|Publication number||US7625442 B2|
|Application number||US 10/343,527|
|Publication date||Dec 1, 2009|
|Filing date||Aug 3, 2001|
|Priority date||Aug 3, 2000|
|Also published as||DE10038564A1, EP1304976A2, US20030162150, WO2002011678A2, WO2002011678A3|
|Publication number||10343527, 343527, PCT/2001/9018, PCT/EP/1/009018, PCT/EP/1/09018, PCT/EP/2001/009018, PCT/EP/2001/09018, PCT/EP1/009018, PCT/EP1/09018, PCT/EP1009018, PCT/EP109018, PCT/EP2001/009018, PCT/EP2001/09018, PCT/EP2001009018, PCT/EP200109018, US 7625442 B2, US 7625442B2, US-B2-7625442, US7625442 B2, US7625442B2|
|Inventors||Juergen Engelbrecht, Wolfram Ziegler, Andreas Sprafke|
|Original Assignee||S & C Polymer Silicon- und Composite-Spezialitšten GmbH, R-Dental Dentalerzeugnisse Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Non-Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (1), Classifications (25), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a 371 of PCT/EP01/09018 filed on Aug. 3, 2001, published on Feb. 14, 2002 under publication number WO 02/11678 A2 which claims priority benefits from German patent application number DE 100 38 564.8 filed Aug. 3, 2000.
This invention relates to a kit of parts, comprising
These kits of parts are suitable for optical detection of morphologies and geometries of shaped bodies with subsequent reproduction of same by CAD/CAM systems. This invention relates in particular to kits of parts for producing models or to materials for producing impressions, especially in the fields of dentistry and medicine.
Optical detection of morphologies and geometries of shaped bodies with subsequent reproduction of these shapes by CAD/CAM systems is essentially known. However, in photographic detection (e.g., with infrared or visible light) and in optical scanning (e.g., with laser beams), the optical behavior of the materials is not enough to obtain adequate information for accurate reproduction of all morphological details. It is especially difficult to detect edges per se and unfavorable angular positions.
For example, it is usually difficult or impossible to optically “read” the surface of the plaster of Paris impressions which are widely prepared in the field of dentistry. There has been no lack of attempts to improve the readability of such plaster of Paris. For example, German Patent 195 48 655 has disclosed the addition of large amounts of pigments to these plaster of Paris impressions to improve the reflection behavior. However, these modifications did not constitute an adequate improvement for the practice of optical reproduction of models by CAD/CAM systems.
A definite step on the way to accurate reproducibility of morphologies and geometries of shaped bodies has been achieved by direct application of powdered pigments to the surfaces to be detected optically (Cerec liquid/Cerec powder, VITA or ProCAD adhesive medium/ProCAD contrast powder, Ivoclar). In this method, the surface is first provided with an adhesive, and then a white powder is distributed finely on it. Then the surface can be detected with adequate surface coverage, almost regardless of the angle of incidence, by using both photographic systems and laser systems. One disadvantage, however, is the distortion due to the additional spatial presence of adhesive/powder per se as well as distortion due to unequal layer thicknesses (snowdrift effect). In addition, there is increased preparation time, which is not irrelevant.
The object of the present invention was therefore to provide shaped bodies and/or means for producing shaped bodies with which it is possible to accurately scan or detect the shaped bodies optically so that they can then be reproduced with CAD/CAM systems.
According to this invention, this object has been achieved by a kit of parts comprising
Shaped bodies produced with this kit of parts can be detected photographically and/or scanned optically by essentially conventional optical systems and reproduced by CAD/CAM systems.
In particular, the kit of parts according to this invention can be characterized in that components a) and b) are present in the form of a mixture.
The chemical nature of the materials according to this invention, in particular curable compounds, which should lead to the desired shaped bodies to be duplicated, may differ greatly, depending on the intended application. In principle, starting materials which are capable of forming a body having a defined shaped are suitable.
