|Publication number||US7503042 B2|
|Application number||US 10/094,251|
|Publication date||Mar 10, 2009|
|Filing date||Mar 8, 2002|
|Priority date||Mar 8, 2002|
|Also published as||US20030172373|
|Publication number||094251, 10094251, US 7503042 B2, US 7503042B2, US-B2-7503042, US7503042 B2, US7503042B2|
|Inventors||David L. Henrickson, Michael F. Kenny|
|Original Assignee||Microsoft Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (67), Non-Patent Citations (11), Referenced by (36), Classifications (10), Legal Events (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention broadly relates to computer system migration tools, and the improvements thereof.
Computer migration may be broadly defined as the process of transferring some or all of a “source” computer's information, non-device assets or intellectual property, to a “target” computer. The computer migration process is often carried out via a special computer migration tool kit in the form of software loaded on the source computer, the target computer, or both. The two computers involved in the migration process can be linked in a variety of ways, including, inter alia, direct cables/wires, direct telephone links, Local Area Networks (LANs), and Wide Area Networks (WANs). Alternatively, another approach is to use an intermediate storage device or system (e.g., rewritable or write-once CDs, ZIP® storage devices, network storage, etc.) to which to transfer aspects of the source computer. The aspects to be migrated are then transferred from the intermediate device to the target computer.
With rapid advancements in the computing power and memory capacity of widely available desktop computers, as well as others, the practical life cycle of computer systems continues to decrease. While users continue to switch to newer computer systems, there is very often a need and desire to transfer important aspects of the old computer system to the new computer system. There are several prior art approaches to computer migration, each having drawbacks. A “brute-force” approach entails painstakingly transferring software, data and other aspects of a source computer to a target computer in a piece-meal fashion. This method is tedious, extremely slow, and often requires a level of sophistication not possessed by ordinary computer users who wish to transfer important aspects from one computer to another computer.
An improved approach is to semi-automatically migrate aspects of a source computer to a target computer using a migration tool kit which has been loaded in the source computer, the target computer, or both. Using this approach, all non-physical aspects of source computer are transferred en masse. While this eliminates some of the drawbacks (i.e., tediousness, time consuming, difficult for ordinary users) of brute-force migration methods, there are yet problems with this approach. Often the user would like to transfer most of the aspects of the source computer, but not all of them—especially where newer versions of software and operating system are available. This approach can also transfer aspects from the source computer that may be incompatible with the target computer, leading to conflicts, dangerous system instability, and sometimes inoperability of the target computer.
Later generation software such as the Alohabob's™ PC Relocator software marketed by Eisenworld, Inc., the assignee of this Letters Patent, solves the aforementioned problems by transferring all of the important aspects of the source computer—including preferences and settings—to the target computer, while giving the user the option to leave behind potentially troublesome (to the target computer) aspects of the source computer.
Even with these improvements, the en masse transfer from the source computer to the target computer is not always desirable. Users sometimes wish to be given the choice of only transferring specific programs and related data. The typical prior art approach to transferring specific programs is a script-based approach, in which the migration tool responds directly to scripts stored in the migration software for the exact course of action to take regarding known software programs. This approach only works where the migration tool kit is set up to migrate the specific program in question. Thus, it may be possible to successfully migrate very popular software programs and data, but not less popular or more proprietary software programs and data. These tools have no mechanism to migrate aspects for which there are not already stored scripts.
A last ditch effort of the prior art approaches allows sophisticated users who are so inclined to develop their own scripts for programs that are not recognized by the original migration software. However, even if one is capable and motivated to generate scripts for programs not covered by the original migration software, there is no flexibility to handle new software on the fly.
What is therefore sorely needed is a migration tool which allows a user to conveniently transfer specific aspects of a source computer to a target computer that the user selects, and a migration tool that can intelligently and automatically transfer aspects of the source computer to the target computer, even when the migration tool has no previous knowledge of, or encounters with a particular program to be transferred.
