Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS7493375 B2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 10/135,905
Publication dateFeb 17, 2009
Filing dateApr 29, 2002
Priority dateApr 29, 2002
Fee statusPaid
Also published asUS20030204575, WO2003094035A2, WO2003094035A3
Publication number10135905, 135905, US 7493375 B2, US 7493375B2, US-B2-7493375, US7493375 B2, US7493375B2
InventorsPaul L. Master, John Watson
Original AssigneeQst Holding, Llc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Storage and delivery of device features
US 7493375 B2
Abstract
A system for permitting new, or enhanced, functionality to be transferred to an adaptable device. In a preferred embodiment, the permitted functionality is determined according to an accounting method associated with a user's account. This approach allows a user to contract for specific services, functionality, etc. regardless of changes over time such as changes to data formats, communication protocols, external devices or infrastructure, etc. In a preferred embodiment, the functionality is stored on a ubiquitous communications network such as the Internet. Functionality is transferred to different devices as digital information over the network. This allows hardware functionality to be licensed in many forms. For example, site licenses can be obtained for companies; hardware “trialware” can be provided to allow limited functionality for a limited time for lower-cost payments, etc.
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(37)
1. A method for configuring an adaptable device, the adaptable device comprising a plurality of heterogeneous computational elements coupled to a configurable interconnection network, the method comprising:
accepting payment for configuring the adaptable device to perform a new functionality;
using a digital network, transferring adaptation information to the adaptable device;
configuring the adaptable device to perform the new functionality in response to the adaptation information by configuring the configurable interconnection network to provide corresponding data input and output interconnections between the plurality of heterogeneous computational elements for the new functionality; and
modifying data stored in the digital network to provide a record of the transfer of the adaptation information, to the adaptable device.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the digital network comprises the Internet.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein another adaptable device is used to perform at least a part of the transfer of the adaptation information.
4. The method of claim 1, comprising providing the first adaption information on a trial basis.
5. The method of claim 1 comprising using viral network propagation to provide the first adaptation information.
6. The method of claim 1, further comprising permitting the configuration of the adaptable device for the new functionality after the payment is accepted.
7. The method of claim 1, wherein the payment is accepted when a contract for services associated with the adaptable device is made, the services including use of the new functionality.
8. The method of claim 1, wherein the payment is accepted when a request for the new functionality is made.
9. The method of claim 1, wherein the adaptation information is transferred after the payment is accepted.
10. The method of claim 1, wherein the plurality of computational elements are hardware computational elements.
11. The method of claim 1, further comprising licensing the adaptation information in a site license.
12. A method for configuring an adaptable device, the adaptable device comprising a plurality of heterogeneous computational elements coupled to a configurable interconnection network, the method comprising:
defining permitted functionality for the adaptable device;
receiving a request to provide a functionality for the adaptive device;
accepting payment from a user associated with the adaptable device to perform the permitted functionality;
determining whether the permitted functionality of the adaptable device includes the requested functionality and subsequent to accepting payment, unlocking the permitted functionality in the adaptable device; and
when the permitted functionality includes the requested functionality, providing adaptation information to the adaptable device which corresponds to the requested functionality; and configuring the adaptable device to perform the requested functionality by configuring the configurable interconnections between the plurality of heterogeneous computational elements through the interconnection network.
13. The method of claim 12, wherein the step of defining permitted functionality includes storing a list of permissible functions in a digital system.
14. The method of claim 13, wherein the list is stored in a server coupled to the Internet.
15. The method of claim 12, wherein the step of defining permitted functionality further comprises:
defining the permitted functionality in accordance with payments made by the user associated with the given device.
16. The method of claim 12, wherein the method steps are performed by a digital processing system coupled to a network.
17. The method of claim 16, wherein the digital network is the Internet.
18. The method of claim 12, wherein the payment is accepted when a contract for services associated with the adaptable device is made, the services including supply of the permitted functionality.
19. The method of claim 12, wherein the payment is accepted when a request for the permitted functionality is made.
20. The method of claim 12, wherein the adaptation information is transferred after the payment is accepted.
21. The method of claim 12, wherein the plurality of computational elements are hardware computational elements.
22. The method of claim 12, further comprising licensing the adaptation information in a site license.
23. A method of configuring an adaptable device, wherein the adaptable device comprises a configurable interconnection network coupled to plurality of heterogeneous computational elements, the plurality of heterogeneous computational elements, the method comprising:
defining a range of permissible functions for the adaptable device;
providing the adaptable device with adaptation information to configure the adaptable device to perform a function in the range of permissible functions by providing, through the interconnection network and in response to the first adaptation information, corresponding interconnections between the plurality of heterogeneous computational elements, the first adaptation information corresponding to a first geographic location;
accepting a request to enable the adaptable device to perform the function in a second geographic location;
24. The method of claim 23, comprising licensing the first or second adaptation information in a site license.
25. The method of claim 23, comprising unlocking the adaptable device to perform the function after the payment is accepted.
26. The method of claim 23, wherein the payment is accepted when a contract for services associated with the adaptable device is made, the services including use of the function.
27. The method of claim 23, wherein the payment is accepted when a request for the function is made.
28. The method of claim 23, wherein the adaptation information is provided after the payment is accepted.
29. The method of claim 23, wherein the plurality of computational elements are hardware computational elements.
30. A method for configuring an adaptable device, the adaptable device comprising a plurality of heterogeneous computational elements coupled to a configurable interconnection network the method comprising:
defining a range of permissible functions for the adaptable device;
at a first time, providing the adaptable device with first adaptation information to allow the adaptable device to perform a function in the range of permissible functions, by configuring, through the interconnection network and in response to the first adaptation information, corresponding interconnections between the plurality of heterogeneous computational elements;
accepting a request to enable the adaptable device to perform the function at a second time later than the first time, wherein the adaptable device functionality must be modified to achieve the flfst function at the second time;
accepting payment from a user associated with the adaptable device; unlocking the adaptable device to perform the function at the second time later than the first time; and
providing the adaptable device with second adaptation information to allow the adaptable device to perform the first function subsequent to the second time, by configuring, through the interconnection network and in response to the second adaptation information, corresponding interconnections between the plurality of heterogeneous computational elements.
31. The method of claim 30, further comprising unlocking the adaptable device to perform the function after the payment is accepted.
32. The method of claim 30, wherein the payment is accepted when a contract for services associated with the adaptable device is made, the services including supply of the function.
33. The method of claim 30, wherein the payment is accepted when a request for the function is made.
34. The method of claim 30, wherein the adaptation information is provided after the payment is accepted.
35. The method of claim 30, wherein the plurality of computational elements are hardware computational elements.
36. The method of claim 30, comprising licensing the first or second adaptation information in a site license.
37. A method for configuring an adaptable device, the adaptable device comprising a plurality of heterogeneous computational elements coupled to a configurable interconnection network, the method comprising:
licensing adaptation information for configuring the adaptable device to perform new functionality;
transferring adaptation information to the adaptable device using a digital network;
configuring the adaptable device to perform the new functionality in response to the adaptation information by configuring the configurable interconnection network to provide corresponding interconnections between the plurality of heterogenous computational elements for the new functionality; and
modifying data stored in the digital network to provide a record of the transfer of the adaptation information to the adaptable device.
Description
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is related to the following co-pending applications:

(1) U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/815,122, filed on Mar. 22, 2001, entitled “ADAPTIVE INTEGRATED CIRCUITRY WITH HETEROGENEOUS AND RECONFIGURABLE MATRICES OF DIVERSE AND ADAPTIVE COMPUTATIONAL UNITS HAVING FIXED, APPLICATION SPECIFIC COMPUTATIONAL ELEMENTS”;

(2) U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/998,006, filed on Nov. 28, 2001, entitled “SYSTEM FOR AUTHORIZING FUNCTIONALITY IN ADAPTABLE HARDWARE DEVICES”; and

(3) U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/013,825 filed on Dec. 10, 2001, entitled “SYSTEM FOR CONFIGURING DEVICE STANDARDS AFTER MANUFACURE”.

Each of the above applications are hereby incorporated by reference as if set forth in full in this document.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates in general to configuring hardware devices to achieve desired functionality and more specifically to maintaining records of permitted functions or features and providing the functions or features to an adaptable device.

Traditional consumer electronic devices have substantially fixed functionality. Devices such as cell phones, digital audio players, personal digital assistants (PDAs), global positioning satellite (GPS) terminals, etc. are designed from scratch and manufactured and marketed as a specific type of device with a specific feature set. Such fixed function devices can be problematic when the data formats, processing requirements or other functions of the device must be changed in order for the device to be useful, or even useable, in e.g., different geographic locations, at a later point in time, etc. Functions not envisioned at design time are difficult to add on later.

