|Publication number||US7550693 B2|
|Application number||US 11/051,218|
|Publication date||Jun 23, 2009|
|Filing date||Feb 4, 2005|
|Priority date||Feb 4, 2005|
|Also published as||US20060175307|
|Publication number||051218, 11051218, US 7550693 B2, US 7550693B2, US-B2-7550693, US7550693 B2, US7550693B2|
|Inventors||Thomas M. Hughes, Clyde R. Taylor|
|Original Assignee||Honeywell International Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (59), Referenced by (1), Classifications (6), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates to laser welding and, more particularly, to a hand-held laser welding wand that includes various features that improve the serviceability of the wand and, in particular, the wand optical assembly.
Many components in a jet engine are designed and manufactured to withstand relatively high temperatures. Included among these components are the turbine blades, vanes, and nozzles that make up the turbine engine section of the jet engine. In many instances, various types welding processes are used during the manufacture of the components, and to repair the components following a period of usage. Moreover, various types of welding technologies and techniques may be used to implement these various welding processes. However, one particular type of welding technology that has found increased usage in recent years is laser welding technology.
Laser welding technology uses a high power laser to manufacture parts, components, subassemblies, and assemblies, and to repair or dimensionally restore worn or damaged parts, components, subassemblies, and assemblies. In general, when a laser welding process is employed, laser light of sufficient intensity to form a melt pool is directed onto the surface of a metal work piece, while a filler material, such as powder, wire, or rod, is introduced into the melt pool. Until recently, such laser welding processes have been implemented using laser welding machines. These machines are relatively large, and are configured to run along one or more preprogrammed paths.
Although programmable laser welding machines, such as that described above, are generally reliable, these machines do suffer certain drawbacks. For example, a user may not be able to manipulate the laser light or work piece, as may be needed, during the welding process. This can be problematic for weld processes that involve the repair or manufacture of parts having extensive curvature and/or irregular or random distributed defect areas. Thus, in order to repair or manufacture parts of this type, the Assignee of the present application developed a portable, hand-held laser welding wand. Among other things, this hand-held laser welding wand allows independent and manual manipulation of the laser light, the filler material, and/or the work piece during the welding process. An exemplary embodiment of the hand-held laser welding wand is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,593,540, which is entitled “Hand Held Powder-Fed Laser Fusion Welding Torch,” and the entirety of which is hereby incorporated by reference.
The hand-held laser welding wand, such as the one described above, provides the capability to perform manual 3-D adaptive laser welding on workpieces of differing types, materials, and configurations. Hence, filler media of various types and forms is supplied to the weld area on a workpiece. In addition, many laser welding processes are conducted in the presence of an inert shield gas. Thus, gas may need to be supplied to the hand-held laser welding wand during some welding processes. Moreover, during operation of the hand-held laser welding wand, the wand may heat up. Thus, a way of cooling the wand may be needed. With conventional laser welding devices, external supplies of gas, coolant, and filler media are coupled to the devices via external conduits, tubing, and/or wiring. Such external systems and supply devices can make the use of the hand-held laser welding wand cumbersome, these systems and supply devices can impair an operator, and/or can interfere with the wand operations.
In response to the above-noted needs, the Assignee of the present application invented a hand-held laser welding wand that can be used to supply various types and forms of filler media to a workpiece via various types of delivery systems, and that can be supplied with gas and/or coolant in a manner that is not cumbersome, does not impair wand operability, and does not interfere with wand operations. This invention is disclosed in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/721,632, which is entitled “Hand-Held Laser Welding Wand Having Internal Coolant and Gas Delivery Conduits,” and the entirety of which is hereby incorporated by reference.
Although quite effective in meeting each of the above-stated goals, the inventive wand also evidences certain drawbacks. For example, the wand main body has an optics assembly disposed therein, which is periodically removed for maintenance. In order to remove the optics assembly, the end cap is removed from the main body, which disturbs a cooling water seal that is disposed between the end cap and the main body. Typically, the cooling water seal is a sealant-coated copper gasket. There is an additional cooling water seal of this type between the nozzle and the main body.
