|Publication number||US7537404 B2|
|Application number||US 11/202,854|
|Publication date||May 26, 2009|
|Filing date||Aug 12, 2005|
|Priority date||Mar 26, 1999|
|Also published as||US20050271441|
|Publication number||11202854, 202854, US 7537404 B2, US 7537404B2, US-B2-7537404, US7537404 B2, US7537404B2|
|Inventors||William M. Bouverie, Kenneth Colonel, Christopher Roy Christensen, Dwayne Tobin, Jay Huberty, Ron Consiglio, Fred Scofield, Mark Hitz, George Vazac, Richard Hatle|
|Original Assignee||Datamax Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (37), Referenced by (21), Classifications (12), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/668,943, filed Sep. 22, 2003 now U.S. Pat. No. 7,042,478 which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. application Ser. No. 10/634,000, filed Aug. 4, 2003, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,846,121, which is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 09/965,533, filed Sep. 26, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,616,362, which is a continuation of PCT Application No. PCT/US00/08051, filed Mar. 27, 2000, which claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/126,499, filed on Mar. 26, 1999. The contents of these prior applications are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety. This application also claims priority from U.S. Provisional Application Ser. No. 60/412,481, filed Sep. 20, 2002, the contents of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
1. Technical Field
The present disclosure relates to printers in general and more particularly to a modular printer assembly having components configured as modules which can be easily and quickly removed and/or secured to the assembly to perform basic maintenance and/or convert the printer assembly from a thermal ink printer to a ribbon ink printer.
2. Background of Related Art
Thermal ink printers and ribbon ink printers are well known and widely used. These printers include a variety of complex components enclosed within a housing. Typically, the components are arranged in such a manner that it is difficult to access any one or all of the components to perform basic maintenance and repair. Thus, operational downtime to perform basic repairs and maintenance is prolonged and reliance on the availability of a service technician to maintain a printer operational is assured.
Conventional printers, as mentioned briefly above, include both thermal ink printers and ribbon ink printers. Thermal ink printers and ink ribbon printers include a majority of common components. Despite this fact, if an operator required or desired both a thermal ink printer and an ink ribbon printer, the operator would have to purchase two separate units at increased expense.
Accordingly, a need exists for a printer which is capable of operating as both a thermal ink printer and a ribbon ink printer. Moreover, a need exists for an improved, less complex printer having easily accessible internal components which facilitate speedy maintenance and repair by a service technician and/or the printer operator.
In accordance with the present disclosure, a modular printer having a support housing is provided. The modular printer includes a media take-up assembly, a support block assembly, a printhead assembly, a media sensor assembly, a drive motor assembly, a cover assembly and a display assembly. Electrical circuitry in the form of circuit boards is provided to provide power where required. The support housing defines an internal support wall having a plurality of recesses formed therein. Each recess is configured to receive one of the modular printer assemblies. Each assembly defines a separate module which can be independently secured to or removed from the support wall. The printing assemblies or modules are secured to one side of the support wall and the electric motor assembly and circuitry are secured to the opposite side of the support wall. Such a modular printer has been disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/965,533, filed Sep. 26, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,616,362, the contents of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.
The modular printer disclosed herein allows for easy access to each of the printer components for repair and/or maintenance. Moreover, the modular configuration facilitates printer upgrading, i.e., conversion from a thermal ink printer to a ribbon ink printer.
Various preferred embodiments of the presently disclosed printer are described herein with reference to the drawings wherein:
Preferred embodiments of the presently disclosed modular thermal printer will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings, in which like reference numerals designate identical or corresponding elements in each of the several views.
Briefly, modular ink printer 10 includes a media take-up assembly 12 including a hub assembly 14 configured to support a media take-up roll (not shown), a support block assembly 16, a printhead assembly 18, a stepper motor assembly 20, a media sensor assembly 24, a cover assembly 30 and a display assembly 32. When printer 10 is operated as a ribbon ink printer, a ribbon spool take-up assembly 28 may also be provided in conjunction with the media take-up assembly. Each of the above-identified assemblies is removably supported on a support housing 34 having a plurality of recesses, which will be discussed in further detail below. The support housing defines an internal support wall of the modular printer and is configured for properly aligning each of the assemblies with respect to each of the other assemblies within the printer. Support housing 34 is preferably formed from a heat conductive material, such as an aluminum support housing, to facilitate the removal of heat from printer 10. However, other materials may also be used to form housing 34 including ceramics, plastics, sheet metal etc.
