US 7612761 B2
A computing device is provided that includes a display comprising a plurality of discrete elements. A memory is used to store a data collection of paginated content. A processor of the computing device is configured to retrieve each of the pages from the memory. The processor signals the display to individually present each of the pages. A sensor device is coupled to the processor. The sensor device is deflectable to signal the processor a deflection value that causes the processor to sequentially present at least portions of multiple pages on the display.
1. A computing device comprising:
a wireless communication port configured to communicate with an external source to receive or access data corresponding to a portion of a data collection, the data collection being formatted to include a plurality of paginated items that are pre-arranged in a designated order, and wherein each paginated item in the data collection is independently presentable;
a memory configured to store at least a portion of the data collection;
processing resources coupled to the display, the wireless communication port and the memory, the processing resources including a first processor and a second processor, wherein the second processor is configured to control the wireless communication port, and wherein the first processor is configured to store, in the memory, the portion of the data collection using data received or accessed by the wireless communication port, the processing resources being configured to present one or more paginated items from the data collection on the display by retrieving the one or more paginated items from the memory and driving the display to present the one or more paginated items; and
an analog sensor device coupled to the processing resources, the sensor device being configured to detect a physical input;
wherein the processing resources are configured to (i) correlate any one of a magnitude or direction of the input with at least one of a next page input, a vertical scroll input, or a horizontal scroll input, and (ii) respond to at least the next page input by presenting at least a portion of another page from the data collection on the display in place of at least a portion of the presented one or more paginated items, in order to page transition.
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This application is a continuation application of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/112,183, filed Apr. 22, 2005 now U.S. Pat. No. 7,394,452, entitled “COMPUTING DEVICE FOR DISPLAYING CONTENT IN PAGES OR IN SEQUENCE,” which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/854,316, filed May 11, 2001, now U.S. Pat. No. 6,943,773, entitled “PAGE FLICKING MECHANISM FOR ELECTRONIC DISPLAY DEVICES THAT PAGINATE CONTENT”; all of the aforementioned priority applications being hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety.
The present invention relates to displays for computer devices. In particular, the present invention pertains to a page flicking mechanism for a display of a computer device.
Flexible display technology is an advancing area in the field of computing devices. Many applications are being planned and designed to incorporate flexible display technology. Currently, products described as “electronic paper” or “e-paper” are being integrated with computing tablets, handheld computers and other computing devices. Consumer applications for flexible display technology includes electronic books and magazines.
Electronic book applications are currently popular for computing devices such as handheld computers and laptops. In general, electronic books are documents formatted to be paginated on the display of the computing device. A user can scroll the display to view different portions of the same page. The user can also select to view other pages. To make selections for other pages, the user typically has to select a user-interactive feature, such as an icon on the display, or a mechanical button. The page that appears after the user's selection coincides with a page stored as the next or adjacent page to the existing page appearing on the display. If the user wishes to scroll through many pages, the user is required to make repeated entries into the user-interactive feature, or perhaps make one sustained entry.
A computing device is provided that is capable of displaying paginated content on a display. A deflective input mechanism is incorporated with the computing device. A user can deflect the input mechanism to signal a page flick. A processor of the computing device configures the pagination appearing on the display in response to the deflection of the input mechanism.
The processor may cause the display to present several pages of the content in succession as the response to the deflection of the input mechanism. The pages appearing on the display may also skip with reference to a predetermined order of each page in the paginated content.
The deflective input mechanism may be integrated or otherwise include the display of the computing device. In one embodiment, the display is formed of flexible “electronic paper”, to enable bending or flexing by the user. A sensor of the input mechanism may measure a deflection of the display in order to signal the processor a deflection value. To accommodate the display, other components of the computing device, such as the PCB, the digitizer and the housing, may also be deflectable.
Another embodiment may include a deflective sensor device that is coupleable to one of the flexible components of the computing device. The sensor device may be integrated with a deflective housing or PCB to measure the deflection caused by the user.
Embodiments of the invention are illustrated by way of example, and not by way of limitation, in the figures of the accompanying drawings. Like reference numerals are intended to refer to similar elements among different figures.
Embodiments of the invention describe a page flicking mechanism for a computing device that displays paginated content. In the following description, for the purposes of explanation, numerous specific details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. It will be apparent, however, that the present invention may be practiced without these specific details. In other instances, well-known structures and devices are shown in block diagram form in order to avoid unnecessarily obscuring the present invention.
Embodiments of the invention provide a page flicking mechanism for a computing device that displays paginated content. In an embodiment, a display of the computing device includes a plurality of discrete elements, such as pixels. A memory is used to store a data collection. The data collection is arranged or otherwise identifiable as a plurality of pages. The pages of the data collection are arranged in a pre-selected order, and are each individually presentable on the display. The computing device includes a processor that is configured to retrieve the pages from the memory. The processor is also configured to signal each of the pages for presentation on the display. A sensor device is coupled to the processor. The sensor device is deflectable to signal the processor a deflection value when deflected. The deflection value causes the processor to sequentially present all or some of the multiple pages, in a sequential and individual manner.
