US 746094 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED DEC. 8, 1908 R. S. JUDSON. STABLE FLOOR.
APPLICATION FILED MAY 1,1903.
ilumll LIITII Patented DecemberS, 1903.
ROSWELL S. JUDSON, OF MATTEAWAN, NEW YORK.
SPECIFIGATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 746,094, dated December 8, 1903.
Application filed May 1, 1903. Serial No. 155,174. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern/.
Be it known that I, ROSWELL S. JUDSON, a'
citizen of the United States, residing at Matteawan, in the county of Dutchess and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Stable Floors, of which the following is a'specification.
This invention aims todevise a floor or similar surface support chiefly designed for use in stables and places where horses and stock are kept, being admirably adapted for use in horses stalls both from'a sanitary and huinane standpoint, the floor being yieldable to a degree to prevent shock incident to the foot striking down upon a hard unyielding surface.
In accordance with this invention a series of blocks of fibrous material, such as wood, are bound longitudinally and transversely in such a manner as to admit of the resultant floor readily conforming to the surface upon which it may be placed and yielding to pres sure or blows from above, so as to neutralize shock and prevent ultimate injury to the animal standing thereon.
For a full description of the invention and the merits thereof and also to acquire a knowledge of the details of construction of the means for effecting the result reference is to be had to the following description and drawings hereto attached.
While the essential and characteristic features of the invention are susceptible of modification, still the preferred embodiment of the invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view ofa portion of flooring embodying the invention, same being inverted. Fig. 2 isa top plan view. Figs. 3 and 4 are respectively transverse and longitudinal sections of the flooring about on the lines X X and Y Y of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is aperspective view of a block.
be of any fibrous material, wood being preferred, and are arranged with their fibers or blocks and also lending to the flooring a degreeof looseness and flexibility,'permitting same to readily conform to the surface upon which the flooring maybe placed. The blocks are arranged in transverse and longitudinal parallel lines, the blocks being connected transversely by tie rods 5, the several tierods being passed through the respective transverse and longitudinal openings of the blocks. The tie-rods are headed at one end and are provided at the opposite end with nuts 6. the tie-rods may be headed or provided with nuts, as found most convenient. The provision ofthe nuts 6 admits of the position of the blocks being changed, so that worn blocks 1 may be substituted by new blocks or made to change position with other blocks that are not worn. Washers 7 are strung upon the This is not essential, as each end of tie-rods and come between adjacent blocks to space them apart to increase the flexibility of the flooring, to provide for ventilation, and to enable fluids to readily pass off.
The flooring will involve a sectional construction, the sections being of a size and weight to be conveniently handled by one person, so that the position of the several sections may be changed and the flooring re-. moved from time to time for cleaning. Channels 8 are provided in the lower side of the flooring and communicate with the spaces formed between the blocks, said channels being formed, preferably, by cutting away the lower corners of adjacent blocks. These channels 8 provide for free admission of air the blocks in series, and Washers strung upon the ties and arranged between adjacent blocks, substantially as set forth.
2. Flooring composed of a series of blocks having transverse and longitudinal openings in different planes, and transverse and iongitudinal tie-rods connecting the blocks in series and of less diameter than the opening through which they pass, whereby the blocks are adapted to have a limited independent perpendicular play, substantially as described.
3. Flooring composed of a series of blocks arranged in transverse and longitudinal lines and having transverse and longitudinal openings in different planes, transverse and iongitudinal tie-rods connecting the blocks in transverse and longitudinal series, and washers strung upon the tie-rods and coming between adjacent bloclcs and spacing the latter, substai'itially as described.
4. Floorii'lg composed of a series of transverse and longitudinal blocks connected in series by corresponding transverse and longitudinal ties, said blocks being spaced apart, and channels formed in a side of the flooring by cutting away corners of adjacent blocks, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
ROS WELL S. JUDSON.
VVi tn esses:
Jot-1N PLACE, CHARLES 111. AL-iirrm.