As discussed above, printer 10 has a display assembly 32. Display assembly 32 includes a module 150 having an LED display and a casing 152. Module 150 is positioned between diametrically opposed guide brackets 154 formed on support housing 34. Opposite corners of module 150 are subsequently secured to support housing 34 by screws. Casing 152 includes a plurality of flexible brackets 156 which can be snap fit to support housing 34 over module 150. Support housing 34 includes receiving structure 158 formed therein. Alternately, other known fastening devices may be used to secure module 150 and casing 152 to support housing 34.
Referring again to
Referring also to
Hub assembly housing half-sections 44 a and 44 b define a channel 50 having a pair of cam surfaces 52 formed therein. An engagement member 54 is secured to or formed monolithically with hub shaft 46. Each side of engagement member 54 includes a pair of abutment surfaces 56. Alternately, abutment surfaces may only be provided on one side of engagement member 54.
In the assembled state, engagement member 54 of hub shaft 46 is slidably positioned within channel 50 with coil spring 48 urging hub shaft 46 towards the distal end 58 of housing 44. Abutment surfaces 56 are positioned adjacent but distal of respective cam surfaces 52. When it is desired to remove a media take-up roll from and/or position a media take-up roll onto hub assembly 14, housing half-sections 44 a and 44 b are pulled outward to force cam surfaces 52 into engagement with abutment surfaces 56. Because surfaces 52 and 56 are angled towards distal end 58, compression of the housing half-sections urges hub shaft 46 against the bias of spring 48 away from distal end 58 of housing 44 allowing housing half-sections 44 a and 44 b to move towards each other to facilitate installation or removal of a media take-up roll onto or from hub assembly 14.
Referring again to
Referring again to
Since printer 10 can only be operated as either a thermal ink printer or an ink ribbon printer, either or both of media take-up assemblies 12 or 12 a will be secured to support housing 34 at a time. However, the printer 10 can be easily and quickly converted from a thermal ink printer to a ribbon ink printer and vice-versa by substituting one media take-up assembly or module for the other. The relief configured to receive the baseplate of the media take-up assembly not in use should be covered by a blank (not shown), which is preferably constructed of the material used to form support housing 34.
It is noted that in printers found in the prior art, removal of a damaged platen is a difficult, time-consuming procedure. In contrast, all that is required to remove platen 74 from support block assembly 16 is to unscrew screw 78 from mounting block 64 to remove tear bar 72 from assembly 16, and to remove the two screws securing retainer bracket 68 to mounting block 64. Platen 68 can now be lifted from mounting block 64.
As discussed above with respect to media take-up assembly 12, the entire support block assembly 16 forms an integral unit or module which is secured within a relief 82 (
Printhead adjustment bracket 88 is secured to printhead adjustment bracket 87 by screws 97 which are positioned within slots 99 formed in printhead adjustment bracket 87. A pair of springs 98 is positioned between bracket 88 and printhead adjustment bracket 87 to urge bracket 88 away from printhead adjustment bracket 87. An adjustment knob 100 having a cam surface positioned to engage printhead 86 is rotatably secured to bracket 88 by a fastener 101 having a biasing member 102 formed therewith. Adjustment knob 100 includes a protrusion (not shown) which is urged into engagement with an annular array of detents 103 by fastener 101. Adjustment knob 100 is rotatable to selectively cam bracket 88 towards printhead 86 against the bias of springs 96. The adjustment knob protrusion and the annular array of detents 103 function to retain the bracket 88 and printhead 86 at fixed positions in relation to each other as determined by the rotational position of adjustment knob 100.
Referring again to
Referring also to
Referring again to
In a preferred embodiment, printhead assembly module 518 includes a pivot assembly 550. In this exemplary configuration, as shown in
Support arm 552 is disposed outboard of adjustment cam 548 and maintains the relative positions of ribbon guide roller 542 and mounting block 540. Support arm 552 is attached to mounting block 540 by a screw 553. Additionally, support arm 552 includes a screw 551 that engages a threaded recess in adjustment cam 548. As assembled, ribbon guide roller 542 rotates relative to mounting block 540 with first and second bearings 544, 546 reducing frictional losses during rotation of ribbon guide roller 542. Mounting block 540 includes a pair of spaced apart orifices 554 that is disposed on an upper surface 555 of mounting block 540.
