|Publication number||US7489912 B2|
|Application number||US 11/160,527|
|Publication date||Feb 10, 2009|
|Filing date||Jun 28, 2005|
|Priority date||Oct 28, 2004|
|Also published as||EP1653647A1, EP1653647B1, US20060094383|
|Publication number||11160527, 160527, US 7489912 B2, US 7489912B2, US-B2-7489912, US7489912 B2, US7489912B2|
|Original Assignee||Advanced Digital Broadcast Polska Sp. Z O.O., Advanced Digital Broadcast, Ltd.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (11), Classifications (11), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims priority to the European Patent Application No. EP 04460045.0, filed Oct. 28, 2004, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.
1. Field of the Invention
The object of the invention is a signal receiver and a method for optimizing gain of a tuner.
2. Brief Description of the Background of the Invention Including Prior Art
A common problem during the signal reception, especially the reception of terrestrial television signals, is related to strong undesired signals close to a weak desired signal. The strong signals may be generated by a transmitter, which is closer than the transmitter of the desired signal. There are several known methods for solving this problem, but they are applicable for specific receivers only.
There is known from the U.S. Pat. No. 6,178,211 “Digital processing radio receiver with adaptive bandwidth control” a method for processing an intermediate frequency signal, in which the filter characteristic is narrowed in order to eliminate the interferences from the adjacent signals. The method can be used only in receivers, which allow controlling the width of the filter characteristic.
There is known from the European patent application No. 0903937A2 “Digital television signal receiving tuner system” a dual frequency conversion tuner, in which the first intermediate frequency filter attenuates the signals close to the received signal. However, it attenuates only signals within the passband of the first IF filter, and it does not protect against the overload of the input stages of the tuner by signals outside the passband of the IF filter, but within the passband of the input filter.
There is known from the European patent application No. 1398930A1 entitled “Radio-frequency-signal-receiver and method of manufacturing the same” a method for optimizing the gain of a tuner, in which the input stage may be disrupted by strong signals close to a weak desired signal, where the AGC characteristic of the tuner is adjusted to compensate the effect of strong close signals. However, to determine the level of close signals, a distinct peak power detector is used as an additional component of the tuner, the detector band being limited by a filter. Such solution is applicable only to custom-designed tuners.
The present invention is designed for single or dual frequency conversion tuners, especially that in form of an integrated circuit chip, in which the width of the passband of the last intermediate frequency filter is narrower than the width of the passband of the high frequency input filter. An exemplary structure of a dual frequency conversion tuner is shown in
The tuners of such structure may have a problem in reception of signals, close to which, within the passband of the input filter, are other stronger signals. The problem has been illustrated in
Purposes of the Invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide means for setting an optimal tuner gain, dependent on the level of the desired signal and signals close to it.
This and other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description, which follows.
Brief Description of the Invention
The idea of the invention is that in a method for optimizing gain of a tuner for reception of a desired signal, where the tuner is equipped with a band-pass high frequency input filter and a band-pass intermediate frequency filter, and where the width of the passband of the input filter is higher than the width of the passband of the intermediate frequency filter, the passband of the input filter and the signal level are identified for the desired signal, and next the strongest signal level in the passband of the input filter is detected on the basis of the tuner gain, and on the basis of the strongest signal level and the desired signal level the AGC characteristic of the tuner is calculated and the tuner is tuned to the desired signal using the calculated AGC characteristic.
The input filter can consist of a set of wideband filters, and in order to identify the passband of the input filter it is determined which wideband filter is activated for the desired signal and its parameters are read.
Preferably, the strongest signal level in the passband of the input filter is detected by tuning the tuner to successive signals within the passband of the input filter and for each tuned signal the RF and IF stages gain levels are read and on the basis of them the level of the input signal is calculated, and the strongest signal level read so far is stored.
The tuner can be tuned to successive signals in steps equal to the width of the passband of the intermediate frequency filter.
The tuner can be also tuned to successive signals in steps equal to the quotient of the difference between the width or the passband of the input filter and the width of the passband of the intermediate frequency filter, and the minimum number of steps required to analyze the whole passband of the input filter.
The AGC characteristic of the tuner can be calculated on the basis of the primary characteristic, for which, if the strongest signal level is higher than the desired signal level, the optimal RF_AGC characteristic is calculated such that the undesired signals do not cause the overload of the input stages of the tuner and the reception of a weak signal is possible, and next the IF_AGC characteristic is adjusted to the RF_AGC characteristic.