For example, a user who purchases a cell phone in the United States might have to travel to a European country. The code-division multiplexed device (CDMA, cdmaOne, etc.) obtained in the U.S. may not be compatible with a European cellular system such as Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM). Features such as caller ID, call waiting, etc., might not use the same data identification, communication protocols, processing and signal standards, etc. Standards also change with time so that a device, such as a CDMA cell phone, might be incompatible with later developments such as future web-enabled telephone standards. For example, the 1595B CDMA standard vs. the HDR CDMA data standard.

Another problem with fixed function devices is that users must typically buy different devices to perform different functions. For example, a user might need a cell phone, digital audio device and pager. This would typically require a user to carry three separate electronic devices. Often users purchase devices with features that they have little need for. Other users may obtain the same devices and discover that there are features that they would like to have that the device can't perform. Since manufacturers must design a single device to mass market, it is inevitable that most users will not have a good match between features that they want or need. This is especially true since the users' wants and needs often change over time and place. Similarly, standards, such as MPEG-2, 3, 4, and 5; evolve and vary over time and place.

A typical approach of today's manufacturers is to load a device with many features. However, this adds to the cost of the device for most user's who will never use many of the features.

A traditional approach to device design is illustrated in FIG. 3. About 90% of the million operations per second (MOPS) of a typical mobile electronics design resides in a lowest “layer 0” implemented with fixed function silicon (FFS) accelerators. Digital signal processing (DSP) is used in the upper portion of layer 0 and the lower portion of layer 1. In a typical design the DSP circuitry may be utilized 95%, or more, of the time. This leaves few DSP MOPS available for other features, changes in requirements, etc. The FFS are usually all point solutions with no flexibility to reallocate their use.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An embodiment of the present invention uses an adaptable computing machine (ACM) approach. Many of the FFS, DSP and general purpose CPU, RISC or other computing is replaced with ACM architecture. This approach provides a system for permitting new, or enhanced, functionality to be transferred to an adaptable device. In a preferred embodiment, the permitted functionality is determined according to an accounting method associated with a user's account. This approach allows a user to contract for specific services, functionality, etc. regardless of changes over time such as changes to data formats, communication protocols, external devices or infrastructure, etc. The sources for these contracts can be either servers, the device itself, or other devices in peer-to-peer, client/server, or other arrangements.

For example, a cell phone user can contract for phone services. The user's handset is an adaptable device that can obtain new functionality from a primary company to ensure that the user is able to operate the cell phone in different countries of the world, or in different regions where the cellular communication mode may be different. Also, as underlying technology changes over time, the user's phone device can be updated. User's can negotiate for different features sets such as caller ID, conference calling, data rates, voice quality, priority rates, etc. They can even make trade-offs such as battery life for quality of communication channel, speed of connection for cost, etc.

In a preferred embodiment, the functionality is stored as binary information on a ubiquitous communications network such as the Internet. Functionality is transferred to different devices as digital information over the network. This allows hardware functionality to be used, licensed or sold in many forms. For example, site licenses can be obtained for companies; hardware “trialware” can be provided to allow limited functionality for a limited time for lower-cost payments, etc.

In one embodiment, the invention provides a method for delivering adaptation information to an adaptable hardware device. The method includes defining permitted functionality for a given device; receiving a request to provide functionality for the given device; checking whether the permitted functionality includes the requested functionality; and if the permitted functionality includes the requested functionality then providing the requested functionality to the given device.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 illustrates transfer of adaptation information to an adaptable device; and

FIG. 2 illustrates basic parts of an adaptable device architecture based on an adaptive computing environment.

FIG. 3 illustrates a traditional approach to device design.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

A preferred embodiment of the invention allows adaptation information to be transferred over an electronic communication system, such as a point-to-point link, data network, etc. In the preferred embodiment, the Internet is used to accomplish the transfer. The adaptation information is used to load new functionality into a portable consumer electronic device. For example, the functionality can allow the device to perform cellular telephone operations, audio playback, global positioning satellite (GPS) receiver functions, etc. Although the present application is presented primarily with respect to consumer electronic devices and relevant standards, aspects of the invention can be used with other types of electronic devices and other standards, licensed technology or functionality.

Naturally, any type of system can be used to transfer information to the device, such as transferring from local or remote devices, peer-to-peer exchanges, client/server exchanges, etc.

A preferred embodiment of the invention uses a device including an adaptive computing engine (ACE). The preferred architecture of the device is described in detail in the co-pending patent application referenced above, entitled “ADAPTIVE INTEGRATED CIRCUITRY WITH HETEROGENEOUS AND RECONFIGURABLE MATRICES OF DIVERSE AND ADAPTIVE COMPUTATIONAL UNITS HAVING FIXED, APPLICATION SPECIFIC COMPUTATIONAL ELEMENTS.” It should be apparent that any type of adaptable hardware device design is adaptable for use with the present invention. For example, the adaptable device can be any type of adaptable device using other architectures or design methodologies, such as a device using a general-purpose processor, multiprocessing, application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC), field-programmable gate array (FPGA), dedicated circuitry, etc., or combination of the foregoing.

The adaptable device can be configured with a desired standard, or other functionality, at the point of initial shipping of the device, at the site of manufacture, or at any point in the design, manufacture, distribution, sales chains, including after the point of sale. The device can be configured by adaptation information loaded into the device by any type of communication means such as reading magnetic media, using a digital network such as a local-area network (LAN), the Internet; using a hardwire transfer, using optical or radio-frequency communication, etc.

Adaptation of the device can include the means described in co-pending U.S. patent application entitled “SYSTEM FOR AUTHORIZING FUNCTIONALITY IN CONFIGURABLE HARDWARE DEVICES,” referenced, above.

FIG. 1 illustrates basic operation of the system of the present invention.

In FIG. 1, system 100 includes an adaptable device 102. The device is preferably capable of communication with a ubiquitous digital transfer system such as Internet 104. The amorphous Internet can use a variety of servers, workstation, databases, routers, switches, communication links, other devices (including adaptable devices), etc.

FIG. 1 also shows primary company 106 housing front-end server 108, database 110 and administration control 112. In one embodiment, each device, such as device 102 is associated with a human user, corporate identity or some other identifiable entity that is capable of being billed for services or functionality provided by primary company 106 for the device.

Billing, or other forms of accounting for provision or use of functionality, can be by any of the forms (or additional forms) discussed in the related applications. FIG. 1 shows a generalized relationship to bill user 116 via a banking service 114 of which primary company 106 receives information. Naturally, billing information can occur directly between user 116 and the primary company. Or other entities can be involved. Although billing information transfer is shown external to Internet 104, the billing information transfer can be by any means such as by using financial sector communications or other dedicated, or shared, links.

A preferred embodiment associates a device, such as device 102, with a user of the device, such as user 102, in database 110. The user of the device does not have to be the responsible billing entity, such as where a company pays for device usage for the company's employees. The device is associated with a list, or range, or permitted functionality. Such a list can also be stored in database 110. Note that any of the processing, data storage, and other elements of operation of the system can be performed at any point in the connected network or in any components of the system. Thus, for example, a database of devices and permitted functionality can be stored on a server in the Internet, in the banking service's facilities, etc.

Once permitted functionality is associated with a device, the functionality can be provided to the user of the device regardless of geographic location and regardless of future changes in technology, standards, or other relied-upon interfaces, protocols, data formats, standards, etc.

For example, if a user of device 102 has contracted for cellular phone functionality and the user (and device) are in the U.S. then the device is provided with appropriate cell phone functionality (e.g., CDMA, TDMA, analog, satellite, etc.) as needed. If the user moves into an area where, e.g., currently programmed TDMA functionality residing in the device is not supported, but CDMA functionality is available from the cell phone infrastructure, then device 102 notifies primary company 106 that CDMA functionality is requested to continue to provide phone functionality. The request is sent via Internet 104 to primary company 106. Primary company's server 108 (or another device such as a mobile adaptive device) receives the request and communicates the request to administrator control 112.

Administrator control 112 can involve human monitoring and approval, or can be automatic. Administrator control 112 consults database 110 to determine whether the account associated with device 102 permits the requested functionality. If so, the appropriate functionality, in the form of adaptation information, is transferred from server 108 to Internet 104 and to device 102. This approach can guarantee that device 102 works at any geographic location where a type of wireless telephone service is available. Even different communication means such as analog radio-frequency such as citizen's band, HAM, analog telephone, voice-over-Internet Protocol (VoIP), etc. can be permitted. Devices that assist this function can be credited for providing transfer assistance, information or other resources. Such credit can be a money payment, credit, or other provision or promise to provide resources or items of value. For example, adaptation information can be provided as a credit.

