their fingers around same, and use their index finger to fire the rifle. The left hand, typically used to support the forward end of the rifle (i.e., the end away from the user) is placed below the grenade launcher, in a palm-up cup or cradle position, with the fingers and thumb wrapped partially around the launcher handguard to both support the weight of the rifle/launcher combination and control its orientation in all axes.
The palm-up position required of the operator's left hand is necessary because of the ribbed handguard of the 40 mm launcher barrel cannot be gripped by the operator's hand in any other way. Because the barrel is located below the launcher receiver, the handguard does not and cannot fully encircle the barrel, making it thereby impossible for the operator to wrap their hand around the barrel to establish a strong grasp on the barrel. This results in weak control of the weapon system and increased operator fatigue due to the necessitated hand position and orientation with respect to the weapon system, more particularly, the launcher thereof.
The diameter along the launcher handguard is over 2.25 inches, which is more than 50% larger than the optimal grip diameter for an operator with average sized hands to grip an object by wrapping their fingers around it, and having at least one finger wrap back to their thumb. The launcher barrel handguard is not sized to provide the best gripping surface, it is sized to accommodate the 40 mm barrel within it.
With the knowledge that this rifle/launcher combination is now front-heavy because of the shift in the rifle's center of gravity with the addition of the launcher, and that the handguard's diameter and orientation are controlled by the functional characteristics of the launcher, both a user and non-user understands why this weapon system combination, while highly desirable for its capabilities, is hard to control and is fatiguing to carry and operate, primarily because of the hand position and orientation required. The only solution to relieving the fatigue and adding additional control over the system for the operator is to change the way in which the operator holds the launcher.
There are many obstacles to developing a better way to grip the launcher. To provide maximum comfort, leverage and efficiency to the operator, the area in which the launcher is handled should not be changed, only the operator's hand position. The only way to change the hand position as required to grip the launcher is to add a gripping device. Adding any component, assembly or device to a 40 mm grenade launcher barrel presents a variety of challenges, some of which are discussed herein below.
First, the M203 40 mm barrel handguard is made of a thin plastic material which is designed primarily to serve as a location for the operator to place their hand. As there is very little heat produced when firing through an M203 barrel, the handguard is not specifically required to perform an insulating function.
Second, the M203 40 mm handguard surface is interrupted by two cartridge retainer rivets and a handguard locator rivet. Such structures may interfere with attachment solutions, and therefore require consideration.
Third, the M203 40 mm barrel is a thin wall design which precludes using fasteners which only partially penetrate the barrel wall. As a matter of fact, the barrel handguard is adhesively adhered to the barrel because the barrel walls prohibit the use of fasteners. Furthermore, weapon barrels are generally not pierced by fasteners because of their prime function to contain exploding gases. Any solution requiring a fastener which breaches the barrel wall is not possible. Further still, the thin wall of the barrel prevents any attachment solution which could distort the barrel by applying pressure unevenly, such a barrel being incapable of proper performance.
Fourth, the barrel assembly of the M203 is designed for removal from the receiver without tools. This allows for easy cleaning by the operator as the barrel is the component most dirtied by firing. Being able to clean the barrel as a separate component keeps the rest of the receiver, and the rifle to which it is attached, uncontaminated by the cleaning process. Any grip attachment solution which prevents or inhibits this barrel removal process is undesirable. Furthermore, cleaning the barrel can be a messy affair using solvents to remove barrel reside and then repeatedly rinsing the barrel to remove the solvent residue. The barrel and handguard get contaminated on the outside during the process and must also be cleaned. A dry handguard is essential for the operator to maintain a grip. Any grip attachment solution that remains on the barrel during the cleaning process becomes another area to clean and is therefore undesirable.
Fifth, the barrel is also removable from the receiver to allow an armorer to perform repairs. Without removal it would be impossible to re-stake or change the barrel extension, repair or replace the cartridge locator or the cartridge locator spring. To perform these repairs the barrel is placed in a vise or other holder which positions and supports the barrel assembly along the sides and on the bottom during repairs. Any grip attachment solution that remains in place in any of these areas would inhibit maintenance activities and is likewise undesirable.