The sealant-coated copper gaskets used in the wand are quite effective and robust. However, before reinstalling these seals following optics assembly maintenance, the seals and mating surfaces are thoroughly cleaned and coated with sealant. This operation is preferably conducted in a clean environment, and care is taken to avoid scratching the gaskets and/or mating surfaces. This can be a time consuming process, and can increase overall maintenance costs.
Hence, there is a need for a hand-held laser welding wand that does not rely on removal of a potentially maintenance-intensive coolant seal to remove the optics assembly. The present invention addresses at least this need.
The present invention provides a hand-held laser welding wand that does not rely on removal of a potentially maintenance-intensive coolant seal to remove the optics assembly.
In one embodiment, and by way of example only, a hand-held laser fusion welding assembly adapted to couple to a laser delivery system, a gas supply system, and a coolant supply system, includes a nozzle and a main body. The nozzle has an aperture through which laser light from the laser delivery system and gas from the gas delivery system passes. The main body is dimensioned to be grasped by a hand and is adapted to couple to the laser delivery system, the gas supply system, and the coolant supply system. The main body has a first end, a second end, a gas flow passage, a coolant inlet flow passage, a coolant outlet flow passage, and a fixedly sealed crossover flow channel. The main body first end is coupled to the nozzle. The gas flow passage extends through the main body and includes a gas inlet port formed in main body second end, and a gas outlet port formed in the main body first end. The coolant inlet flow passage has a coolant inlet port formed in the main body second end and extends at least partially into the main body to a fixedly sealed end. The coolant outlet flow passage has a coolant outlet port formed in the main body second end and extends at least partially into the main body to a fixedly sealed end. The fixedly sealed crossover channel is formed within the main body that couples the ends of the coolant inlet and outlet flow passages in fluid communication with one another.
In another exemplary embodiment, a hand-held laser fusion welding assembly includes a main body, a nozzle, and a nozzle retainer ring. The main body is dimensioned to be grasped by a hand and is adapted to couple to a laser delivery system and to a gas supply system. The main body has at least a first end and a second end and an internal gas flow passage through which gas from the gas supply system passes. The nozzle is disposed adjacent the main body first end, and has at least an aperture in fluid communication with the internal gas flow passage through which laser light from the laser delivery system and gas from the gas supply system pass. The nozzle retainer ring is coupled to the main body and the nozzle, and is configured to couple the nozzle to the main body first end.
Other independent features and advantages of the preferred welding wand will become apparent from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings which illustrate, by way of example, the principles of the invention.
Before proceeding with the detailed description, it should be appreciated that the following detailed description is merely exemplary in nature and is not intended to limit the invention or the application and uses of the invention. Furthermore, there is no intention to be bound by any theory presented in the preceding background or the following detailed description.
Turning now to the description, and with reference first to
With reference now to
The main body 102 additionally includes four coolant flow passages 604 that extend partially through the main body 102. Two of the coolant flow passages function as inlet flow passages 604 INLET, and the remaining two coolant flow passages function as outlet flow passages 604 OUTLET. The coolant inlet flow passages 604 INLET each include an inlet port 704 that is formed in the main body second end 114, and extend partially through the main body 102 to an end 804 (see
With continued reference to
It will be appreciated that in order to implement the above-noted coolant circulation flow, the inlet and outlet flow passage ends 804, 806 and the crossover flow channels 808 are preferably sealed. Although this could be done in any one of numerous ways, in the depicted embodiment the inlet and outlet flow passage ends 804, 806 and the crossover flow channels 808 are fixedly sealed. More specifically, and with reference now to
It will be appreciated that the crossover channel covers 502, in addition to being configured to fit within one of the grooves 902, 904 and seal the inlet and outlet flow passage ends 804, 806 and the crossover flow channels 808, are also configured to be substantially flush with the main body first end 112 upon being fixed within the grooves 902, 904. It will additionally be appreciated that the above-described configuration and method of fixedly sealing the inlet and outlet flow passage ends 804, 806 and the crossover flow channels 808 is merely exemplary, and that other configurations and methods could be used. For example, the inlet and outlet flow passage ends 804, 806 and crossover flow channels 808 could be integrally formed within the main body 102.
Returning once again to
Referring back to
The nozzle 104 includes an aperture 414 that extends through the nozzle 104. When the nozzle is coupled to the main body 102, the nozzle aperture is in fluid communication with the inside of the hollow main body 102, and the main body gas flow passage outlet ports 812. As will be described further below, it is through this aperture 414 that laser light and gas pass during laser welding operations.
