|Publication number||US7506667 B1|
|Application number||US 12/038,709|
|Publication date||Mar 24, 2009|
|Filing date||Feb 27, 2008|
|Priority date||Feb 27, 2008|
|Publication number||038709, 12038709, US 7506667 B1, US 7506667B1, US-B1-7506667, US7506667 B1, US7506667B1|
|Inventors||Jeremy Johnson, Chengappalli P. Gopalakrishnan|
|Original Assignee||Paccar Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (41), Referenced by (2), Classifications (16), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Semi-trailer trucks typically include at least one vertical exhaust stack positioned rear of or alongside the truck cab. The vertical exhaust stack is normally secured to a side or rear surface of the truck cab. Other portions of the exhaust system, such as exhaust after-treatment devices, are often attached to the vehicle frame. Because the truck cab is moveably mounted to the frame of the vehicle, when the semi-trailer truck is in motion, there is necessarily relative movement between the exhaust stack and those exhaust system components that are mounted to the frame.
Some vehicles include an exhaust system support assembly that allows for a certain amount of relative motion between the exhaust stack and the vehicle cab. Thus, the exhaust stack is free to move with the frame-mounted exhaust system components free from the restriction that would result from rigidly mounting the exhaust stack to the vehicle cab. Nonetheless, these support assemblies often restrict the motion of the cab at the extreme positions of cab movement during jounce and rebound. This restriction can cause the exhaust system support assembly to be torn away from the truck cab when the truck cab moves beyond the limits to which the support assembly is designed to accommodate.
Other known exhaust systems include a section of flexible hose between the frame-mounted and cab-mounted portions of the exhaust system. The flexible hose provides a conduit from the frame-mounted portion to the cab-mounted portion, while allowing for relative motion therebetween. Still, such exhaust systems are not without disadvantages. For example, many vehicle operators take great pride in the appearance of their vehicles, often outfitting the vehicles with highly polished chrome exhaust system components. For these systems, a flexible hose, which can not be chromed and polished to match the other exhaust components, detracts from the overall appearance of the vehicle.
Operators of semi-trailer trucks would find desirable an exhaust system assembly that allows for relative motion between the cab-mounted exhaust stack and the frame-mounted exhaust components during jounce and rebound, while providing an aesthetically pleasing appearance.
A disclosed flexible exhaust stack is suitable for use with a vehicle for which relative motion occurs between the cab of the vehicle and exhaust system components mounted to the vehicle frame. The exhaust stack includes a rigid pipe mounted to the cab and having inlet and discharge ends. The exhaust stack further includes an annular collar secured to an interior portion of the pipe between the inlet and discharge ends. A flexible hose is at least partially disposed within the rigid pipe, and has a discharge end secured to the collar to be in fluid communication with the discharge end of the rigid pipe. An inlet end of the hose is in fluid communication with the frame-mounted exhaust system components. The exhaust stack receives exhaust gases from the frame-mounted exhaust system components and discharges the exhaust gases from the discharge end of the rigid pipe, while the flexible hose allows for relative motion between the cab and the exhaust system.
A second embodiment of the disclosed flexible exhaust stack includes a rigid pipe that has inlet and discharge ends, and is mountable to the vehicle cab. The exhaust stack further includes an annular collar secured to an interior portion of the pipe between the inlet and discharge ends. A flexible hose is at least partially disposed within the rigid pipe, and has a discharge end secured to the collar so that the flexible hose is in fluid communication with the discharge end of the rigid pipe. An inlet end of the flexible hose is capable of receiving exhaust gases discharged from the exhaust system. The flexible hose allows for relative motion between the cab and the exhaust system.
A third embodiment of the disclosed flexible exhaust stack includes a rigid inlet pipe having an inlet end and a discharge end. A rigid discharge pipe has an inlet end attached to the discharge end of the inlet pipe to define a joint therebetween. An annular collar is disposed within the inlet pipe and/or the discharge pipe, and is secured to the joint. The exhaust stack further includes flexible hose at least partially disposed within the inlet pipe. A discharge end of the hose is secured to the collar so that the discharge end of the hose is in fluid communication with the discharge end of the discharge pipe. An inlet end of the hose is in fluid communication with the exhaust system. The exhaust stack receives exhaust gases from the exhaust system and discharges the exhaust gases from the discharge end of the discharge pipe, while the flexible hose allows for relative motion between the cab and the exhaust system.
This summary is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to identify key features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used as an aid in determining the scope of the claimed subject matter.