Finally, the handguard can be removed from the barrel for the repair of the cartridge retaining springs or for replacement of the handguard itself. Any grip attachment solution which is permanently affixed to the handguard would either inhibit or make this activity or exchange impossible.
Thus, it is highly desirable and advantageous to provide a weapon grip assembly for supporting a forend of a weapon or weapon system, more particularly a versatile weapon grip assembly for select integration with a 40 mm grenade launcher which:
With weapon adaptability being an important consideration or factor for a weapon user, a “Rail Adaptor System” (RAS) has become a popular accessory for/on combat rifles and the like. There exists many versions of such systems, made by many manufacturers, see for example those produced by Knight's Armament Co.
Typically, a RAS is installed in place of the weapon hand guard (i.e., substituted therefore), and is intended to provide a universal structure (i.e., a rail) for mating attachment (i.e., receipt) of accessories, e.g., a flashlight, a thermal scope, a laser, etc., to the rifle at 3, 6, 9, and 12-O'clock positions about the weapon barrel. Known systems incorporate different rail lengths and integration techniques for attachment to the weapon. Some RAS consist of a two-piece assembly, namely, a first portion providing rails at the 3, 9, and 12-O'clock positions, a second portion providing a rail at/for the 6-O'clock position. It is advantageous that the rail of the 6-O'clock position be separately removable so as to permit grenade launcher installation (i.e., in lieu thereof, as each structure competes for the same physical space, and generally uses the same attachment points on the weapon).
The RAS system was originally proposed by the United States Army in 1998 so as to provide to all vendors a common style of attachment point to the M-16 rifle. While specifying the beveled lateral edge of the rail (i.e., its profile), the circumferential clock positions for the rails about the weapon barrel, and the call outs of the spacing between the crossbars of the rail and their marking (e.g., B22, B28, etc. for “bottom,” with “T” designated for “top”), implementation of the solution (i.e., weapon integration strategies) was left to those in the marketplace.
In addition to the aforementioned accessories (i.e., flashlights, scopes, aiming aids, etc.), rail mount grips (e.g., vertical forend grips), are available for affixation to the rail, with heretofore know rail mount grips characterized by a female mounting flange which is slidingly received upon a rail of the RAS, and is thereafter selectively bound against a portion of the rail via, for example, a threaded fastener which is tightened to engage or press against the rail so as to secure the grip thereto.
In a rail mount grip offered by Knight's Armament Co., a binding stud is threadingly received within an axial bore of a hand grip having a rail receiving flange. The binding stud includes a base or cap end which defines a lower-most extremity for the device, and a free end opposite thereof having a nub (e.g., a centrally located projection) on a top surface thereof. Upon sliding the grip, via the flange, longitudinally along and upon the rail, the binding stud is upwardly extended, relative to the grip, such that the nub on the top surface of the free end thereof locates one of the many slots or spaced apart channels in the rail (i.e., the knob is dimensioned to be received within any one of said slots or spaced apart channels). Thereafter, the binding stud is further tightened into pressing engagement with a portion of the rail.
The subject design has proved problematic, with the nub being susceptible to breakage and or deformation, and requiring further operator attention to appropriately position the grip upon the rail such that the nub will in fact fall into one of the many locating slots. Since the slot and the raised portions between the slots of the rail are the same width, the operator has a 50-50 chance of getting it right the first time. Miss the location, and the grip will not tighten up.
A further drawback of presently known rail mount grips is the requirement that they be slid on, more particularly, they be slid onto the rail of the RAS from the weapon front (i.e., the muzzle end) toward the weapon back (i.e. the butt stock end). Known grips cannot be slid onto the rear end of the rail because there is not enough clearance between the rail end and rifle receiver to allow access for alignment of the flange with the rail. This is a critical consideration should any other accessory be mounted on the rail forward of the grip. Should a user wish to remove the grip from the weapon, or move it to a different rail to improve handling, a lot of busy time is had configuring or reconfiguring the weapon. Thus, it remains advantageous to provide a weapon grip which is versatilely mountable to the rail of a RAS, further still, to provide a rail mount grip which has an easily operable secure fastening or affixation mechanism, namely one which abandons heretofore known sliding engagements and/or binding studs.