Materials suitable for producing dental shaped bodies are preferred. Such materials a) may also be present as components a1) . . . an) in the kit of parts, preferably as components a1) and a2), which are combined and react together in the production of the shaped bodies. For example, these may be polymerizing systems, polyadditive systems or polycondensing systems.
In the production of rigid shaped bodies for the purpose of optical detection or scanning, in particular in the production of dental models, conventional materials may be used as the basis for the materials according to this invention. Such conventional materials include, for example, plaster, in particular hard plaster, cast resins such as epoxy resins or polyurethanes; cements such as dental silicate cements or glass ionomer cements, filled or unfilled methacrylate systems such as dental filling composites or temporary crown and bridge materials, ceramic mixtures, hard waxes or thermoplastics may also be used as the basis for the materials according to this invention.
In the production of elastic shaped bodies, for example, the conventional materials are indicated as the starting basis, and they include soft elastic materials or hard elastic materials for cast impressions. Examples of this type include condensation-crosslinking silicones or addition-crosslinking silicones, polyethers, polysulfides, alginates or hydrocolloids, such as those used in the field of dentistry in particular.
The starting materials mentioned above are modified to yield the products according to this invention by adding metal powders and/or powders of metal alloys and/or pigments having a metallic effect and/or powders having laminar structures to the starting materials. Especially good results are achieved when the additives are incorporated intimately and homogeneously.
All powders of metals and metal alloys are suitable if they are chemically compatible with the respective base materials. Examples include gold, silver, platinum, palladium, copper, titanium, alloys such as bronzes or brass. Because of their low density (and possibly also more favorable sedimentation behavior and more favorable price) metals such as aluminum, magnesium and alloys thereof are especially suitable. It is important for these metals to be present in a sufficiently fine particle size and to have a particle shape (e.g., a flattened form or flakes) that is favorable for light reflection. The powders may also advantageously be in a surface-coated form.
Suitable pigments having a metallic effect include those which, when added to a mixture, can result in a metallic appearance, although they are not metals themselves. Pigments of this type include pigments having reflective laminar structures such as coated or uncoated mica pigments, for example.
Suitable powders having a laminar structure include, for example, graphite or molybdenum sulfide.
The preferred average particle sizes of these powders are those less than 100 μm. Especially preferred average particle sizes are those less than 20 μm. Powders with average particle sizes of less than 5 μm are most especially preferred.
The flake shape is an especially preferred shape for the metallic powders, powders of metal alloys, pigments having a metallic effect or powders having a laminar structure.
Thus, the metal powder, the powder of a metal alloy, the powder of a pigment having a metallic effect or the powder having a laminar structure may have, for example, more than 50 percent by weight lamellar structures, preferably more than 70 percent by weight and even more preferably more than 90 percent by weight lamellar structures.
According to this invention, components a) and b) may be present in a ratio of 99.8:0.2 percent by weight to 60:40 percent by weight, preferably in a ratio of 98:2 percent by weight to 90:10 percent by weight.
Modification of the starting materials listed above with the additives of metal powders or pigments having a metallic effect or powders having a laminar structure leading to the materials according to this invention as described above makes it possible to produce shaped bodies which permit in an excellent manner photographic and/or optical detection or scanning even at the least favorable angular positions. An additional surface treatment with surface powders is then no longer necessary. The information measured is accurate enough to manufacture a reproduced body shape with the help of a CAD/CAM system based on copying, milling and grinding methods.
The term reproduction is understood to include not only a 1:1 reproduction with respect to the optically measured shaped body but also a shaped body that is reduced, enlarged or inverted (negative to positive or the like) by data transformation. The number of reproductions produced in this way may be unlimited.
Components c) may include, for example, the conventional fillers, conventional pigments or coloring agents, stabilizers, thixotropy agents, emulsifiers, suspension aids or sedimentation-preventing additives. In particular when the material has a very low viscosity, it is advantageous to use additives that prevent sedimentation.
