US 7564301 B2 Abstract Provided are an apparatus for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a low pass filter (LPF) and a method thereof. The apparatus includes: a frequency comparing unit for calculating a first square value and a second square value, and comparing a first reference value with the first and the second square values; a frequency adjusting unit for adjusting the frequency characteristic to range the first reference value between the first square value and the second square value; a Q factor comparing unit for calculating a third square value, and comparing a second and a third reference values with the third square value; a control unit for activating the Q factor comparing unit when the frequency characteristic is completely adjusted; and a Q factor adjusting unit for adjusting the Q factor to range the third square value between the second reference value and the third reference value.
Claims(8) 1. An apparatus for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a low pass filter (LPF), comprising:
a frequency comparing unit comparing a first reference value with a first square value and a second square value, wherein the first square value and the second square value are generated by integrating a first frequency band signal and a second frequency band signal;
a frequency adjusting unit for adjusting the frequency characteristic of the LPF according to an output signal of the frequency comparing unit such that the first reference value falls within a range between the first square value and the second square value;
a control unit for activating a Q factor comparing unit according to an output signal of the frequency adjusting unit indicating that a frequency characteristic is completely adjusted; and
the Q factor comparing unit comparing a third square value with a second reference value and a third reference value according to an output signal of the control unit, wherein the third square value is generated by integrating a third frequency band signal;
a Q factor adjusting unit for adjusting the Q factor of the LPF according to an output signal of the Q factor comparing unit such that the third square value falls within a range between the second reference value and the third reference value.
2. The apparatus of
_{o}) by a sampling signal coupled in a directional coupler, and the second frequency band signal is extracted by multiplying a second frequency (f_{o}+Δf) by the sampling signal.3. The apparatus of
_{n}) by the sampling signal.4. The apparatus of
a first multiplier for multiplying the sampling signal by the first frequency (f
_{o});a first band pass filter (BPF) for extracting the first frequency band signal from an output signal of the first multiplier;
a first integrator for generating the first square value of the first frequency band signal extracted in the first BPF;
a second multiplier for multiplying the sampling signal by the second frequency (f
_{o}+Δf);a second BPF for extracting the second frequency band signal from an output signal of the second multiplier;
a second integrator for generating the second square value of the second frequency band signal extracted in the second BPF; and
a first comparator for comparing the first reference value with the first square value generated in the first integrator and the second square value generated in the second integrator.
5. The apparatus of
a third multiplier for multiplying the sampling signal by the third frequency (f
_{n});a third band pass filter (BPF) for extracting the third frequency band signal from an output signal of the third multiplier;
a third integrator generating the third square value of the third frequency band signal extracted in the third BPF; and
a second comparator for comparing the second reference value and the third reference value with the third square value generated in the third integrator.
6. A method for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a low pass filter (LPF), comprising:
generating a first square value and a second square value by integrating a first frequency band signal and a second frequency band signal, and comparing a first reference value with the first square value and the second square value;
adjusting the frequency characteristic of the LPF according to the comparison of the first reference value with the first square value and the second square value such that the first reference value falls within a range between the first square value and the second square value;
generating a third square value by integrating a third frequency band signal, and comparing a second reference value and a third reference value with the third square value; and
adjusting the Q factor of the LPF according to the comparison of the second reference value and the third reference value with the third square value such that the third square value falls within a range between the second reference value and the third reference value.
7. The method of
extracting the first frequency band signal by multiplying a first frequency (f
_{o}) by a sampling signal coupled in a directional coupler; andextracting the second frequency band signal by multiplying a second frequency (f
_{o}+Δf) by the sampling signal.8. The method of
_{n}) by the sampling signal. Description The present invention claims priority of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2006-0107884, filed on Nov. 2, 2006, which is incorporated herein by reference. 1. Field of the Invention The present invention relates to an apparatus for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a low pass filter and a method thereof; and, more particularly, to an apparatus for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a low pass filter that can improve filtering efficiency of the low pass filter (LPF) by adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor according to a desired filtering function and a method thereof. The frequency characteristic and the Q factor are changed due to the variation of capacitance and resistance occurring when the LPF is implemented by an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC). This work was supported by the Information Technology (IT) research and development program of the Korean Ministry of Information and Communication (MIC) and the Korean Institute for Information Technology Advancement (IITA) [2006-S-071-01, “Development of UWB Solution for High Speed Multimedia Transmission”]. 2. Description of Related Art Generally, a variety of elements are needed to construct a radio frequency (RF) transceiver which is implemented by an application of specific integrated circuit (ASIC). Among such elements, a low pass filter (LPF) for passing desired signal and eliminating undesired signal from received signal is an important part to determine the quality of the received signal. However, values of resistors, capacitors and inductors included in the LFP are changed due to characteristics of ASIC fabrication. The Q factor and frequency characteristic, which are important performances of the LPF, are changed due to the above variation. Thus, characteristics of pass band and stop band of the LPF are changed so that the received signal is distorted. Also, when a transceiver of a communication system is designed, the LPF is hard to design due to neighbor signals. Therefore, in order to improve characteristics of a receiver the broadness of the passband and insertion loss of the stopband must be enhanced by utilizing the frequency characteristic and the Q factor characteristic. The principle of adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor characteristic will be described hereinafter. Generally, differential 2nd-order transfer function of the LPF, i.e., input-to-output ratio of the LPF, is expressed as the following Eq. 1.