A display may include any device that responds to electrical signals to output an image. An image presented on the display may be a partial, complete, or approximate rendering of data stored for that page.
When multiple pages are sequentially presented, portions of the display render an image from each of the multiple pages in a sequence, so that one page may follow another on a portion of the display. It is possible that an area of the display presents portions of multiple pages concurrently and in a sequential manner. For example, groups of discrete elements of the display may be assigned values from one of the multiple pages, and then a next, while another group of discrete elements are static.
As used herein, reference to deflection means any type of bending, deformation or movement by a structure that noticeably alters its shape. In one embodiment, deflection refers to a cantilevering movement of one end of a structure relative to another.
The display 20 may be a form of electronic paper. Electronic paper refers to a flexible display, used for applications such as electronic books. An example of electronic paper for use with embodiments of the invention includes conductive plastic substrates combined with organic transistors, manufactured jointly by E Ink Corp. and Lucent Technologies (see Electronic Paper Writes New Chapter for Displays; Brown, C.; EETimes.com, Nov. 30, 2000; hereby incorporated by reference). Another example of electronic paper includes gyricon substrates, manufactured by Xerox.
As will be described in greater detail, the display 20 can be deflected to enable a user to enter an input. The deflection entered by the user causes the pagination being presented on the display 20 to be altered. Specifically, an embodiment provides that a region 22 of display 20 sequentially presents other pages based on the deflection of display 20. The display region 22 may be centrally disposed on display 20 where the deflection is least impairing to the user. The sequential presentation of the pages on display region 22 provides the appearance of page flicking.
The computing device 100 may be configured to measure the magnitude of the deflection and to correlate the magnitude with a characteristic of the page flicking. A larger magnitude flexing of display 20 may signal rapid page flicking, and possible skipping of intermediate pages. A smaller magnitude flexing of display 20 may correlate to a slower page turn, without any skipping of pages. For example, a large deflection of display 20 may result in display region 22 displaying pages 1, 5, 10, 15 and 20 in one time interval. A small deflection may cause display region 22 to display pages 1, 2 and 3 in a longer time interval.
Other portions of display 20 outside of display region 22 may display content other than the pages being flicked through. For example, the presentation on the other portions of display 20 may be frozen on a current page, or blurred to save processing resources.
B. Hardware Components
The computing device 100 may include one or more expansion slots. In an embodiment shown, a first peripheral port 102 enables one or more types of accessory devices to be connected to processor 140. In addition, computing device 100 may include a wireless peripheral port 104 that enables information to be communicated to processor 140 from an external source. The wireless peripheral port 104 forwards incoming communications to an amplifier 106 for processor 140. A second processor 108 intercepts communications incoming to and/or outgoing from wireless peripheral port 104 for purpose of facilitating conversion of data signals between formats and protocols of wireless communications, and those that can be processed by processor 140.
The display 120 cooperates with display driver 122 to display paginated content such as text-based information. For example, display 120 may be used to display pages from electronic books. The paginated content may be primarily in the form of text, although other information such as images, video clips and animation, may also be presented on display 120. In an embodiment, first memory 144 corresponds to non-volatile memory for computing device 100. The first memory 144 stores a data collection corresponding to the paginated content. The processor 140 accesses first memory 144 to retrieve the data. The processor 140 combines with display driver 122 to present the data in a paginated format on display 120.
To present a selected page, processor 140 accesses first memory 144 for values in the data collection that are assigned to the selected page. Each selected page of the paginated content is presentable on display 120 while other pages are cached in second memory 146. Alternatively, the data collection may be signaled to processor 140 from a peripheral device, through first peripheral port 102 or wireless peripheral port 104. Either first memory 144 or second memory 146 may be used to store portions of the data collection received from the peripheral device. The second memory 146 may be used to buffer or cache the data collection while one or more of the pages from the data collection is being displayed.
The sensor 130 is used to detect a deflection entered as input by a user. The deflection input may be measured as an analog value that is signaled to processor 140. The deflection input causes portions of one or more pages from the data collection to be displayed on at least a portion of display 120. The deflection is measured by sensor 130 for processor 140. In this way, the user may deflect a component of computing device 100 to signal an input to the processor 140. The processor uses a detected value of the input to present multiple pages on all or portions of display 120 over the course of a selected time period. As will be further described, embodiments of the invention allow for sensor 130 to detect deflection created on sensor 130, display 120, on a printed circuit board (PCB) of computing device 100, on a housing of computing device 100, or on a combination of sensor 130 and another component of computing device 100. The deflection may simulate the bending of a book or stack of pages, prior to their pages being flicked.