Turning now to
Briefly referring back once again to
The end cap cable opening 1104 is adapted to receive an optical cable 508 (see
The optics assembly 520 includes a lens tube 522, a first lens 553, a second lens 526, an optical adjustment screw 528, and a retaining ring stop 530. The lens tube 522 is preferably constructed of, or coated with, a material that is optically inert. For example, in the depicted embodiment, the lens tube 522 is constructed of black anodized aluminum. The first 553 and second 526 lenses are each mounted within the lens tube 522 via appropriate mounting hardware. In particular, each of the lenses 553, 526 is mounted between first and second retaining rings 532, 534. In addition, a lens cover 536 and lens cover spacer 538 are disposed in front of the second lens 526, providing physical protection for the second lens 526. The retaining ring stop 530, as its name connotes, retains the optics assembly 520 within the main body 102. In a particular preferred embodiment, the inner surface of the lens tube 522 and the outer surface of the retaining ring stop 530 are each threaded. Thus, removal of the retaining ring stop 530 allows the lenses 524, 526 to be readily removed from the lens tube 522.
With the above described configuration, laser light transmitted through the optical cable 508 and receptacle 512 passes through the first lens 553, which refracts the laser light so that it travels substantially parallel to the interior surface of the lens tube 522. The parallel laser light then passes through the second lens 526, which focuses the laser light to a point in front of the nozzle aperture 414. It will be appreciated that the location of point in front of the nozzle aperture 414 to which the laser light is focused is a function of the focal length of the second lens 526, and its mounting location within the lens tube 522, which is determined by the second lens' retaining rings 532, 534. It will additionally be appreciated that the spacing of the first lens 553 relative to the optical receptacle 222 affects the collimation of the optics assembly 520. Hence, the optical adjustment screw 528, to which the optical receptacle 512 is coupled, is movably mounted within the lens tube 522, and may be used to adjust the spacing between the first lens 553 and the optical receptacle 222. In a particular preferred embodiment, the inner surface of the lens tube 522 and the outer surface of the optical adjustment screw 528 are each threaded to provide this adjustability function.
Returning once again to a description of the end cap 106, and with reference returned to
The filler media supplied to the laser welding wand 100 may flow into and through each of the end cap 1114 and main body 602 filler media flow passages via a plurality of tubes. In particular, and with a quick reference once again to
The end cap 106, as was previously noted, also includes two coolant ports. In particular, the end cap 106 includes a coolant inlet port 1108 and a coolant outlet port 1110. The end cap coolant inlet port 1108 is in fluid communication with each of the main body coolant inlet ports 704, via a plurality of coolant inlet flow passages 1402 (see
The gas supply port 1112 directs an inert gas such as, for example, Argon, into the main body gas flow passages 806, via an end cap gas flow passage 1302 (see
The gas lens assembly 108 is additionally coupled to the wand 100. The gas lens assembly 108 is used to reflect laser light that may be reflected off a work piece back toward the wand 100, and to provide an inert gas shield around a weld pool on a work piece. A description of the specific configuration of the gas lens assembly is not needed, and will thus not be further described in detail.
The hand-held laser welding wand 100 described herein includes a plurality of internal flow passages that allow filler media, gas, and coolant to flow through the wand 100. The flow passages are conveniently connectable to external filler media, gas, and coolant supply sources, which allows the wand 100 to be operated and manipulated with reduced impairment from these external systems, thereby providing improved operability. The wand 100 is also configured to provide improved serviceability for the optics assembly 520, in that the nozzle 104 is readily removable via the threaded nozzle retainer ring 402 and portions of the lens assembly 520, such as the lenses 524, 526, may be readily removed for maintenance by removing the threaded retaining ring stop 530. Moreover, the coolant flow passages 604 INLET, 604 OUTLET, and the crossover flow channels 808 are fixedly sealed. Thus, the optics assembly 520 may be readily serviced without having to breach coolant seals or remove a plurality of threaded screws. As a result, optics assembly serviceability is relatively simpler, less time consuming, and relatively less costly.
