|Publication number||US7556157 B2|
|Application number||US 11/974,512|
|Publication date||Jul 7, 2009|
|Filing date||Oct 12, 2007|
|Priority date||Feb 2, 2007|
|Also published as||EP2125637A2, EP2125637A4, US7726494, US8083075, US20080185334, US20080230463, US20100213120, WO2008094225A1, WO2008097299A2, WO2008097299A3|
|Publication number||11974512, 974512, US 7556157 B2, US 7556157B2, US-B2-7556157, US7556157 B2, US7556157B2|
|Inventors||Earle Schaller, Elaine Schaller|
|Original Assignee||Earle Schaller, Elaine Schaller|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (50), Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (13), Classifications (12), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims the benefit of priority from U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 60/899,327 filed on Feb. 2, 2007, the entirety of which is incorporated herein by reference.
The present invention is in the field of wastewater treatment clarifier tanks. More particularly, the present invention is in the field of density current baffles used in clarifier tanks.
In the field of waste water treatment, clarifier tanks are used to separate waste solids from the water as one of the last stages of treatment. The clarifier tanks typically consist of a circular or rectangularly-configured tank in which a centrally mounted, radially-extending arm is slowly moved or rotated about the tank at or proximate the surface of the carrier liquid.
Waste water enters the tank either through the bottom of the tank or through some other entry port. Thereafter, the aim is to have the solid waste, or sludge, settle to the bottom of the tank with the cleaner water escaping over a weir into an effluent or launder channel before final processing and release to the environment.
A major deterrent to effective solids removal is the presence of sludge density currents that form within the tank. These currents create hydraulic short circuits that bypass the tanks' main clarification volume. and allow solids to enter the effluent. The effectiveness of clarifier tanks is measured in the amount of total suspended solids (TSS) that leave the clarifier tank through the effluent channel.
In order to reduce the TSS output into the effluent channel, a number of modifications have been made to these tanks, one of which is commonly referred to as a density current baffle. These baffles, situated along the outer wall of the tank, facing inward and downward, are designed to redirect these currents back towards the center of the tank and thus away from the effluent channel.
In the past several attempts have been made to design effective bafflers for such clarifier tanks.
For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,780,206 to Beard et al. relates to a turbulence control system for an intra-channel clarifier which reduces turbulence within and allows the removal of sludge from the clarifier.
U.S. Pat. No. 4,816,157 to Jennelle is directed to an apparatus and method for clarifying solids from a solids-containing liquid having a multilayer baffle system and integral solids removal sump. The multilayer baffle system includes a first set of baffles placed above the main liquid flow path for minimizing horizontal flow and creating local turbulence so as to promote settling and assure that no solids settle on the baffles.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,049,278 to Galper relates to a modular plate settler for use in a liquid clarifier system having one or more inlet ports for receiving an influent flow of liquid. The modular plate settler comprises a parallelogram-shaped enclosure provided with a full bottom opening for receiving the influent flow of liquid from the settling tank.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,252,205 to Schaller is directed to an improved baffle system which is constructed as a modular unit and that consists of a plurality of inter-engaged individual baffles, each formed as a unitarily-integrated element incorporating both the panel member and an integral end bracket for suspended securement of the baffle to the peripheral wall of the clarifier tank.
Finally, U.S. Pat. No. 5,597,483 to Schaller is directed to a vented baffle system where one or more of the baffles are provided with a relief valve means for venting the pressure in a space formed between the junction of the lower side of the panel member and the peripheral tank wall. The resulting system provides a vented baffle system in which pressure exerted by the build up of gases in the space may be alleviated. Both U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,252,205 and 5,597,483 are incorporated by reference.
Each of these existing baffle designs, while effective at reducing the TSS % exiting through the effluent channel, still exhibit a number of drawbacks. For example, the existing baffle designs do not perform well when the flow through the clarifier tank is low. Furthermore, the performance of these baffles depends upon their location relative to the sludge blanket, but the sludge blanket height is often unknown or changes. Yet another drawback is that the performance of existing baffle designs become unstable when the flow changes suddenly, such as after a rain storm, resulting in an increase in solids entering into the effluent channel.
The present invention looks to overcome the drawbacks associated with the prior art and to provide an improved baffle design for clarifier tanks that is more effective in redirecting the flow of the density currents and the solids back toward the center of the tank, resulting in an improvement (reduction) in TSS over existing baffle designs.