Further desirable and advantageous is a forend grip for a weapon or weapon system which is versatile in its securement methodology. For instance, and as alluded to herein, a weapon grip having an adaptability or convertibility for receipt by a variety of known weapon or weapon system structures is particularly desirable, more particularly, a weapon grip characterized by grasping jaws. For instance, a weapon grip having replaceable or substitutable jaws for grasping a grenade launcher barrel on the one hand, or a rail of a RAS on the other hand is especially advantageous.
More specific features and advantages obtained in view of those features will become apparent with reference to the drawing figures and DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION.
A preferred weapon grip assembly of the subject invention attaches to a forward portion of a weapon, for instance, to a handguard, by at least partially encircling same (i.e., clasping a portion thereof) with two clamps (i.e., jaws) of a base assembly which is supported for operative engagement by a handle. The base assembly further includes a post (e.g., a threaded stud) having a clamp end adapted to retain each of the clamps for pivot motion with respect thereto. The post of the base assembly is received within a bore of the handle, a mandrel being interposed between the handle and the clamps of the base assembly. As the base assembly is drawn into the handle, by rotation of the handle about the post of the base assembly, the mandrel receives or seats the clamp end of the post, with an upper free surface thereof engaging the clamps for pivoted closure about a portion of the weapon in furtherance of securing the weapon grip assembly thereto.
The handle of the weapon grip assembly advantageously includes a stowage space accessible at a free end thereof. A cap is further provided for sealing the stowage space. The preferred weapon grip assembly further includes a latching mechanism for reversibly securing the mandrel to the handle such that the mandrel and the handle ride upwardly upon the post of the base assembly to actuate the clamps and “lock” them in position about the weapon. Preferably, but not necessarily, the weapon grip assembly further includes an alignment and retention mechanism for positioning and holding (i.e., orientingly uniting) the mandrel upon the base assembly, more particularly, the clamp end thereof.
The subject weapon grip advantageously may be supplied with alternate clamping elements so as to be alternately equipped, that is to say, the weapon grip may be quickly and easily converted for grasping a grenade launcher barrel, or a rail of a RAS. In the former case, each of the jaws are curved throughout their length to grasp a launcher barrel, each of the jaws further having a surface (i.e., a barrel engaging surface) for receiving a rib of a barrel handguard. In the latter case, each of the jaws include a profiled surface, more particularly a rail receiving surface for engaging a lateral edge of a rail of a RAS. The clamps are configured such that upon being pivotally draw towards one another, a rail receiving channel is formed within which a rail of the RAS is captured or capturable.
Referring now to the drawings wherein like numerals are used to designate like parts of the invention throughout the figures:
As a preliminary matter, the structures and features of the weapon grip or grip assembly of the subject invention, shown in
With reference to
The weapon grip assembly 16 of
Advantageously, the subject weapon grip assembly is designed for affixation to a forward portion of a weapon, such as a handguard, for forwardly supporting same. It is especially desirable to provide a weapon grip assembly which, with little or no modification, can facilitate forward support a weapon such as a rifle, as well as such weapon equipped with a supplemental device (e.g., grenade launcher), as are widely used by law enforcement and military personnel.
With general reference now to
The base assembly 20 of the weapon grip assembly 16 includes clamps or jaws 24 adapted to be secured to the forward portion of the weapon, and a post 38 having a clamp end 40 adapted to retain the clamps 24 (
Each of the clamps 24 of the base assembly 20 generally has a weapon receiving surface 26 opposite an exterior or outer surface 42, and opposing ends, namely a free end 44 opposite a base end 46. As is best seen in
Each lobe 48 (i.e., locally thick segment or terminus) of the base end 46 of the clamp 24 includes a thru hole 50 for receipt of a pin 52 which traverses opposing upstanding wall segments 54 of the clamp end 40 of the post 38 via a set of paired and aligned thru holes 53, thereby securing the clamp 24 to the post 38. The pins 52, and pin holes 50, 53, are of a specific design so as to allow the pins 52 to be inserted from one side of the clamp end 40 of the post 38 yet be held in secure, fixed position by an interference fit on the other side thereof. This assembly method permits field replacement of a clamp which may become damaged, while avoiding screw-type fasteners which can become loosened. The pins are a strong steel material coated for corrosion protection.