While the invention has been described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt to a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3114826||Jun 6, 1962||Dec 17, 1963||Plasmadyne Corp||High-temperature spray apparatus|
|US3179782||Feb 7, 1962||Apr 20, 1965||Leo Matvay||Plasma flame jet spray gun with a controlled arc region|
|US3242314||Jul 5, 1962||Mar 22, 1966||Aerojet General Co||Portable brazing and welding device|
|US3313908||Aug 18, 1966||Apr 11, 1967||Giannini Scient Corp||Electrical plasma-torch apparatus and method for applying coatings onto substrates|
|US3610875 *||Feb 11, 1970||Oct 5, 1971||Unitec Corp||Apparatus for conducting gas and electrical current|
|US3652954||Jul 10, 1970||Mar 28, 1972||Snitzer Elias||Laser device|
|US3696230||Jan 19, 1970||Oct 3, 1972||Hughes Aircraft Co||Laser lens cooling and cleaning system|
|US3821510||Feb 22, 1973||Jun 28, 1974||Muncheryan H||Hand held laser instrumentation device|
|US3843865||Sep 13, 1972||Oct 22, 1974||Nath G||Device for material working by a laser beam,and method for its production|
|US3910346 *||Jan 23, 1974||Oct 7, 1975||Braak Bv Geb||Mixer|
|US4010797 *||Mar 4, 1974||Mar 8, 1977||C F Braun & Co||Heat exchanger|
|US4103255 *||Mar 10, 1977||Jul 25, 1978||Schlossberg Howard R||High power, compact waveguide gas laser|
|US4164826 *||Jun 26, 1978||Aug 21, 1979||Metzler Phares H||Salmon jig|
|US4274587 *||Jan 22, 1979||Jun 23, 1981||Electric Power Research Institute, Inc.||Water cooled burner nozzle for solvent refined coal|
|US4324972 *||Nov 18, 1980||Apr 13, 1982||Laser-Work A.G.||Process and device for laser-beam melting and flame cutting|
|US4431607 *||Jun 16, 1981||Feb 14, 1984||Phillips Petroleum Company||Feedstock nozzle for low tint residual carbon black|
|US4436978||Dec 2, 1980||Mar 13, 1984||Lemelson Jerome H||Sampling device|
|US4468897 *||Sep 27, 1982||Sep 4, 1984||Joseph V. Munoz||Universal pneumatic grinding bar|
|US4564736||May 7, 1984||Jan 14, 1986||General Electric Company||Industrial hand held laser tool and laser system|
|US4607151 *||Mar 15, 1985||Aug 19, 1986||Lectrostatic Marknads Ab||Soldering iron with fume suction tube|
|US4673795||Oct 15, 1984||Jun 16, 1987||General Electric Company||Integrated robotic laser material processing and imaging system|
|US4757515||May 14, 1985||Jul 12, 1988||Hughes Technology Pty Ltd.||Laser tube casing|
|US4788408 *||May 8, 1987||Nov 29, 1988||The Perkin-Elmer Corporation||Arc device with adjustable cathode|
|US4906812||Dec 22, 1988||Mar 6, 1990||General Electric Company||Fiber optic laser joining apparatus|
|US5074861||Jun 15, 1990||Dec 24, 1991||Schneider Richard T||Medical laser device and method|
|US5199870||Apr 7, 1990||Apr 6, 1993||Aesculap Ag||Process for destroying and removing material from teeth|
|US5221045 *||Sep 23, 1991||Jun 22, 1993||The Babcock & Wilcox Company||Bulge formed cooling channels with a variable lead helix on a hollow body of revolution|
|US5282370 *||May 7, 1992||Feb 1, 1994||Fayette Tubular Technology Corporation||Air-conditioning system accumulator and method of making same|
|US5296671 *||Jan 30, 1992||Mar 22, 1994||Fanuc Ltd.||Piping arrangement for a laser robot wrist|
|US5311529||Jun 28, 1993||May 10, 1994||Omnichrome Corporation||Liquid stabilized internal mirror lasers|
|US5321228 *||Jun 23, 1992||Jun 14, 1994||Andreas Krause||Nozzle for the surface treatment of metal workpieces|
|US5362939 *||Dec 1, 1993||Nov 8, 1994||Fluidyne Engineering Corporation||Convertible plasma arc torch and method of use|
|US5391237 *||Jun 14, 1993||Feb 21, 1995||Creusot-Loire Industrie||Method of manufacturing a metal workpiece by oxygen cutting, oxygen-cutting device and metal workpiece obtained|
