|Publication number||US7507120 B1|
|Application number||US 11/946,962|
|Publication date||Mar 24, 2009|
|Filing date||Nov 29, 2007|
|Priority date||Nov 29, 2007|
|Also published as||CN101488626A, CN101488626B|
|Publication number||11946962, 946962, US 7507120 B1, US 7507120B1, US-B1-7507120, US7507120 B1, US7507120B1|
|Inventors||Edward John Bright, Steven David Dunwoody|
|Original Assignee||Tyco Electronics Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (6), Classifications (9), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The subject matter herein relates generally to electrical connector assemblies, and more particularly, to pluggable module assemblies that are configured to reduce electromagnetic interference leakage through seams in the housing.
Pluggable module assemblies allow users of electronic equipment or external devices to transfer data to or communicate with other equipment and devices. These module assemblies are generally constructed according to established standards for size and compatibility (e.g., Small Form-factor Pluggable (SFP), XFP, or Quad Small Form-factor Pluggable (QSFP)). The XFP and QSFP standards require that the module assemblies be capable of transmitting data at high rates, such as 10 gigabits per second. As the signal transmission rates increase, the circuitry within the module assemblies generates larger amounts of electromagnetic energy at shorter wavelengths, which increases the likelihood for electromagnetic energy passing through any seams or gaps formed by the module assemblies. Thus, adjacent module assemblies may experience more electromagnetic interference (EMI), which can interrupt, obstruct, or otherwise degrade or limit the effective performance of the module assemblies and nearby circuitry. Moreover, the energy radiating through the seams or gaps may cause radio frequency interference (RFI) that affects nearby circuitry and/or receivers.
Various devices have been proposed for shielding electrical equipment and connectors from electromagnetic energy. In one conventional device, as described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,233,507 and 6,676,137, an EMI gasket clip is used to seal a longitudinal gap formed between two walls that have surfaces that lie adjacent to each other. The gasket clip includes a U-bend having two wings projecting therefrom. The two wings form a tight clamp that is configured to flex around a thickness of a first wall and grip the two longitudinal surfaces of the first wall. One of the wings includes a plurality of spring members that flex outwardly with respect to the wing and, consequently, outwardly with respect to one of the longitudinal surfaces of the first wall. When the first wall is positioned to lie adjacent to a second wall, the spring members deflect against a surface of the second wall thereby at least partially sealing the gap. The conventional EMI gasket clip may be operable with two walls that lie adjacent to each other, but the EMI gasket clip may not work when edges of the first and second walls are abutting each other (i.e., edge-to-edge). Furthermore, conventional gasket clips, such as the gasket clip described above, are generally small and difficult to manipulate or control while assembling the electrical device or module assembly.
In one proposed system, a module housing is formed by mating two shells together along edges of the shells and thereby forming an interface that may include a longitudinal gap. After the module housing is constructed, an automated system dispenses a conductive elastomer into the housing cavity in order to form EMI shielding within the seams. Applying this system, however, can be expensive and/or time consuming.
Thus, there is still a need for a shielding element that reduces EMI leakage through a seam formed by two wall edges abutting each other. Further, there is still a need for a shielding element that may be more easily manipulated or controlled during the assembly process. In addition, more inexpensive assemblies and manufacturing processes are also desired.
In one embodiment, an electrical connector module assembly is provided and includes first and second shells that mate together along an interface extending along a length of the shells. The first and second shells form a cavity therebetween that extends along the length of the shells. The cavity is configured to hold an electrical component therein, and the first shell has an interior surface. The module assembly also includes a shielding element that has a major body located along the interior surface of the first shell. The shielding element also includes a spring member that is coupled to the major body and located within the interface. The spring member is compressed between the first and second shells.
Optionally, the spring member is configured to flex away from the first shell and against the second shell when compressed between the first and second shells. Also, the module assembly may include a plurality of spring members, where each spring member is configured to flex against the second shell when compressed between the first and second shells.
In another embodiment, an electrical module assembly is provided. The module assembly includes a housing that has a front end and a rear end having an opening into a cavity. The housing is formed from first and second shells that mate together along an interface extending along a length of the shells. The first and second shells form the cavity therebetween and the cavity extends along the length of the shells. The cavity is configured to hold an electrical component therein, and the first shell has an interior surface. The module assembly also includes a shielding element that has a major body located along the interior surface of the first shell. The shielding element also includes a spring member that is coupled to the major body and located within the interface. The spring member is compressed between the first and second shells. In addition, the module assembly includes a cable that extends into the cavity through the rear opening of the housing. The cable is electrically connected to the electrical component.
In addition, the module assembly 100 may include a tab 122 that couples to the rear end 116 and facilitates gripping and removing the module assembly 100 from the receptacle assembly. For example, the tab 122 may be coupled to a pair of slidable actuators 124 and 126 that include ejector latches 128. The ejector latches 128 engage sides of the receptacle assembly (not shown). When the tab 122 is pulled in a front-to-rear direction, the actuators 124 and 126 slide rearward thereby disengaging the latches 128 from the receptacle assembly and allowing the module assembly 100 to be removed.