The clamp pin 52 defines a pivot axis for each of the clamps 24, the range of pivot motion for the clamps 24 being regulated by the mandrel 32, that is to say, the interrelationships and interactions of and between the components of the weapon grip assembly of the subject invention, e.g., the handle 22/base assembly 20, in response to the geometry and configuration of the weapon system to be clasped. The lobe configuration for the base end 46 of the clamp 24, essentially the excess material in the vicinity of the pivot axis thereof, ensures structural integrity in the vicinity of the clamps thru hole 50, for of long term reliable pivoting thereof.
As previously noted, in furtherance of readily receiving and grasping a portion of a weapon system, a static condition for the weapon grip assembly 16 advantageously positions (e.g., biases) the jaws 24 of the base assembly 20 in an “open” condition (
A further advantageous feature of the subject invention is that the clamps 24 cannot open far enough to allow the opening springs 56 to come loose and fall out. This is because of the special relationship between the locations of the clamps end pin holes 53, the clamp pin holes 50, spring holes 60, the length of the springs 56, and the height of the side walls 54 of the clamp end 40 of post 38. A further functionality of the springs 56 is to eliminate any rattle that might otherwise be caused by an operator carrying the weapon grip assembly 16 without the clamps 24 being manually moved to their fully closed position. As should be readily appreciated, any excess noise at critical times can endanger the operator.
The free ends 44 of each of the clamps 24 preferably, but not necessarily, have a profiled tip 62, that is to say, the tip 62 of the free end 44 is not square or squared. Rather than having a single planar surface joining or uniting the exterior 42 and weapon receiving 26 surfaces, a combination of planar surfaces, extending from the exterior 42 and weapon receiving 26 surfaces of the free end 44, unite, at about a 90° angle, to define the free end terminus or tip 62. The subject clamp tip configuration is advantageous in that it permits mating of each of the clamps 24 with the upper portion of the handguard 30, e.g., a vertical lip 64 thereof, such that motion circumferentially about the launcher handguard 30 is prohibited, yet the relationship between the clamp tip 62 and the handguard 30 permits a calculated amount of play to accommodate inherent manufacturing tolerances of the handguard, as well as those between the variants of known manufacturers tolerances of the grip, as well as debris infiltrations (
Each of the clamps 24 of the base assembly 20, in furtherance of clamping, is preferably curved throughout a length thereof, that is to say between the base 46 and the free end 44 of same. The weapon receiving surface 26 of each of the clamps 24 is adapted to cooperatively engage (e.g., receive or seat) an exterior surface of the handguard 30 of the forward portion of the weapon (see
Although the “flats” 70 of the handguard 30 might intuitively be preferable for receipt of a grip or handle, the ribs 68 thereof provide integral indexing and 90° alignment with a longitudinal axis of the launcher barrel 72. The radiused groove 66 of the weapon receiving surface 26, among other things: facilitates operator selection a specific rib location on the handguard for handle placement vis-a-vis the weapon grip assembly; maintains the select position; and, helps the weapon grip assembly in its entirety, especially the handle thereof, to resist fore and aft motion (i.e., longitudinal movement) when the operator is pulling/pushing on it while operating or carrying the weapon system.