Similar to geographic independence, functionality can be maintained over time despite changes in infrastructure, standards, data formats or other relied-upon technology. Exchanging the device, or handset, is not required to maintain functionality in the face of data, protocol or service changes. Unlike the prior art, a primary company is able to guarantee broad types of functionality over time periods and/or over regions.

Naturally, any type of functionality can be used with the present system. For example, video formats are different in different parts of the world (e.g., NTSC, PAL). Also, there are many different video formats even within a given country such as analog or digital. In general, the system of the present invention can provide hardware and software independent functionality. Instead, functionality can be used, licensed, or sold in broad, tailored ways to individual users, businesses, etc., as desired.

Permitted functionality can be almost any arrangement rather than the geographic and time-independent versions discussed, above. For example, a user's account can provide for the ability to play any audio format. The permission can place limits on bandwidth, or audio quality. Add on peripherals to an adaptable device can allow playback of audio through two channels, three-dimensional audio, 5.1 surround sound, etc. Such peripherals can be detected by the device and their existence can be indicated to the primary company, or other adaptation information provider, so that appropriate adaptation information is provided.

A user can be permitted to, e.g., have a conference call with up to 5 other devices. Such permission can be shared among users in a group as where a company has a license so that, at any given time, 20 sets of 5-way conference calls can be in use. Any variety and combination of permitted functionality can be licensed in any number of ways. Individual, or site licenses can be provided which, in turn, spawns many different possibilities for pricing and payment schedules or arrangements.

Since the functionality is stored on the Internet. Internet techniques for marketing, distribution and use can be employed. For example, functions can be provided as “trialware” for a temporary period, free of charge, or otherwise. The user can then elect to purchase the full functionality on a time-measured, or other basis. Notification of functions or services can be passed among different devices, sites, nodes, users, machines, etc., on a network by any means. Unlike traditional computer systems on the Internet, upgrades to features can be automatically provided without requiring user action every time new adaptation information is loaded into the device.

FIG. 2 illustrates basic parts of an adaptable device architecture based on an adaptive computing environment (ACE) approach. Such an approach is discussed in detail in the co-pending patent application referenced, above. A preferred embodiment of an adaptable device is achieved by using a plurality of heterogeneous computational elements coupled to an interconnection network. The ACE architecture uses small processing elements called nodes, or matrices. The matrices are each designed to be specialized in one basic type of processing such as arithmetic, bit manipulation, finite state machine, memory oriented or reduced instruction set computing (RISC) approaches. The matrices are provided with adaptable interconnection networks. A scheduler performs the task of mapping an operation, or function, onto the matrices. Once mapped, the function can execute for a while before a next function is mapped onto the same set of matrices. In this manner, the functionality of a device that includes the matrices can be changed quickly and efficiently.

In FIG. 2, reconfigurable matrix 150 includes a plurality of computation units 200 (illustrated as computation units 200A through 200N). Computation units include a plurality of computational elements 250 (illustrated as computational elements 250A through 250Z). As illustrated in FIG. 2, matrix 150 generally includes a matrix controller 230 and plurality of computation (or computational) units 200 as logical or conceptual subsets or portions of a matrix interconnect network. Also shown are data interconnect network 240 and Boolean interconnect network 210. Interconnect networks can have different levels of interconnectivity and flexibility for greater levels of adaptability and adaptation. In an applied architecture, the matrix represented by FIG. 2 is replicated within a single chip, or chipset, and interconnected with each other to provide a scalable approach to providing processing resources. A network interconnecting matrices (not shown) is referred to as a matrix interconnection network.

Boolean interconnect network 210 provides adaptation and data interconnection capability between and among the various computation units 200, and is preferably small (i.e., only a few bits wide). Data interconnect network 240 provides the adaptation and data interconnection capability for data input and output between and among the various computation units 200, and is preferably comparatively large (i.e., many bits wide). It should be noted, however, that while conceptually divided into adaptation and data capabilities, any given physical portion of the matrix interconnection network, at any given time, may be operating as either the Boolean interconnect network 210, the data interconnect network 240, the lowest level interconnect 220 (between and among the various computational elements 250), or other input, output, or connection functionality.

Continuing to refer to FIG. 2, included within a computation unit 200 are a plurality of computational elements 250, illustrated as computational elements 250A through 250Z (individually and collectively referred to as computational elements 250), and additional interconnect 220. The interconnect 220 provides the reconfigurable interconnection capability and input/output paths between and among the various computational elements 250. As indicated above, each of the various computational elements 250 consist of dedicated, application specific hardware designed to perform a given task or range of tasks, resulting in a plurality of different, fixed computational elements 250. Utilizing the interconnect 220, the fixed computational elements 250 may be reconfigurably connected together into adaptive and varied computational units 200, which also may be further reconfigured and interconnected, to execute an algorithm or other function, at any given time, utilizing the interconnect 220, the Boolean network 210, and the matrix interconnection network (not shown).

In a preferred embodiment, the various computational elements 250 are designed and grouped together, into various adaptive and reconfigurable computation units 200. In addition to computational elements 250 which are designed to execute a particular algorithm or function, such as multiplication or addition, other types of computational elements 250 are also utilized. As illustrated in FIG. 2, computational elements 250A and 250B implement memory, to provide local memory elements for any given calculation or processing function (compared to more “remote” or auxiliary memory that can be external to the matrix). In addition, computational elements 250I, 250J, 250K and 250L are configured to implement finite state machines to provide local processing capability especially suitable for complicated control processing.

With the various types of different computational elements 250 that may be available, depending upon the desired functionality, the computation units 200 may be loosely categorized. A first category of computation units 200 includes computational elements 250 performing linear operations, such as multiplication, addition, finite impulse response filtering, and so on. A second category of computation units 200 includes computational elements 250 performing non-linear operations, such as discrete cosine transformation, trigonometric calculations, and complex multiplications. A third type of computation unit 200 implements a finite state machine, such as computation unit 200C as illustrated in FIG. 2, particularly useful for complicated control sequences, dynamic scheduling, and input/output management, while a fourth type may implement memory and memory management, such as computation unit 200A. Lastly, a fifth type of computation unit 200 may be included to perform bit-level manipulation, such as for encryption, decryption, channel coding, Viterbi decoding, and packet and protocol processing (such as Internet Protocol processing).

In addition to the ways of determining functionality for general-purpose processing devices, as described above, the functionality of a device using the ACE architecture can be determined by adaptation information that is used to schedule operations on the computation units. Usage information can include the availability, types and frequency of use of different computation units. Adaptation of the interconnect network, number of active computation units over time, rate of execution of operations, etc., can all be used as usage parameters.

Although the invention has been described with respect to specific embodiments, the embodiments are merely illustrative, and not restrictive, of the invention. For example, although the invention has been discussed where services and functionality are supplied by a “primary company” such a company can be any entity, or collection of entities. For example, the device adaptation can be open to any of several companies or adaptation code developers so that competition can lower costs. The adaptation information can be of the format discussed in related applications with respect to the ACE architecture (see above) or it can be prior art software, firmware, microcode, etc., except where noted otherwise. The adaptation information can include any type of information in any form that can be used to change the functionality or configuration of a device, or to supply new functionality to a device. The way in which the adaptation information achieves new functionality can be by compiled, interpreted, hybrid (a mix), etc., types of code. The adaptation information can be transferred to the device using any type of communication link, protocol and methodology.

Adaptation information can be distributed and obtained by several schemes. For example, instead of a central server providing the adaptation information, the information can be obtained from another server, from a peer-to-peer exchange, from a stored medium such as a magnetic disk, compact disk, digital versatile disk, memory card, etc. Whenever adaptation information, or features, are obtained, an electronic commerce arrangement can be implemented. For example, in a peer-to-peer arrangement, a user can request a feature that is stored at a third party's computer system. The third party can provide a billing arrangement with the user so that the user can pay for the feature, and obtain the feature from the third party. Third party development of features is also anticipated. In other words, developers that are not initially associated with the primary company may design adaptation information to create new, unanticipated, features.

In one embodiment, multiple devices can form a network of functionality and capabilities. Devices use radio frequency (or other) transmissions to communicate over space to establish which devices have what functionality. The devices can then negotiate to transfer functionality according to a payment scheme, license, or other arrangement.

Device networks can also be used to provide processing engines, relays, etc. Groups of devices can be used to perform collective functions where different devices perform different parts of the functions. For example, where there are four devices A, B, C and D; and where device A cannot communicate with device D, device A may be able to relay information or functions to device D via device B or device C. An example of a collective function is where device A directs devices B and C to act as an adaptive antenna with three elements, A, B and C, that could improve the signal to noise ratio of A's transmission or reception.

An array of mobile adaptive devices in the vicinity of a target device can keep a database of environment characteristics of the target device, such as a signal-to-noise ratio of the target device's transmission.