In view of the aforementioned problems and deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a computer migration method for transferring software programs from a source computer to a target computer. The method at least includes the steps of surveying the source computer assets, without scripts, associating portions of the source computer assets into source computer Application Groups on the fly, and generating a list at least including the source computer Application Groups. The method also at least includes the steps of receiving a user's selection of source computer Application Groups to be migrated to the target computer, and transferring source computer Application Groups selected to the target computer.
The present invention also provides a computer migration tool adapted for transferring software programs from a source computer to a target computer. The computer migration tool at least includes a source computer asset surveyor adapted to survey the source computer assets, a source computer application grouper adapted to, without scripts, associate portions of the source computer assets on the fly into source computer Application Groups, and a source computer list generator adapted to generate a list comprising the source computer Application Groups. The computer migration tool also at least includes a selection receiver adapted to receive a user's selection of source computer Application Groups to be migrated to the target computer, and an Application Group transferor adapted to transfer source computer Application Groups selected to the target computer.
Features and advantages of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the description below, with reference to the following drawing figures, in which:
Appendix A includes the first 10 pages of an example of an installation log file for an installed program, which log file can be interpreted by the present-inventive migration tool; and
Appendix B includes an example of an uninstall log file for an installed program, which log file can be interpreted by the present-inventive migration tool.
The term “program” is used broadly in the specification and claims of this Letters Patent to include not only algorithms that make up software, but data associated with software. The algorithms may be associated with applications, operating systems, and other functions and aspects of computer systems.
To summarize, the present-inventive migration tool groups, “on the fly,” all assets on a source computer into programs to be transferred to a target computer, and rather than relying upon scripts, relies upon predefined rules to decide the program association of assets encountered on the source computer.
The major steps in the present-inventive migration process are: 1) Scan the source computer to determine all of its assets; 2) Analyze the assets using predefined rules, and place them into Application Groups; 3) Perform a confidence analysis on each Application Group to designate a Confidence Level reflecting the likelihood that all of the actual components that are supposed to be included in an Application Group have in fact been so included; 4) Scan and analyze the target computer assets; 5) Present the migration tool user with a list of source computer Application Groups, along with their Confidence Levels established in Step 3, including a list of items not recommended for migration; 6) Transferring the items designated by the user from the source computer to the target computer; and 7) Creating and storing on both the source computer and the target computers, a log detailing the migration process undertaken.
Installation log files are stored on computers when certain well-known installation technologies are used. Installation log files contain a listing of all of the files installed that make up a particular program. An example of a portion of such an installation log file is found in Appendix A.
Supplemental to perusing installation files, the migration tool can also check for and review uninstall log files. Uninstall log files may also contain useful information about the files which make up a particular program. An example of such an uninstall log file is found in Appendix B.
Step 106 of the migration process groups applications by: Directory, Installer Entry, Common Start Menu Folders, Application Name, Magic Dates (such as the creation or modification dates of files), and File Allocation Tables. Next, the migration process packages the applications into Application Suites, Files and Directories, Registry Entries, Start Menu/Desktop Shortcut Entries, and Installer Entries (Step 108).
In carrying out Steps 106 and 108 the migration tool initiates a rules-based approach to determine with which program, each file belongs. The predefined rules are based on empirical observations and the probabilities that files stored, created, or modified in certain ways are associated with the same program. While they are a matter of design choice, the rules for interpreting the program association of files are easily established and implemented by those skilled in the art.
For example, the migration tool assumes that files found in the same folder are part of the same program. Empirical observations by the inventors of the present invention strongly support this assumption.
As another example, the migration tool can be implemented to assume (with a high degree of confidence) that files created contemporaneously are part of the same program. The migration tool can also assume (with a high degree of confidence) that files modified contemporaneously are part of the same program.
Another rules-based approach is implemented as follows: by examining file allocation tables, the migration tool can assume (again, with a high degree of confidence) that files stored in locations which are nearby are part of the same program. The relative “closeness” of the files is a matter of design choice.
The next step (110) performs a Confidence Analysis on the Application Groups to generate a Confidence Level measuring the relative confidence that all of the assets which belong to an Application Group (and none which do not properly belong) have in fact been included in the Application Group. In the preferred embodiment, the Confidence Level is an assigned ranking from zero (0) percent to one hundred (100) percent (Step 112). More particularly, the confidence ranking is based upon such factors as whether all of the expected registry entries exist, whether all expected menu entries exist, whether all files are grouped in the expected directory folder or sub-folder, and whether installation or uninstallation log files exist.