Printhead assembly module 518 further includes a printhead assembly 560 that mates with pivot assembly 550. Still referring to
A pair of knobs 574 is vertically positioned on upper adjustment bracket 562 and is biased by springs 572. Each knob 574 is configured and adapted to fit within the orifices 554 of the mounting block 540. Each rotatable knob 574 has a cam surface 575 formed thereon. The cam surface 575 of each knob 574 is urged into engagement with mounting block 540 by spring 572 such that each knob 574 extends vertically beyond upper surface 555 of mounting block 540. Upper adjustment bracket 562 includes a pair of pivot members 563, which are pivotably attached to pivot assembly 550 thereby allowing printhead 566 to be selectively pivoted into a desired position relative to pivot assembly 550. Both knobs 574 are selectively rotatable to urge printhead 566 towards or away from pivot assembly 550 to control printhead pressure of the printhead 566. A ribbon shield 582 is provided and is attached to the upper adjustment bracket 562 using a pair of screws 579.
A printhead latch 596 is positioned on one side of mounting block 550 and is pivotably movable into and out of recess 595. A pivot member 594 extends through printhead latch 596 and engages holes 597 that are disposed in recess 595. Printhead latch 596 is biased by spring 592 that is disposed between printhead latch 596 and recess 595.
As shown in
Modular printer 500 differs from modular printer 10 described above in several respects. More specifically, modular printer 500 includes an additional idler roller 602 positioned between media supply hub 630 and printhead assembly module 518. Idler roller 602 prevents the media ribbon from becoming wrinkled during operation of the printer. Ribbon take-up assembly module 512 a includes a ribbon supply assembly 604 and a ribbon take-up assembly 606, each of which is detachable from and attachable to casting 534 using three screws. This allows for easy installation and removal of the media take-up assembly module. Alternately, a fewer or greater number of screws may be used to secure each roller to the casting. The electrical components of modular printer 500 are secured to central support member 534 a on a side opposite to the printing components of printer 500. The electrical components include electronic circuitry and the drive mechanism for powering the various system modules as discussed above with respect to modular printer 10. The electronic circuitry includes circuit boards which are removably installed into a mounting bracket 608 (
Modular printer 500 also includes a pickup sensor, which communicates with the electrical circuitry of the printer and is supported on the mounting bracket or adjacent thereto to monitor operation of the ribbon supply assembly 604. By monitoring operation of the ribbon supply hub, the pickup sensor is able to track the quantity of ribbon remaining on the ribbon supply assembly 604. Details and operation of the ribbon pickup sensor are described hereinafter with reference to printer 700 and as shown in
Additionally, modular printer 500 includes a media sensor assembly 524, which communicates with associated circuitry in printer 500 and is supported on portion 534 a of casting 534, as shown in
An example of a media sensor assembly is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,396,070 to Christensen et al., the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety. Another example of a media sensor assembly is disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/668,127, filed Sep. 22, 2003, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
More particularly, media sensor 524 includes a sensor assembly installed above the print media. Optionally, a second sensor assembly may be placed below the print media. A sensor base is included and has rounded edges to aid in passing the print media therebetween. The sensor assembly may be used with a reflected light sensor, in which case, the sensor is both a source and a detector of light, requiring only one sensor assembly. In this case, the print media passes the sensor assembly and reflects light back to sensor assembly, which is read and processed.
Optionally, media sensor 524 includes a second sensor assembly, where the first sensor assembly transmits a light impulse from sensor source through the print media to second sensor assembly where the signal is received by a detector. Sensors can be used to determine if print media is present, to read a position indicating stripe, to determine the location of the print media edge or to measure the presence of gaps for labels. Sensor slides inside each sensor assembly are positionable to corresponding positions for accommodating differing sizes of the print media.
