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Publication numberUS751473 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 9, 1904
Filing dateMay 27, 1903
Publication numberUS 751473 A, US 751473A, US-A-751473, US751473 A, US751473A
InventorsA. E. Dennis
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Game apparatus
US 751473 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

.No. 751,473. I PATENTED FEB. 9, 1904 W. H. & A. E. DENNIS.




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I No. 751.473. PATENTED 1 313.9, 1904. W. H. & A. E. DENNIS.





UNITED STATES Patented February 9, 19 04.




SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 751,473, dated February 9, 1904.

Application filed May27,1903. Serial No. 158,965. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that we, WALDO H. DENNIS and ARTHUR E. DEN IS, citizens of the United States, residing at St. Louis, Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Game Apparatus, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which Figure 1 is a plan view showing the gameboard or field, the ball or game-piece being indicated in full lines in its positionat the beginning of the game and. the said game-piecev game apparatus, andmore particularly to apparatus for use in playing a game simulating Rugby foot-ball.

Our object is to provide an apparatus by.

which a simple and interesting game can be played, said game very closely simulating the actual game of Rugby fdot ball, it being possible to move thegamepi ceor ball not only forwardly and back wardlygbut also to one side of the field or theRother, as happens in an actual game of foot-ball.

A further object is to provide an indicator of simple construction by means ofwhich the movement of one part determines both the longitudinal and lateral movements of the game-piece. or ball.

To these ends and alsoto improve generally upon apparatus of the character indicated our invention consists in the various matters'hereinafter described and claimed.

Referring now more particularly to the drawings, A- represents the game board 'or field; B,the game-piece or ball; C, the indicator by means of which the movements of the gamepiece are determined, and D the marker or linesmen. The field is rectangular and of about the proportions of an actual foot-ball field or gridiron and is divided longitudinally into yard-spaces by means of transverse lines 1 and 2, the lines; 2 being heavier than the lines 1 or otherwise distinguished therefrom Eachfiveand indicating five-yard intervals. yard line is divided transversely at five-yard intervals, as by means of dashes 3/ A goal 4 is suitably indicated at each end of the field,

said goal being of the width about proportionate to the width of the goal in-an actual foot -ball field. The line 2, which extends across the center of the field, is preferably distinguished from all of the other transverse lines in order that the center may be readily apparent to the players, this central line dividing the field into a half for each player in the manner in which the actual foot-ball field is divided.

provided; but we prefer to employ one in the form of a Rugby foot-ball mounted on a Suit-' able base, as seen in Fig. 4.;

The marker D can be dispensed with, but is preferably employed, its purpose being to indicate the position of the game-piece at certain stages of the game. For apurpose which will hereinafter be described the bottom of the marker is preferably of a length corresponding to the distance between five-yard lines.

The indicator comprises a base 5, from the center of which rises a'post 6, and a disk 7 is rotatably mounted upon the said post and is .preferably provided with a central knob 8, by

means of which the said disk can be readily spun or rotated. The disk 7 is of less diameter than is the base 5, and the space upon said base 5 outside of the periphery of the said disk is divided into radial divisions 9. Each of said radial divisions 9 has an arrow 10 or other suitable pointer at its inner portion and outside of p the periphery of the disk 7, whereby said arrow is adapted to point to a Suitable number printed near the edge of the rotatable disk. Each radial division 9 is also'provided near the periphery of the said disk, but beyond the same, with numerals, as shown at 11, and printed in each division is the name of some play in the game of Rugby foot-ball, together with any too . 7 Of course any suitable game-piece can be other appropriate matter, such as an instruction to add a given number of yards. The rotatable disk is provided with an arrow or pointer 12, which preferably extends to its periphery, and has near its edge a series of radial divisions 13, each of which contains a suitable number or the name of an appropriate play, such as Touch-down. Certain of the radial divisions are distinguished from the others, as by being printed inadifferent color, and the two types of divisions are indicated at 13 and 13, respectively. Preferably each arrow 10 is in the center of the are which defines the division provided with such arrow, and the numerals 11 are printed upon opposite sides of the said arrow. Ve prefer to provide diametrically opposite divisions 9 with similar numerals and to place two arrows 12 upon the disk 7 diametrically opposite to each other, so that when the disk comes to rest each of these arrows points to a numeral of equal value in the diametrically opposite divisions 9.

Such being the apparatus employed in the game, the manner of playing said game is now to be considered. Each player has a goal at the outer end of his half of the field, and it is the object of the game to work the game-piece across his opponents goal-line, preferably through his opponents goal. The game can be played for a stated length of time and the player declared the winner who has scored the greater number of points in such time, or the game can be played for a predetermined number of points and the player declared the winner who first makes such number of points. Preferably the game is divided into halves, as is an actual game of foot-ball. To start the game, the ball or game-piece is awarded to one of the players and is placed upon one of the dashes 3 at the center of the central line '2. The player to whom the ball has been awarded must make the play kick-off, and he spins the dial to determine the position into which the game-piece is to be moved as the result of his said play. After he has played the play passes to his opponent, who spins the dial to determine the movements of the game-piece, the player preparatory to spinning the dial announcing the play which he is going to make (such as fake buck, crisscross, &c.) and also announcing whether he selects the right or left as the direction in which the piece is to be moved laterally. After obtaining the ball on the play succeeding the kick-off the player with the ball is entitled to at least three spins of the dial, the ball being moved as indicated by the indicator after each spin, and if by these three spins the player does not advance the ball five yards or more the play passes to his opponent. As soon as the player has advanced the gamepiece or ball five yards he is entitled to three more spins before losing the ball and loses the ball if he fails to advance said ball five yards or more from the point occupied by the ball as determined by the indicator.