The essence of the invention is that a signal receiver with a tuner, has a band-pass high frequency input filter and a band-pass intermediate frequency filter, where the width of the passband of the input filter is higher than the width of the passband of the intermediate frequency filter. The receiver has also a demodulator controlling the gain levels of the tuner according to a defined AGC characteristic and a processor with a tuner controller. The tuner controller comprises an input filter identifier identifying the passband of the input filter for a desired signal, a desired signal level detector, a detector of the strongest signal level in a given band on the basis of the tuner gain and a controller of AGC characteristic on the basis of the strongest signal level and the desired signal level.
Preferably, the strongest signal detector block tunes the tuner to successive signals within the analyzed band, reads the gain levels of the RF and IF stages and on the basis of them calculates the level of the input signal, and stores the strongest signal level.
In the accompanying drawings one of the possible embodiments of the present invention is shown, where:
The software of the processor 321 comprises a tuner controller 322, which performs the procedures explained in the next figures. The tuner controller 322 comprises an input filter identifier 323, which identifies the passband (its lower and upper limit) of the input filter for the reception of the desired signal. If the input filter of the tuner consists of a set of wideband filters, the input filter identifier 323 uses a filters table 324, from which it reads the parameters of the filter, which will be active for a signal of a given frequency. The desired signal level detector 325 is used for initial tuning to a desired signal and reading its level in step 402 of the procedure shown in
The essence of the procedure for reading the strongest signal level in a given band is that the tuner is tuned to successive signals within the band and for each tuned signal the level of the signal is detected (using the RF_AGC and IF_AGC signal levels set by the demodulator) and the strongest signal level is stored. The step between successive tuned signal frequencies can be equal to the width of the passband of the SAW2 filter. Preferably, the step can be set so that the detection procedure is performed exactly within the width of the passband of the input filter. Then, the value of the step is equal to the quotient of the difference of the width of the passband of the input filter (Input_filter_passband) and the width of the passband of the SAW2 filter (SAW2_passband) and the minimum number of steps (required to analyze the whole width of the passband of the input filter), which is a rounded up quotient of the width of the passband of the input filter and the width of the passband of the SAW2 filter decreased by one.
P RF =P IF −K RF −K IF
Next, in step 505 it is checked if the level of the currently received signal is higher than the strongest signal level received so far (which is initially equal to 0). If yes, in step 506 the level of the currently received signal is stored as the strongest signal level. Next, in step 507 it is checked if the whole band has been analyzed. If not, in step 508 the tuner is tuned to a frequency higher by the calculated frequency increase step. After the whole band has been analyzed, in step 509 the strongest signal level is returned.
In the first step 801 of the procedure shown in
The present invention allows detecting the level of signals within the passband of the input filter for reception of the desired signal, which allows calculating the optimum AGC characteristic of the tuner, and especially the maximum allowed RF_AGC gain. For strong signals present, it allows avoiding tuner overload, but in absence of strong signals, it allows increasing RF_AGC gain and reception of weak signals.
The preferred embodiment having been thus described, it will now be evident to those skilled in the art that further variation thereto may be contemplated. Such variations are not regarded as a departure from the invention, the true scope of the invention being set forth in the claims appended hereto.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|EP0903937A2||Sep 3, 1998||Mar 24, 1999||Alps Electric Co., Ltd.||Digital television signal receiving tuner system|
|EP1398930A1||Jan 21, 2003||Mar 17, 2004||Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.||Radio-frequency-signal-receiver and method of manufacturing the same|
|U.S. Classification||455/130, 455/250.1, 455/232.1, 455/234.1|
|International Classification||H04B17/40, H04B7/00, H04B1/06|
|Cooperative Classification||H03G3/3068, H04L27/3809|
|European Classification||H03G3/30E3, H04L27/38A|
|Sep 15, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ADVANCED DIGITAL BROADCAST POLSKA SPOLKA Z O.O., P
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:ZYLOWSKI, SEBASTIAN;REEL/FRAME:021540/0566
Effective date: 20080911
Owner name: ADVANCED DIGITAL BROADCAST, LTD., TAIWAN
Free format text: AGREEMENT TO ASSIGN;ASSIGNOR:ADVANCED DIGITAL BROADCAST POLSKA SPOLKA Z O.O.;REEL/FRAME:021532/0806
Effective date: 20020701
|Sep 18, 2009||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ADVANCED DIGITAL BROADCAST S.A., SWITZERLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ADVANCED DIGITAL BROADCAST POLSKA SP. Z O.O.;ADVANCED DIGITAL BROADCAST LTD.;REEL/FRAME:023254/0148
Effective date: 20090401
|Feb 10, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4