The Confidence Level assigned in Step 112 is optimized in Step 114. Optimization involves comparing the information about the Application Groups to the knowledge base of the migration tool. Optimization also involves checking the “magic dates” of the files making up the Application Groups. Magic dates include such dates as the installation, creation, modification and uninstallation dates of files. The file allocation tables are also used to optimize the Confidence Level.
In the preferred embodiment, neither hardware specific drivers and software, nor items that are part of the operating system are transferred to the target computer unless the user specifically requests such a transfer. It has been found by the inventors that such files often cause noteworthy problems when transferred to target computers that are not identical to the source computers. Therefore, such items are rejected for migration in Step 116.
In Step 118, the target computer is scanned and analyzed in the same manner as was the source computer in Steps 104-108, so that the migration tool is aware of the Application Groups and items on both the source and target computers. This is followed by Step 120, which rejects software that may cause instability in the target computer operating system (e.g., operating system utilities).
While certain items will be rejected by the migration tool in Steps 116 and 120, there are other items which should be brought to the attention of the migration tool user as being suspect for migration. These are flagged in Step 122, and include: any ambiguous items; software that already exists on the target computer; and software that may not completely transfer from the source computer to the target computer.
Step 124 provides a user-friendly display with a list of Application Groups and other items on the source computer and their associated Confidence Levels, as well as destination locations on the target computer. Using the information from the display and a pointing device, the migration tool user can then make an informed decision about the items he or she wishes to migrate from the source computer to the target computer.
In the preferred embodiment, the confidence bars indicate by color, the Confidence Level. Much like a traffic signal, a green bar indicates that the item can be migrated without causing any problems in the target computer, a red bar indicates that the item should not be migrated, and a yellow bar urges caution in migrating the item (i.e., it is unclear whether migration of the item will cause problems in the target computer). Other approaches can be used instead of, or complimentary to, the color scheme of the confidence bars. For example, a full-length bar can indicate a 100 percent Confidence Level, while the shortest possible bar (or none at all in the alternative) can indicate a 0 percent Confidence Level.
When all of the programs and files are chosen for migration, and in response to the user's command, the migration tool transfers all of the designated programs and files from the source computer to the target computer (Step 126).
The last step (128) before the end (Step 130) of the migration algorithm creates and stores a migration log file detailing the completed migration process. In the preferred embodiment, duplicate migration log files are stored on both the source computer and target computer.
Variations and modifications of the present invention are possible, given the above description. However, all variations and modifications which are obvious to those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains are considered to be within the scope of the protection granted by this Letters Patent.
For example, the present invention can be combined with a script-based approach for well-known software programs to be migrated, while relying upon the novel features described supra, for software programs that are not well-known, or are proprietary in nature.
It should also be understood that the novel teachings of the present invention can be utilized regardless of the size or complexity of the source and target computers (i.e., PC-to-PC migrations, mainframe-to-mainframe migrations, combinations or gradations of these, as well as migrations where one or more special purpose digital device is involved are all applicable).
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|U.S. Classification||717/175, 717/174, 717/121, 707/999.204, 707/999.202|
|Cooperative Classification||G06F8/63, Y10S707/99953, Y10S707/99955|
|Mar 8, 2002||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EISENWORLD, INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HENRICKSON, DAVID L.;KENNY, MICHAEL F.;REEL/FRAME:012679/0282
Effective date: 20020301
|Oct 3, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: APPTIMUM, INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:EISENWORLD, INC.;REEL/FRAME:018343/0194
Effective date: 20050822
|Sep 25, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT CORPORATION, WASHINGTON
Free format text: MERGER;ASSIGNOR:APPTIMUM, INC.;REEL/FRAME:019875/0533
Effective date: 20070830
|Aug 28, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Dec 9, 2014||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICENSING, LLC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MICROSOFT CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:034541/0477
Effective date: 20141014