US 758806 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 758,806. PATBNTED MAY 3, 1904. W. J. ANDERSON.
HAT AND HAT SHIELD.
APrLIoATIoN FILED APB.. 1s. 190s.
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UNITED STATES Patented May 3, 1904.
HAT AND HAT-SHIELD.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 758,806, dated May 3, 1904.
Application tiled April 18, 1903.
To all whom, it nmy/ concern:
Be it known that I, WVILLIAM Josera AN- DERSON, draftsman, a subject of the King of England, and a resident of Liverpool, in the county of Lancaster, England, have invented certain new and useful Improvements Connected with Hat Shields or Pads, of which the following' is a specification.
This invention has reference to hats and hat shields or pads which are adapted to be placed on the inside of the front portion of a hat-- namely, against the leather or like band of same-for the purpose mainly of absorbing' perspiration from the forehead of the wearer and preventing soiling of the hat and also insuring greater comfort to the wearer; and my invent-ion has for its object and effect to provide hats with a shield or pad of the kind referred to which is detachably secured or fastened to the hat, the attachment and detachment of which can be easily and quickly effeeted.
It has also the object and effect to provide a shield or pad of the kind referred to which is effective and neat in appearance and is not liable to get out of shape and will always keep its position in the hat.
The invention will be described with the aid of the accompanying drawings, in whichw Figure l is a longitudinal section of a hat to an enlarged scale, showing a pad fitted thereto. Fig. 2 is a face view of the pad, showing it fitted to the interior of the hat; and Fig. 3 is a plan viewed from below of the pad fitted to ahat.
According to this invention the hat shield or pad comprises a piece of felt, flannel, cork, or other suitable material suitably shaped and a piece of textile fabric at the lower edge of same, forming' a hinge or jointing-piece adapted to fit on the under side of the brim, to which it is fastened.
Referring' to the drawings, a represents the felt or other pad, and is a silk or similar textile piece forming the hinge part at the lower edge of same and fastened to it by stitching in any known suitable way. The part a. lits on the inner lining c of the hatwhich is generally leathervand extends round the lower Serial No. 153,288. (No model.)
part of the hat-dome (Z, while the hinge part is fitted on and adapted to lie snugly against the part of the brim @near the lower edge or part of the dome d.
The whole device is conveniently attached to the hat by brass or similar metal fasteners /L of the type commonly called paper-fasteners passed through both the brim and the hinge; but other means of fastening it to the hat may be adopted.
In some cases the hinge part Z; is tubular, and a thin bar or strip of celluloid, Xylonite, or other springy material and of the form and radius of the end of the hat to which it is to be applied is inserted in it. rlhis form or construction is shown in the drawings, e' designating the celluloid, xylonite, or other spring'y thin strip or bar. The tubular form of the part is made by using' a doubled o1' folded piece of silk or textile material the edges of which are secured together and to the lower edge of the pad part a by stitching. The employment of this strip or bar causes the whole device to take its required shape or form and enables the hinge part to adjust itself and lie evenly on the under side of the brim e, and to facilitate the device taking' this shape and the silk or other textile part I) to adjust itself freely it is cut on the cross as regards its warp and weft.
A pad as above described provides a construction by which the felt or like part a will keep its position in the hat without further attachment and will lie smoothly and evenly on the leather or like lining c and will not be disturbed or put out of shape when the hat is taken off or put on the head. 'l'he pad part a is preferably of considerable thicknesssay about one-sixteenth of an inch. In some cases the upper edge of the part z may be stitfened or reinforced by a bar or strip of celluloid, xylonite, or other equivalent springy material suitably attached to it. This construction is shown in the drawings, the strip or bar of the spring'y material being designated Its use tends to increase the natural tendency referred to of the pad to retain its shape and to lie evenly in position against the inside of the hat.
Having now particularly described and asoertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, I declare that what I olairn isl. A hat-pad Comprising a Vertical part a adapted to fit inside the hat, a lower horizontal hinge part of textile material, adapted to be fastened to the under side of the briin, said part I; being tubular and adapted to be fastened to the lower edge of the part a; and a spring stiffening-bar z' inserted in the hinge tubular part 5,' substantially as described.
2. A hat-pad comprising a Vertical part a adapted to t inside the hat; a lower horizon- WILLIAM JOSEPH ANDERSON.
JOHN H. VALKER, WM. JNO. HUMPHREYS.