The foregoing aspects and many of the attendant advantages of this invention will become more readily appreciated by reference to the following detailed description, when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the drawings where like numerals correspond to like elements. Embodiments of the disclosed subject matter and appended claims are generally directed to an exhaust system suitable for use with vehicles such as Class 8 trucks. More particularly, the disclosed subject matter and appended claims are directed to a flexible exhaust stack that allows for relative motion between the cab of the vehicle, to which the exhaust stack is mounted, and the vehicle frame, to which other exhaust system components are mounted.
Although exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure and appended claims will be described hereinafter with reference to Class 8 trucks, it will be appreciated that aspects of the claimed subject matter have wide application, and therefore, may be suitable for use with many types of vehicles that produce exhaust gases. Accordingly, the following descriptions and illustrations herein should be considered illustrative in nature, and thus, not limiting the scope of the present disclosure, as claimed.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of exemplary embodiments of the disclosed and claimed subject matter. It will be apparent to one skilled in the art, however, that many embodiments of the claimed subject matter may be practiced without some or all of the specified details. Although a vehicle such as depicted in
As shown in
An internal combustion engine (not shown) is mounted to the frame 12 to drive the wheels 14 of the vehicle 10. During operation, the internal combustion engine produces exhaust gases, which are at least partially discharged to the environment through an exhaust system 18.
The exhaust system 18 includes a frame-mounted portion 20 in fluid communication with the engine to receive exhaust gases discharged from the engine. Various aftertreatment devices, such as mufflers and diesel particulate filters (DPF's), are optionally included in the frame-mounted portion 20 of the exhaust system 18. One or more rigid pipes form a discharge end 22 of the frame-mounted portion 20, through which exhaust gases from the engine are discharged.
The exhaust system 18 further includes a cab-mounted exhaust stack 24 with an inlet end 26 and a discharge end 28. The inlet end 26 of the exhaust stack 24 receives exhaust gases from the frame-mounted portion 20. The exhaust gases pass through the exhaust stack 24 and are discharged from the discharge end 28 into the atmosphere. Because the exhaust stack 24 is mounted to the cab 16, relative movement occurs between the exhaust stack an the frame-mounted portion 20 as the cab 16 moves relative to the frame 12 during vehicle operation.
The collar 32 is secured to the discharge end 46 of the flexible hose 34 by a band clamp 35, mechanical fasteners, high temperature adhesives, welding, or any other suitable method. In the disclosed embodiment, the collar 32 is formed of a heat resistant metal, such a stainless steel; but it should be appreciated that any material having suitable structural properties when subjected to hot exhaust gases may be used. Similarly, the flexible hose 34 is formed from a heat resistant metal, such as stainless steel; however, it should also be appreciated that any material having suitable structural properties at exhaust gas temperatures may also be used provided the material is capable of being formed into a flexible hose. The flexible hose may also be formed of a combination of materials to provide suitable attributes, such as strength, flexibility, and thermal resistance.
As shown in
Referring now to
The exhaust stack 24 is mounted to the vehicle cab 16, and the flexible hose 34 is secured to the discharge end 22 of the frame-mounted portion 20 of the exhaust system 18. When so mounted, the frame-mounted portion 20 and the exhaust stack 24 are in fluid communication so that exhaust gases discharged from the discharge end 22 of the frame-mounted portion 20 are received by the inlet end 26 of the exhaust stack 24 and discharged from the discharge end 28 of the exhaust stack 24 into the atmosphere. In the disclosed embodiment, the flexible hose 34 is removably secured to the discharge end 22 of the frame-mounted portion 20 with a clamp, such as a band clamp 35, however, it should be appreciated that welding, high temperature adhesives, mechanical fasteners, interference fit, any other suitable means for providing a fluid connection between the flexible hose 34 and the discharge end 28 of the frame-mounted portion 20 may be used.
As best shown in
While illustrative embodiments have been illustrated and described, it will be appreciated that various changes can be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure and the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||138/118, 60/322, 285/299, 138/121, 138/120, 285/226, 138/114|
|Cooperative Classification||F16L27/11, F16L51/025, F16L27/1004, F01N13/1816|
|European Classification||F16L27/11, F16L51/02J, F16L27/10B, F01N13/18B1C|
|Mar 21, 2008||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PACCAR INC, WASHINGTON
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:JOHNSON, JEREMY;GOPALAKRISHNAN, CHENGAPPALLI P.;REEL/FRAME:020686/0176
Effective date: 20080312
|Sep 24, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 26, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8