A device between two other devices can perform a translation function. For example, if a WCDMA device tries to communicate with a TDMA device, this can be accomplished by using an intermediary WCDMA-to-TDMA device for the translation. The intermediary device can perform the translation and relay information. Or the intermediary device can provide the adaptation information to one of the other devices to do the translation in one of the other devices.

Software agents can be used to help a user locate a feature. Any manner of searching, distribution or download systems may be used with the present invention.

Thus, the scope of the invention is to be determined solely by the appended claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3409175Nov 10, 1966Nov 5, 1968Thomas M. ByrneLiquid dispensing device
US3666143Jun 22, 1970May 30, 1972Fred FisherAutomatic fluid dispensing apparatus with manual override
US3938639Nov 28, 1973Feb 17, 1976The Cornelius CompanyPortable dispenser for mixed beverages
US3949903Sep 12, 1974Apr 13, 1976General Motors CorporationWater and beverage concentrate dispenser
US3960298Apr 19, 1974Jun 1, 1976The Cornelius CompanyContainer assembly for use with a separator dispenser
US3967062Mar 5, 1975Jun 29, 1976Ncr CorporationMethod and apparatus for encoding data and clock information in a self-clocking data stream
US3991911Sep 7, 1973Nov 16, 1976American Beverage ControlAutomatic drink dispensing apparatus having programming means
US3995441Jul 15, 1975Dec 7, 1976The Cornelius CompanyBeverage dispensing system
US4076145Aug 9, 1976Feb 28, 1978The Cornelius CompanyMethod and apparatus for dispensing a beverage
US4143793Jun 13, 1977Mar 13, 1979The Cornelius CompanyApparatus and method for dispensing a carbonated beverage
US4172669Jul 27, 1978Oct 30, 1979The Cornelius CompanyMixing and dispensing machine
US4174872Apr 10, 1978Nov 20, 1979The Cornelius CompanyBeverage dispensing machine and cabinet therefor
US4181242May 30, 1978Jan 1, 1980The Cornelius CompanyMethod and apparatus for dispensing a beverage
US4218014Feb 21, 1979Aug 19, 1980The Cornelius CompanyMultiple flavor post-mix beverage dispensing head
US4222972Jan 29, 1979Sep 16, 1980Caldwell Michael CMethod and means for carbonating liquids in situ
US4237536Oct 12, 1978Dec 2, 1980M.R.E. Enterprises, Inc.System for indicating and controlling dispensing of beverages
US4252253Feb 21, 1978Feb 24, 1981Mcneil CorporationDrink dispenser having central control of plural dispensing stations
US4302775Dec 15, 1978Nov 24, 1981Compression Labs, Inc.Digital video compression system and methods utilizing scene adaptive coding with rate buffer feedback
US4333587Jan 31, 1980Jun 8, 1982The Coca-Cola CompanyBeverage dispenser
US4354613May 15, 1980Oct 19, 1982Trafalgar Industries, Inc.Microprocessor based vending apparatus
US4377246May 11, 1981Mar 22, 1983The Cornelius CompanyApparatus for dispensing a carbonated beverage
US4380046May 21, 1979Apr 12, 1983NasaMassively parallel processor computer
US4393468Mar 26, 1981Jul 12, 1983Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.Bit slice microprogrammable processor for signal processing applications
US4413752Oct 20, 1980Nov 8, 1983The Cornelius CompanyApparatus for dispensing a carbonated beverage
US4458584Feb 22, 1983Jul 10, 1984General Foods CorporationBeverage carbonation device
US4466342Feb 22, 1983Aug 21, 1984General Foods CorporationCarbonation chamber with sparger for beverage carbonation
US4475448Feb 22, 1983Oct 9, 1984General Foods CorporationReactant/gas separation means for beverage carbonation device
US4509690Dec 6, 1982Apr 9, 1985The Cornelius CompanyCarbonated beverage mixing nozzle for a dispenser
US4520950Jun 29, 1982Jun 4, 1985Cadbury Schweppes Public Limited CompanyIn-home drink dispenser
US4549675Sep 7, 1982Oct 29, 1985The Cornelius Co.Beverage dispensing valve
US4553573Oct 20, 1983Nov 19, 1985Pepsico Inc.Bulk syrup delivery system
US4560089Sep 7, 1982Dec 24, 1985The Cornelius CompanyApparatus for dispensing a carbonated beverage
US4577782May 2, 1983Mar 25, 1986The Cornelius CompanyBeverage dispensing station
US4578799Oct 5, 1983Mar 25, 1986Codenoll Technology CorporationMethod and apparatus for recovering data and clock information from a self-clocking data stream
US4633386Apr 6, 1984Dec 30, 1986Schlumberger Measurement & Control (U.K.) Ltd.Digital signal processor
US4658988Apr 2, 1984Apr 21, 1987The Cornelius CompanyMultiple flavor post-mix beverage dispensing apparatus
US4694416Feb 25, 1985Sep 15, 1987General Electric CompanyVLSI programmable digital signal processor
US4711374Sep 16, 1986Dec 8, 1987The Coca-Cola CompanyLow-cost post-mix beverage dispenser and syrup supply system therefor
US4713755Jun 28, 1985Dec 15, 1987Hewlett-Packard CompanyCache memory consistency control with explicit software instructions
US4719056Jun 21, 1985Jan 12, 1988Isoworth LimitedFluid treatment
US4726494Dec 29, 1986Feb 23, 1988Isoworth LimitedBeverage dipensing apparatus
US4747516Dec 23, 1985May 31, 1988Liquid Motion Industries, Co.Soft drink maker
US4748585Dec 26, 1985May 31, 1988Chiarulli Donald MProcessor utilizing reconfigurable process segments to accomodate data word length
US4758985Mar 28, 1986Jul 19, 1988Xilinx, Inc.Microprocessor oriented configurable logic element
US4760525Jun 10, 1986Jul 26, 1988The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air ForceComplex arithmetic vector processor for performing control function, scalar operation, and set-up of vector signal processing instruction
US4760544Jun 20, 1986Jul 26, 1988Plessey Overseas LimitedArithmetic logic and shift device
US4765513May 15, 1987Aug 23, 1988The Cornelius CompanyPost-mix beverage dispenser with nozzle
US4766548Jan 2, 1987Aug 23, 1988Pepsico Inc.Telelink monitoring and reporting system
US4781309Feb 19, 1987Nov 1, 1988The Cornelius CompanyDispenser with improved carbonated water manifold
US4800492May 13, 1987Jan 24, 1989The Coca-Cola CompanyData logger for a post-mix beverage dispensing system
US4811214Nov 14, 1986Mar 7, 1989Princeton UniversityMultinode reconfigurable pipeline computer
US4824075May 1, 1987Apr 25, 1989Walter HolzboogTilt action dispensing valve assembly
US4827426May 18, 1987May 2, 1989The Coca-Cola CompanyData acquisition and processing system for post-mix beverage dispensers
US4850269Jun 26, 1987Jul 25, 1989Aquatec, Inc.Low pressure, high efficiency carbonator and method
US4856684Mar 21, 1988Aug 15, 1989William GerstungValve for a pressurized dispensing can containing flowable materials
US4870302Feb 19, 1988Sep 26, 1989Xilinx, Inc.Configurable electrical circuit having configurable logic elements and configurable interconnects
US4901887Aug 8, 1988Feb 20, 1990Burton John WBeverage dispensing system
US4905231May 3, 1988Feb 27, 1990American Telephone And Telegraph Company, At&T Bell LaboratoriesMulti-media virtual circuit
US4921315Oct 18, 1988May 1, 1990Whirlpool CorporationRefrigerator door structure
US4930666Oct 28, 1988Jun 5, 1990The Coca-Cola CompanyJuice dispensing system for a refrigerator door
US4932564May 20, 1988Jun 12, 1990The Cornelius CompanyMultiple flavor post-mix beverage dispensing head
US4936488Jun 10, 1987Jun 26, 1990The Cornelius CompanyBeverage dispensing valve
US4937019Sep 19, 1988Jun 26, 1990Isoworth LimitedPressure vessel
US4960261Sep 21, 1988Oct 2, 1990Isoworth LimitedGas cylinder connector
US4961533Oct 30, 1989Oct 9, 1990Viac Inc.Inventory control system
US4967340Nov 18, 1988Oct 30, 1990E-Systems, Inc.Adaptive processing system having an array of individually configurable processing components
US4974643Jun 27, 1988Dec 4, 1990The Cornelius CompanyMethod of and apparatus for dispensing beverage into a tilted receptacle with automatic level responsive shut off
US4982876Aug 8, 1988Jan 8, 1991Isoworth LimitedCarbonation apparatus
US4993604Aug 28, 1986Feb 19, 1991The Coca-Cola CompanyLow-cost post-mix beverage dispenser and syrup supply system therefor