when the said three plays were commenced. The numerals in the radial divisions 9 indicate the distances the game-piece is to be moved toward the right or left, the direction being determined by the announcement of the player previous to spinning the dial, and the numerals in the spaces 13 and 13 around the dial indicate the number of yards the game-piece is to be carried forwardly or backwardly, the numerals in the spaces of one color (a. g., white) indicating gains or movements toward theopponents goal and the numerals of the spaces of the other color indicating losses or movements toward the players own goal. Assuming that the player whose goal is at the right of the field as shown in Fig. 1 has the ball and is to start the game, said ball is placed as shown by full lines in Fig. 1 and the player plays kick-off and spins the dial to determine the movements of the game-piece or ball as the result of his play, announcing prior to the spin the lateral direction selected by him as, for example, to the right. We will assume that the dial has been spun by the player opening the game and has come to rest in the position indicated in Fig. 2. The ball will therefore be moved forwardly twentyone yards and will be moved ten yards to the right, the position of the ball after the said play being indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 1. The play then passes to the second playerc'. e. in this instance the player whose goal is at the left of the field shown in Fig. 1- and this player places the marker or linesmen D along one side of the field and extending in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis of said field, what may be termed the rear end of the bottom line of the marker resting at the point of the yard-line upon which the ball rests and said marker, because of its heretofore-mentioned width, extending five yards toward the opponents goal. The second player then plays, and the ball is moved Because of the position of the marker D and its relative width a gain of five yards or more can be at once seen, for as soo'h as the ball is carried beyond the forward end of the marker such a gain has been made. As soon as the ball is lost by a player, and the play therefore passes to his opponent, the marker is moved to bring its rear end in line with the ball and to extend from said end toward the goal of the new players opponent. The play continues until the ball is carried across the goal-line of one of the players. If a player forces the ball across his opponents goal-line, he scores five points. The ball is then brought straight out to the fifteen-yard line and a try at goal is made by playing a goal-kick, which to be successful must carry the ball over the goalline and between the goal-posts in one play. If the play is successful, the player scores one additional point. After the try at goal the ball is brought to the center of the field and kicked off by the opponent of the player who has just scored. After playing a punt the ball passes to the players opponent just as it does after playing the kick-off. If the player loses sufliciently to be compelled to carry the ball back of his own goal-line, he has made a safety, and his opponent scores two points. After a safety the player making the same brings the ball straight out to the twenty-five yard-line and kicks off, the game then being played according to the rules governing gle movable part has to be moved but once in order to determine both the backward or forward movement of the game-piece and the lateral movement of the same.

We are aware that many minor changes in the construction, arrangement, and combination of the several parts of our device can be made and substituted for those herein shown and described without in the least departing from the nature and principle of our invention.

Having thus described our invention, what we claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. A game apparatus, comprising a gameboard lined to simulate a foot-ball field, a gamepiece,and an indicatorconsisting of a base and a concentric disk, the base and disk both having divisions and numbers, one of the parts being provided with characters indicating the plays to be made, the relative positions of the spaces on one part with those on the other indicating the transverse or longitudinal movement of the game-piece.

2. A game apparatus, comprising a gameboard lined to simulate a foot-ball field,a gamepiece, a marker to record the movement of said game-piece, a dial to govern the movement of said game-piece, and consisting of a base and a smaller concentric rotatable disk, the disk having numbers on the outer edge and means cooperating with the numbers to govern the movements of the game-piece, division-lines on the base to provide divisions containing the instructions as to a particular play, said divisions being subdivided, said subdivisions containing numbers, indicating means between the spaces, and cooperating with the numbers on the disk to indicate the backward or forward movement of the gamepiece.

3. A game apparatus comprising a gameboard representing a foot-ball field, a gamepiece, markers to record themovements of said game-piece, and a dial to indicate the forward, backward and lateral movements of said game-piece, said dial comprising a base and a smaller rotatable disk, said base having divisions containing the names of plays used in the game, said divisions being subdivided into smaller numbered spaces separated by arrows, the rotatable disk having an arrow cooperating with the numbered subdivsions for indicating forward and backward movement of the game-piece, and said rotatable disk also having numbered spaces on its margin, for cooperating with the first-mentioned arrows to indicate 'the lateral movements of the gamepiece.

In testimony whereof we hereunto affix our signatures, in the presence of two witnesses, this 23d day of May, 1903.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4019737 *Nov 17, 1972Apr 26, 1977Witzel William LFootball game board
Cooperative ClassificationA63F3/00041