Each of the clamps 24 further includes a radiused recess 74 across a short axis thereof, above a length mid-point for same (i.e., positioned closer to the free end 44 of the clamp 24 rather than the base end 46 thereof). The radiused recess 74 effectively traverses (i.e., laterally traverses) the weapon receiving surface 26 from one lateral side edge to another lateral side edge. Depending on the handguard producer, a rivet 76 of (
As previously noted, the base assembly 20 also includes post or stud 38 which, among other things, supports the clamps of the base assembly 20. At least a portion of the post 38 is threaded for integration with the handle 22, as evidenced by reference to
An extremely close fit of the clamps 24 and the clamp end 40 of the post 38 to the handguard 30 is especially advantageous for proper functioning of the subject device. The more perfect the fit, the less pressure will be needed to hold the grip assembly in proper position. In furtherance thereof, the upstanding wall segments 54 of the clamp end 40 of the post 38 (i.e., the walls between which the clamps 24 are interposed for pivoted support,
The mandrel or collar 32 of the weapon grip assembly 16 of the subject invention is positioned to operatively unite the handle 22 with the base assembly 20, namely, engage or receive the clamp end 40 of the post 38 and the clamps 24 themselves. In furtherance thereof, the mandrel 32 preferably has upper 84 and lower 86 portions, the lower portion 86 being received or seated upon the top of the handle 22, the upper portion 84 receiving or seating the clamp end 40 of the post 38, and engaging the clamps 24. The mandrel 32 is generally received upon the post 38 of the base assembly 20, see e.g.,
Structurally, the upper portion 84 of the mandrel 32 includes at least one set of opposingly paired walls 88, primary walls for the sake of the discussion, between which extends a “floor” 90 (i.e., the walls 88 upwardly extend from the floor 90). Preferably, but not necessarily (see
Each of the primary walls 88 of the upper portion 84 of the mandrel 32 preferably include a profiled (e.g., beveled) top edge 98 which defines a point of contact (i.e., a contact line or surface) for and/or between the mandrel 32, namely the upper portion 84 thereof, and each of the clamps 24. As may be readily appreciated based upon the disclosure to this point, the clamps 24 of the base assembly 20 pivotingly respond to axial positioning of the mandrel 32 relative to the post 38 of the base assembly 20.
With particular and further reference now to
The detent pin 102, which preferably has a radiused free end 106, is maintained in an extended position by the force of the compression spring 104. The detent pin 102 is held captive by a wide round base 108, upon which the spring 104 acts, which cannot fit through a hole 100 from which the radiused free end 106 of the detent pin 102 extends or protrudes. The compression spring 104 is retained within the clamp end 40 of the post 38 by a threaded set screw 112, preferable further secured using thread locking compound as is well know.
The radiused free end 106 of the detent pin 102 of the alignment and retention mechanism 34 biasingly extends from the bore 110, beyond a lateral surface 114 of one of the opposing upstanding wall segments 54 of the clamp end 40 of the post 38. The upper portion 84 of the mandrel is adapted to lockingly receive the detent pin 102. In furtherance thereof, one of the secondary walls 92 of the upper portion 84 of the mandrel 32 includes an aperture or slot 116 therethrough for receipt of the detent pin 102, the travel of the mandrel 32 relative to the base assembly 20 being thereby limited to the geometry or configuration of the slot 116. An upper edge of the subject secondary wall 92 is delimited by a ramped surface 119 which, upon fitting the mandrel 32 upon the post 38, momentarily compresses the detent pin 102 for subsequent biased extension, and therefore positioning into a capture within the slot 16. An integral tool 120 is preferably, but not necessarily, provided as part of the base assembly 20 to actuate the detent pin 102 (i.e., compress the pin 102, i.e. the radiused free end 106 thereof, into the bore) in furtherance of removing the mandrel 32 from the base assembly 20. The detent pin tool 120 is adapted to be reversibly received within an axial bore 122 of the post 38 as shown.
The lower portion 86 of the mandrel 32, which includes a wall 124 downwardly extending from the upper portion 84 of the mandrel 32, essentially receives a top portion 126 of the handle 22. The wall 124 of the lower portion 86 of the mandrel 32, which is circumferentially configured to cooperatively engage (i.e., encircle) the top or upper portion 126 of the handle 22, depends from the upper portion 84 of the mandrel 32 such that the “underside” of the floor 90 of the upper portion 84 of the mandrel 32, in combination with the wall 124 of the lower portion 86 thereof, defines a space into which the top of the handle 126 is received.
