|Publication number||US7588149 B2|
|Application number||US 11/111,223|
|Publication date||Sep 15, 2009|
|Filing date||Apr 21, 2005|
|Priority date||Oct 22, 2002|
|Also published as||CA2499255A1, CN1777550A, CN1777550B, DE60313794D1, DE60313794T2, EP1562840A2, EP1562840B1, US20050183981, WO2004037657A2, WO2004037657A3|
|Publication number||11111223, 111223, US 7588149 B2, US 7588149B2, US-B2-7588149, US7588149 B2, US7588149B2|
|Inventors||John A. Gelardi|
|Original Assignee||Meadwestvaco Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (33), Non-Patent Citations (4), Referenced by (34), Classifications (8), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation of International Application No. PCT/US03/033667, filed Oct. 22, 2003, which claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application No. 60/419,975 filed Oct. 22, 2002. The aforementioned applications are herein incorporated by reference.
The present invention relates generally to apparatus and methods of packaging and dispensing items or products, and more specifically, the present invention is directed to a locking container including a tray for dispensing items.
Locking containers, especially childproof locking containers in which multiple movements must be applied to open the container, have many uses. One use for locking containers includes medicine containers. Locking caps on medicine bottles are well known. The locking caps usually require alignment and tipping, axial pressure, or inward radial squeezing while turning the locking caps to remove the locking caps from the containers and provide access to the medicine therein.
Many medicines are packaged in flat boxes formed from paperboard sleeves, which are difficult to secure with childproof locks. Such medicines are also generally packaged in blister packs having blisters or compartments formed from a plastic sheet and sealed by a paper layer or foil, which is punctured or ruptured to release a dose from a corresponding blister. Generally, when a paperboard sleeve containing blister packs are opened the entire contents of the package are exposed, making all of the doses immediately available. This easy access poses a danger to an unintended user, such as a child.
Accordingly, there remains in the art a need for inexpensive flat boxes that include locks which require multiple coordinated motions for opening the boxes and gaining access to a limited number of doses at one time. There is also a need for apparatus and methods for packaging and dispensing items that provide easy limited access for an adult while providing a high degree of security against an unintended user, such as a child.
The present invention overcomes the deficiencies of the known art and the problems that remain unsolved by providing a child-resistant locking container that is inexpensive and easy to assemble. The child-resistant locking container includes a sleeve having a locking mechanism that prevents or at least frustrates the unintentional withdraw of a tray holding medicine. The sleeve includes an unlocking member wherein pressure may be exerted on the unlocking member to bias the member inward to release the locking mechanism, thereby allowing a user to pull the tray from the sleeve. The child-resistant locking container includes security features which mandate a combination of coordinated, sequential motions, including pressing and holding the unlocking member while pulling the tray outward and then releasing the unlocking member to gain access to a limited number of items at one time.
In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a system for dispensing items comprising a tray, including a control slot extending through the tray and a plurality of compartments where each compartment may or may not hold at least one item, a sleeve including a lug, the lug extending through the control slot of the tray for guiding the tray within the sleeve, detents positioned within the sleeve and cooperating with the tray for preventing sliding of the tray, and a biaser connected to the sleeve for biasing the detents out of engagement with the tray for sequentially limiting the sliding of the tray through the sleeve.
Advantageously, the tray includes detent holes arranged on the tray for cooperatively engaging with the detents to prevent the tray from sliding. The tray further includes a stopping end for engaging with the lug and preventing the unintentional removal of the tray from the sleeve. Preferably the sleeve includes a base and top where the base and the top include inward facing interlocking pins and receivers for connecting the base and top together, to form a closed end and an open end opposite the closed end. The tray is configured to slide through the open end. The top includes resilient springs extending inward into the sleeve through gaps which are opposite from the biaser; the springs urging against the tray to engage the detents within the detent holes.
In alternative embodiments of the present invention, there are provided methods of packaging items within a container. One method comprises the steps of: constructing a tray to include a slot extending through the tray and a plurality of compartments for holding items, loading and sealing at least one item into a compartment of the tray, placing the tray onto a base where the base includes a lug extending through the slot for guiding the tray, attaching a top to the base to form a sleeve including a void and an open end configured to receive the tray, positioning detents within the sleeve where the detents cooperate with the tray for preventing sliding of the tray, and connecting a biaser to the sleeve for biasing the detents out of engagement with the tray for sequentially limiting the sliding of the tray through the open end of the sleeve.
Regarding the embodiments described herein, as well as those covered by the claims, the locking container may be loaded or reloaded with a new tray at the manufacturer, by the user at home, or at any location by a health care provider. The locking container may be disposable or reusable and may or may not be transparent, to allow a user to view the contents of the container. In addition, the locking container may or may not include patent information indicia, or indicators such as an arrow or directives for indicating to a user which direction to slide the tray.
In another embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a device for dispensing items, comprising: a tray including a slot extending through the tray and a plurality of compartments; a sleeve including means for stopping, means for stopping extending through the slot of the tray; means for locking configured within the sleeve, means for locking cooperating with the tray for preventing sliding of the tray; and means for unlocking connected to the sleeve, means for unlocking configured to manipulatively bias means for locking out of engagement with the tray for sequentially limiting the sliding of the tray.