US5007560Mar 1, 1989Apr 16, 1991Sassak John JBeer dispensing and monitoring method and apparatus
US5021947Jan 30, 1990Jun 4, 1991Hughes Aircraft CompanyData-flow multiprocessor architecture with three dimensional multistage interconnection network for efficient signal and data processing
US5040106Aug 29, 1989Aug 13, 1991Hansa Metallwerke AgApparatus for drawing a pre-selectable quantity of liquid
US5044171Nov 6, 1989Sep 3, 1991Eli FarkasCounter with integral carbonated beverage dispenser
US5090015Feb 6, 1989Feb 18, 1992Motorola, Inc.Programmable array logic self-checking system
US5099418Jun 14, 1990Mar 24, 1992Hughes Aircraft CompanyDistributed data driven process
US5129549Oct 11, 1989Jul 14, 1992Imi Cornelius Inc.Beverage dispensing valve
US5139708Sep 26, 1990Aug 18, 1992Isoworth LimitedDual chamber carbonator for dispensing drinks
US5144166Nov 2, 1990Sep 1, 1992Concurrent Logic, Inc.Programmable logic cell and array
US5156301Dec 17, 1990Oct 20, 1992Imi Cornelius Inc.Constant ratio post-mix beverage dispensing valve
US5156871May 1, 1991Oct 20, 1992Imi Cornelius Inc.Low cost beverage carbonating apparatus and method
US5165023Dec 17, 1986Nov 17, 1992Massachusetts Institute Of TechnologyParallel processing system with processor array and network communications system for transmitting messages of variable length
US5165575Apr 27, 1992Nov 24, 1992Isoworth LimitedCarbonation apparatus
US5190083Oct 3, 1991Mar 2, 1993The Coca-Cola CompanyMultiple fluid space dispenser and monitor
US5190189Oct 30, 1990Mar 2, 1993Imi Cornelius Inc.Low height beverage dispensing apparatus
US5193151 *Aug 30, 1989Mar 9, 1993Digital Equipment CorporationDelay-based congestion avoidance in computer networks
US5193718Jun 25, 1991Mar 16, 1993Imi Cornelius Inc.Quick electronic disconnect for a beverage dispensing valve
US5202993Feb 27, 1991Apr 13, 1993Sun Microsystems, Inc.Method and apparatus for cost-based heuristic instruction scheduling
US5203474Jun 16, 1990Apr 20, 1993Alco Standard CorporationBeverage dispensing nozzle
US5218240Aug 25, 1992Jun 8, 1993Concurrent Logic, Inc.Programmable logic cell and array with bus repeaters
US5240144Aug 6, 1991Aug 31, 1993Joseph FeldmanBeverage dispensing apparatus
US5245227Aug 30, 1991Sep 14, 1993Atmel CorporationVersatile programmable logic cell for use in configurable logic arrays
US5261099Jun 29, 1992Nov 9, 1993International Business Machines Corp.Synchronous communications scheduler allowing transient computing overloads using a request buffer
US5263509Nov 12, 1992Nov 23, 1993General Electric CompanyRefrigerator with door mounted dispenser supply mechanism
US5269442May 22, 1992Dec 14, 1993The Cornelius CompanyNozzle for a beverage dispensing valve
US5280711Feb 25, 1993Jan 25, 1994Imi Cornelius Inc.Low cost beverage dispensing apparatus
US5297400Feb 17, 1993Mar 29, 1994Maytag CorporationLiquid dispensing assembly for a refrigerator
US5301100Apr 29, 1991Apr 5, 1994Wagner Ferdinand HMethod of and apparatus for constructing a control system and control system created thereby
US5303846Sep 17, 1990Apr 19, 1994Abcc/Techcorp.Method and apparatus for generating and dispensing flavoring syrup in a post mix system
US5347446 *Feb 10, 1992Sep 13, 1994Kabushiki Kaisha ToshibaModel predictive control apparatus
US5560038 *Nov 28, 1995Sep 24, 1996Network Peripherals, Inc.Apparatus for translating frames of data transferred between heterogeneous local area networks
US5600844 *Apr 5, 1993Feb 4, 1997Shaw; Venson M.Single chip integrated circuit system architecture for document installation set computing
US5913172 *Nov 15, 1996Jun 15, 1999Glenayre Electronics, Inc.Method and apparatus for reducing phase cancellation in a simulcast paging system
US5943481 *May 7, 1997Aug 24, 1999Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.Computer communication network having a packet processor with subsystems that are variably configured for flexible protocol handling
US5946386 *Mar 11, 1996Aug 31, 1999Xantel CorporationCall management system with call control from user workstation computers
US5950011 *Mar 3, 1997Sep 7, 1999Bull S.A.System using designer editor and knowledge base for configuring preconfigured software in an open system in a distributed environment
US6021492 *Oct 9, 1996Feb 1, 2000Hewlett-Packard CompanySoftware metering management of remote computing devices
US6111893 *Jul 31, 1997Aug 29, 2000Cisco Technology, Inc.Universal protocol conversion
US6111935 *Jun 2, 1997Aug 29, 2000Canon Kabushiki KaishaAdaptive expansion table in a digital telephone receiver
US6205537 *Jul 16, 1998Mar 20, 2001University Of RochesterMechanism for dynamically adapting the complexity of a microprocessor
US6219697 *May 2, 1997Apr 17, 20013Com CorporationMethod and apparatus for operating the internet protocol over a high-speed serial bus
US6223222 *May 14, 1998Apr 24, 20013Com CorporationMethod and system for providing quality-of-service in a data-over-cable system using configuration protocol messaging
US6233610 *Aug 27, 1997May 15, 2001Northern Telecom LimitedCommunications network having management system architecture supporting reuse
US6237029 *Feb 26, 1996May 22, 2001Argosystems, Inc.Method and apparatus for adaptable digital protocol processing
US6289388 *Jun 1, 1998Sep 11, 2001Unisys CorporationSystem for communicating heterogeneous computers that are coupled through an I/O interconnection subsystem and have distinct network addresses, via a single network interface card
US6292830 *Aug 7, 1998Sep 18, 2001Iterations LlcSystem for optimizing interaction among agents acting on multiple levels
US6360256 *Jul 1, 1996Mar 19, 2002Sun Microsystems, Inc.Name service for a redundant array of internet servers
US6546381 *Oct 4, 1999Apr 8, 2003International Business Machines CorporationQuery optimization system and method
US6549988 *Jan 22, 1999Apr 15, 2003Ilya GertnerData storage system comprising a network of PCs and method using same
US6587684 *Jul 28, 1998Jul 1, 2003Bell Atlantic Nynex MobileDigital wireless telephone system for downloading software to a digital telephone using wireless data link protocol
US6591299 *May 24, 2002Jul 8, 2003Packeteer, Inc.Method for automatically classifying traffic with enhanced hierarchy in a packet communications network
US6618434 *May 31, 2001Sep 9, 2003Quicksilver Technology, Inc.Adaptive, multimode rake receiver for dynamic search and multipath reception
US6633923 *Jan 28, 2000Oct 14, 2003Iona Technologies Inc.Method and system for dynamic configuration of interceptors in a client-server environment
US6667992 *Aug 4, 1998Dec 23, 2003Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.Network control system
US6681258 *May 31, 2000Jan 20, 2004International Business Machines CorporationFacility for retrieving data from a network adapter having a shared address resolution table
US6691148 *Dec 24, 1998Feb 10, 2004Verizon Corporate Services Group Inc.Framework for providing quality of service requirements in a distributed object-oriented computer system
US6711617 *Feb 9, 2000Mar 23, 2004International Business Machines CorporationMethod and apparatus for providing automatic configuration of a computer system based on its physical location using an electronically read schedule
US6732354 *Apr 23, 2002May 4, 2004Quicksilver Technology, Inc.Method, system and software for programming reconfigurable hardware
US6735621 *Aug 15, 2000May 11, 2004Nortel Networks LimitedMethod and apparatus for messaging between disparate networks
US6769032 *May 14, 1999Jul 27, 2004E.Piphany, Inc.Augmented processing of information objects in a distributed messaging framework in a computer network
US6795851 *Jun 19, 2000Sep 21, 2004Path Communications Inc.Web-based client/server communication channel with automated client-side channel endpoint feature detection and selection
US6829633 *Apr 9, 2001Dec 7, 2004Francotyp-Postalia Ag & Co. KgArrangement and method for offering a message when loading service data for a terminal device