Integral with the mandrel 32 is the latching assembly 36 for reversibly securing the subject weapon grip assembly to a weapon system. The latching assembly or system 36 preferably, but not necessarily (see also
The handle or hand grip 22 of the subject weapon grip assembly is generally configured so as to comfortably “fit” a typical user's hand, even when using gloves. It is essential that the handle be readily grasped in a variety of environmental conditions. The handle is preferably fabricated from a copolymer acetal resin, more particularly, a copolymer acetal resin marketed by E.I. Du Pont De Nemours under the DelrinŽ mark, due to its superior physical and manufacturing characteristics.
As is readily appreciated with reference to
The lower 154 portion of the handle 22 is preferably uniform in dimension throughout its length, and includes grooves in the exterior surface 144 thereof, more particularly, spaced apart circumferential grooves 158 as shown, e.g.,
The upper portion 126 of the handle 22 is advantageously of non-uniform dimension throughout its length, more particularly, and with respect to the longitudinal axis of the handle 22 and the lower handle portion 154, a radius of the handle 22 initially upwardly decreases, then upwardly increases, terminating in a rounded top edge 160 for the handle 22 (
As previously noted, the top of the handle 126 is adapted to preferably receive a subassembly of the weapon grip assembly, namely, the mandrel 32 in combination with the base assembly 20. The upper compartment 150, (e.g., an axial or longitudinal bore) receives the post 38 of the base assembly 20 therein, more particularly, the threads of the post 38 are received for integration a threaded portion 162 of the bore 150, more particularly, a HelicoilŽ threaded metal insert 164, provided to assure a long term reliable interface between the base assembly 20 and the handle 22. The bore 150 is of a sufficient length to accommodate the operative travel length of the post 38 within the handle 22 (i.e., the post 38 may be drawn into the handle 22, for securing the clamps 24 about a portion of the weapon, without bottoming out).
The top edge 160 of the handle 22 includes spaced apart notches 166 for receipt of the chisel tip 130 of the detent pin 128 of the latching mechanism 36. Rotation of the handle 22 about the post 38, (i.e. within the bore 150 of the upper handle portion 126), implicates the latching mechanism 36: as the top perimeter edge 160 of the handle 22 contacts the detent pin 128 with “forward” rotation of the handle (i.e., tightening), a ramp surface 168 of the chisel tip 130 permits the detent pin 128 to easily move from one notch to another of the spaced apart notches 166 (i.e., ride over the surfaces delimiting the notches); manipulation of the actuator 134 of the latching mechanism 34 is required to overcome the bias force supplied to the detent pin 128, and thereby permit “reverse” rotation of the handle 22 (i.e., loosening) relative to the subassembly, and thus the weapon grip assembly (
The lower portion 154 of the handle 22 is adapted to receive a cover or cap 156 which is reversibly receivable at the free end 148 of the handle 22 (
The head 172 of the cap 156 is preferably configured so as to generally conform with the configuration of the free end 148 of the handle 22 (
Although not shown, the cap head 172 advantageously includes slots, grooves, dimples or other surface features (i.e., indentations). For instance, an exterior surface of the cap head 172 might include crossing slots which can be used by the operator to open (i.e., release) the cap via a 40 mm cartridge case, knife or coin if necessary, or may further or alternately include fluted edge portions (i.e., the union of the exterior surface with the sidewall of the cap head may form an irregular edge which is easily grasped) to aid the operator in gripping the cap for affixation/removal.
The head 172 of the cap 156 preferably, but not necessarily, includes a latching mechanism 178, functionally equivalent to the latching mechanism 36, previously discussed, which prevents unwanted loosening of the cap 156 from the handle 22 (
The cap latch mechanism 178, as best seen in
The cap head 172 is adapted, e.g., grooved, channeled, slotted, etc., to receive the pawl 180 of the latch mechanism 178 such that in a static (i.e. locked condition), no part thereof extends beyond an exterior surface of the cap head 172 (
In furtherance of securing the end cap 156 in place, the handle 22 includes mating slots or notches 194 (i.e., castellations) into which the latch end 192 of the pawl 180 may be received so as to provide for positive engagement of the pawl 180 with the handle 22, thereby preventing the movement (i.e., rotation) of the end cap 156 in one direction, yet providing unrestricted movement in the other direction. More particularly, the mouth 170 of the lower compartment 152 of the handle 22 preferably includes spaced apart notches 194 (i.e., material has been removed so as to form a squared crown edge) for indexed receipt of the latch end 192 of the pawl 180 therein.
