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Publication numberUS762299 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 14, 1904
Filing dateMar 4, 1903
Priority dateMar 4, 1903
Publication numberUS 762299 A, US 762299A, US-A-762299, US762299 A, US762299A
InventorsWeston M Fulton
Original AssigneeWeston M Fulton
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Receptacle for liquids.
US 762299 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)





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Patented June 14, 1904.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 762,299, dated. June 14, 1904.

Application filed March 4, 1903.

To all whom it maly concern:

Be it known that I. VVESTON M. FULTON, a resident of Knoxville, Tennessee, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Receptacles for Liquids, which invention is fully set forth in the following specification.

This invention relates to receptacles for liquids, and more particularly to that class of receptacles which are provided with means for forcing out or ejecting the liquid when it is desired to withdraw it from the receptacle.

The object of the invention is" to provide a vessel of the character described which shall be simple in construction and operation, cheaply manufactured, anddurable.

With this object in view the invention consists of a receptacle for liquids provided with a discharge conduit or opening, a portion of the walls of said receptacle being collapsible and composed of sheet metal or equivalent material, preferably elastic, and arranged in corrugations whose folds are made up of substantially parallel annular portions normal to the line of collapse, said annular portions being connected by curved portions struck on either simple or compound curves. Such collapsible portion of the wall of the receptacle may be either integral with the body of the receptacle or may be formed separate therefrom and rigidly secured thereto in any way that will secure a hermetic joint. An inwardly-opening valve may, if desired, be provided either in the top wall of the collapsible portion or in the upper part of the main receptacle; but this is not necessary in all cases, as reliance may be placed upon the dischargeconduit for the admission of air upon the expansion of the collapsible portion.

Certain mechanical expressions of the inventive idea involved are shown in the accompan ying drawings, which are designed merely as illustrations to assist in the description of the invention and not as defining the limits thereof.

In said drawings, Figure 1 is a vertical section of a receptacle, such as a kerosene-oil can, embodying the invention, and Fig. 2 is a like view of another form of oil or kerosene Serial No. 146,170- (No model.)

Referring to the drawings, 1 is any suitable receptacle for liquids, and 2 is a discharge conduit or pipe having its lower end opening into the can near its bottom, from which point the pipe 2 extends up to and preferably slightly above the top of the receptacle 1 and thence has its discharge end extended outward and downward. The main portion of the walls of the receptacle 1 may be composed of any suitable material, as tin or other sheet metal, and the collapsible portion 3 is made of yielding and preferably elastic material, sheet metal such as tin, brass, or ironbeing particularly adapted for the purpose. The walls of the main portion of the receptacle 1 and the collapsible portion 3 of the walls may be, and in most cases are, made of the same material. Thus in Fig. 1 the main body of the receptacle 1 and the'collapsible portion 3 are shown as composed of a continuous integral piece of sheet metal, the collapsible portion 3 constituting merely an upward extension or portion of the receptacle. In Fig. 2 the construction is somewhat different, the top of the receptacle 1 being formed with a depression 4, within which the collapsible portion 3 rests and by which it is supported. Obviously the walls of the depression 4 and the collapsible portion 3 might be formed of a continuous sheet of metal, as in Fig. 1; but, as here shown,the collapsible portion 3 rests upon and is hermetically secured to an inwardly-projecting annular ledge 5. Any suitable opening for filling the receptacle may be provided, as the opening closed by the cap 6, on the top of the receptacle. As here shown, this capped opening is on the rigid end wall 7 of the collapsible portion; but this particular location is not essential. In both Figs. 1 and 2 an inwardly-opening valve 10 is shown for the admission of air to the interior of the receptacle; but this valve maybe omitted in many instances and reliance placed upon the discharge-conduit for this purpose.

The collapsibleportion of the walls of the receptacle is composed of substantially parallel portions 8, approximately normal to the collapsible line of the structure, said parallel portions being connected by curved portions 9, here shown as struck on simple curves, though compound curves might be employed without affecting the operation of the structure. By the use of such a collapsible structure the liability to crack and rupture, which would occur if angular corrugations were employed, is eliminated.

The operation of the device is as follows: The receptacle being lilled or partially filled with liquid. a portion of which it is desired to withdraw, pressure is applied to the rigid end wall 7 of the collapsible portion compressing the air within the receptacle, which air reacts upon the surface of the liquid within the receptacle and forces it up into and out of the discharge-pipe 2.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed is- 1. A collapsible vessel composed of rigid end walls connected by lateral walls, a portion of said lateral walls being elastic and collapsible and a portion being non-collapsible.

2. A collapsible vessel composed of rigid end walls connected by lateral walls, a portion of said lateral walls being elastic and collapsible and a portion being non-collapsible, and a discharge-coml nit.

3. A receptacle for liquids, a portion of whose walls is collapsible, combined with a non-collapsible portion, the walls of said collapsible portion being composed of parallel portions substantially normal to the line of collapse and connected by curved portions or sections.

4. A receptacle for liquids composed of rigid end walls connected by lateral walls which lateral walls are integrally formed of resilient metal and have a portion thereof collapsible and another portion thereof non-collapsible.

5. A receptacle for liquids composed of rigidly-connected collapsible and non-collapsible lateral portions, said collapsible portion being closed by a rigid end wall.

6. A receptacle for liquids composed of integral collapsible and non-collapsible portions, the walls of said collapsible portion being formed of a series of substantially parallel portions normal to the line of collapse with curved portions connecting said parallel sections.

7. A receptacle for liquidshaving rigid end walls and lateral walls a portion of whose sur-- face is collapsible, said collapsible portion being composed of resilient sheet metal, and one of said end walls having an inwardlyopening valve, and a discharge-conduit connected to said receptacle.

In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.

WESTON M. FULTON. \Vitnesses:

J. 'l. GRITMAN, L. l). DILLON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2438413 *May 15, 1944Mar 23, 1948Renner Harold GLow-pressure tire signal
US2618409 *Sep 7, 1949Nov 18, 1952Peter CliveLiquid container comprising a flexible envelope
US2738107 *May 18, 1953Mar 13, 1956Elizabeth N GrahamReceptacle for atomizer or the like
US2764319 *May 10, 1952Sep 25, 1956Weimer Gerald AForced oiler with resiliently compressi-ble bellows body
US2784882 *Apr 12, 1956Mar 12, 1957Plax CorpPleated dispenser
US3058627 *Apr 27, 1961Oct 16, 1962C B FischbachCombined suction pump, storage container and dispenser
US3138483 *Jan 11, 1960Jun 23, 1964Polymer Processes IncApparatus for coating interior of hollow body
US3185131 *Oct 24, 1960May 25, 1965Gen Motors CorpApparatus for coating articles in a fluidized bed
US3223289 *Apr 30, 1962Dec 14, 1965Bouet BernardDispensing devices
US3341083 *Sep 21, 1965Sep 12, 1967Stewart James ULiquid dispensing container with bellows
US3359730 *Oct 4, 1965Dec 26, 1967Teves Kg AlfredFluid-reservoir assembly
US3433391 *Mar 7, 1966Mar 18, 1969Continental Can CoDispensing container with collapsible compartment
US4516697 *Sep 22, 1982May 14, 1985Captive Plastics Inc.Liquid product dispenser
US4645097 *Jul 9, 1985Feb 24, 1987Kaufman John GeorgeSidewall dispenser
US4966312 *Dec 6, 1988Oct 30, 1990Waring Donald ADisposable oral liquid measure dispenser
Cooperative ClassificationB65D1/32