US6901440 *Jul 2, 1999May 31, 2005Agilent Technologies, Inc.System and method for universal service activation
US6917939 *Dec 23, 1998Jul 12, 2005International Business Machines CorporationMethod and apparatus for configurable mapping between data stores and data structures and a generalized client data model using heterogeneous, specialized storage
US6986021 *Nov 30, 2001Jan 10, 2006Quick Silver Technology, Inc.Apparatus, method, system and executable module for configuration and operation of adaptive integrated circuitry having fixed, application specific computational elements
US7072805 *Oct 17, 2003Jul 4, 2006International Business Machines CorporationMechanism for on-line prediction of future performance measurements in a computer system
US7082456 *Mar 4, 2001Jul 25, 2006Filesx Ltd.Accelerating responses to requests made by users to an internet
US7249242 *Jul 23, 2003Jul 24, 2007Nvidia CorporationInput pipeline registers for a node in an adaptive computing engine
US20010034795 *Feb 5, 2001Oct 25, 2001Moulton Gregory HaganSystem and method for intelligent, globally distributed network storage
US20020031166 *Jan 29, 2001Mar 14, 2002Ravi SubramanianWireless spread spectrum communication platform using dynamically reconfigurable logic
US20020035623 *Apr 16, 2001Mar 21, 2002Lawande Sachin S.Method and apparatus for operating the internet protocol over a high-speed serial bus
US20020061741 *Aug 2, 2001May 23, 2002Leung Kelvin T.Apparatus and method for context-sensitive dynamic information service composition via mobile and wireless network communication
US20020069282 *Apr 20, 2000Jun 6, 2002Reisman Richard R.Method and system for distributing updates
US20020078337 *Aug 8, 2001Jun 20, 2002Jean-Jacques MoreauMethod and device for configuring an electronic document processing peripheral in a communication network
US20020107905 *Feb 4, 2002Aug 8, 2002Roe Colleen A.Scalable agent service system
US20020112240 *Nov 20, 2001Aug 15, 2002Bacso Stephen R.Method and system for targeted content presentation in a communications network
US20020120672 *Feb 27, 2001Aug 29, 2002Butt Alan B.Network management
US20020147845 *Mar 4, 2002Oct 10, 2002Juan-Antonio Sanchez-HerreroFlexible user distribution between user's serving entities
US20020168018 *May 8, 2001Nov 14, 2002Scheuermann W. JamesMethod and system for reconfigurable channel coding
US20020177167 *Mar 22, 2002Nov 28, 2002Levinson Douglas A.Method and system for planning, performing, and assessing high-throughput screening of multicomponent chemical compositions and solid forms of compounds
US20020181559 *May 31, 2001Dec 5, 2002Quicksilver Technology, Inc.Adaptive, multimode rake receiver for dynamic search and multipath reception
US20030007606 *Jan 8, 2002Jan 9, 2003Estech Systems, Inc.Service observing in a voice over IP telephone system
US20030046421 *Dec 12, 2001Mar 6, 2003Horvitz Eric J.Controls and displays for acquiring preferences, inspecting behavior, and guiding the learning and decision policies of an adaptive communications prioritization and routing system
US20030061311 *Sep 24, 2001Mar 27, 2003George LoMethod for providing engineering tool services
US20030076815 *Feb 11, 2002Apr 24, 2003Miller Frank WilliamVoice over IP architecture
US20030105949 *Nov 30, 2001Jun 5, 2003Quicksilver Technology, Inc.Apparatus, method, system and executable module for configuration and operation of adaptive integrated circuitry having fixed, application specific computational elements
US20030171962 *Oct 28, 2002Sep 11, 2003Jochen HirthSupply chain fulfillment coordination
US20030172138 *Mar 7, 2003Sep 11, 2003Mccormack Jonathan I.System and method for managing two or more electronic devices
US20030172139 *Mar 10, 2003Sep 11, 2003Venkatachary SrinivasanSystem and method for delivering data in a network
US20030212684 *Mar 7, 2003Nov 13, 2003Markus MeyerSystem and method for adapting preferences based on device location or network topology
US20040081248 *Oct 8, 2003Apr 29, 2004Sergio ParolariMethod of link adaptation in enhanced cellular systems to discriminate between high and low variability
US20040139297 *Jan 10, 2003Jul 15, 2004Huppenthal Jon M.System and method for scalable interconnection of adaptive processor nodes for clustered computer systems
US20060031660 *Sep 30, 2005Feb 9, 2006Master Paul LApparatus, method, system and executable module for configuration and operation of adaptive integrated circuitry having fixed, application specific computational elements
USRE30301Dec 15, 1975Jun 10, 1980The Cornelius CompanyBeverage mixing and dispensing apparatus
USRE32179Nov 16, 1984Jun 10, 1986The Coca-Cola CompanyPost-mix beverage dispensing system syrup package, valving system, and carbonator therefor
Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1 *A 1 V heterogeneous reconfigurable processor IC for baseband wireless applications Zhang, H.; Prabhu, V.; George, V.; Wan, M.; Benes, M.; Abnous, A.; Rabaey, J.M.; Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2000. Digest of Technical Papers. ISSCC. 2000 IEEE International Feb. 7-9, 2000 pp. 68-69, 448.
2 *A heterogeneous environment for hardware/software cosimulation Bishop, W.D.; Loucks, W.M.; Simulation Symposium, 1997. Proceedings. 30th Annual Apr. 7-9, 1997 pp. 14-22.
3 *A MATLAB compiler for distributed, heterogeneous, reconfigurable computing systems Banerjee, P.; Shenoy, N.; Choudhary, A.; Hauck, S.; Bachmann, C.; Haldar, M.; Joisha, P.; Jones, A.; Kanhare, A.; Nayak, A.; Periyacheri, S.; Walkden, M.; Zaretsky, D.;, 2000 IEEE Symposium on Apr. 17-19, 2000 pp. 39-48.
4Abnous et al., "Ultra-Low-Power Domain-Specific Multimedia Processors," VLSI Signal Processing, IX, 1998, IEEE Workshop in San Francisco, CA, USA, Oct. 30-Nov. 1, 1998, pp. 461-470 (Oct. 30, 1998).
5Aggarwal et al., "Efficient Huffman Decoding," International Conference on Image Processing IEEE 1:936-939 (Sep. 10-13, 2000).
6Allan et al., "Software Pipelining," ACM Computing Surveys, 27(3):1-78 (Sep. 1995).
7Alsolaim et al., "Architecture and Application of a Dynamically Reconfigurable Hardware Array for Future Mobile Communication Systems," Field Programmable Custom Computing Machines, 2000 IEEE Symposium, Napa Valley, Los Alamitos, CA. IEEE Comput. Soc. pp. 205-214 (Apr. 17-19, 2000).
8Ashenden et al., "The VHDL Cookbook," Dept. Computer Science, University of Adelaide, South Australia. Downloaded from http://tams-www.informatik.uni-hamburg.de/vhdl/doc/cookbook/VHDL-Cookbook.pdf on Dec. 7, 2006 (Jul. 1990).
9Bacon et al., "Compiler Transformation for High-Performance Computing," ACM Computing Surveys 26(4):368-373 (Dec. 1994).
10Balasubramonian et al., "Reducing the Complexity of the Register File in Dynamic Superscalar Processors," Proceedings of the 34th Annual ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Microarchitecture, pp. 237-248 (Dec. 1, 2001).
11Banerjee et al., "A Matlab Compiler for Distributed, Heterogeneous, Reconfigurable Computing Systems," 2000 IEEE Symposium, pp. 39-48, (Apr. 17-19, 2000).
12Bapte et al., "Uniform Execution Environment for Dynamic Reconfiguration," Darpa Adaptive Computing Systems, http://isis.vanderbilt.edu/publications/archive/babty-T-#-0-1999-Uniform-Ex.pdf, pp. 1-7 (1999).
13Baumgarte et al., "PACT XPP-A Self-Reconfigurable Data Processing Architecture," NN www.pactcorp.com/sneu/download/ersa01.pdf; retrieved on NOv. 25, 2005 (Jun. 25, 2001).
14Becker et al., "An Application-Tailored Dynamically Reconfigurable Hardware Architecture for Digital Baseband Processing," IEEE Conference Proceedings Article pp. 341-346 (Sep. 18, 2000).
15Becker et al., "Design and Implementation of a Coarse-Grained Dynamically Reconfigurable Hardware Architecture," VLSI 2001, Proceedings IEEE Computer Soc. Workshop, Piscataway, NJ, USA, pp. 41-46 (Apr. 19-20, 2001).
16Bevstar, BevStar Bottled Water Model Advertisement Automatic Merchandiser at www.AMonline.com (2005).
