|Publication number||US7520252 B2|
|Application number||US 10/549,122|
|Publication date||Apr 21, 2009|
|Filing date||Mar 19, 2004|
|Priority date||Mar 19, 2003|
|Also published as||CA2519419A1, CA2519419C, CN1780718A, CN100464954C, EP1608489A2, EP1608489B1, US20060260310, WO2004083725A2, WO2004083725A3|
|Publication number||10549122, 549122, PCT/2004/1356, PCT/IB/2004/001356, PCT/IB/2004/01356, PCT/IB/4/001356, PCT/IB/4/01356, PCT/IB2004/001356, PCT/IB2004/01356, PCT/IB2004001356, PCT/IB200401356, PCT/IB4/001356, PCT/IB4/01356, PCT/IB4001356, PCT/IB401356, US 7520252 B2, US 7520252B2, US-B2-7520252, US7520252 B2, US7520252B2|
|Inventors||Bruno Toulouse, Patrick Herelier|
|Original Assignee||Societe De Prospection Et D'inventions Techniques Spit|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (16), Referenced by (4), Classifications (6), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to the adjustment of the power of gas-operated apparatuses comprising a first chamber of a first volume containing means for igniting and generating a flame in a combustible gas, a second chamber of a second volume, and means for placing the two chambers in communication, these means being designed to allow the flame to pass.
The invention relates more particularly to the adjustment of the power of internal combustion gas-operated sealing apparatus in which a piston is propelled under the action of the exploding of a mixture of gas and air in order, via its rod, to strike a nail; this is then a gas-operated nail gun, or some other fastening device.
Apparatuses with two chambers have advantages. With two chambers, the first is a precompression chamber which allows the explosion pressure in the second chamber to be increased, the explosion pressure in a volume being proportional to the pressure of the mixture before the explosion. What happens is that, because of the explosion in the first chamber, the combustion pressure thus generated in this first chamber compresses the unburnt mixture which is pushed by the flame front and passes into the second chamber to increase the pressure therein before the explosion occurs in this second chamber. If this second chamber is partially delimited by a drive piston, then by virtue of this precompression, the piston has moved only very slightly forwards at the time when the explosion occurs in this second chamber for propelling the piston, this allowing the piston to derive correct benefit from the energy of combustion of the gas.
When, in addition, there is a fan in the flame-generating chamber, the rate of combustion and the maximum pressure level in this chamber are increased, making it possible to reduce the rise time of this pressure and therefore to further limit the movement of the piston in its drive chamber before the explosion takes place, and therefore making it possible to further increase the power of the apparatus.
It will be noted that the effect of an accelerating fan is more than significant; it allows the pressure rise time to be reduced by a factor of the order of 10.
Being thus in possession of powerful apparatus, the applicant company realized that it could prove beneficial for an operator to have available to him, in one and the same apparatus, a given maximum power which is able however to operate at various power levels below that of maximum power, and this is what the applicant proposes in its invention.
The invention relates first of all to a method for adjusting the power of a gas-operated apparatus comprising:
characterized in that the power of the apparatus is adjusted by adjusting the communication between the chambers.
Adjustment can be carried out easily by operating at least one valve connecting the two chambers.
Thus, the less mixture is passed into the propulsion chamber, the more the pressure will be dropped and therefore the more the power of the apparatus will be reduced.
In the most common case, combustible gas is injected only into the first, flame-generating, chamber via which it is therefore not possible to adjust the power.
However, when the combustible gas is injected directly into the two chambers, as taught, for example, in U.S. Pat. No. 4,365,471, it is perfectly possible to adjust the power of the apparatus by adjusting the volume of gas injected into the second, propulsion, chamber.
Naturally, the power can be adjusted using both modes of adjustment, both adjusting the communication and adjusting the injection.
When the first, flame-generating, chamber is equipped with a fan, it is also possible to adjust the power by varying the rotational speed of the fan.
The invention also relates to a method for adjusting the power of a gas-operated apparatus comprising
characterized in that the power of the apparatus is adjusted by adjusting the communication between the chambers.
As a preference, the intermediate third chamber for the compression and acceleration of the flame is a tubular chamber with a cross section roughly equal to that of the flame generated in the first, flame-generating, chamber.
Advantageously, an accelerating fan is provided in the first, flame-generating, chamber.
In general, the apparatus of the method of the invention will be a sealing apparatus, the second, propulsion, chamber being delimited in particular by a piston for driving a fastener and intended to be propelled under the action of the exploding of the mixture in this second, propulsion, chamber.
As in the case of a two-chamber apparatus, it is perfectly possible in a three-chamber apparatus to adjust the power separately or in combination by
As the useful volume lies essentially in the intermediate chamber, the volume of the first, flame-generating, chamber can be reduced, this affording the additional advantage of greatly facilitating the conditions under which the burnt mixture escapes and also the cooling of the apparatus.
