US 755114 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UHHVVHYUG PATENTED MAR. 22, 1904.
Y. C. DAMM. FUNTAIN.
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7 RHEETRnEHBITr L R0 NOBELA :ranza PATHNTED MAR. 22, 1904.
F. C. DAMM.
APPLlCATION YILED MAY 2.1003,
? HEETI-IREET 2.
ves/#J I 755,114. FOUNTAIN. Fredrick C;v Damm, Guthrie,
Okla.. Filed MayZ, 1903. Serial No. 155,375. (No
To (all, [1f/mm, 1lb 71u57/ concerne:
Be it known that I, FRIEDRICH C. DAMM, a citizen ofthe United States, and a resident of Guthrie,in the countyof Logan and Territory of Oklahoma., have invented a new and 1mproved Fountain, of which the'following is a full, clear, and exact description.
The invention relates to hydraulic engineering; and its object is to provide a new and improved fountain arranged to produce color effects of great brilliancy by the use of mercury as the flowing medium andcolored electric lights.
rlhe invention consists of novel features and parts and combinations of the same, as will be more fully described hereinafter and then pointed out in the claims.
A practical embodiment of the invention is represented in the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, in which .similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views.
l4`igure 1 is a sectional side elevation of the improveu-ient. Fig. 2 is an enlarged side elevation of part of the concentric jet-pipes and their nozzles, and Fig. 3 is a sectional side elevation of a modified form of the improvement.
The improved fountain (illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2) is provided with asuitably-eonstructed basin A of circular or other shape, mounted on a foundation B, containing a room C for containing a pump 1D, dynamo E, and other suitable machinery necessary for the proper' operation of the fountain. A column F rises centrally in the basin A and supports at its upper end concentric jet-pipes G and G', preferably made ring shape, and provided at their under side with nozzles G2 and G3, extending downwardly and slightly outwardly, as plainly indicated in Fig. 1, and the said jet-pipes G page! and G' are connected by branch pipes with the upper end of astand-pipe H, leading from the discharge end of the pump D, connected at its suction end by a pipe H' with the bot- `tom of the basinA. Now the flowing mel standing in the said basin, so that the falling of the mercury into the water produces extremely loud sounds, and at the same time the water prevents.spattermg of the mercury, as
4the water is of less specific gravity than the mercury, and consequently the mercury passes through the water to the bottom of the basin to return by the pipe H' and the pump l) to be reused, as above described. The nozzles G2 and G3 stand at right angles one to the other, as plainly indicated in Fig. L, so that the jets l and l' cross eachother, thereiny producingdiamond-shaped spaces, as indicated in the said figure, to heighten the effect and brilliancy of the appearance of the fountain.
In the middle of the basin A also rises a hemisphere J, having its base mounted on a suitable annular ball-bearing K, supported on the foundation B, and the said hemisphereJ is provided with arms J', attached to a hub J2, mounted to rotate on the column F, and on the said hub J2 is secured a worm-wheel Ii in mesh with a. worm 1L', driven from a suitable motor N, located in the room C. lhus when the motor N is set in motion a slow rotary motion is given to thehemisphere J, preferably studded with search-light lenses J, ill uminated from within the hemisphere J by powerful electric lamps O, connected with a suitable source of electricity located in the room C. Now by the arrangementdescribed the colored rays of lightl emanating,r from the lenses J3 intersect in rotation thediii'ereutjets of mercury land l' and produce a very ine effect, mainly owing to the reflection of the rays from the fiowing or dropping metallic medium.
In the fountain illustrated in Fig. 3 a basin A' is mounted on a foundation B2, containing a room C' fora pump D', motor E, and the like, and the standard F', rising from the middle of the basin A', is highly ornamental, and a plurality of circular jet-pipes P, P', and P2 are disposed one above the other and preferably made of different diameters, and each pipe P, P', and P2 is provided with upwardlyextending nozzles P3, through which the mereury is projected in an upward direction, to then fall down into the water in the basin A', to finally return by a pipe H3 to the pump D', which forces the mercury upward through a stand-pipe H2 to the pipes P, P', and P2. Mereury-supply pipes Q, also lead from the pump SPECIFICATIONS OF PATENTS-MARCH 22, 1904.
