|Publication number||US7568504 B2|
|Application number||US 10/531,739|
|Publication date||Aug 4, 2009|
|Filing date||Dec 6, 2004|
|Priority date||Dec 5, 2003|
|Also published as||EP1716359A1, US20060086086, WO2005054738A1|
|Publication number||10531739, 531739, PCT/2004/375, PCT/NO/2004/000375, PCT/NO/2004/00375, PCT/NO/4/000375, PCT/NO/4/00375, PCT/NO2004/000375, PCT/NO2004/00375, PCT/NO2004000375, PCT/NO200400375, PCT/NO4/000375, PCT/NO4/00375, PCT/NO4000375, PCT/NO400375, US 7568504 B2, US 7568504B2, US-B2-7568504, US7568504 B2, US7568504B2|
|Inventors||Harald Syse, Jostein Aleksandersen|
|Original Assignee||Tdw Offshore Services As|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (4), Classifications (18), Legal Events (3)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention regards hydraulic cylinders and a plug with a hydraulic cylinder for sealing off a pipeline. By hydraulic cylinder it is in this patent application meant a cylinder with endplates, a piston head and piston rod, which piston head is moved within the cylinder by adding and or removing fluid from one or both sides of the piston head, and the piston rod is connected to the piston head.
When using a hydraulic cylinder there is a need for feeding pressurized fluid into one or both sides of the piston head. In the most commonly used pistons there is a piston rod running from one side of the piston head and out of the piston chamber wherein the piston head is situated. This creates the problem of different volumes on the two sides of the piston head and therefore the need for an accumulator tank for the hydraulic fluid to compensate for the differences in volumes on the two sides of the piston head when it is moved within the piston chamber. This tank for the hydraulic fluid and also control devised for operation of the hydraulic cylinder, as pumps, valves, transmitters etc. constitutes a need for additional space in addition to the hydraulic cylinder itself.
In NO application 20023100 there is described a piston in relation with a plug for closing off pipelines, where the piston rod runs through the piston head and the whole chamber, in other words through both sub chambers, one on each side of the piston head. This means equal volume changes on both sides of the piston head, when it is moved within the piston chamber. This solution eliminates or at least reduces the volume of an accumulator tank for the hydraulic fluid to a minimum.
However, both these solutions must normally be equipped with power units and control lines to the outside of the hydraulic piston for operation of the hydraulic cylinder and in the first example there also have to be an accumulation tank and fluid lines running into the hydraulic cylinder's chambers.
The lines for operation of the hydraulic cylinder hydraulic fluid lines and power lines etc. create several problems in use. In general it is a problem to get the connection between the lines and the hydraulic cylinder secure and there have to be several entries into the cylinder chamber to operate the piston. Further constitutes these lines and the other equipment for operating the hydraulic cylinder as a pump, circuit board, valves, batteries etc a need for additional space outside the hydraulic cylinder. When using a hydraulic cylinder in for instance a plug for closing off pipelines, the need for this additional space is a major drawback.
One object of the present invention is to provide a hydraulic cylinder which takes little space. With hydraulic cylinder it is as pervious stated meant a cylinder with endplates forming a cylinder chamber, a piston head within said chamber and a piston rod running from said piston head and hydraulic fluid for operation of the hydraulic cylinder, and this phrase is used for the rest of the application.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a hydraulic cylinder which is reliable and needs less maintenance than prior art hydraulic cylinders. It is also an object to provide a hydraulic cylinder without external hydraulic fluid lines.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a plug which has a wider range of use than other plugs, and a plug which is shorter in length and therefore also may be used in pipelines with sharper bends. It is also an object of the present invention to provide a plug without hydraulic lines running outside the plug.
A hydraulic cylinder and a plug wherein the above mentioned objects is achieved and the aforementioned drawbacks with prior art is improved, is obtained with a plug and a hydraulic cylinder according to the claims.
A plug with a hydraulic cylinder or a hydraulic cylinder according to the present invention comprises a cylinder with two endplates forming a cylinder chamber, a piston head within said cylinder chamber forming two sub chambers of said cylinder chamber, one on each side of the piston head, and a piston rod. The piston rod runs in the preferred embodiment through both sub chambers of said hydraulic cylinder. In another embodiment the piston rod runs from the piston head through only one of said sub cambers. There is at least hydraulic fluid on one side of said piston head in the cylinder chamber with fluid connections to a control system. The hydraulic cylinder is according to prior art equipped with sealing devices between movable parts, but these are not at part of the invention and will therefore not be explained further. A skilled person will be able to choose the appropriate and needed equipment to make the hydraulic cylinder work.
The hydraulic cylinder is operated by a control device, which controls a hydraulic power unit. In the present invention the control device and or the hydraulic power unit are situated at least partly within the parts forming the hydraulic cylinder itself.
By this is it meant that all or parts of the control devices and or hydraulic power unit may be situated in the cylinder, endplates, piston head and or piston rod.
There are several solutions which may be envisaged for placement of the different parts of the elements. A small accumulation tank for the hydraulic fluid may be placed in the cylinder wall and or an endplate. Another possibility is to have fluid lines, valves and pump situated within the piston head. Another possibility is to have fluid lines and valves in the piston head and motor and pump and possibly a tank fully or partly within the piston rod. One may also envisage that the motor is partly situated within the piston rod with cable lines running from the piston rod and to a battery pack outside the hydraulic cylinder or to an energy source outside the pipeline.