It may even be desirable to establish conditions at the limits of the convergence of the first chamber and intermediate chamber, and so the applicant company also intends to claim a method for adjusting the power of a gas-operated apparatus comprising
The invention will be better understood with the aid of the following description of various embodiments of the method of the invention and of various embodiments of the apparatus the power of which is to be adjusted, with reference to the attached drawing in which
The apparatus of
Here, in the body 3, there is a first chamber 11, with a gas inlet orifice 12 into which the igniter plug 10 protrudes, which chamber is a chamber for the precompression of the gas-air mixture and for generating a flame. The fan 13 of a motor-fan unit is mounted in this first chamber 11. The chamber 11 communicates with the entrance to a tubular intermediate chamber 14 which is a chamber for compression and acceleration of the flame. The tubular intermediate chamber 14 communicates, via its outlet and via a number of orifices 16 that can be closed off by a valve 17, with a last chamber 15, delimited in part by the piston head 8, which is a propulsion chamber which also has a gas inlet orifice 42.
The way in which the apparatus works will now be explained.
After the last, propulsion, chamber 15 has been closed and gas has been injected into the first chamber 11 and the propulsion chamber 15 via the respective orifices 12 and 42, the plug 10 will create a spark which will ignite the mixture of gas and air in the chamber 11, the burning of which mixture will cause the pressure in this chamber to rise. Because of the increase in pressure, the unburnt mixture from the first chamber 11 and especially from the intermediate tubular chamber 14 will, via the orifices 16, pass into the last, propulsion, chamber 15 and thus compress the mixture therein. The combustion flame, generated in the first chamber 11, on arrival in the tubular chamber 14, will be accelerated (almost exponentially) by virtue of the rise in pressure downstream, in the propulsion chamber 15. Passing through the same orifices 16, the flame will ignite the mixture in the last chamber 15, here then according to a “multipoint” ignition strategy.
The pressure in this last chamber will rise to a level above that of the two upstream chambers 14 and 11, and in a shorter space of time. The orifices 16 for communication between the last two chambers 14, 15 generate sonic flows, that is to say that the speed of the mixture and of the flame becomes higher than the speed of sound, by virtue of which the rate of combustion in the last, propulsion, chamber 15 will be very high. This being the case, there is practically no longer any need to hold the piston 6 still to prevent it from moving right at the start of the pressure rise. The rate of combustion is such that the maximum pressure is reached before the piston 6 has had time to move. In this particular instance, this lost movement is reduced to just a few millimeters.
It will be noted that the “multipoint” communication between chambers, in this instance the chambers 14 and 15, encourages the agitation of the mixture in the propulsion chamber 15 before the flame arrives.
The valve or valves blocking off the communication orifices may be used as pressure limiters and open only at a predetermined pressure so as to encourage sonic flow and increase the rate of combustion in the propulsion chamber 15.
It is also possible to envisage mechanical or electrical precompression in the first chamber, within the limit to which the valves open, in order to further increase the pressure level in the first chamber 11 and thus also in the propulsion chamber 15. The flame-generating 11 and propulsion 15 chambers may have a very small volume, making it possible to use less gas and thus improve the efficiency of the apparatus.
The first, flame-generating, chamber may be coincident with the chamber for the compression and acceleration of the flame, so as to further reduce the pressure rise time in the propulsion chamber.
With reference to
In both cases, the precompression and final compression pressure level in the final last propulsion chamber 15 depends on the length and volume of the tubular chamber 14, 18. The tube may be coiled on itself to reduce the space occupied.
The method of the invention also applies to a conventional apparatus provided with just two chambers, the first being for precompression and generation of a flame, the second being for propulsion.
There is no need to depict in the drawing such an apparatus which is identical to the apparatus of
The power of all these apparatuses can be adjusted by three different means that can be used separately or in combination. The first means consists of adjusting the communication between the chambers, via the orifices 16, by in particular adjusting the setting at which the valves 17 open.
The second means consists in adjusting the metering of the direct injection of gas into the final, propulsion, chamber 15 through the orifice 42.
The third means consists of adjusting the speed of the fan 13.
It will be noted that the volume of gas in the final, propulsion, chamber is also metered by the setting at which the valves 17 open.
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|U.S. Classification||123/46.00H, 123/46.00A|
|International Classification||F02B71/04, B25C1/08|
|Jun 23, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SOCIETE DE PROSPECTION ET D INVENTIONS TECHNIQUES
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:TOULOUSE, BRUNO;HERELIER, PATRICK;REEL/FRAME:017841/0340
Effective date: 20051018
|Dec 3, 2012||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 21, 2013||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jun 11, 2013||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20130421