|Publication number||US7472215 B1|
|Application number||US 09/282,141|
|Publication date||Dec 30, 2008|
|Filing date||Mar 31, 1999|
|Priority date||Mar 31, 1999|
|Also published as||US7660930, US7676619, US7676620, US7694057, US7702837, US7711884, US7739439, US7761641, US7788436, US7793027, US7925813, US20090077296, US20090113105, US20090113106, US20090113224, US20090113225, US20090113226, US20090113227, US20090113228, US20090119435, US20090119436, US20090135557|
|Publication number||09282141, 282141, US 7472215 B1, US 7472215B1, US-B1-7472215, US7472215 B1, US7472215B1|
|Inventors||Lawrence Shungwei Mok, Daniel Peter Morris|
|Original Assignee||International Business Machines Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (59), Non-Patent Citations (5), Referenced by (24), Classifications (20), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention is directed to portable computers having at least two power modes of operation. In particular, an embodiment of the present invention is directed to a portable computer having a high and low power mode of operation and more particularly in association with a docking station wherein the portable computer operates in a lower power mode when not engaged in the docking station and in a high power mode when engaged in the docking station which has cooling systems to cool the high power mode of operation.
The power consumption of laptop computers, especially the power of CPUs used in laptop computers is increasing. For instance, the total power of a laptop computer is usually around 10 watts and now it is becoming 20 to 30 W. The CPU power has been increased from 2 to 8 W and in the future could be in the 15 W range and higher. Most of this power will eventually be dissipated as heat to the surroundings. Getting more heat out of the laptop computer is becoming a critical factor in the laptop computer business.
Portable computers, such as laptop computers, are designed to be compact and small. Thus there is limited space to incorporate cooling systems. Thus portable computers cannot operate using the fastest CPU chips available. This presents a problem when the portable computer is used as a workstation, as a desk top computer or in place of a desk top computer. Typically a portable computer is used as a workstation by inserting the portable computer into a frame, referred to as a docking station. The docking station provides additional functionality to the portable computer, such as additional disk drives and CD drives. The docking station has ports through which a large keyboard and a large screen monitor can be connected to the portable computer. The portable computer when engaged with a docking station and used as a workstation has the disadvantage as compared with a desktop computer of not functioning as fast as the desktop computer. This is because the desktop computer has a cooling system which can cool the desktop computer which has a CPU which runs too hot to be included in the portable computer. Applications running on the portable computer engaged with a docking station have slower performance than the desktop and some applications either cannot run on the in a portable computer engaged with docking station or run so slow as to be effectively unusable. Applicants invention solves this problem.
A portable computer is intended to be transported around by a user. As described above, the portable computer is commonly used as a workstation by inserting into a docking station. A user typically has a docking station in their office and typically takes the portable computer on business or for use at home. If the user takes the portable computer home and forgets to bring it into the office, the user has no computer to use in the office. This prevents the user from accessing systems such as e-mail, the internet and using word processors. Applicants invention solves this problem.
A broad aspect of the present invention is a system having: a portable computer; a docking station; the portable computer has a low power mode of operation and a high power mode of operation; and, a sensor for sensing if the portable computer is engaged in the docking station or if the portable computer in not engaged in the docking station.
Another broad aspect of the present invention is a system having: a portable computer; a docking station; the portable computer comprises a low power mode of operation and a high power mode of operation; and, a signal generator for switching the computer between the high power mode of operation and the low power mode of operation.
Another broad aspect of the present invention is a system having: a computer; the computer has a low power mode of operation and a high power mode of operation; and, a signal generator for switching said computer between the high power mode of operation and the low power mode of operation in response to an input.
Another broad aspect of the present invention is a system having: a portable computer; a docking station; the portable computer has a first CPU; the docking station has a second CPU; and the docking station without the portable computer engaged to the docking station is operable through the second CPU.