Furthermore, shaped bodies made available according to this invention can be produced by using a kit of parts. To produce a shaped body, components a), b) and optionally c) are mixed together, and the mixture is shaped, in which case the mixture can be shaped by casting in a mold, for example.
Thus, a kit of parts according to this invention may be used for producing shaped bodies, in particular for producing shaped bodies for use in the field of dentistry, in particular for modeling of dental preparations.
The following examples are presented to illustrate this invention.
To produce an inlay with the help of a Cerec 3 device from the company Sirona in Germany, which may be accomplished directly and in a time-saving manner in the dentist's office (chair side), an alginate impression is prepared of the lower jaw, which includes a molar tooth with a MOD cavity preparation. The alginate impression impression is cast using a beige addition-crosslinking model silicone (“chair side in a minute, wash material” from the company Roydent, USA) and after hardening, the cavity is measured with a Cerec 3 Scan.
The message appears: “The optical properties of the surface are inadequate.”
Although the hard silicone model is sufficient to create a composite inlay by the direct method using composite filling material, it is not sufficient for scanning the cavity and causing the proper inlay to be milled from a dental ceramic block with the help of the CAD/CAM system Cerec 3 method.
Comparative Example 1 is repeated, but this time before casting the cavity situation of the alginate impression, 2.0% titanium dioxide pigment is added to the model silicone. The line image of the Cerec 3 Scan is improved, but it still has so many “misses” that it is impossible to produce the inlay.
Comparative Example 1 is repeated again, but this time, before casting the cavity situation of the alginate impression, 2.0% aluminum powder pigment is added to the model silicone; the pigment particles in this powder are approximately 10 μm in size and have a lamellar structure. The measurement is performed in advance as described in Examples 1 and 2. The line image of the Cerec 3 Scan is very good and shows hardly any misses, and if so they are very small, the images very good and there is only slight overswing at the edges, and even steep flanks are imaged very well on both sides of the elongated cavity.
Accurate optical detection can be performed with the help of the Cerec 3 Scan, and an inlay that fits accurately can be produced by milling.
Comparative Example 1 is repeated again, but this time before casting the cavity situation of the alginate impression, 5.0% copper-zinc alloy powder is added to the addition-crosslinking model silicone; the pigment particles in this powder are approximately 8 μm in size. A measurement is performed as described in Examples 1 and 2. The line image of the Cerec 3 Scan is good. The image is definitely improved.
Comparative Example 1 is repeated again, but this time before casting the cavity situation of the alginate impression, 1.5% fine graphite powder is added to the addition-crosslinking model silicone. The measurement is performed as in the preceding examples. The line image of the Cerec 3 Scan is very good and contains virtually no errors, and the steep flanks of the cavity are imaged by multiple points.
An attempt is made to obtain an optical reproduction with Cerec 3 of the structure of a polyether impression cast (material Impregum F, Espe, Germany). Apart from the fact that only approximately 5% of the surface can be reproduced at all, only partial walls and no surfaces appear on these few surfaces. This material is not suitable for optical scanning.
In preparing the paste, 3.0% aluminum powder from Example 3 is added to Impregum F.
A very good line image with only a few misses is obtained; the image is very good and all planes are imaged well.
An attempt is made to optically survey structural parts of an alginate impression (Alginmax) using Cerec 3.
The device reports that the optical properties are inadequate and it does not continue performing measurements.
Using the same alginate, now mixed with 5.0% coarser aluminum powder (25 μm particle size) parts are again molded and again measured optically. Line images with only approximately 2% defects are obtained, and the imaging results are good. Even in the case of the alginate, the addition of the metal powder improves the optical properties significantly.
A white modelling plaster (Gilstone) is processed to yield a model, which is measured optically.
This yields a line image full of defects. This data is not suitable for analysis.