17Bevstar, BevStar Point of Use Water Model Advertisement Automatic Merchandiser at www.AMonline.com (2005).
18Bishop & Loucks, "A Heterogeneous Environment for Hardware/Software Cosimulation," Proceedings of the 30th Annual Simulation Symposium, pp. 14-22 (Apr. 7-9, 1997).
19Brakensiek et al., "Re-Configurable Multi-Standard Terminal for Hetergeneous Networks," Radio and Wireless Conference, Rawcon 2002 IEEE. pp. 27-30 (2002).
20Brown et al., "Quick PDA Data Exchange," PC Magazine pp. 1-3 (May 22, 2001).
21Buck et al., "Ptolemy: A Framework for Simulating and Prototyping Heterogeneous Systems," International Journal of Computer Simulation 4:155-182 (Apr. 1994).
22Burns et al., "A Dynamic Reconfiguration Run-Time System," Proceedings of the 5th Annual Symposium on Field-Programmable Custom Computing Machines, pp. 1 66-75 (Apr. 16, 1997).
23Business Wire, "Whirlpool Internet-Enabled Appliances to Use Beeline Shopper Software Features," http://www.whirlpoocorp.com/news/releases/release.asp?rid=90 (Feb. 16, 2001).
24Buttazzo et al., "Optimal Deadline Assignment for Scheduling Soft Aperiodic Tasks in Hard Real-Time Environments," Engineering of Complex Computer Systems, Proceedings of the Third IEEE International Conference on Como, pp. 39-48 (Sep. 8, 1997).
25Callahan et al., "Adapting Software Pipelining for Reconfigurable Computing," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Compilers, Architectrue and Synthesis for Embedded Systems p. 8, ACM (CASES '00, San Jose, CA) (Nov. 17-18, 2000).
26Chapman & Mehrotra, "OpenMP and HPF: Integrating Two Paradigms," Proceedings of the 4th International Euro-Par Conference (Euro-Par'98), Springer-Verlag Heidelberg, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1470:650-658 (1998).
27Chen et al., "A Reconfigurable Multiprocessor IC for Rapid Prototyping of Algorithmic-Specific High-Speed DSP Data Paths," IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, IEEE 35:74-75 (Feb. 1, 2001).
28Clarke, "Embedded Solutions Enters Development Pact with Marconi," EETimes Online (Jan. 26, 2000).
29Compton & Hauck, "Reconfigurable Computing: A Survey of Systems and Software," ACM Press, ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR) 34(2):171-210 (Jun. 2002).
30Compton et al., "Configuration Reaction and Defragmentation for Run-Time Reconfigurable Computing," Northwestern University, http://citeseer.nj.nec.com/compton00configuration.html, pp. 1-17 (2000).
31Conte et al., "Dynamic Rescheduling: A Technique for Object Code Compatibility in VLIW Architectures," Proceedings of the 28th Annulal International Symposium on Microarchitecture pp. 208-218 (Nov. 29, 1995).
32Conte et al., "Instruction Fetch Mechanisms for VLIW Architectures with Compressed Encodings," Proceedings of the Annual IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture (MICRO) 29:201-211 (Dec. 2, 1996).
33Cray Research Inc., "Cray T3E Fortran Optimization Guide," Ver. 004-2518-002, Section 4.5 (Jan. 1999).
34Cummings et al., "FPGA in the Software Radio," IEEE Communications Magazine . 37(2):108-112 (Feb. 1999).
35Dandalis et al., "An Adaptive Cryptographic Engine for IPSec Architectures," IEEE pp. 132-141 (Jan. 2000).
36David et al., "DART: A Dynamically Reconfigurable Architecture Dealing with Future Mobile Telecommunication Constraints," Proceedings of the International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium pp. 156-163 (Apr. 15, 2002).
37Deepakumara et al., "FPGA Implementation of MD5 has Algorithm," Canadian Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering, IEEE (2001).
38Dehon et al., "Reconfigurable Computing: What, Why and Implications for Design Automation," Design Automation Conference Proceedings pp. 610-615 (1999).
39Dipert, "Figuring Out Reconfigurable Logic," EDN 44(16):107-114 (Aug. 5, 1999).
40Dominikus, "A Hardware Implementation of MD4-Family Hash Algorithms," 9th International Conference on Electronics, Circuits and Systems IEEE (2002).
41Dorband, "aCe C Language Reference Guide," Online (Archived Mar. 2001), http:/ / web.archive.org/web/20000616053819/http://newton.gsfc.nasa.gov/aCe/aCe-dir/aCe-cc-Ref.html (Mar. 2001).
42Drozdowski "Scheduling Multiprocessor Tasks-An Overview," Instytut Informatyki Politechnika, pp. 1-31 (Jan. 31, 1996).
43Ebeling et al., "RaPiD Reconfigurable Pipelined Datapath," Springer-Verlag, 6th International Workshop on Field-Programmable Logic and Applications pp. 126-135 (1996).
44Fawer et al., "A Multiprocessor Approach for Implementing a Time-Diversity Spread Spectrum Receiver," Proceeding sof the 1990 International Zurich Seminal on Digital Communications, pp. 173-180 (Mar. 5-8, 1990).
45Fisher, "Gone Flat," Forbes pp. 76-79 (Oct. 2001).
46Fleischmann et al., "Prototyping Networked Embedded Systems," Integrated Engineering, pp. 116-119 (Feb. 1999).
47Forbes "Best of the Web-Computer Networking/Consumer Durables," The Forbes Magnetic 40 p. 80 (May 2001).
48Gibson, "Fresh Technologies Will Create Myriad Functions," FT Information Technology Review; World Wide Web at http:// technews.acm.org/articles/2000-2/0301w.html?searchterm=%22fresh+technologies%22 (Mar. 1, 2000).
49Gluth, "Integrierte Signalprozessoren," Elektronik 35(18):112-118 Franzis Verlag GMBH, Munich, Germany (Sep. 5, 1986).
50Gokhale & Schlesinger, "A Data Parallel C and Its Platforms," Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on the Frontiers of Massively Parallel Computation pp. 194-202 (Frontiers '95) (Feb. 1995).
51Grimm et al., "A System Architecture for Pervasive Computing," Washington University, pp. 1-6 (Sep. 2000).
52Halbwachs et al., "The Synchronous Data Flow Programming Language LUSTRE," Proceedings of the IEEE 79(9):1305-1319 (Sep. 1991).
53Hammes et al., "Cameron: High Level Language Compilation for Reconfigurable Systems," Proc. of the Intl. Conf. on Parallel Architectures and Compilation Techniques, pp. 236-244 (Oct. 1999).
54Hartenstein, "Coarse Grain Reconfigurable Architectures," Design Automation Conference, 2001. Proceedings of the ASP-Dac 2001, Asian and South Pacific Jan. 30, 2001-Feb. 2, 2001, Piscataway, Nj, US, IEEE, pp. 564-569 (Jan. 30, 2001).
55Heinz, "An Efficiently Compilable Extension of {M}odula-3 for Problem-Oriented Explicitly Parallel Programming," Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Parallel Processing (May 1993).
56Hinden et al., "The DARPA Internet: Interconnecting Heterogeneous Computer Networks with Gateways," IEEE Computer Magazine pp. 38-48 (1983).
57Horton, "Beginning Java 2: JDK 1.3 Edition," Wrox Press, Chapter 8, pp. 313-316 (Feb. 2001).
58Huff et al., "Lifetime-Sensitive Modulo Scheduling," 6th Conference on Programming Language, Design and Implementation, pp. 258-267, ACM (1993).
59IBM, "Multisequencing a Single Instruction Stream Scheduling with Space-time Trade-offs," IBM Technical Disclosure Bulletin 36(2):105-108 (Feb. 1, 1993).
60IEEE, "IEEE Standard Verilog Hardware Description Language," downloaded from http;//inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~cs150/fa06/Labs/verilog-ieee.pdf on Dec. 7, 2006 (Sep. 2001).
61 *Interconnecting Heterogeneous Database Management Systems; V.D. Gligor et al, IEEE 1984.
62Internet Wire, Sunbeam Joins Microsoft in University Plug and Play Forum to Establish A "Universal" Smart Appliance Technology Standard (Mar. 23, 2000).
63Ishii et al., "Parallel Variable Length Decoding with Inverse Quantization for Software MPEG-2 Decoders," Workshop on Signal Processing Systems, Design and Implementation, IEEE pp. 500-509 (Nov. 3-5, 1997).
64Isoworth, "Isoworth Beverage Dispensing Technology Worldwide Company," Brochure (May 22, 2000).
65Jain et al., "An Alternative Approach Towards the Design of Control Units," Microelectronics and Reliability 24(6):1009-1012 (1984).
66Jain, "Parallel Processing with the TMS320C40 Parallel Digital Signal Processor," Sonitech International Inc., pp. 13-46. Retrieved from: http://www-s.ti.com/sc/psheets/spra031/spra031.pdf retrieved on Apr. 14, 2004 (Feb. 1994).