As will be described in further detail below, embodiments described herein utilize a shielding element 160 (
Furthermore, the sidewalls 132 and 134 each have a mating edge 136 and 138, respectively, and the sidewalls 142 and 144 each have a mating edge 146 and 148, respectively. The mating edges 136 and 138 and the mating edges 146 and 148 are conformed to mate with each other when the module assembly 100 (
In order to reduce or avoid EMI leakage through the seams located along the interfaces 110 and 112, at least one of the shells 104 and 106 may have a shielding element 160 that is positioned within the shell 104 and/or 106. The shielding element 160 may be stamped and formed from sheet metal. Alternatively, the shielding element 160 may be formed by an injection molding process using a resin that includes conductive particles. When the module assembly 100 is formed, the shielding element 160 is placed within the shell 104. Then the cable 120 (FIG. 1) and circuit board 118 (
As shown in
When the interior surface 162 and/or the interior wall 130 have varying widths, the shielding element 160 may include a plurality of sections for adjusting to the varying widths. More specifically, as shown in
The lateral extensions 170, 172, and 176, 178 may form a spring member 180 that bends and projects outwardly into the space between the corresponding mating edges (e.g., mating edges 136 and 146 in
The mating edges 136 and 138 (
When the spring members 180 are compressed between the corresponding mating edges 146, 136 and 148, 138 (
It is to be understood that the above description is intended to be illustrative, and not restrictive. As such, the above-described embodiments (and/or aspects thereof) may be used in combination with each other. For example, two shielding elements 160 may be used within shell 104 and completely surround the circuitry within the cavity 108 (
Many other embodiments and modifications within the spirit and scope of the claims will be apparent to those of skill in the art upon reviewing the above description. The scope of the invention should, therefore, be determined with reference to the appended claims, along with the full scope of equivalents to which such claims are entitled. In the appended claims, the terms “including” and “in which” are used as the plain-English equivalents of the respective terms “comprising” and “wherein.” Moreover, in the following claims, the terms “first,” “second,” and “third,” etc. are used merely as labels, and are not intended to impose numerical requirements on their objects. Further, the limitations of the following claims are not written in means—plus-function format and are not intended to be interpreted based on 35 U.S.C. § 112, sixth paragraph, unless and until such claim limitations expressly use the phrase “means for” followed by a statement of function void of further structure.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4619487 *||Sep 28, 1984||Oct 28, 1986||Thomas & Betts Corporation||Flat cable connector with grounding clip|
|US5029254||Mar 23, 1990||Jul 2, 1991||Instrument Specialties Company, Inc.||Clip mounted electromagnetic shielding device|
|US5233507||Apr 1, 1992||Aug 3, 1993||Schroff Gmbh||Modular unit for insertion into hf-tight housings for electronic equipment|
|US5466175 *||Jul 14, 1994||Nov 14, 1995||Yazaki Corporation||Shield connector connecting shield cables|
|US5511993 *||Aug 25, 1994||Apr 30, 1996||Yazaki Corporation||Connector shield wire connection structure|
|US5836774 *||Nov 12, 1996||Nov 17, 1998||Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd.||Adapter and mechanism thereof|
|US6676137||Feb 27, 2002||Jan 13, 2004||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||Snap-on EMI gasket clip and method of sealing a computer chassis from EMI|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8550837 *||Jan 12, 2012||Oct 8, 2013||Dai-Ichi Seiko Co., Ltd.||Electrical connector and electrical connector assembly|
|US8890004 *||Jan 23, 2012||Nov 18, 2014||Tyco Electronics Corporation||Electrical connector assembly with EMI cover|
|US9270059||Aug 12, 2013||Feb 23, 2016||Tyco Electronics Corporation||Electrical connector having an EMI absorber|
|US20120225575 *||Jan 12, 2012||Sep 6, 2012||Dai-Ichi Seiko Co., Ltd.||Electrical connector and electrical connector assembly|
|US20130186681 *||Jan 23, 2012||Jul 25, 2013||Tyco Electronics Corporation||Electrical connector assembly with emi cover|
|US20160170162 *||Dec 11, 2015||Jun 16, 2016||Tyco Electronics (Shanghai) Co. Ltd.||Connector Housing And Connector|
|U.S. Classification||439/607.41, 439/906, 439/731|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10S439/906, H01R13/65802, H01R9/032|
|European Classification||H01R13/658B, H01R9/03S|
|Nov 29, 2007||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TYCO ELECTRONICS CORPORATION, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BRIGHT, EDWARD JOHN;DUNWOODY, STEVEN DAVID;REEL/FRAME:020173/0454
Effective date: 20071128
|Sep 24, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 26, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jan 12, 2017||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATION, PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:TYCO ELECTRONICS CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:041350/0085
Effective date: 20170101