In contrast with Comparative Example 5, 2.5% aluminum powder (25 μm) is added here to the Gilstone plaster. The plaster prepared with water yielded the desired model. The line image is practically free of errors, and the imaging is very good. Even a repetition with only 1% aluminum powder still yields almost equally good results.
As in Example 5, 5.0% titanium dioxide-coated mica (particle size less than 15 μm) was added to the Gilstone plaster. The line image shows slightly more misses than that of Example 5, but the imaging is good.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4219520 *||Aug 30, 1978||Aug 26, 1980||Medical Evaluation Devices And Instruments Corp.||Method of making thrombo-resistant non-thrombogenic objects formed from a uniform mixture of a particulate resin and colloidal graphite|
|US4527979 *||Dec 21, 1983||Jul 9, 1985||Espe, Fabrik Pharmazeutischer Praparate Gmbh||Powdered dental material and process for the preparation thereof|
|US4713403 *||Mar 24, 1986||Dec 15, 1987||G-C Dental Industrial Corporation||Dental composite resin composition|
|US5084491 *||Mar 16, 1989||Jan 28, 1992||The Ohio University||Reinforcing glass ionomer dental filling material with stainless steel, or metals thereof|
|US5189077 *||Jul 29, 1991||Feb 23, 1993||The Ohio State University||Reinforcing glass ionomer dental filling material with titanium stainless steel, or metals thereof|
|US6103800 *||May 21, 1998||Aug 15, 2000||Plast-Aid Corporation||Workably curing acrylic plastic|
|US6270562 *||Jun 10, 1999||Aug 7, 2001||Jeneric/Pentron, Inc.||Filler material for dental composites|
|US6880296 *||Nov 7, 2000||Apr 19, 2005||S & C Polymer Silicon- Und Composite-Spezialitaten Gmbh||Photoinitiator system with titanocene initiators|
|EP0311214A1||Oct 6, 1988||Apr 12, 1989||Elephant Edelmetaal B.V.||A method of making a dental crown for a dental preparation by means of CAD-CAM system|
|GB2257433A *||Title not available|
|JPH0725720A *||Title not available|
|JPH09323912A *||Title not available|
|JPS253738B1 *||Title not available|
|WO2001013814A1||Aug 24, 2000||Mar 1, 2001||Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek Tno||Method for making a dental element|
|WO2001013815A1||Aug 24, 2000||Mar 1, 2001||Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek Tno||Method for making a dental element|
|1||*||"Antimicrobal properties of a zinc oxide phosphate cement and a glass ionomer cement with and without silver additives", Schmalz, Deutsche Zahnaerztliche Zeitschrift (1987), 42(7), 628-32. Abstract only.|
|2||*||"Effect of 5% sodium hypochlorite or Tubulicid pretreatment in vivo on the marginal adaptation of dental adhesives and glass ionomer cemetns", Van Dijken et al., Dental Materials (1 987), 3(6), 303-6. Abstract only.|
|3||*||"Properties of a thromboresistant surgically useful composite material based on polysiloxane rubber and graphite", Zamyslov et al., Zhurnal Priklandnoi Khimii (Santkt-Peterburg) 1997, 70(7), 1212-1214. Abstract only.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|WO2016099987A1||Dec 8, 2015||Jun 23, 2016||3M Innovative Properties Company||Cationically curing dental composition containing polymeric particles and use thereof|
|U.S. Classification||106/35, 106/640, 523/115, 106/641, 523/116, 106/623, 106/814, 106/733, 106/626, 106/642|
|International Classification||C09K3/00, A61C13/20, A61K6/04, A61C13/00, B29C67/00, A61C9/00, A61K6/06|
|Cooperative Classification||A61C13/0004, A61K6/09, A61K6/10, A61K6/0612, A61K6/083, A61C13/20, A61K6/087, A61K6/0835|
|Nov 2, 2010||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jul 12, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Dec 1, 2013||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jan 21, 2014||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20131201