|US5401171||Jul 20, 1992||Mar 28, 1995||Paghdiwala; Abid F.||Dental laser device and method|
|US5418350 *||Jan 7, 1993||May 23, 1995||Electricite De Strasbourg (S.A.)||Coaxial nozzle for surface treatment by laser irradiation, with supply of materials in powder form|
|US5426278||Jul 12, 1993||Jun 20, 1995||Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.||Laser irradiating torch|
|US5477025||Jan 14, 1994||Dec 19, 1995||Quantum Laser Corporation||Laser nozzle|
|US5486676||Nov 14, 1994||Jan 23, 1996||General Electric Company||Coaxial single point powder feed nozzle|
|US5548604||May 5, 1994||Aug 20, 1996||Toepel; Michael P.||Compact hand held medical device laser|
|US5556560 *||Mar 22, 1993||Sep 17, 1996||Plasma Modules Oy||Welding assembly for feeding powdered filler material into a torch|
|US5786561 *||Jan 18, 1995||Jul 28, 1998||Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Zur Forderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.V.||Nozzle assembly for laser beam cutting|
|US5909535 *||Apr 23, 1998||Jun 1, 1999||Seelye Acquisition, Inc.||Hot air welding torch with concentric tubular members providing cooling air flow|
|US5928220 *||Jun 10, 1997||Jul 27, 1999||Shimoji; Yutaka||Cordless dental and surgical laser|
|US5993550||Sep 22, 1997||Nov 30, 1999||Commissariat A L'energie Atomique||Photoionic microhead device for the treatment of a material surface by powder deposition|
|US6000465 *||Jun 27, 1997||Dec 14, 1999||Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.||Heat exchange with a receiver|
|US6060686||Aug 22, 1997||May 9, 2000||General Electric Company||Underwater laser welding nozzle|
|US6236013 *||Oct 22, 1999||May 22, 2001||La Soudure Autogene Francaise||Combined process and automatic installation for plasma-jet marking and cutting or welding, in particular of metals|
|US6442180||Jul 30, 1999||Aug 27, 2002||Datalogic S.P.A.||Portable electro-optical device|
|US6593540||Feb 8, 2002||Jul 15, 2003||Honeywell International, Inc.||Hand held powder-fed laser fusion welding torch|
|US6607524||Feb 24, 2000||Aug 19, 2003||Pharos Optics, Inc.||Surgical laser and method of ablating hard biological materials|
|US6610053||Dec 5, 1997||Aug 26, 2003||Biolase Technology, Inc.||Methods of using atomized particles for electromagnetically induced cutting|
|US6696664||Apr 1, 2002||Feb 24, 2004||Mts Systems Corporation||Powder feed nozzle for laser welding|
|US6914211 *||Feb 27, 2003||Jul 5, 2005||Thermal Dynamics Corporation||Vented shield system for a plasma arc torch|
|US7009141 *||Oct 15, 2002||Mar 7, 2006||General Lasertronics Corp.||Rotary scanning laser head with coaxial refractive optics|
|US7038164 *||Mar 18, 2004||May 2, 2006||Loma Linda University Medical Center||Laser head for irradiation and removal of material from a surface of a structure|
|US7101425 *||Mar 5, 2002||Sep 5, 2006||Thermoselect Ag||Washer and method for purifying gases|
|US7431711 *||Nov 21, 2002||Oct 7, 2008||Hydrocision, Inc.||Liquid jet surgical instruments incorporating channel openings aligned along the jet beam|
|US20040120162 *||Dec 20, 2002||Jun 24, 2004||Efraim Tsimerman||LED curing light|
|JPS59224816A *||Title not available|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8290006||Oct 16, 2012||The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space Administration||Dynamically variable spot size laser system|
|Cooperative Classification||B23K26/1464, B23K26/0096|
|European Classification||B23K26/00T, B23K26/14N1|
|Feb 4, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL, INC., NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HUGHES, THOMAS M.;TAYLOR, CLYDE R.;REEL/FRAME:016250/0284
Effective date: 20050131
|Oct 4, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4