In an embodiment, the analog value measured by sensor 130 reflects the magnitude of the deflection, as well as other characteristics such as its duration, or flick speed. To process the information detected by sensor 130, AD converter 134 is coupled to receive the analog input from sensor 130. The AD converter 134 converts the analog input into a digital format for processing by processor 140. The AD converter 134 may also include several channels to receive other analog inputs or values from other components. For example, one of the channels 136 may be coupled to a digitizer 260 (see
In an embodiment shown by
With reference to
In an embodiment, sensor device 230 is positioned within housing 210 on or adjacent to an exterior surface. For example, a front panel 212 of housing 210 may provide access to display 220. The sensor device 230 may be positioned directly underneath front panel 212. To this end, sensor device 230 is positioned apart from display 220 and digitizer 260. In one embodiment, sensor device 230 is positioned on top segment 217 of housing 210. To enable sensor device 230 to measure a deflection, both housing 210 and sensor device 230 may be configured to bend or cantilever. The display 220 and digitizer 260 may be similarly configured. For sensor device 230 such as described with
With reference to
In a direction shown by axis Z, sensor device 230 is positioned just underneath digitizer 260. This may correspond to position A. In another embodiment, sensor device 230 may be positioned immediately adjacent (either above or below) to PCB 270. This may correspond to position B or C. The positions A, B, and C are possible for a configuration such as shown with
In an embodiment, sensor device 230 measures its own deflection. Therefore, sensor device 230 may be deflectable, and positioned within computing device 100 to enable its deflection by a user. To this end, portions or all of housing 210 may be flexible to bend in an area coinciding with the position of sensor device 230. The display 220 may be bendable to accommodate sensor device 230 being positioned underneath display 220. The digitizer 260 may be similarly constructed if used in cooperation with display 220. The PCB 270 may be flexible to accommodate bending of sensor device 230 in position B, C and possible A. Alternatively, PCB 270 may be shortened or otherwise to be away from a region of computing device 100 that deflects. If sensor device 230 is positioned at D, digitizer 260 and PCB 270 may each be shortened. In this way, the housing 210, and possible display 220, may be the flexible components of computing device 100 that bend for sensor device 230 to enable deflection to be entered as an input.
B. Sensor Device
In an embodiment, sensor device 230 includes multiple conductive elements 232 that are intertwined or spaced in cooperation to provide an electrical property measuring a distance between them. The conductive elements 232 may be static and spaced in a default position when sensor device 230 is not deflected. In an embodiment, conductive elements 232 of sensor device 230 are extended perpendicular to the length of sensor device 230. Other embodiments may provide conductive elements 232 to extend lengthwise with sensor device 230.
In an embodiment, the electrical property that is fluctuated and measured is a capacitance, existing between the conductive elements 232 through electrical charge or current. Another embodiment may use resistance or inductance between the conductive elements 232, based on changes in charge as a result of positioning of the electrical elements 232 before and after deflection.
C. Page Presentation
A page flicking mechanism such as shown with embodiments of the invention enables a user to enter an input that reconfigures the display 120 to present other pages of paginated content. The other pages may be presented in various formats, preferably in rapid succession, giving the user an impression that the pages are being flicked. In an embodiment, the pages are presented on the display for a duration corresponding to the user providing the flicking input. In this way, the user can track the pages as they are being presented in succession on the display. Further, the user can select a page for viewing by stopping the flicking action.
The stored values that are to be assigned to each discrete element of display 120 are part of a larger data collection representing the paginated content. An example of a data collection configured for paginated presentations is an electronic book. In an embodiment, bit values of each page are stored in first memory 144 (
Upon the page flick being entered by a user,
In an embodiment, second display portion 315 is positioned on the most viewable length of display 120. That may correspond to a centrally positioned strip having a width that is only a proportion of the overall width of display 120. If display 120 is bendable, second display portion 315 may correspond to a length of display 120 appearing left of the display's center line. The left side is most viewable if the user is bending a right end of display 120.
While embodiments described with
Another embodiment may display only portions of each page being flicked. For example, second display portion 315 may blank every other row of discrete elements 322. The result would be that the portion of display 120 used for displaying flicked pages is blurred, while giving the user sufficient page presentation to enable the user to be able to identify features of characteristics of each page flicked. Blurring the flicked pages in this manner preserves memory and processing resources of computing device 100.
Still further, the computing device 100 may be configured to intelligently blur or omit data from the pages being flicked. Substantially blank pages may be skipped during page flicks. Blank lines or pages may be omitted.
While embodiments described herein for computing device 100 describe housing 210, it is possible for computing device 100 to not have a housing that is separate from display 120. For example, certain types of electronic paper in production may form the top panel 212 of the housing 210 for computing device 100.
Under another embodiment, a page flicking mechanism may be coupleable to a handheld computer to enable users to flick pages of paginated content provided on the handheld computer. A page flicking mechanism comprising sensor device 230 may be coupled to a port of a handheld computer. Examples of handheld computers for use with such an embodiment includes personal digital assistants (PDAs), such as those manufactured by Palm Inc., or those operating WINDOWS POCKET PC operating systems. The page flicking mechanism may communicate with a processor of the handheld computer through a serial port, wireless port (having infrared, BlueTooth or radio-frequency characteristics), or other communication ports, such as Universal Serial Busses (USB).
In the foregoing specification, the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments thereof. It will, however, be evident that various modifications and changes may be made thereto without departing from the broader spirit and scope of the invention. The specification and drawings are, accordingly, to be regarded in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense.