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Publication numberUS754079 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 8, 1904
Filing dateJan 26, 1904
Priority dateJan 26, 1904
Publication numberUS 754079 A, US 754079A, US-A-754079, US754079 A, US754079A
InventorsRobert Machlett
Original AssigneeRobert Machlett
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Spiral vacuum-tube for therapeutic purposes.
US 754079 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

UNITED STATES Patented March 8, 1904.

PATENT sOrricn. A

ROBERT MAGHLETT, or Nnwroumn. Y.


4S1IEGIIIGA CLIQN forming part of Letters Patent N0. 754,079, dated March 8, 1904. f

" l-Applioation filed January 26, 1904:.- Serial No. 190,697. (No model.) l

To all whom t may concerm Be it known that I, ROBERT MACHLETT, a citizen of'tlie United States, and a residentof New York, in-the county of New York 'and State of New York, have invented certain 4new and useful Improvements vrin Spiral Vacuum- Tubes for Therapeutic Purposes, of which the following is a specication. Y

This invention relates to vacuum-tubes used for therapeutic purposes, and is adapted tobe used either for treatmentwith a high-tension and high-frequency current .where the circuit is completed through'the body of the patient or for treatment by means of the ultra-Violet rays alone. Each of the abovemethods of treatment has its advantages in certain specific formsl of disease in which the curative property of the X-rays and the ultra-violet lightrays has beendemonstrated. p

It has been found in many experiments made to investigate the therapeutic action of the rays upon the skin in the treatment of disease that when a high-tension current is passed through a vacuum-tube the air surrounding the tube is decomposed into ozone, and when the vacuum-tube is placed near or preferably in direct contact with the diseased portion of the skin this ozone attacks and destroys any toxic matter therein by oxidation. This action takes place whenever a vacuum-tube through which current is passing is used as described; but recent developments show that when the ultra-violet rays are present in large quantity the result is attained much more.

easily, and the nearer the rays can be brought to the diseased surface the more ecient will be treatment. It has been found that by using the body of the patient as one electrode of the tube-that is, by passing the current directly through the diseased portion from the tube-the ozone is generated in much greater quantities and much better results attained. In fact, in some cases cures are effected by this means which could not be reached by the ordinary methods. A serious difliculty experienced in passing the current direct to the body from the tube was that unless the contact-surface was relatively large and the cur- Irent discharge distributed nearly uniformly over a large surface serious burns or very painful sensations were caused by the concentrationof the current at one. point. Other experiments in electrotherapeutic treatments `demonstrated that much better results vwere obtained. with a tube of small diameter, so that the direct discharge` or stream of rays betweenthe terminals would, entirely lill the tube, and also such a tube permits the use of a smaller terminal which does not absorb thev gas as readily and so vary the vacuum ofthe tube. A further advantage of a tube of this description is that the direct rays can be brought much nearerto the portion of the body under treatment .with the increased ef- .iiciency of results heretofore stated.

The object of this invention is to supply a tube, which shall incorporate in its construction all of the features found to beynecessary or desirable in the experiments heretofore mentioned and which shall be adaptable to the several uses stated in electrotherapeutic treatment, particularly in surface treatment or application. To accomplish this result, I

provide a tube of relatively small and practi-v cally uniform diameter, which is preferably bent into a spiral form with projecting ends provided with electrodes or terminals of Aapproved form. The advantage of this spiral form over many other shapes d which have been tried by the inventor is that it is easily manufactured and is simple in its construction. All short bends, which are undesirable, are avoided and a uniform path of discharge is provided between the terminals. When this tube is applied to the body in light treatment, the rays are brought very near to the surface, and when used with one terminal for IOO preferably of glass or other vitreous material such as 10, which may be separated from the operative and exhausted portion of the tube by a partition-wall, such as l1. When used for ordinary light treatment, both terminals are used and the discharge through the spiral is distributed over a large surface and also brought very close to the parts of the body under treatment. When used for high-frequency applications, only one terminal, preferably the one leading directly to the center of the spiral, such as 8, is used. rEhe body of the patient forms the other terminal, and on account of the spiral form and corrugated contact-surface this discharge is distributed over a large area, providing a uniform application of the rays without danger of burning or other undesirable results. It is thus seen that this spiral form of tube possesses many advantages in the treatment of disease by the application of the ultra-violet rays to the diseased surface, and is therefore of great tlierapeutical value.

While I do not confine myself to the exact details of construction shown, I do hold and desire to cover in this patent a tube having a corrugated contact-surface of comparatively large area and which is preferably formed by bending a tube of uniform and small diameter into a spiral form, which, it islevident, possesses many advantages and new functions not found in any tube heretofore mentioned.

In Fig. 3 is shown a form of terminal which may be used in connection with this tube and which has a particular advantage in not having any portion of said terminal inside of the tube itself. A thin metallic cap, such as 5,

'is provided to lit closely over the end of the tube. A suitable terminal for the wires, such as 9', may beadded. rIhe current on the inside of the tube being produced by induction is limited by the length lof the cap 5', which is an advantage in cases where an excess of current might produce serious results.

What I claim is- 1. In a vacuum-tube for therapeutic purposes, the combination of a tube of relatively small diameter having a portion thereof so formed as to present a corrugated contact-surface, and one or more terminals adapted to supply current thereto, substantially as described.

2. In a vacuum-tube for therapeutic purposes, the combination of a tube of relatively small and uniform diameter having a portion thereof formed into a spiral presenting a relatively large contact-surface, and one or more terminals adapted to supply current thereto, substantially as described.

Signed at New York, in the county of New York and State of New York, this 21st day of January, A. D. 1904:.



Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4181128 *Feb 21, 1978Jan 1, 1980Massachusetts Institute Of TechnologyVirus inactivation applicator and the like
Cooperative ClassificationH01J61/10