67Janssen et al., "Partitioned Register File for TTAs," Proceedings of the 28th Annual International Symposium on Microarchitecture, pp. 303-312 (Nov. 1995).
68Jong-Pyng et al., "Real-Time Virtual Channel Flow Control," Proceedings of the Annual International Phoenix Conference on Computers and Communications, Conf. 13, pp. 97-103 (Apr. 12, 1994).
69Jung et al., "Efficient Hardware Controller Synthesis for Synchronous Dataflow Graph in System Level Design," Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on System Synthesis pp. 79-84 (ISSS'00) (Sep. 2000).
70Kaufmann et al., "Digital Spread-Spectrum Multipath-Diversity Receiver for Indoor Communication," from Pioneers to the 21st Century; Denver, Proceedings of the Vehicular Technology Socity [sic] Conference, NY, IEEE, US 2(Conf. 42):1038-1041 (May 10-13, 1992).
71Kneip et al., "An Algorithm Adapted Autonomous Controlling Concept for a Parallel Single-Chip Digital Signal Processor," Journal of VLSI Signal Processing Systems for Signal, Image, an dVideo Technology 16(1):31-40 (May 1, 1997).
72Lee & Messerschmitt, "Pipeline Interleaved Programmable DSP's: Synchronous Data Flow Programming," IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing ASSP-35(9):1334-1345 (Sep. 1987).
73Lee & Messerschmitt, "Synchronous Data Flow," Proceedings of the IEEE 75(9):1235-1245 (Sep. 1987).
74Lee & Parks, "Dataflow Process Networks," Proceedings of the IEEE 83(5):773-799 (May 1995).
75Liu et al., "Scheduling Algorithms for Multiprogramming in a Hard-Real-Time Environment," Journal of the Association for Computing 20(1):46-61 (1973).
76Llosa et al., "Lifetome-Sensitive Modulo Scheduling in a Production Environment," IEEE Trans. on Comps. 50(3):234-249 (Mar. 2001).
77Lu et al., "The Morphosys Dynamically Reconfigurable System-On-Chip," Proceedings of the First NASA/DOD Workshop on Evolvable Hardware, pp. 152-160 (Jul. 19, 1999).
78Mangione-Smith et al., "Seeking Solutions in Configurable Computing," Computer 30(12):38-43 (Dec. 1997).
79Manion, "Network CPU Adds Spice," Electronic Engineering Times, Issue 1126 (Aug. 14, 2000).
80Mascia & Ishii., "Neural Net Implementation on Single-Chip Digital Signal Processor," IEEE (1989).
81McGraw, "Parallel Functional Programming in Sisal: Fictions, Facts, and Future," Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory pp. 1-40 (Jul. 1993).
82Najjar et al., "High-Level Language Abstraction for Reconfigurable Computing," Computer 36(8):63-69 (Aug. 2003).
83Nichols et al., "Data Management and Control-Flow Constructs in a SIMD/SPMD Parallel Language/Compiler," Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium on the Frontiers of Massively Parallel Computation pp. 397-406 (Oct. 1990).
84OpenMP Architecture Review Board, "OpenPM C and C++ Application Program Interface," pp. 7-16 (Oct. 1998).
85Oracle Corporation, "Oracle8i JDBC Developer's Guide and Reference," Release 3, 8.1.7, pp. 10-8-10-10 (Jul. 2000).
86Pauer et al., "Algorithm Analysis and Mapping Environment for Adaptive Computing Systems," Presentation slides, Third Bi-annual Ptolemy Miniconference (1999).
87Pauer et al., "Algorithm Analysis and Mapping Environment for Adaptive Computing Systems: Further Results," Proc. IEEE Symposium on FPGA's for Custom Computing Machines (FCCM), Napa CA (1999).
88Ramamritham et al., "On Sheduling Algorithms for Real-Time Mutliprocessor Systems," Algorithms and Applications, Proceedings of the International conference on Parallel Processing 3:143-152 (Aug. 8, 1989).
89 *Re-configurable multi-standard terminal for heterogeneous networks Brakensiek, J.; Oelkrug, B.; Bucker, M.; Uffmann, D.; Droge, A.; Radio and Wireless Conference, 2002. RAWCON 2002. IEEE Aug. 11-14, 2002 pp. 27-30.
90Schneider, "A Parallel/Serial Trade-Off Methodology for Look-Up Table Based Decoders," Proceedings of the Design Automation Conference 34:498-503 (Jun. 9-13, 1997).
91Sidhu et al., "A Self-Reconfigurable Gate Array Architecture," 10 International Workshop on Field Programmable Logic and Applications http://coblitz.codeen.org:3125/citeseer.psu/cache/papers/cs/17524/http:zSzzSzmaarcii.usc.eduzSzPublicationsZSzsidhu-fp100.pdf/sidhu00selfreconfigurable.pdf retrieved on Jun. 21, 2006 (Sep. 1, 2001).
92Smith, "Intro to ASICs: ASIC Cell Libraries," at http://iroi.seu.edu.cn/books/asics/Book2/CH01/CH01.5.htm, printed on Feb. 4, 2005 (Jun. 1997).
93Souza, "Computing's New Face-Reconfigurable Devices Could Rattle Supply Chain," Electronic Buyers' News Issue 1205, p. P.1 (Apr. 3, 2000).
94Souza, "Quicksilver Buys White Eagle," Electronic Buyers News, Issue 1220 (Jul. 17, 2000).
95Sriram et al., "MPEG-2 Video Decoding on the TMS320C6X DSP Architecture," Conference Record of the 32nd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers, IEEE pp. 1735-1739 (Nov. 1-4, 1998).
96Steiner, "Coke Chief's Latest Daft Idea-A Cola Tap in Every House," Sunday Times (Mar. 2001).
97Sun Microsystems, "Fortran 3.0.1 User's Guide, Revision A," pp. 57-68 (Aug. 1994).
98Svensson, "Co's Join On Home Web Wiring Network," Associated Press Online printed on Apr. 30, 2008 (Jun. 2000).
99Tang et al., "Thread Partitioning and Scheduling Based on Cost Model," Proceedings of the Ninth Annual ACM Symposium on Parallel Algorithms and Architectures, pp. 272-281 Retrieved from: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/258492.2585 retrieved on Aug. 25, 2004 (1997).
100 *The DAPRA internet: Interconnecting Heterogeneous Computer Networks with Gateways, R.Hinden et al. IEEE 1983.
101Vaya, "VITURBO: A Reconfigurable Architecture for Ubiquitous Wireless Networks," A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science; RICE University (Aug. 2002).
102Wang et al., "Cell Search in W-CDMA," IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications 18(8):1470-1482 (Aug. 2000).
103Wardell, "Help for Hurried Cooks?, " Popular Science, p. 32 (May 2000).
104Whiting & Pascoe, "A History of Data-Flow Languages," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 16(4):38-59 (1994).
105Williamson & Lee, "Synthesis of Parallel Hardware Implementations from Synchronous Dataflow Graph Specifications," Conference Record of the Thirtieth Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers 1340-1343 (Nov. 1996).
Classifications
U.S. Classification709/220, 707/999.002
International ClassificationH04L12/56, H04L12/28, G06Q30/00, G06F15/177
Cooperative ClassificationY10S707/99932, H04W8/245, G06Q30/06
European ClassificationG06Q30/06
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 21, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Nov 21, 2012SULPSurcharge for late payment
Oct 1, 2012REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Oct 5, 2007ASAssignment
Owner name: QST HOLDINGS, LLC, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TECHFARM VENTURES MANAGEMENT LLC;REEL/FRAME:019927/0230
Effective date: 20060831
Owner name: QST HOLDINGS, LLC,CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TECHFARM VENTURES MANAGEMENT LLC;US-ASSIGNMENT DATABASE UPDATED:20100209;REEL/FRAME:19927/230
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:TECHFARM VENTURES MANAGEMENT LLC;REEL/FRAME:19927/230
Oct 16, 2006ASAssignment
Owner name: TECHFARM VENTURES MANAGEMENT, LLC, CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:QUICKSILVER TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:018407/0637
Effective date: 20051013
Owner name: TECHFARM VENTURES MANAGEMENT, LLC,CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:QUICKSILVER TECHNOLOGY, INC.;US-ASSIGNMENT DATABASE UPDATED:20100209;REEL/FRAME:18407/637
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:QUICKSILVER TECHNOLOGY, INC.;REEL/FRAME:18407/637
Apr 29, 2002ASAssignment
Owner name: QUICKSILVER TECHNOLOGY, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:MASTER, PAUL L.;WATSON, JOHN;REEL/FRAME:012863/0657
Effective date: 20020425