Another broad aspect of the present invention is a system to increase the cooling capability of a portable computer when it is in a docking base.
These and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent upon a consideration of the following detailed description and the invention when read in conjunction with the drawing Figures, in which:
A portable computer is commonly referred to as a laptop computer and both terms will be used interchangeably herein.
The cooling fan 33 will be turned on once the laptop computer 10 is fully docked. The cooling fan 33 will then pull the air in from the inlet 41 and force the air passing through the heat sink 32. The hot air will exhaust from the outlet 42. The arrows in the figure show the air moving direction as described. However, the direction of air movement can be designed to any ways to get the best cooling effects. The heat conduction member 34 is made of heat conductive materials such as copper or aluminum. A heat pipe can be embedded in the heat conduction member 34 to reduce the thermal resistance from the heat sink 13 to the heat sink 32.
The cooling capability of the laptop computer can be increased further when it is docked into the base station with a thermo-electric cooler installed. As shown in
Chip 12 of
As described above, the additionally heat generated as a result of this higher power mode of operation is dissipated by the cooling mechanism provided with the base station.
Alternatively, the chip 12 can have a clock input which can be modified by setting an input to the chip 12. For example, the clock input can be multiplied by a predetermined amount so that the clock rate of the chip 12 can be set to be at a low clock rate which corresponds to a low power mode of operation or at a high clock rate which corresponds to a high power mode of operation. (Different multipliers correspond to different power levels.)
Chips having an input to set the multiplier between at least two values are currently available. For example, IntelŪ PentiumŪ Processor With MMX™ Technology (Trademarks of Intel Corp.) which is described in documentation available from the Intel Corp. dated June 1997 Order Number 243185.004 the teaching of which is incorporated herein by reference. The inputs BF1 and BF2 are set to a 0 or 1 value to select from a number of modes of operation. The sense circuit which senses whether or not the portable computer 10 is in electrical engagement with the base station 31, results in setting the input to the chip 12 to change the degree of multiplication and thereby the clock rate at which the chip 12 operates.
Alternatively, such as schematically shown in
When the portable computer 10 is inserted in electrical engagement with the base station 31, the high power chip controls the operation of the portable computer 10. The sense circuit which senses whether or not the portable computer 10 is inserted in electrical engagement with the base station 31 selects whether the high power mode chip or the low power mode chip controls the function of the portable computer 10.
In an alternative embodiment, the circuit which senses whether the portable computer 10 is in electrical engagement with the base station 31, can be in the base station 31.
Additionally, the power mode of CPU 12 or CPU 426 can be controlled by the temperature of the CPU. The clock throttling signal and/or clock frequency can be adjusted to run the CPU according to the maximum allowable temperature of the CPU as described above and provided by IntelŪ Chip 82371AB.
While this invention has been described in terms of certain embodiment thereof, it is not intended that it be limited to the above description, but rather only to the extent set forth in the following claims. The embodiments of the invention in which an exclusive property or privilege is claimed are defined in the appended claims. The teaching of all references cited herein are incorporated herein by reference.
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|U.S. Classification||710/304, 361/679.48, 165/80.3, 713/324, 257/712, 713/600|
|Cooperative Classification||Y02B60/1214, Y02B60/1275, G06F1/3293, G06F1/203, G06F1/3203, G06F1/206, G06F1/1632, Y02B60/121|
|European Classification||G06F1/32P5U, G06F1/32P, G06F1/20P, G06F1/20T, G06F1/16P6|
|Aug 13, 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 4, 2012||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Oct 4, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 3, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GLOBALFOUNDRIES U.S. 2 LLC, NEW YORK
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:036550/0001
Effective date: 20150629
|Oct 5, 2015||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., CAYMAN ISLANDS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:GLOBALFOUNDRIES U.S. 2 LLC;GLOBALFOUNDRIES U.S. INC.;REEL/FRAME:036779/0001
Effective date: 20150910
|Jun 16, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8