In an preferred embodiment of the invention the control device is operated remotely, and the remote controlling device and the hydraulic power unit, comprising at least motor, circuit board, vales, pressure transmitter, hydraulic pump, etc, for the hydraulic cylinder, is situated within the piston rod and or the piston head, where the larger elements as the motor and the hydraulic pump of the hydraulic power unit are positioned at least partly within the piston rod. The piston head comprises feed lines for hydraulic fluid from a first sub chamber, through said valves and said pump to a second sub chamber. By this one may operate the hydraulic cylinder by moving hydraulic fluid from one to the other sub chamber.
The hydraulic cylinder according to the invention may be a one-way or two-way operational hydraulic cylinder. The hydraulic cylinder may have a piston rod running through one or both of said sub chamber of the hydraulic cylinder. In a two way operational hydraulic cylinder is the hydraulic pump normally and preferably a two-way pump, instead of having two pumps which takes more space and the piston rod runs preferably through both sub-chambers to avoid the need for a large accumulation tank.
The preferred embodiment of the hydraulic cylinder gives a hydraulic cylinder which is small and with no externally running fluid lines. This means a hydraulic cylinder which is more reliable in that one has no danger of leakage in the connection of fluid lines to the hydraulic cylinder itself. However, one may envisage some control lines between the hydraulic cylinder and for instance an outside battery pack, especially in the case where the hydraulic cylinder is remotely operated.
The present invention also regards a plug for closing off a pipeline for a fluid flow. The plug comprises, as a normal plug, anchoring and sealing means for anchoring and sealing against the internal wall of the pipeline. These anchoring and sealing means may be an integrated unit or two different units with separate tasks and separate control device. However, the anchoring and sealing devices are operated by at least one hydraulic cylinder. There may be one hydraulic cylinder operating both anchoring and sealing devices and several hydraulic cylinders operating parts of the sealing or anchoring devices. The hydraulic cylinder according to the invention is operated by a hydraulic power unit and remote operation device which are situated at least partly within the hydraulic cylinder itself. There are here as mentioned above several possibilities which are within the scope of the invention as defined in the claims and which are within the range of a skilled person.
In a preferred embodiment the plug comprises anchoring and sealing devices operated by one common hydraulic cylinder, wherein the operation is achieved with a hydraulic power unit partly within the hydraulic cylinder itself preferably in the piston head and piston rod. In the preferred embodiment is the plug remotely operated, which means remote operation devices within the hydraulic cylinder as well. The plug may be operated by direct control lines to the outside of the pipeline, but in normal operation of the plug according to the invention is it used in pipelines with a length which makes direct operation not possible, so remote operation is a necessity.
The present invention will now be explained with a preferred embodiment with references to the enclosed drawings, where:
The hydraulic cylinder 1 according to the invention comprises as shown in
As shown in
As mentioned before the hydraulic cylinder may be of a kind without a through going piston rod 5. In that case must an accumulation tank for instance be place at least partly within the hydraulic cylinder, to accumulate the difference in volume changes between the two different sub-chambers. The accumulation tank may also according to the invention be place outside the hydraulic cylinder, while other parts of the hydraulic power unit is inwards the hydraulic cylinder, but this is not favourable.
One may also envisage that the pump may be situated partly outside the piston rod and that the motor running the pump or a battery patch for a motor is outside the hydraulic cylinder, for instance at one end of the piston rod. This still gives the benefit of no external hydraulic lines for the hydraulic cylinder.
As shown in
In a preferred embodiment comprises the plug 21 as shown in
The present invention has now been explained with preferred embodiments, but there are several changes and alterations which a skilled person may envisage within the scope of the invention as defined in the attached claims. The plug may be operated with two or more hydraulic cylinder, the hydraulic cylinder may not have a through going piston rod, the hydraulic cylinder in the plug may not be pre-stressed, and the placement of parts of the hydraulic power unit may be envisaged differently. The plug may be equipped with a lot of other equipment necessary for the use of the plug, as cutting devices, connection devices or other tools.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8042574 *||Dec 12, 2007||Oct 25, 2011||Tdw Offshore Services As||Plug with expandable packer element|
|US8333219||Jan 20, 2010||Dec 18, 2012||Evald Holstad||Plug for setting in a pipe|
|US20100032044 *||Dec 12, 2007||Feb 11, 2010||Jone Mellemstrand||Plug with expandable packer element|
|US20140020782 *||Mar 31, 2011||Jan 23, 2014||The Safer Plug Company Limited||Electrical Autonomous Pipeline Isolation Tool|
|U.S. Classification||138/31, 138/30, 60/473|
|International Classification||F16L55/128, F16L55/04, F15B15/18, F16L55/136, F16L55/28, F16L55/132, F15B15/14|
|Cooperative Classification||F15B15/1457, F16L55/136, F16L55/132, F15B15/18|
|European Classification||F16L55/136, F15B15/14E10, F16L55/132, F15B15/18|
|Aug 31, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: PLUGGING SPECIALISTS INTERNATIONAL ASA, NORWAY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SYSE, HARALD;ALEKSANDERSEN, JOSTEIN;REEL/FRAME:017082/0996
Effective date: 20050705
|Oct 19, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: TDW OFFSHORE SERVICES AS, NORWAY
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:PLUGGING SPECIALISTS INTERNATIONAL AS;REEL/FRAME:018419/0465
Effective date: 20060704
|Dec 17, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4