As the operator turns the end cap 156, the latch end 192 of the pawl 180 ratchets past/over the notches 194 of the free end 148 of the handle 22, until the operator stops turning the end cap 156, and the latch end 192 engages an aligned or registered handle notch or slot of the spaced apart notches or slots 194 (
As previously noted, the lower compartment 152 of the handle 22 defines a stowage space 196 for the weapon grip assembly of the subject invention. The lower portion 154 of the inside of the handle 22 is hollow, and is preferably, but not necessarily, specifically contoured to provide additional functionality. The depth of the storage space 196 as well as the contour of the interior wall surface, within the lower compartment thereof, have been specifically sized to accommodate either two (2) AA batteries 198 (
Referring now specifically to
As previously discussed, a static or standby condition for the weapon grip assembly has the clamps or jaws 24 in a biasingly open position for receipt of the launcher barrel 72 (
A key feature of the design of the preferred embodiment of the subject invention is to observe that once tightened, even lightly, it is impossible to pull the weapon grip assembly off the handguard of a weapon at angles near 90° because the open ends of the clamps wrap closely around the handguard, above its maximum diameter. This means that inward pressure need not be excessively exerted on the handguard to make the grip work (i.e., no vise-like clasping is necessary), only an “interference” fit of the clamps around the diameter of the handguard is necessary to prevent the weapon grip assembly from disengagement from the handguard. The tightness achieved by turning the handle is only used to force the grip clamps to remain close to the handguard contours in spite of being pulled by the operator in normal use. It's not about clamping down to grab, it's about just staying very close. The clamps will not let go unless they fail by spreading, the design and material of the clamps makes spreading virtually impossible within the range of pressures that can be exerted by a person handling and using the weapon system configured as
Movement of the weapon grip assembly backward and forward (i.e., along the length of the handguard) is controlled by the combined, cooperative or associative fit of the mandrel 32 and the clamp end 40 of the post 38 with or to the handguard ribs 80 adjacent the rib 82 selected for capture by the jaws 24 (i.e., three consecutive handguard ribs are implicated in the attachment of the subject grip assembly, see
Movement of the weapon grip assembly circularly around or about the handguard is controlled by the fit of the free end 44 of the clamps 24 to the vertical lip 64 of the handguard 30 (i.e., the handguard 30/receiver 73 interface). There is a calculated amount of play to allow for manufacturing tolerances of the handguard, tolerances of the grip, and for debris.
Referring now to
In the instant case, the flashlight assembly 204 includes a flashlight 208 having a remotely operable power switch (i.e. a pad switch 210 tethered to an end cap 212 opposite a forward end 214 of the flashlight 208), a bracket 216 for integrating the flashlight 208 to the accessory bracket 206 affixed to the mandrel 32, and a spring clip 218 for retaining the pad switch 210 at the handle 22 of the weapon grip assembly 16. The spring clip 218 generally includes resilient members 220, extending from a base 222, which are conformingly received within the grooves 158 of the lower portion 154 of the handle 22. An exterior surface 224 of the base 222 of the spring clip 218 includes a portion of a hook and loop fastener system, or other reversible fixation means, so as to reversibly hold the pad switch 210 extending from the flashlight 208. As is readily appreciated with respect to
Referring now only generally to
With regard to the device of
As with the prior embodiment, the upper contoured edge or surface 78 of the clamp end 40 of the post 38, in combination with the clamps 24 themselves, effectively provide for an interference fit for the weapon grip assembly, namely, by partially encircling a select handguard rib 82, “filling” the flats 70 immediately adjacent the selected rib 82, and abutting the ribs 80 adjacent the select rib 82 (
With regard to the device of
The mandrel 32 of the weapon grip assembly of
The pawl 232 of the latching assembly 230 rotates around the pin 234 which is carried and retained by the mandrel 32, for instance, by fitting the pin 234 into a hole 242 in the lower portion 86 of the mandrel 32. The pawl 232 is biased by the torsion spring 236 wrapped around portions of the pin 234 (i.e., on both or opposite sides of the pawl 232). By the arrangement shown, the latch end 240 of the pawl 232 is held (i.e., biased) in the “latched” position (i.e., the latch end 240 of the pawl 232 pivots until received within a slot of the mating slots 238 of the handle 22).