D' to jets Q', each directed against the toothed or roughened peripheral surface R' of a sphere R, mounted to turn in suitable bearings on a minate the same'in a manner similar to the one described above in reference to Fig. l. The su11)ply-wires for the electric lamps in the sphere R pass through' theA trunnions of the sphere and through the brackets S to a suitable source of electrical supply in the room C'. Now it is evident that by the jetsof mercury directed by the nozzle Q against the sphere R the latter is rotated similarly to the hemisphere J, so that the colored rays of light emanating from the lenses R2 successively intersect the jets of mercury I2 from the nozzles P3.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent-- l. A fountain comprising a receptacle, a source of Huid-supply therefor, jet-pipes disposed above said receptacle and communicating with the source of Huid-supply, and nozzles provided in said jet-pipes; 'apart of said nozzles being arranged at an angle to the remaining part, whereby to project the. fiuid streams to produce a lattice or trellis extending from the jet-pipes to the receptacle, substantially as specified.
2. A fountain comprising a receptacle, a
source of fluid-supply therefor, jet-pipes dis-.
posed above said receptacle and communicating with the source of fluid-supply, nozzles provided in said jet-pipes; a part of said nozzles being arranged at an angle to the remaining part, whereby to project thefluid streams to produce a lattice or trellis extending from the jet-pipes to the receptacle, and illuminating devices disposed in proximity' to said lattice or trellis adapted to project beams of light thereupon, substantially as specified.
3. A fountain having concentric jet-pipes provided with nozzles, extending downwardly `and outwardly, the nozzles in one pipe standing in an opposite direction to the nozzles in the other pipe, to cause the streams of liquid issuing from the nozzles to cross each other,
i to form diamond-shaped spaces, as set forth.
4. A fountain having a basin, ahemisphere rising centrally in the basin and provided with colored electric lights, a stand-pipe rising. centrally in the basin, through the hemisphere jet-pipes arranged concentrically on the sai( stand-pipe and connected therewith, and'noz zles in the said jet-pipes, extending down wardly and outwardly, to throw their stream: of liquid into the basin, as set forth..
5. A fountain having a basin, a hemispheri rising centrally in the basin and provided with colored electric lights, a stand-pipe rising centrally in the basin, through the hemisphere, jet-pipes arranged concentrically on the said stand-pipe and connected therewith, and nozzles in the said jet-pipes, extending downwardly and outwardly, to throw their streams of liquid into the basin, the nozzles in one pipe standing in an opposite direction to the nozzles in the other pipe, to cause the streams of liquid issuing from the nozzles to cross each other, to form diamond-shaped spaces, as set forth.
6. Afountain provided with albasin adapted to contain water, and jets of mercury falling into the water, to produce loud sounds and to prevent the mercury from spattering and being lost, as set forth.
7. In afountain, an illuminatingdevice comprising a rotatable casing, translucid sections therein, a bearing for said casing, means for illuminating said casing, an annular section encircling said casing having angular faces, and operating means adapted to cooperate with the angular faces of the annular section to rotate the casing, substantially as specified.
8. In a fountain, an illuminatingdevice comprising a rotatable casing, translucid sections therein, a bearing for said casing, means for illuminating said casing, an annular section encircling said casing, having transverse angular faces, and operating means adapted to cooperate with the angular faces of the annular section to rotate the casing; substantially as specified.
9. In a fountain an illuminating device comprising a rotatable easing, means for illuminating the same. translucid sections irregularly arranged in said casing, trunnions arranged upon opposite sides of said casing, an annular band encircling said casing intermediate the trunnions thereon, transverse serrations arranged upon said annular band, a bearing for said casing, aA source of Huid-supply, and a nozzle arranged on said bearing communicating with the source of Huid-supply adapted to project the operating fluid against the serrations of the band encircling the casing whereby to rotate said casin g, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I have signed my neme to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
FRED. C. DAMM. VVitnessesz- H. H. ELDREDGF., J. H. BENNETT.