US 748515 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED DEG. 29,1903;
W. M OOMB. WATER COLUMN.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 9. 1902'.
tie. 74 8,515
UNITED. STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILLIAM MGOOMB, OF LAROHMONT MANOR, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR TO WILLIAM S. ELLIOTT, OF PITTSBURG, PENNSYLVANIA.
SPECIFICATION formingpart of Letters Patent N 0. 748,515, dated December 29, 1903.
Application filed June 9, 1902. fierial No. 110,819.. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that LWILLIAM MoCoMB,a citizen of the United States, residing at Larchmont Manor, in the county of Westchester and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Water-Columns, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 is a central vertical section of my improved high and low water alarm column in its normal position. Fig. 2 is a partial sectional view showing the high-water alarm in operation. Fig. 3 is a partial similar view showing the low-water alarm in operation. Fig. 4. is a cross-sectional view on the line IV IV of Fig. 2. Fig. 5 is a similar view on the line V V of Fig. 2.
My invention relates to an improvement in high and low water alarm columns, provided with a separate alarm for the high and low Water levels, respectively; and the invention consists in providing an alarm adapted to indicate each of said levels by a characteristic signal, and this result is secured by providing two separate floats and signals, respectively constructed in the manner and adapted to operate as will be more fully hereinafter set forth.
O rdinarily whistle-alarms areprovided with float mechanism adapted to operate a single alarm device, as a Whistle, at either the high or low position of the float, and it is therefore frequently difficult or impossible to discover from the sound of the alarm whether there is too much or too little water in the boiler. My invention provides against this difficulty by the use of a high-water alarm having a significant note or tone and a lowwater alarm having a different significant note or tone, whereby upon sounding of either alarm an unmistakable indication will be given as to the condition of the water-level.
Referring now to the drawings, 2 is the chamber of the water-,column, to which are connected 3 steam-pipe 3 and a water-pipe 4, leading to the boiler, the column being provided with the usual gage-cocks '5 and indicating gage-glass 6. The column is preferably provided with a removable top 7, in
which are mounted the lowwater alarm whistle 8 and the high-water-alarm whistle 9. The bases of the whistles are inserted in or provided with a bushing 10, tapped into the upper end of the column, provided with an interior central bore 11, through which steam may freely pass to operate the whistle when the valve of either one is open. On the lower side of each bushing 11 is a shell 12, screwedupon the lower extremity or secured thereto in any other suitable manner, and the bushing for the low-water-alarm whistle 8 is provided with an outwardly-opening va1ve-seat 13, against which the valve 14 is constantly held upwardly by a float 15 at the lower end of a connecting-stem 16 as long as there is sufficient water in the column to sustain the float. A short supplemental stem 17 extends upwardly from the valve 14, being provided with a guiding-collar 18, having a sliding bearing in the bore 11 and cut out at 19, as shown in Fig. 4, to permit free passage of the steam to the whistle when the valve is lowered. The stem 17 is also provided with a stop or abutment 19', adapted to make con tact with the inside of the lower end of the shell 12 to limit the downward travel of the main stem 16. As thus constructed when the water falls below the desired level, so as to unseat valve 14, the whistle 8 will be blown and its characteristic note or tone-as, for instance, the note O.will indicate low-water.
The construction of the high-water whistle 9 is in all respects the same as just described, except that the shell 12 is provided with a valve-seat 20 on the inside of its lower end, upon which rests and seats a valve 21 at the upper end of stem 22, from the lower end of which stem depends the high-water float 23. The valve 21 is maintained seated by its own weight and the weight of the float 23 during ordinary water-levels and until the water rises sufficiently high to raise float 23, when valve 21 will be raised, admitting steam-pressure to the high-water-alarm whistle 9 and causing it to blow, giving its characteristic tone or note, as G, which operation will be continuous until the water-level falls. The movement of the valve is likewise limited by astop or abutment 19, and it is kept in alinement by the upper stem 17 and collar 18, as
a mam described with reference to the low-water alarm. The lower stems l6 and 22 may, if desired, be maintainedin alinement by any suitable guiding device embracing them.
It will be understood that other devices may be substituted for the whistleas, for instance, bells of varying tonein which case the connections thereto may be made in a suitable manner.
The operation of the invention will be readily understood from the foregoing description, and the advantages of the characteristic signals will be appreciated by all those accustomed to the use of this class of devices.
Changes and variations may be made in the details of construction of the alarm, their valves, or other parts by the skilled mechanic without departing from the invention, and all such changes and variations are contemplated as within the scope of the following claims.
What I claim is 1. In a high and low water alarm mechanism, a valve-chamber; an interiorly-seated valve therein having a downwardly-extending stem; a float mounted on said stem and adapted to be raised by the water when the high-water level is exceeded so as to lift said valve to admit steam to actuate the high-water alarm; a second valve-chamber having an exas to pull said second valve away from its seat to admit steam to actuate the low water alarm; and guide-stems extending from said valves and sliding in guideways on said valvechambers; substantially as described.
2. In a high and low water alarm mechanism, a casing; bushings secured in the top of said casing and having channels leading to the alarm-whistles; shells attached to the lower ends of said bushings to form valvechambers; one of said valve-chambers having an exterior valve-seat and the other an interior valveseat; and valves adapted to seat against said valve-seats and having dependent stems upon which floats are mounted and upwardly-extending stems adapted to slide in said channels; substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I aftix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
JOHN D. SULLIVAN, FRANK COOHRANE.