Herein, a Herein, ω
Here, ω
Here, a frequency having a magnitude of 3 dB smaller than the magnitude of T
Herein, BW=ω Therefore, a method for adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor of the LPF is needed based on the principle of adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor. An embodiment of the present invention is directed to providing an apparatus for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a low pass filter that can improve filtering efficiency of the low pass filter (LPF) by adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor according to a desired filtering function and a method thereof. The frequency characteristic and the Q factor are changed due to the variation of capacitance and resistance occurring when the LPF is implemented by an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC). Other objects and advantages of the present invention can be understood by the following description, and become apparent with reference to the embodiments of the present invention. Also, it is obvious to those skilled in the art to which the present invention pertains that the objects and advantages of the present invention can be realized by the means as claimed and combinations thereof. In accordance with an aspect of the present invention, there is provided an apparatus for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a low pass filter (LPF), including: a frequency comparing unit for calculating a first square value and a second square value by integrating a first frequency band signal and a second frequency band signal, and comparing a first reference value with a first square value and a second square value; a frequency adjusting unit for adjusting the frequency characteristic of the LPF to range the first reference value between the first square value and the second square value; a Q factor comparing unit for calculating a third square value by integrating a third frequency band signal, and comparing a second reference value and a third reference value with the third square value; a control unit for activating the Q factor comparing unit when the frequency characteristic is completely adjusted; and a Q factor adjusting unit for adjusting the Q factor of the LPF to range the third square value between the second reference value and the third reference value. In accordance with another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for adjusting frequency characteristic and Q factor of a LPF, including: calculating a first square value and a second square value by integrating a first frequency band signal and a second frequency band signal, and comparing a first reference value with the first square value and the second square value; adjusting the frequency characteristic of the LPF to range the first reference value between the first square value and the second square value; calculating a third square value by integrating a third frequency band signal, and comparing a second reference value and a third reference value with the third square value; and adjusting the Q factor of the LPF to range the third square value between the second reference value and the third reference value. The advantages, features and aspects of the invention will become apparent from the following description of the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings, which is set forth hereinafter. As shown in The sampling unit The frequency comparing unit The frequency adjusting unit The Q factor comparing unit A method for adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor of the LPF will be described hereinafter. First, the first frequency band signal is extracted by multiplying the first frequency (f Second, the frequency characteristic of the LPF is adjusted in such a manner that the first reference value comes between the first square value and the second square value. Third, when the adjustment of the frequency characteristic is completed, the third frequency band signal is extracted by multiplying the third frequency (f Fourth, the Q factor of the LPF is adjusted in such a manner that the third square value comes between the second reference value and the third reference value. As described above, the frequency characteristic and the Q factor of the LPF can be adjusted. In reference to As shown in The first multiplier The second multiplier The first comparator Hereinafter, referring to As shown in The third multiplier The above steps for adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor of the LPF are repeated to satisfy a predetermined condition. As shown in Here, target frequency is 260 MHz; f Here, Q factor of each ‘Biquad’ LPF is 0.5176, 0.7071 and 1.9320, respectively. The second reference value and the third reference value are determined by +/−10% of each Q factor. That is, in case of a first Biquad filter, f As described above, the present invention can improve filtering performance of the low pass filter by adjusting the frequency characteristic and the Q factor according to a desired filtering characteristic. The frequency characteristic and the Q factor which are changed based on variation of capacitance and resistance occur when the low pass filter is implemented with application specific integrated circuit (ASIC). The above described method according to the present invention can be embodied as a program and be stored on a computer readable recording medium. The computer readable recording medium is any data storage device that can store data which can be read by the computer system. The computer readable recording medium includes a read-only memory (ROM), a random-access memory (RAM), a CD-ROM, a floppy disk, a hard disk and an optical magnetic disk. While the present invention has been described with respect to the specific embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the following claims. Patent Citations
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