US 7588962 B2
A method for manufacturing a semiconductor device that includes a housing, formed of a polyamide-series thermoplastic resin, and a semiconductor package sealed in the housing, which is formed of a thermosetting epoxy resin. The surface of the package is modified by UV-irradiation to have adhesive properties to polyamide. A plurality of connector terminals extend from the package and housing in parallel. A portion of the terminals is also sealed in the housing together with the package. Thus, the device is easily produced by insert molding and has excellent moisture resistance.
1. A method of making a semiconductor device comprising:
(a) UV-irradiating a semiconductor package formed of thermosetting epoxy resin to modify its surface to be adhesive to polyamide;
(b) placing said semiconductor package in a die; and
(c) filling a space in said die with melted polyamide or a melted thermoplastic resin including polyamide to seal said semiconductor package by insert molding, wherein said melted polyamide or thermoplastic resin including polyamide hardens to form a housing around said semiconductor package.
2. A method according to
3. A method according to
This application is a divisional application that claims the benefit of and priority to U.S. patent application Ser. No. 10/246,126 filed Sep. 18, 2002, now abandoned, (published as U.S. Publication No. 2003/0052396 on Mar. 20, 2003), which claims the benefit of Japanese Patent Application No. 2001-287076 filed Sep. 20, 2001 (published as Japanese Publication No. 2003-94479 on Apr. 3, 2003), the technical disclosures of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference.
The present invention relates to the sealing of semiconductor device in which a semiconductor package and a housing containing the semiconductor package are formed of different synthetic resins. More particularly, the present invention relates to a semiconductor device in which a housing is formed of thermoplastic resin (a first synthetic resin) and a semiconductor package is formed of thermosetting epoxy resin (a second synthetic resin), and a method of making the same.
Semiconductor devices are sometimes made by insert molding by using thermoplastic resin to seal the semiconductor package made of thermosetting epoxy resin in the housing. However, thermosetting epoxy resin, which is a raw material of the semiconductor package, and thermoplastic resin, which is a raw material of the housing, have different reactions to heat. Thus, the adhesive properties between the two resins become poor after cooling and a gap may form between them. In such a semiconductor device, problems such as a leak or a short may occur due to moisture that comes in from the gap between the package and the housing in certain circumstances.
To prevent this problem, some prior art semiconductor devices have been made using a method different from insert molding. First, as shown in
The above-mentioned manufacturing method, in which the package 52 is sealed with the sealant 54, requires more steps (three) compared to the manufacturing method by using insert molding: a step of making the housing 51 having the connector terminal 50, a step of adhering the package 52 to the housing 51, and a step of filling the housing 51 with the sealant 54. This complicates the manufacturing process as well as increases the manufacturing costs of the semiconductor device.
An object of the present invention is to provide a semiconductor device that is easy to manufacture and has excellent moisture resistance.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a semiconductor device that holds downs its manufacturing costs.
To achieve the foregoing and other objectives and in accordance with the purpose of the present invention, a semiconductor device is provided. The semiconductor device includes a housing and a semiconductor package. The housing is formed of a first synthetic resin that is a thermoplastic resin. The semiconductor package is formed of a second synthetic resin that is a thermosetting resin. The package is sealed in the housing. The package has a modified face that has adhesive properties to the first synthetic resin. The modified face is formed on a surface of the package by UV-irradiating the surface before the sealing of the package in the housing.
The present invention also provides a method of making a semiconductor device. The method includes steps of: UV-irradiating a semiconductor package formed of thermosetting epoxy resin to modify its surface to be adhesive to polyamide; placing the package in a die; and filling a space in the die with melted polyamide or a melted thermoplastic resin including polyamide to seal the package by insert molding.
Other aspects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, illustrating by way of example the principles of the present invention.
The invention, together with objects and advantages thereof, may best be understood by reference to the following description of the presently preferred embodiments together with the accompanying drawings which:
An embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to
As shown in
A manufacturing process of the above-mentioned semiconductor device 11 is described with reference to
First, the package 13 is formed of thermosetting epoxy resin by a conventional method. Next, the overall surface of the package 13 is irradiated by ultraviolet light. This irradiation modifies the surface of the package 13 to make it adhesive to polyamide.
The package 13 is then placed into a die 20. The die 20 includes an upper die 20 a and a lower die 20 b. The dies 20 a, 20 b each have a cavity that face to each other so that a space 15 is defined in the die 20 when the die halves 20 a, 20 b are positioned properly. The dies 20 a, 20 b have a semi-cylindrical recess at their opposing end. When the upper die 20 a is positioned on the lower die 20 b, the two recesses form cylindrical holes 20 c. The internal diameter of the holes 20 c is designed to be approximately the same as the external diameter of the terminals 14. When package 13 is placed in the die 20 in a predetermined position, the terminals 14 that extend from the package 13 are guided through the holes 20 c out of the die 20.
Then, melted thermoplastic resin (PA in this embodiment) is poured through a gate 20 d provided in the upper die 20 a into the space 15. Thus, the housing 12 is insert molded. The temperature at which the thermoplastic resin melts is lower than or the same as the temperature at which integrated circuit (IC) chips (not shown) in the package 13 show heat resistance. After the thermoplastic resin poured into the space 15 is cooled and hardened, the upper and lower dies 20 a, 20 b are opened. As shown in
The above-mentioned embodiment has the following advantages.
The semiconductor device 11 can be manufactured in one step by insert molding. In other words, the conventionally required steps in the prior art (i.e. forming the housing, adhering the semiconductor package to the housing, and filling the housing with the sealant) are abbreviated in the present invention. Thus, the number of manufacturing steps is reduced and the semiconductor device 11 can be easily and inexpensively produced.
The surface of the package 13 is UV-irradiated and modified to have adhesive properties to polyamide. The modified face 13 a ensures the adhesiveness between the housing 12 and the package 13. Thus, an invasion of moisture from the gap between the terminal 14 and the housing 12 is prevented (and the integrity of the semiconductor device 11 is maintained). Thus, conventional problems in the prior art, such as leaks or shorts, are avoided.
A single polyamide is used as a thermoplastic resin. This improves the adhesive properties between the package 13 and the housing 12 compared with those when a polymer alloy of polyamide and another resin is used.
It should be apparent to those skilled in the art that the present invention may be embodied in many other specific forms without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Particularly, it should be understood that the invention may be embodied in the following forms.
The thermoplastic resin that forms the housing 12 is not limited to single PA. For example, a resin of polymer alloy of PA and polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) can be used. The combination of PPS with PA improves heat resistance and dimensional stability and provides a low water absorption rate of the semiconductor device 11 compared with single PA, while keeping the adhesive properties between the package 13 and the housing 12.
A resin of polymer alloy of PA and polybutylene telephthalate (PBT) may also be used. The combination of PBT with PA provides a lower water absorption rate and abrasion resistance compared with single PA.
The terminal 14 may be a male connector.
The number of terminals 14 is not limited to two but may be one or more than two.
The shape of the housing 12 and the package 13 is not limited to generally rectangular solid buy may be varied in any suitable form.
Therefore, the present examples and embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive and the invention is not to be limited to the details given herein. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention, the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated. It will be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art that numerous variations will be possible to the disclosed embodiments without going outside the scope of the invention as disclosed in the claims.