Embodiments of the present invention provide a tray for holding items, comprising: a card including a slot protruding through the card, a plurality of compartments where at least one compartment holds at least one item, a plurality of holes arranged on the card, and a tab formed at one end of the card for aiding in grasping the card. Preferably, but not necessarily the slot extends centrally on the card and forms a stopping end and a closing end. In one design the plurality of compartments are configured into a plurality of rows where at least a first row is disposed on a first side of the slot and at least a second row is disposed on an opposite second side of the slot. In another design the tray includes a plurality of holes that are serially disposed in rows, where a first row of holes is disposed on a first side of the slot and a second row is disposed on an opposite second side of the slot.
Regarding the embodiments described herein, as well as those covered by the claims, the card may or may not be disposable and may comprise a conventional blister package or tray having compartments formed of a single layer plastic top material and dimensioned to fit within a locking sleeve. Further, the terms “top” and “base” and “bottom” are merely directional in order to distinguish one section from another. Accordingly the terms are not limitations but may be used interchangeably.
As required, detailed embodiments of the present invention are disclosed herein. It will be understood that the disclosed embodiments are merely exemplary of the invention that may be embodied in various and alternative forms. The figures are not necessarily to scale, and some features may be exaggerated or minimized to show details of particular components. In other instances, well-known materials or methods have not been described in detail in order to avoid obscuring the present invention. Therefore, specific structural and functional details disclosed herein are not limiting but serve as a basis for the claims and for teaching one skilled in the art to variously employ the present invention.
Further, it will be understood that the present invention is applicable to the packaging, storing, and dispensing of various items or products including but not limited to pills, tablets, capsules, lozenges, drug delivery devices, medications, non-medications, and all manner of small and portable items or products that a user may wish to keep secure and dispense in a regulated manner.
Referring now to the drawings, wherein like elements are represented by like numerals, there is shown in
With reference now to both
The tray 12 includes a rib 38 positioned at one end of the tray 12. As best illustrated in
The top 18 of the locking container 10 includes openings 46 and means for urging 48. One non-limiting example of means for urging 48 includes resilient springs 48. The springs 48 press or urge tray 12 against base 16 to engage the detents 56 with correspondingly holes 36. It will be understood that means for urging 48 may comprise other suitable mechanisms that urge or press tray 12 against the base 16 such as springs of all kinds, ribs, posts, lugs, and the like, and combinations thereof.
Referring now to
In one method of assembly, the tray 12 is placed on base 16 so that lug 54 extends through the control slot 34. The top 18 is subsequently pressed onto the base 16. The pins 51 and the central pin 55 are correspondingly inserted within the apertures of the cylinders 50 and stop 54. Energy directors 60 inside the cylinders 50 and side energy directors 62, which are disposed along side walls 52 of the base 16, help fuse and weld the top 18 to the base 16 under pressure and ultrasonic energy.
Referring now to
As shown in
It will be understood that in one alternative embodiment of the present invention, the locking container 10 of the present invention may be either disposable or reusable. In addition, tray 12 may be disposable so that a new tray 12 may be replaced within the locking container 10. Thus, the same locking container 10 may be refilled with a new tray 12. To that end, stop or lug 54 only partially extends between the base 16 and top 18 to form a gap (not shown). Manipulating the tray 12 through the gap permits complete withdraw of the tray 12 from the container 10.
As seen in
Referring now to
Alternative embodiments of the present invention include methods of packaging items or products within a locking container 10. One method includes the steps of constructing a tray 12 to include a slot 34 extending through the tray 12, and a plurality of item-containing compartments or blisters 30. This method further includes the steps of loading and sealing at least one item 31 into at least one compartment 30 of tray 12. The tray 12 may be formed as a conventional blister package including a plurality of item-containing blisters 30. A conventional backing sheet or layer of plastic, or foil, or paper, seals each compartment 30, except those intentionally left open or unfilled.
The tray 12 is placed on the sliding guides 70 of base 16 and the stop 54 extends through the control slot 34 of tray 12. Means for locking 56 engage with or protrude through receiving apertures 36 of tray 12. The top 18 and base 16 are then connected together to form a locking sleeve 14 including a void and an open end. This method further includes the step of positioning means for locking 56 within said sleeve 14 to cooperate with the tray 12 in order to prevent the tray 12 from sliding within the locking sleeve 14. This method further includes the step of connecting a biaser 20 to the locking sleeve 14 for biasing means for locking 56 out of engagement with the tray 12 for sequentially limiting the sliding of the tray 12 through the locking sleeve 14.
In a further embodiment of the present invention, there is shown a method of dispensing at least one item 31 from a locking container 10. This method of dispensing at least one item 31 includes pressing the biaser 20 inward to warp a part of tray 12 between ribs 64 against the force of springs 48 away from base 16 so that detents 56 disengage away from corresponding holes 36. This method of dispensing further includes sliding tray 12 out from the open end 40 of the locking sleeve 14. Pressure is then applied to an item-containing blister 30 to punch or rupture the backing sheet and remove an item 31 from the item-containing blister 30. The tray 12 is then slid back into the locking sleeve 14 to allow the detents 56 to engage with the holes 36 to securely hold the tray 12 within the locking container 10.
The law does not require and it is economically prohibitive to illustrate and teach every possible embodiment of the present claims. Hence, the above-described embodiments are merely exemplary illustrations of implementations set forth for a clear understanding of the principles of the invention. Many variations of combinations may be made to the above-described embodiments without departing from the scope of the claims. All such variations of combinations are included herein by the scope of this disclosure and the following claims.
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|U.S. Classification||206/531, 206/538, 206/528, 206/1.5|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D2215/02, B65D83/0463|
|Aug 31, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MEADWESTVACO CORPORATION, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:GELARDI, JOHN A.;REEL/FRAME:016476/0284
Effective date: 20050830
|Mar 15, 2013||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4