|Publication number||US745670 A|
|Publication date||Dec 1, 1903|
|Filing date||Jan 16, 1903|
|Priority date||Jan 16, 1903|
|Publication number||US 745670 A, US 745670A, US-A-745670, US745670 A, US745670A|
|Inventors||Charles William Riley|
|Original Assignee||Charles William Riley|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
c. w. RILEY. .Y SUPPORTING DRUM POB. ELBGTRIGLIGHTTS.
IN VEN T 0R WITNESSES me nonms Parras on. Pnorauwe., wnswnnvou. a. c.
UNITED STATES Patented Deeember 1, 1903.
SUPPORTING-DRUM Eos-ELECTRIC LleH-rs.
`SEEGIFIIZGAJJJ10N forming part of Letters PatentNo. 745,670, dated December 1, 1903.
Application led January 16.1903. Serial'No. 139,303. (No model.) v
To all whom, it may concern:
Be it known that. 1, CHARLES WILLIAM RILEY, a resident of ALynchbn rg, in the county of Campbell and State of Virginia, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Supporting Drums for Electric Lights; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilledin the art to which it appertains lo make and use the same. e
My invention relates .to an improvement in supporting-drums for electric lights, the object of the invention being to provide an improved device of thisA character which can be secured to the ceiling or other xed support and permit the raising and lowering of an incandescent or other lamp and hold it at any height desired.
With this object in view the invention consists in certain novel features of construction and combinations and arrangements of parts, as will be more fully hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claims.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure l is a side view illustrating my improvements. Fig. 2 is a front View. Fig. 3 illustrates the cap 13.
1 represents a supporting-arm to be rigidly secured to the ceiling or other fixed support and is provided with an elongated bearing 2 for the journal 3 of my improved drum 4. The journal 3 is on one side only of the drum and is secured in bearing 2 by a clampingring. This leaves the opposite side of the drum, which has a central cylindrical post 5,
free for the attachment, or rather entrance,
of the electrical Wires or conductors A6.
The side of the drum adjacent to bearing 2 has a ratchet-wheel 7 secured thereon, and this ratchet-wheel is engaged by a pawl 8, pivoted to a depending arm '9 onbearing 2. The pawl is made with an upwardly-projecting nger 10, against which the free end of a hat spring 11,-secured toarm 9, bears to hold the pawl in engagement with the ratchetteeth. Acoiled spring 12 is housed in drum et and secured at one end to the drum and at its other' end to bearing 2 and is adapted to turn the drum in a direction to wind the wires thereon and elevate the lamp.
The post 5 is made at its outer end with a ment.
longitudinal groove or recess a'deep enough to permit the wires 6 when placed therein to tially to move its slot out of alinementpwith' the recess in the post'and locked in such'position by a set-screw, it will effeetually hold the Wires in this position. The wires after passing through this groove or recess 5a enter a notch in one wall of drum Li and wind on the drum and then, extend downward through Va bail 16 to hold the wires against a pulley 17, carried by a depending arm 18 on pawl 8, and at the lower end ot' the wires the lamp 19 is supported. It will thus be seen that by so constructing my improvements when a downward pull is applied to the lamp or the wires below pulley 17 pawl 8 will be drawn out of engagement with the ratchetteeth and held out of such engagement until resistance is removed, when the pawl will be moved into engagement with the ratchetteeth-by the spring 11 and hold the drum in the position to which it is adjusted.
To prevent knotting of the wires above the drum due to the turning thereof,1 may place a coiled spring 2O thereon to resist the twisting action and tend to keep the wires straight.
The operation of my improvements is as follows: To lower the lamp, the operator grasps the sameor the Wire above it and pulls downward, thus turning drum tand winding up spring 12, the pawl 8 riding over theteeth and holding the drum against reverse move- To elevate the lamp, the operator exerts a sufficient downward pull on the lamp to move the arm 18 to one side and move the pawl 8 out ofk engagementwiththe ratchetwheel 7, and by maintaining a suflicient resistance to the upwardmovement of the lamp to hold the pawl out ofthe path of the ratchetteeth the spring 12 will turnthe drum and cause the wires or conductors to be wound thereon, and when all resistance is removed the pawl will spring into the ratchet-teeth and hold the drum in such position.
By connecting the upper section of the wires at the axis of the drum as above eX- plained the upper wire-sectionv will not wind IOO on the drum, and this enables me to provide a stationary support for the drum, and I can place my improvements in position on wires already hung Without disconnecting any of the working parts orinterfering with the light, except where very long Wires are in use and a large adjustment of the lamp is desired, when it is necessary to employ some means, such as above explained, for preventing knotting of the wire due to an excessive winding of the drum.
A great many changes might be made in the general form and arrangement of the parts described without departing from my invention, and hence I do not confine myself y to the precise details set forth, but consider myself at liberty to make'such slight changes and alterations as fairly fall within the spirit and scope of my invention.
Having fullydescribed my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secu re by Letters Patent, is-
1. The combination with a stationary support, and a drum having a journal on one side mounted to revolve in a bearing in said fixed support, of a central post on the opposite side of said drum through the axis of which the electric Wire is passed and wound on the drum.
2. The combination with a stationary support, and a drum mounted to turn thereon, of a central post on one side of the drum having a recess extending into its axis for the reception of an electric wire or wires, to be Wound on the drum, and carrying the lamp at its other end, and means for holding the Wires in the axis of the post.
3. The combination with a fixed support and a drum mounted to turn thereon, of a central post on one side of the drum having a longitudinal recess therein to receive the electric wires, a cap to hold the wires in said recess, said wires Wound on the drum and supporting a lamp, a spring to turn the drum in one direction, ratchet mechanism to hold the drum in any position, and means operated by the Wires depending from the drum, for releasing the ratchet kmechanism and permitting the spring to turn the drum.
4. The combination with a stationary support, a drum mounted to turn thereon, and a spring to turn the drum in one direction, of a central post on one side of the drum having a longitudinal recess therein to receive the electric wires before they are wound on the drum, a slotted cap to secure the wires in the recess, means on the Wires to prevent twisting thereof when the drum turns, and a ratchet mechanism to hold the drum in any position to which it is moved.
5. The combination of a drum, a stationary support therefor, a flexible conductor, a separate stationarysupport therefor, said conductor connected with one side of said drum in line wit-h the axis of the latterand then wound on said drum, and means connected with said conductor between its fixed support and its connection with the drum, acting to prevent the twisting and consequent knotting of the conductor when the drum is rotated.
In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CHARLES WILLIAM RILEY.
C.A A. CALHOUN, J r., A. S. HEs'rER.
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