Modular printer 500 also includes an engagement member 615 (
As shown in
Referring again to
In use of printer 700, a label stock is drawn by main platen roller 728 from a supply roll located externally of printer 700 through a media sensor of media sensor assembly 736 under a thermal printhead of printhead assembly 716. The media sensor (not shown) senses the presence of label stock by sensing a top edge of a label or indicia on a bottom surface of a label which coincides with a top edge of the label. Once the edge of the label is detected, printer 700 is capable of shifting the print location to print on any desired portion of the label. When the label is passed under the thermal printhead, the printhead heats the thermally sensitive label or ribbon positioned adjacent the label to form small black dots on the label. The small dots are grouped to form characters, bar codes or graphic images. By having graphics printing capabilities, printer 700 is able to print an unlimited number of characters and, thus, can print in a variety of different languages including Chinese, Korean, Russian and Arabic. Printer 700 is also capable of printing an unlimited number of graphics including corporate logos, graphs and/or charts and an infinite variety of different symbols.
After an image is processed on the label, the label stock including a liner and label is moved past the thermal printhead and wrapped over peel bar 722 (
As discussed above, printer 700 is configured to accommodate easy to install modular assemblies similar to those disclosed above with respect to printer 10.
In use, a spool of ribbon is positioned about hub assembly 759 and is in contact with hub portions 762. Ribbon take-up assembly includes a hub (not shown) which is driven by the drive mechanism of printer 700 to unwind ribbon from the spool of ribbon positioned on hub assembly 759 of ribbon supply assembly 750. As ribbon is unwound from hub assembly 759, torque from the spool of ribbon is translated from the spool of ribbon, through hub portions 762 and torsion springs 764 to ribbon supply shaft 760. As a result, a back tension is created in the ribbon as each torsion spring is put in torque. Because the hub portions are independently rotatable about shaft 760, the amount of back tension is created in the ribbon is proportional to the width of the spool of ribbon. More specifically, if a spool of ribbon has a width equal to the length of two hub portions 762, only the torsion springs associated with the two hub portions in contact with the spool of ribbon will provide back-tension in the ribbon. As the width of the ribbon increases, additional hub portions 762 are engaged by the spool of ribbon and, thus, the additional torsion springs contribute to the back tension in the ribbon.
Referring again to
In a preferred embodiment, printer 700 includes a ribbon saver mechanism that permits the feeding of label stock independently of the supply of ribbon to allow for printing on only a small portion of the label. The ribbon saver mechanism includes a motor assembly 780 (
In summary, when the ribbon saver mechanism is actuated, motor assembly 780 operates a cam assembly 782 to lift the printhead of the printhead assembly 716 away from the main platen roller 728 (
Printer engine 700 is similar in construction to modular printers 10 and 500 in that printer 700 includes a central support member 706 having printer modules supported on a first side of support member 706 and the electrical and drive components secured to an opposite side of support member 706. In addition to those components disclosed above, printer 700 includes at least two additional driven rollers to independently control movement of the media and ribbon within the printer. The rollers may be independently driven or driven by a common driver. The driven rollers include a drive roller or hub 728 for controlling movement of media and a second drive roller 732 for controlling movement of ribbon. Because drives are provided for the media and the ribbon, the ribbon need not be continuously driven through the printhead assembly with the media, but rather need only be driven through the printhead assembly when actual printing onto the media is occurring. As a result, a substantial reduction in the quantity of ribbon required to operate the printer is achieved. Software or control circuitry is provided to coordinate operation of the ink ribbon drive roller with operation of the printhead assembly.
It will be understood that various modifications may be made to the embodiments disclosed herein. For example, all of the components need not be configured as modules, i.e., only one or some of the components may be configured in module form. Therefore, the above description should not be construed as limiting, but merely as exemplifications of preferred embodiments. Those skilled in the art will envision other modifications within the scope and spirit of the claims appended hereto.
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|U.S. Classification||400/693, 400/691, 347/222, 400/679|
|International Classification||B41J2/325, B41J2/32, B41J33/14, B41J29/02|
|Cooperative Classification||B41J2/32, B41J2/325|
|European Classification||B41J2/32, B41J2/325|
|May 6, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: DATAMAX-O NEIL CORPORATION,FLORIDA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:DATAMAX CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:024342/0610
Effective date: 20090331
|Nov 9, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Oct 27, 2016||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8