US 754148 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
PATENTED MAR. 8,1904.
HOLLOW INDIA RUBBER ARTICLE USED AS A TOY.
APPLICATION FILED JAN. 13, 1903.
.R m m V W Patented March 8, 1904.
UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIcE.
FRIEDRICH KUHLEMANN, OF BUDAPEST, AUSTRIA-HUNGARY.
HOLLOW INDIA-RUBBER ARTICLE USED AS A TOY.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 754,148, dated March 8, 1904. Application filed January 13, 1903. Serial No. 138,873- (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known thatI, FRIEDRICH KUIILEMANN, a subject of the King of Prussia, German Eniperor,residing in Budapest, Austria-Hungary, have invented certain new and usefulIrnprovements in Hollow India-Rubber Articles used as Toys, of which the following is a specification.
Hitherto hollow articles of India-rubber or similar elastic material used as toys have been provided with the so-called bird-tone appliance or squeaker for the production of sounds or tones. The sounds or tones resulting therefrom were Weak and uncertain and required for their production quite a strong and rapid air-current, which called for a correspondingly strong and sudden pressure of the hollow elastic article in question, which latter frequently was injured or deteriorated thereby. Further, when the pressure was too weak no tone at all was produced. This difficulty is in the herein-described hollow elastic articles made according to my invention overcome, in that there is inserted therein a plate. with two or more vibrating tongues or reeds, which are made to emit sounds by the air-current resulting from the compression and the reexpansion of the said hollow elastic article. A reed of this character sounds even with a weak air-current and emits a loud tone. The tone production cannot in any case, even with the use of tongue or reed, fail, as this tongue or reed is always set in vibration by the air-current. A further advantage of this class of vibrating tongue or reed consists in the fact that its tone may easily be made appropriate to the animal or other object represented by the hollow article in question.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 shows a general rear View of a hollow human figure of india-rubber or other similar and suitable elastic material and provided with such an inserted vibrating tongue or reed. Fig. 2 shows the same article in vertical lengthwise fore and aft section. Figs. 3 and 4 are details showing slightly-modified forms of sound-producing devices.
The reed-plate b, which is used in connection with the hollow india-rubber article a, has over the slit or opening 0 therein a tongue or reed d, which is set in vibration by the air-current caused by compressing the figure, and thereby produces a tone in the well-known manner. This tongue (Z preferably vibrates in both directions on both sides of the plate in which the slit is made.
In or on oneand the same plate I), inserted in the hollow article a, there is preferably applied more than one vibrating tone-emitting tongue or reed d, and-these latter may be arranged either on one face only or on opposite faces of the plate, as seen in Fig. 3. Such tongues or reeds if arranged on different sides of the plate will emit a sound both by compression and by reexpansion of the hollow article that is, by either an expelled or an indrawn aircurrent. Further, the tongues or reeds may be arranged that they can vibrate in both directions through the slit in the plate. In this case a sound is produced by compression and by reexpansion.
Where there are tongues or reeds working in opposite directions, there is on the side of the slit plate opposite to each tongue a strip 6, Fig. 3, which serves as a valve closing the slit or opening corresponding to such tongue or reed when the latter should not be in vibration.
The tongues or reeds may be in any convenient or desirable number, and the insertible plate, tube, or other part containing suclf tongue or tongues may be of any convenient and suitable shape or material. Fig. 4 shows another form of this tongue-holder than that illustrated in Fig. 1, and in this case it is of Wood. In this shell the plate 7), containing the tongue or tongues d, is inserted and fixed in a suitable manner. The shell f is fixed in the hollow body in a suitable manner.
Having now described my invention, what I claim as new therein, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
A hollow figure of elastic material, in combination With a plate inserted therein, having my name in the presence of tWo subscribing a iibrating tongue or reed on each otaits siges, Witnesses. an a strip opposite each tongue, a apte to prevent entrance of air to the tongue which FRIEDRICH KUHLEMANN' 5 at the moment of compression or of expansion Witnesses:
of the hollow article should not emit a tone. MAX DEUTscH,
In Witness whereof I have hereunto signed NORMAN W. WILLEY.