To this end, the present invention is directed to a density current baffle for use in a clarifier tank. The density current baffle has a first baffle portion with lower and upper ends. The lower end of the baffle portion is coupled to a side wall of the clarifier tank. The upper end of the baffle portion is disposed away from the side wall of the clarifier tank so that between the lower end and the upper end of the baffle, the baffle portion is curved such that the upper end curves inward towards the center of the tank.
The present invention can be best understood through the following description and accompanying drawings, wherein:
In one embodiment, as illustrated in
It is understood that baffle 10 may be employed in other shaped tanks 12 and may be employed at various heights along tank walls. However, for the purposes of illustration, the salient features of density current baffle 10 are described below in conjunction with a typical round clarifier tank having a radius of substantially 100 ft, with a height of tank wall 14 ft.
As illustrated in
In one arrangement, an angled attachment panel 22 may be coupled to the lower end of central curved portion 20 in order to couple this lower end to tank wall 14. At the opposite upper end of central curved portion 20 is an angled end flange 26 that turns upward from the curved portion, substantially parallel to tank wall 14, and is configured to both provide a stable end to central curved portion 20 as well as to provide a convenient mounting arm for coupling baffle 10 to tank wall 14 using an attachment bracket 28.
In another arrangement as shown in
In another arrangement as shown in
In another arrangement,
It is contemplated that a series of density current baffles 10 and mounting brackets 28 are configure to be supplied around the entire or substantial portion of the circumference of clarifier tank 12. For example, as shown in
Using the design for density current baffle 10, as illustrated in
According to one embodiment of the present invention, the lowest line in the chart on
First, the curved density current baffle 10 reduced solids by 91% over the case with no baffle, and 54% over the case of prior art straight baffle(s), both of which represent very significant improvements in clarifier performance. Secondly, the wide variations in effluent solids on the “NB” (no baffle) and “NEFCO DCB” (prior art) graph lines early in the time sequence are caused by random transients that are induced by the model. In contrast, the curved baffle, such as density current baffle 10 provides a damping action that limits the impact of these transients on effluent solids. This is particularly important in reducing solids overflow after events which disturb the normal flow rates such as heavy rain storms.
While only certain features of the invention have been illustrated and described herein, many modifications, substitutions, changes or equivalents will now occur to those skilled in the art. It is therefore, to be understood that this application is intended to cover all such modifications and changes that fall within the true spirit of the invention.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7963403 *||Apr 14, 2009||Jun 21, 2011||Earle Schaller||Dual surface density baffle for clarifier tank|
|US7971731 *||Jul 30, 2009||Jul 5, 2011||Earle Schaller||Density baffle for clarifier tank|
|US8083075 *||Dec 27, 2011||Earle Schaller||Denisty current baffle for a clarifier tank|
|US8220644 *||Jun 7, 2011||Jul 17, 2012||Earle Schaller||Density baffle for clarifier tank|
|US8328025 *||Feb 16, 2011||Dec 11, 2012||Earle Schaller||Dual surface density baffle for clarifier tank|
|US9174148 *||Oct 15, 2012||Nov 3, 2015||Earle Schaller||Launder channel cover with independently openable panel members|
|US9339742 *||Feb 8, 2012||May 17, 2016||Earle Schaller||Density current baffle for a clarifier tank|
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|US20100193423 *||Apr 14, 2009||Aug 5, 2010||Earle Schaller||Dual surface density baffle for clarifier tank|
|US20100213120 *||May 5, 2010||Aug 26, 2010||Earle Schaller||denisty current baffle for a clarifier tank|
|US20110233135 *||Sep 29, 2011||Earle Schaller||Density baffle for clarifier tank|
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|U.S. Classification||210/521, 210/528, 210/532.1, 220/660, 210/541|
|Cooperative Classification||B01D21/0087, B01D21/0042, B01D21/0075|
|European Classification||B01D21/00N2, B01D21/00N20S, B01D21/00S|
|Feb 18, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Mar 18, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Mar 18, 2013||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Jun 21, 2016||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCHALLER, EARLE, FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SCHALLER, ELAINE;REEL/FRAME:038973/0993
Effective date: 20160606
|Jul 18, 2016||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NEFCO SYSTEMS, INC., FLORIDA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SCHALLER, EARLE;REEL/FRAME:039175/0846
Effective date: 20160630
|Jul 27, 2016||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCHALLER, EARLE, FLORIDA
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NEFCO SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:039272/0133
Effective date: 20160630