As an operator turns the handle 22 of the weapon grip assembly, closing the clamps 24 around the launcher handguard 30, or other component of the weapon for clasping, the pawl 232 ratchets past the handle slots 238 until handle rotation ceases, the latch end 240 of the pawl 232 engaging the handle slot which most closely lines up or registers therewith. This engagement by the latch pawl 232 prevents the handle 22 from being turned in a loosening direction loosening. The operator can be confident that the system will not disengage without specific intended action.
To remove the handgrip, the operator depresses the upper exterior surface of the pawl 232, e.g., the knurled area 244 shown, against the spring pressure, while rotating the handle in the handle loosening direction. While depressed, the pawl 232 will allow unrestricted movement of the handle, upon release thereof, the pawl 232 will resume a position ready to re-lock the rotation of the handle against rotation in the handle loosening direction.
With regard to the interface of the subassembly comprising the combination of the mandrel 32 and base assembly 20 to or with the handle 22, the handle 22 preferably includes an aperture 150 (i.e., a bore) in a top surface 146 thereof. A steel threaded insert 246, which is sized to mate with the threaded post or stud 38 of the base assembly 20, is securingly received within the bore 150. Fastening means, e.g., a threaded fastener 248 in combination with a washer 250 as show, operatively unite the handle 22 to the subassembly, more particularly, the threaded fastener 248 is received within an axial bore of the post 38 which is threadingly received within the insert 246. The insert 246 assures that operators will not damage the grip handle 22 with the base assembly threaded stud 38 should the handle be over-tightened during attachment of the weapon grip assembly to the weapon. The depth of the handle bore 150 allows the stud 38 to be inserted into the handle 22 as needed for proper operation of the clamps 24.
As previously noted, the post 38 of the base assembly 20 is threaded to allow it to be drawn into the handle 22 by rotation thereof. This allows complete control of device attachment and detachment actions with only one, hand. The thread pitch on the stud 38 has been specifically chosen such that it permits the operator to completely close the clamps around the barrel handguard, from a clamp opening width wide enough to fit over the handguard rib, in about one turn of the handle. This is advantageous so as to allow easy and quick operation. The imparted pitch also allows the handle to be tightened by the strongest operator without fear of stripping the threads, while retaining the tightness set by the operator without the need for a locking mechanism.
The base threaded stud 38 preferably has a keyway, not shown, running the length thereof. The keyway allows accessory fittings, attached or attachable to the device upon a bracket received upon the post 38, to maintain a proper alignment independent of the handle position or motion (e.g., it allows a flashlight or aiming laser bracket to remain pointed “forward” at all times while the handle 22 is rotated). Such bracket can be used so as to position an accessory on either lateral (i.e., left or right) surface of the handle, and more than one bracket can be stacked so that ancillary or accessory equipment can be used on both the right and left sides simultaneously.
Referring now to
The subject embodiment of the weapon grip is characterized by opposingly paired jaws 324 (i.e., clamping jaws), each of which has a profiled surface 327, namely, a profiled lateral surface (
The RAS jaws 324, as the launcher receiving jaws (
A compression spring 56, one for each of the clamps 324, is seated so as to be interposed between an exterior surface of a base thereof, and a surface 58 from which the opposing upstanding wall segments 54 of the clamp end 40 of the post 38 extend (i.e., a “floor” of the clamp receiving “space,” note also FIGS. 4 and 5/6). In the static condition for the weapon grip assembly (
As previously discussed with reference to
There are other variations of the subject invention, some of which will become obvious to those skilled in the art. It will be understood that this disclosure, in many respects, is only illustrative. Changes may be made in details, particularly in matters of shape, size, material, and arrangement of parts, as the case may be, without exceeding the scope of the invention. Accordingly, the scope of the subject invention is as defined in the language of the appended claims.